Hauy Tak Teak Biosphere reserve is located in Lampang province, northern Thailand. The core area of biosphere reserve is dominated by stand of teaks (Tectona grandis) interspersed with trees of mixed deciduous forests. Hauy Tak Teak Biosphere Reserve is part of the Tham Pha Thai National Park designated for the protection and conservation of native flora and fauna
Designation date: 1977
Surface : 29,440 ha
- Core area(s): 2,680 ha
- Buffer zone(s): 20,060 ha
- Transition zone(s): 6,700 ha
Location: 18°20' to 19°05'N; 99°45' to 100°05'E
The Hauy Tak Teak Biosphere Reserve uniquely represents the pristine mixed deciduous forests dominated by an intact stand of teak (Tectona grandis) in Thailand. It is now recognized as gene banks of teak of Thailand. Lignite deposited under the ground indicates that flora and fauna were once overwhelming. Moreover, cave paintings dated back to 2500-3000 years ago signified the importance of civilized primitive human society. Rough terrains surrounded by thick forests hindered the progress of licensed timber extraction in the past. Most parts of core area remain undisturbed.
Six types of natural forests exist in the area, i.e. Pine Forest, Hill Evergreen Forest, Dry Evergreen Forest, Moist Evergreen Forest, Mixed Deciduous Forest and Dry Dipterocarp Forest.
Some 59,500 people live in the biosphere reserve (1999). The ethnic Thai groups are settled within the peneplain area whereas a hill tribe is living in the mountainous region. Most of the people are farmers who depend on the cultivation of paddy rice, corn, tobacco, soybeans and groundnuts or on orchards and livestock raising. Main human impacts on the ecosystem derive from illegal logging, urban expansion, agriculture and shifting cultivation. With some 32,000 national and international tourists each year (1999), tourism also plays an important economic role in the biosphere reserve.
Last updated: May 2019