Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, India


Located in the state of Sikkim, bordering Nepal to the west and Tibet (China) to the north-west, this biosphere reserve is one of the highest ecosystems in the world, reaching elevations of 1,220 to 8,586 metres above sea level. The site is one of the world’s 34 biodiversity hotspots. It includes vast natural forests that support high species diversity with high levels of endemism. The main economic activities are agricultural and horticultural crops, animal husbandry, fish, dairy and poultry farming. 


Designation date: 2018

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Regional network: South and Central Asia MAB Network (SACAM)

Ecosystem-based network:




    Surface : 293,112 ha

    • Core area(s) : 178,400 ha
    • Buffer zone(s) : 83,592 ha
    • Tansition zone(s): 31,120 ha



    • Central point: 27°36'N - 88°21'E


    Administrative authorities


    Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department

    Government of Sikkim

    Address: 31 A National Highway, Gangtok, Sikkim

    Tel: +91 03592 281240

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    Ecological Characteristics








    Socio-economic characteristics







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