This reserve is located in the western part of the country and covers a total area of 168,634 hectares. The area forms part of the ecological region of pine-oak forests and humid tropical forest and hosts a large number of endangered and endemic species. The high rate of endemism among the wildlife has led Conservation International to designate the eco-region an Endemic Bird Area (EBA). The total population of the biosphere reserve is over 150 000 inhabitants. The predominant economic activity is traditional agriculture (87%), with the main crops being corn and beans, and increasingly coffee. Tourism is promoted in the city of Lempira, which receives local and international tourists in growing numbers.