Amnesty International

Objectives and Mission: 

Amnesty International is one of the most influential NGOs in the field of human rights. It promotes knowledge of the value of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and intervenes in certain cases of violations of basic civi and political rights.
Mission:
To contribute to the observance of human rights throughout the world as set ou in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
To obtain the release of all prisoners of conscience, a fair trial within a reasonable time limit for political prisoners, to abolish death penalty, torture and crual other treatment of prisoners, to end political killings and "disappearances"
To oppose grave violations of the right of every person to the physical and mental integrity, independently of any political consideration
To fight against the serious violations of the rights of every person to express his/her convictions and to be free of any gender, race or nationality discriminations
To develop its work on the incidence of economic factors on the human rights, to give to defenders the means to act, to fight against impunity, to develop its action in favour of the protection of the refugees and strengthen the militant base of its organization.

General description: 

Opposes abuses by opposition groups, including hostage-takings, torture and killings of prisoners and other deliberate and arbitrary killings; assists asylum-seekers who are at risk of being returned to a country where they will be at risk of violations of basic and fundamental human rights; cooperates with other non-governmental organizations, the United Nations (UN) and with regional intergovernmental organizations; campaigns to increase accountability in international military, security and police relations; organizes human rights education and awareness-raising programmes. Oct 2002, launched worldwide campaign to highlight discrepancy between human rights protection which those living in the Russian Federation have in international and national law and the reality of widespread human rights abuses committed in a climate of impunity. During 2003, delegates visited dozens of countries and territories to meet victims of human rights violations, observe trial and interview local human rights activists and officials. Together with Oxfam International and IANSA, launched an arms control campaign calling for a Global arms trade treaty' - a draft resolution for International Arms Trade Treaty approved by the United nations in 2006 - and for local action to protect civilians from armed violence. Launched 'Demand Dignity Campaign', 2009 - to stop and prevent the human rights abuses that drive and deepen poverty. Mainstream activities include both opposition to and denouncing of violations of civil and political human rights and also preventative human rights work such as human rights awareness and human rights education programmes. Approaches have included: lobbying to ensure incorporation of human rights into official training and education curricula of schools, universities, military and police academies, civil service and other professional training programmes; advice on curricula; workshops and training programmes for target groups. Highlights: Conference for the Abolition of Torture, 1973. Conference for the Abolition of the Death Penalty, 1977. International Conference on Extrajudicial Executions 1982. International Conference on Disappearances and Political Killings, 1992. appeal for the establishment of an International Criminal Court by the year 2000, launched Oct 1996. In 1977, received the Nobel Peace Prize for its contribution to "securing the journal for freedom, for justice, and thereby also for peace in the world". In 1978, on the 30th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, awarded the United Nations Human Rights Prize for "outstanding achievements in the field of human rights". Campaign to mark the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights culminated, 10 Dec 1998, Paris (France), with presentation of 13.2 million pledges from over 130 countries.

Country Presence: 
Algeria
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Field of Interest: 
Death penalty, Human rights, Indigenous peoples, Prison, Refugees, Torture