In issues ranging from the erosion of biodiversity to climate change, cultural diversity has an important though often underestimated – role to play in addressing current ecological challenges and ensuring environmental sustainability. Cultural factors influence consumption behavior, values related to environmental stewardship and the ways in which we interact with nature. There is much to be learned from the environmental management skills embedded in local, rural or indigenous knowledge and know-how, including multi-use appropriation strategies, small-scale production with little surplus and low energy needs, and custodial approaches to land and natural resources which avoids waste and resource depletion.

- Cultural diversity and biodiversity for sustainable development

- UNESCO World Report Investing in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue

- UN University - Traditional Knowledge and Biodiversity