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Marico Biosphere Reserve, South Africa


Located in the north of the country, this biosphere reserve comprises a unique freshwater ecosystem which includes the Molemane, Molopo and Marico river systems. The ecosystem is characterized by wetlands and a dolomitic system, which constitute a valuable part of South Africa’s natural heritage. The savannah and grassland areas support vulnerable plant species such as Searsia maricoana. Endemic fauna include 73 species of mammal such as the African elephant, the black rhinoceros and the lion. The main economic activities are subsistence agriculture, livestock, game ranching and tourism.


Designation date: 2018

Photo gallery ǀ  Press release


Regional network: AfriMAB

Ecosystem-based network:



    Surface :
    447,268 ha

    • Core area(s) : 21,499 ha
    • Buffer zone(s) : 64,350 ha
    • Tansition zone(s): 361,419 ha


    • Central point: 25°29'18"S - 26°23'47"E

    Administrative authorities

    Marico BR Management Authority
    1 Vergenoeg Road West, 2850 Groot Marico

    Tel.: +27 14 503 1108


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    Ecological Characteristics








    Socio-economic characteristics







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    Last updated: October 2018