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Fenglin Biosphere Reserve, China


Located in the north-easternmost part of China, this biosphere reserve covers 28,500 hectares in a typical hilly region known for its intact natural stands of Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis). This tree species is of world-wide interest for timber production and these forests constitute a valuable gene bank which should be protected, in spite of pressure to exploit the trees.

Designation date: 1997

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Regional network: East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN) and SeaBRnet

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 18,165 ha 

    • Core area(s): 4,165 ha 
    • Buffer zone(s): 3,812 ha 
    • Tansition zone(s): 10,188 ha 

    Location: 48°02'-48°12'N; 128°59'-129°15'E

    Administrative authorities

    The Fenglin State Natural Reserve Management Bureau
    Zhuanglin street 8 group, Wuying District
    153033 Yichun City, Heilongjiang Province

    Tel.: (+86) 458 3818 799


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    Ecological Characteristics

    Most of the landscape types of original forests are tilia Korean pine trees, birch-Korean pine trees and spruce-fir Korean pine trees, which are 52.9% of total area of the Reserve. Forest landscapes are in a vertical distribution of mountain broadleaf Korean pine forest belt. There are totally 15 forest landscape types in the Reserve.


    Socio-economic characteristics

    Fenglin Biosphere Reserve is located in Wuying District. Around Yichun City, the main businesses are wood production and forest cultivation as well as some services, such as ecotourism, catering and accommodations. The customs of local residents include vegetable planting, wild vegetable harvesting and collecting of Koran pine seeds.

    There are 52 families of 192 people in the Reserve and most of them plant vegetables on farmlands. In the winter, some of them with ability to work make some money by transporting the wood on animals, which is under the directions Wuying Forestry Bureau.


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    Last updated: July 2019