Resources for Education Systems Reform

OpenEmis initiative

The OpenEMIS initiative aims to deploy a high quality Education Management Information System (EMIS) to collect and report data on schools, students, teachers and staff. The system was designed by UNESCO to be a royalty-free system that can be easily customized to meet specific needs of Member States.
 

Guides

  • EPSSim - Education Policy & Strategy Simulation Model

This user guide offers detailed information on how to install, customize and use EPSSim to run various types of simulation models and scenarios. This user guide offers detailed information on how to install, customize and use EPSSim to run various types of simulation models and scenarios.

  • CAPNAM - Capacity Needs Assessment Methodology (CAPNAM) for Planning and Managing Education

CAPNAM provides the tools and approaches to identify gaps and formulate appropriate responses when assessing capacity needs. It mobilizes and engages a wide spectrum of national education stakeholders through a comprehensive participatory approach. This underlying principle ensures national ownership and sustainability of capacity development programmes.
 

Working Papers

The Education Policy Working Paper Series is designed to nurture the international debate about a wide range of education policy issues.

This paper aims at giving an overview of private education – notably for-profit private education and the legal issues at the international level. How can the commercialization of education be reconciled with internationally recognized human rights? It looks at legal issues arising from the increase of private stakeholders in the education sector while suggesting how a private actor should consider financing or delivering education.

This paper reviews key findings from empirical research on the effects of specific modes of privatization of the school provision, particularly in developing countries. It presents a definition of privatization, elaborates on the multiple modes that privatization may take in the schools’ sector in relation to diverse policy goals and reviews findings from prior research on this issue. 

This working paper proposes a conceptual framework for obtaining ICT indicators in  education  which  is  defined  by  a  set  of  distinctive  features:  a  holistic  and systemic approach, a flexible and comprehensive strategy of analysis and, lastly, a willingness to monitor and set benchmarks to promote innovation.

 

Policy Reviews

 

This report provides an overview of education in Albania including the structure of the education system, relevant legislation and information on equity and quality. Three priority domains are explored: curriculum development and reform; ICT in education; and  teacher and school leadership policies. In each, the main policy issues are identified, in light of data analysed, and  recommendations are elaborated. The report also identifies possible future areas for international cooperation in the context of SDG4-Education 2030.

This review focuses on five policy domains, identified as national priorities in relation to Zambia’s Vision 2030: 1) system-wide policy and planning; 2) teacher policies and development; 3)  technical education, vocational and entrepreneurship training; 4) youth and adult literacy and education, and; 5) monitoring and assessment of learning achievement. As a first policy review in Africa, it is a model for UNESCO-led capacity development within the framework of the SDG4-Education 2030 agenda.

This report focuses on four priority areas to prepare students from all backgrounds in Thailand for a fast-changing world. The first is to set clear, common standards for all students through an improved curriculum. The second is to build capacity to reliably assess students across all competencies needed for success in life and in learning. Third, is to develop a holistic strategy to prepare teachers and school leaders to deliver education reform, including implementing the revised curriculum, and tackling teaching shortages in deprived areas. The fourth is to create a comprehensive information and communications technology strategy to equip schools, teachers and students for the 21st century.

This abridged review presents a brief account of the performance of the education system in comparative perspective. It provides suggestions and consolidated recommendations for improvement at the system level in teacher development, curriculum development, assessment and examinations, as well as in areas like ICT in education and technical and vocational education. It provides useful insights for other countries based on Malaysia’s formation of high quality human resources as part of its“Vision 2020”. An updated technical annex provides a useful methodology to carry out an education policy review in the context of Education 2030..

This document synthesizes the findings and policy recommendations of the education system of St Kitts and Nevis giving an assessment of its strengths and weaknesses and a set of recommendations to address policy issues identified during the review process. The review covered four policy domains: 1) academic staff policy; 2) curriculum development; 3) teaching and learning environments and 4) policy and planning including M&E policies. These closely align with the emphasis placed on quality and equity by the Education 2030 Agenda. This is the first policy review in the GRULAC region; St Kitts and Nevis continues to spearhead policy reform and provide an exemplary model for the Caribbean region and beyond.

 

Reforms and policy analysis

The Education 2030 Framework for Action places great emphasis on quality, inclusiveness and equity. Access to education remains high up in the national agenda of many countries, but the targets for education in 2030 will require governments to maximize the use of existing policy levers for change.

Over the past two years, UNESCO has been closely monitoring three of these levers:

  • School leadership: Headteachers and those who have responsibility at an institutional level in schools are untapped potential which can be used to promote pedagogical change. However, in order to do so a new form of pedagogical leadership is needed;
  • Evaluation: The variables and factors that optimize learning cannot be simply derived from results. Promoting quality necessitates a full system-wide approach to monitoring and evaluation that goes beyond the mere qualification of student learning outcomes;
  • Governance: Governance must be reinforced as traditional governmental approaches to education face an increasing number of challenges ranging from privatization to internationalization.

The UNESCO International Symposium on Education Policies for 2030: took as its broad theme a discussion on which public policies can best help governments to reach higher levels of education quality through the use of governance, school leadership and monitoring and evaluation.