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Hurulu Biosphere Reserve, Sri Lanka

Hurulu Biosphere Reserve comprises 25,500 hectares within the tropical dry evergreen forest in Sri Lanka.

Designation date: 1977


Regional network:  

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 25,500 ha

    • Core area(s): 25,500 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): N/A
    • Transition zone(s): N/A

    Location: 08°05' to 08°20'N; 80°47' to 80°55'E

    Administrative Authorities

    Divisional Forest Office
    Sri Lanka

    Tel.: (94.25) 226 64

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    Ecological Characteristics

    A dry monsoon type climate prevails with mean annual precipitation of 1,600 mm and a mean annual temperature of 27,3°C. Dominant plant species are Setinwood (Chloroxylon swietenia) and Palu (Manilkara hexandra) together with the ebony tree (Diospyros ebenum). Among the most endangered animal species are the turtle (Testudo elegans), Ceylon Junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii), the elephant (Elephas maximus), the leopard (Panthera pardus) and the rusty-spotted cat (Felis rubiginosa). 





    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    The biosphere reserve is not accessible at the moment and there are no activities going on within the biosphere reserve framework due to the prevailing civil unrest in the area. There is no information on the number of people living in the biosphere reserve (2003). Villagers use the forest for shifting cultivation.






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    Last updated: May 2019