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Djebel Chambi Biosphere Reserve, Tunisia

Djebel Chambi, the tallest mountain in Tunisia (1,544 meters above sea level) and an extension of the Atlas Mountains, is situated in the centre of the country. The park is part of the Mont de Tebessa forest massif that stretches between Kasserine and the Algerian frontier.

Designation date: 1981


Regional network:  ArabMAB

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 43,723 ha

    • Core area(s): 6,723 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): 7,000 ha
    • Transition zone(s): 30,000 ha

    Location: 35°06'N; 08°43'E

    Administrative Authorities

    Ministère de l'Agriculture Direction générale des forêts



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    Ecological Characteristics

    There are no permanent rivers or streams in the park. Main habitats include mountainous areas with holm oak, Stipa spp. and Cotoneaster nummularia, pine forests (Pinus halepensis) with holm oak, juniper and Rosmarinus officinalis, steppe communities with Stipa tenacissima and agroecosystems with cereals. The area is one of the last refuges for the gazelle Gazella cuvieri. 

    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    About 8,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1999). They live from stock raising, extensive cereal agriculture, beekeeping and tree plantations. Especially in low elevated areas, habitats are threatened by overgrazing and fuel wood collection by locals. An eco-museum has been established for the environmental education of both tourists and locals.


    Back to Biosphere Reserves Tunisia
    Back to Biosphere Reserves in the Arab States
    Back to World Network of Biosphere Reserves

    Last updated: October 2018