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Lower Amudarya State Biosphere Reserve

Lower Amudarya State Biosphere Reserve (LABR) in Uzbekistan is located in the northern part of the lower reaches of the River Amudarya, southeast of the former coast of the Aral Sea.

The site is one of the largest areas of natural Tugai in Central Asia which, from a global perspective, is a unique and threatened ecosystem. 

Designation date: 2021

Photo gallery | Press release


Regional network:  

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 68,717.8 ha

    • Core area(s): 11,568 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): 6,731 ha
    • Transition zone(s): 50,418 ha

    Location: 41,7037408°N – 60,2546794°E

    Ecological Characteristics

    The area provides an important habitat for plant and animal life and contains the highest biodiversity in the desert regions of Central Asia.
    The  natural  vegetation  is  composed  of  Tugai,  a  form  of  riparian  forest  or woodland,  endemic  to  Central  Asia.
    It is also the natural and protected environment of the threatened Bukhara Deer (Cervus hanglu bactrianus) included in the Red List of IUCN.

    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    Local communities are mainly farmers engaged in both small scale crop (predominantly cotton, rice, wheat fruit or vegetable) production and livestock breeding (intensive and extensive), but essentially on a subsistence basis.

    In addition, the wild collectionof mushroom, medicinal plants and  fishing in Amudarya river  play  an  important  role  in  securing  livelihoods  of  local  communities. 



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    Last updated: January 2021