UNESCO Science Report
Measuring progress towards SDG 9
The UNESCO Science Report series is one of the tools monitoring the progress made by countries between 2015 and 2030 towards Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 9: building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and fostering innovation by 2030.
Read a summary of global trends in A World in Search of an Effective Growth Strategy (Chapter 1, UNESCO Science Report 2015)
Each of the chapters in the UNESCO Science Report monitors progress worldwide, or in a given country or region, towards SDG target 9.5, in particular: Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending.
Two key indicators
Two of the report’s basic indicators are also the two official indicators for measuring progress towards target 9.5., namely:
Tracking trends in innovation
A 2013 survey of manufacturing firms by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics found that, although most research and development was taking place in high-income countries, innovation was occurring across the full spectrum of income levels, including the acquisition of equipment, machinery and software. Although firms relied on market sources such as suppliers and clients to develop innovation, only a minority of them considered universities as being key partners in innovation. The report considers this a key policy concern.
Read about the survey’s findings in Tracking trends in innovation and mobility (Chapter 2, UNESCO Science Report 2015)
These blogs may also be of interest:
- Only a minority of innovative firms collaborate with universities
- What is the optimal balance between basic and applied research?
- The fourth industrial revolution: tearing down the barriers between services and industry
- Public–private partnerships helping to take public agendas forward
- Regional economic communities a conduit for South–South cooperation in science
- Opportunity beckons for Africa’s agricultural sector
- China: taking stock of progress towards becoming an innovation-driven nation
- Brazil’s sectorial funds on a mission to boost innovation
- India pioneering pro-poor innovation
Baseline information and data on countries’ development path
The 2015 edition of the UNESCO Science Report provides baseline information and data on the development path countries were following at the time of adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals in September 2015, as illustrated by the following blogs:
- Paris Agreement reflects countries’ priorities, report shows
- Africa has begun the transition to sustainable development
- Green technologies a focus of innovation in Morocco
- Rwanda integrating environmental protection in its growth strategy
- Australia and Canada to raise investment in clean technology
- Pacific islands embracing greater regionalism to accompany rapid change