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Taza Biosphere Reserve, Algeria

Taza Biosphere Reserve lies on the Mediterranean coast in the Kabylie region. It is characterized by spectacular cliffs, beaches, mountains and valleys and is noted for the barbary ape (Macaca sylvanus), an endangered species of monkey and the only macaque primate in North Africa. 

Designation date: 1997


Regional network:  ArabMAB

Ecosystem-based network:




    Surface : 1,643 ha

    • Core area(s):  1,643.2 ha
    • Buffer zone(s):  1,930.3 ha
    • Transition zone(s): 2,661.5 ha

    Location: 36°35' to 36°48'34"N; 5°29'2" to 5°40'3"E

    Administrative Authorities

    Direction du Parc National de Taza
    18 000 Jijel

    Tel.: (213) (0) 34 51 31 13


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    Ecological Characteristics

    The Taza Biosphere Reserve corresponds to the Taza National Park, which has the objective to improve the local economy in harmony with the natural environment, in particular to conserve certain natural resources, which are unique and special at the regional and even international levels. These include the Guerrouch area with its gall oak (Quercus faginea) formations and Kabylie nuthatch (Sitta ledanti), a small rare sparrow endemic to the Babors Region and Algeria, which attract a significant number of students and research workers. The single largest extension of gall oak in Algeria can be found in the Biosphere Reserve and its surroundings. 

    Cork oak (Q. suber) formations are also common, and although not a rare species in Algeria, is important socio-economically in the regional authority (Wilaya) of Jijel as cork is one of the main export products. The Djebel Taounart Mountain is a privileged site for many raptors such as vultures, falcons and eagles, as well as for mammals. The presence of picturesque landscapes and sites, pedestrian paths, scenic areas and caves, has encouraged the decision makers to promote the areas in the buffer zone for tourism, research and the development of certain low-impact rural activities. 

    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    The Biosphere Reserve has approximately 5,600 inhabitants. The agricultural sector is characterized by small farms dominated by vegetable and fodder cultivation, and tree fruit production. 70% of the local population are of Berber origin. The economic and human development in the area depends heavily on tourism. The management plan of the Biosphere Reserve is that of the National Park: it aims to reinforce the conservation of its ecological values in close collaboration with the local population. Certain actions such as assistance to the local communities within the framework of an eco-development program constitute a tradition in the National Park. Examples are the distribution of fruit-bearing seedlings and beehives for the residents, the creation of forest tracks at the request of the people living in remote mountainous areas, or assistance with electrification of hamlets. 

    The Biosphere Reserve/ National Park also encourages traditional non-polluting activities and the creation of employment opportunities, as well as activities that might positively influence quality tourism, as a factor of economic and social development.


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    Last updated: March 2019