International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust
The 27 January marks the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi German Concentration and Extermination Camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau by the Soviet troops in 1945. It has been named International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust by the United Nations General Assembly.
UNESCO believes it is essential to learn about the history of the Holocaust in order to better understand the causes of societies’ descent into genocide and to raise awareness about the need to nurture peace and human rights to prevent further mass violence. The International Day is an opportunity to reach out to Member States and the public to commemorate the victims and their legacy and alert young people around the world about the dangers of racist and fanatic ideologies.
The ‘former-Yugoslav’ Pavilion at Auschwitz
UNESCO is facilitating discussions between successor States of Yugoslavia to set up a joint exhibition in the “former-Yugoslav” pavilion of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. The project seeks to foster cooperation on background historical research, produce innovative narratives, educational approaches and museographical displays of the Holocaust in the territories of former Yugoslavia, thus using the opportunities offered by a unique World Heritage site to foster dialogue among education policy-makers, museum managers and historians.
The project involves remembrance, education and academic institutions and ministries of culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, and The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. International experts representing the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum (Poland), the Shoah Memorial (France), and the Topography of Terror Foundation (Germany) also participate in the discussions.