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Issyk Kul Biosphere Reserve, Kyrgyzstan

The central Tien-Shan mountain region around the Issyk-Kul lake is an area one of the last harmonic cultural landscapes in the middle Asia preserving habitats close to nature in combination with traditional culture.

Designation date: 2001

Networks

Regional network: 

Ecosystem-based network: 

  

    Description

    Map

    Surface : 4,311,588 ha

    • Core area(s): 141,022 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): 3,501,516 ha
    • Transition zone(s): 688,500 ha

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Issyk-Kel Biosphere Territory
    Naryn Highway - 10
    Balykchy, 722 300
    Kyrgyzstan

    Tel.: +996 3944 7 04 01
    Email: biosfera.ik@rambler.ru

     

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    Ecological Characteristics

    The central Tien-Shan mountain region around the Issyk-Kul lake is an area one of the last harmonic cultural landscapes in the middle Asia preserving habitats close to nature in combination with traditional culture.

    The mountain area of the central Tien-Shan region with the Issyl-Kul lake in its center is home to many ecosystems of global importance and has a wide variety of endemic species of wild fauna and flora.

    The Issyk-Kul Lake with its 180 km length and 60 km width is the second biggest high mountain lake in the world. Because of its depth of 700 meters, its low salinity and because of warm water sources it even in the winter never freezes.

    Starting from the lake shore all significant landscapes from the sub-tropical to tundra can be found in an azonal order.

    The fauna of reserve characterized by high species diversity and unequal distribution on different landscapes. There are 335 species of animals: Amphibia – 3 species; Reptiles- 11 species; Mammalia- 54 species; Birds- 267 species. 39 species included in Red Book of Kyrgyzstan.

    The main objective of the governments development of ecologically sound land use practice and economic activities in this area.

     

    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    Industrial emission from mining, livestock, agriculture, tourism and hunting activities. 

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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    Last updated: August 2019