Chocó Andino de Pichincha Biosphere Reserve, Ecuador


Situated in north-west of Ecuador, in the province of Pichincha, the biosphere reserve covers an altitudinal range of 360 to 4,480 metres and encompasses the humid moist forest of the Chocó-Darien. The region is considered a biodiversity hotspot hosting some 270 species of mammals, including spectacled bear, Ecuadorian mantled howler and pacarana, alongside endemic species such as the Choco toucan and the Pichincha rocket frog. Approximately 880,000 people inhabit the biosphere reserve. Their main sources of revenue are the cultivation of sugar cane, and fish farming, as well as breeding and trading livestock.




Designation date: 2018

Photo gallery ǀ  Press release


Regional network: IberoMAB

Ecosystem-based network:



    Surface :
    286,805 ha

    • Core area(s) : 73,897 ha
    • Buffer zone(s) : 94,040 ha
    • Tansition zone(s): 118,868 ha


    • Central point: 0°10'55"N - 78°40'23"W

    Administrative authorities


    GAD Provincial de Pichincha, Dirección de Cooperación Internacional

    Address: Lcda. Olga Cobos; Quito

    Tel: + 593 2 3994540

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    Ecological Characteristics







    Socio-economic characteristics







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