Berbak-Sembilang Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia

 

Located on the south-east coast of Sumatra, this biosphere reserve includes Berbak and Sembilang national parks as well as two wildlife reserves. It contains undisturbed swamp forest peat ecosystems as well as freshwater swamp forests, mangroves and lowland forests surrounding riverbanks with swamps that reach a depth of up to 10 metres. Palm oil plantations, rubber, traditional agriculture (rice fields, dry fields etc) and timber are the main economic activities. 

 

 

   

Ecological Characteristics

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

Socio-economic characteristics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Last updated: October 2018