A 2016 study on school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) in Viet Nam reveals that stereotypes around femininity and masculinity, and prejudices against gender non-conformity, are the main causes that motivate gender-based violence in schools.
Data collected from teachers and students shows that male students tend to engage in violence and bullying as a means to assert their masculine gender identity. Those who do not express their masculinity in accordance with gender stereotypes, but appear to be ‘flamboyant’, ‘weak’ or ‘gentle’, often get nicknames and are excluded.
As a result, among the 51.9 % of all students who reported having experienced at least one kind of violent behaviour in the last six months, self-identified lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) studentswere found at higher risk of victimisation and exposure to all kinds of violence, particularly more ‘feminine’ same sex attracted males and gender non-conforming/ transgender youth. 71 % of LGBT students had been physically abused, and 72.2 % had been verbally abused.
Link to the study report: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002469/246927E.pdf