Resources

This page suggests some resources which you might like to read and think about when considering UNESCO’s Internet Universality concept and the ROAM principles.

At this stage of the project, it includes a selection of relevant UNESCO documents, and a selection of other material concerning the measurement of the internet. This is intended to be illustrative, not comprehensive. It will be developed as the project evolves.

UNESCO resources

UNESCO’s website concerning Internet Universality and the R-O-A-M principles can be found here.

UNESCO’s website and resources concerning the development of Knowledge Societies can be found here.

UNESCO’s Media Development Indicators can be found here.

Documents from UNESCO’s 2015 conference CONNECTing the Dots: Options for Future Action can be found here.

UNESCO reports relevant to the concept, principles and project include:

UNESCO Internet Study: Keystones to foster inclusive Knowledge Societies, 2015

UNESCO series of reports on Internet Freedom.

Global Survey on Internet Freedom and Privacy of Expression, by Toby Mendel and others, 2012.

Freedom of Connection, Freedom of Expression, by William Dutton and others, 2011.

International agreements

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights set out the overall framework for human rights.

The Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women can be found here.

The Convention on the Rights of the Child can be found here.

The UN Human Rights Council adopted a Resolution on The Promotion, Protection and Enjoyment of Human Rights on the Internet in 2016.

The Geneva Declaration of Principles of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was agreed in 2003. Its Tunis Agenda for the Information Society followed in 2005. A review of progress, Implementing WSIS Outcomes, was published by the UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development in 2015. The UN General Assembly adopted this resolution following its WSIS+10 review in 2015.

The UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the Sustainable Development Goals, can be found here.

International studies and other data sources

A comprehensive review of the impact of the Internet in development was published in the World Bank’s World Development Report for 2016 on Digital Dividends. This includes many references to other sources on the impact of the internet.

The WSIS Final Targets Review, published in 2015, summarised ICT developments against targets set by the World Summit on the Information Society 10 years previously.

The International Telecommunication Union’s annual Measuring the Information Society report summarises available data on ICT access, usage and skills included in its ICT Development Index. More comprehensive data are available through the ITU’s statistics homepage and Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database

The following references are intended as a preliminary selection of materials available which relate to different aspects of the R-O-A-M principles. They are not intended to be comprehensive. Further references will be added as the project evolves, including materials identified in consultation responses.

African Development Bank (2015) Governance Ratings

Akamai Resources (2017) State of the Internet and State of the Dark Web

Alliance for Affordable Internet (2017) Affordability Report 2017

Association for Progressive Communications (APC) (n.d.) Gender Evaluation Methodology (GEM)

APC (2013) Monitoring Framework on Freedom of Expression Online

Bertelsmann Foundation (2016Sustainable Governance Indicators and Transformation Index

Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, various resources available here

Carnegie Cyber Policy Initiative (2017) Cyber Norms Index

Citizen Lab (2011) OpenNet Initiative

Economist Intelligence Unit and Internet.org (2017) The Inclusive Internet Index

Electronic Frontier Foundation (2016) Who has your back?

Freedom House (2016) Freedom on the Net and Nations in Transit

Global Insight (2015) Country Risk Ratings

Global Kids Online (n.d.) research toolkit

Global Partners Digital (2017) Framework for Inclusive Policymaking

Google (2017) Transparency Report

IMD (2016) World Competitiveness Yearbook

International Telecommunication Union (2016) Measuring the Information Society Report, statistics website and World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database

ITU (2014) Connect 2020 Agenda for Global Telecommunication/ICT Development

Internet Society, various resources available here

Mozilla (2017) Internet Health Report

New America Open Technology Institute (2017) Ranking Digital Rights

OECD, various resources available here

Open Knowledge Network (2016/17) Global Open Data Index

Oxford Martin School, Global Cyber Security Capacity Centre (n.d.) Cybersecurity Capacity Maturity Model for Nations (CMM)

Partnership for Measuring ICT for Development (2014) Final WSIS Targets Review

Privacy International (2016) The Global Surveillance Industry and State of Privacy Briefings

UN (2016) E-Government Survey

UN (2015) Index of Knowledge Societies

UN Special Rapporteur Freedom on Expression (2011) Report of the Special Rapporteur on key trends and challenges to the right of all individuals to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds through the internet

UNCTAD (2005) ICT Diffusion Index

UNDESA (2015) UN E-Participation Index

UNICEF (n.d.) Website, on children’s rights and the internet.

Waseda University (2016) E-Government Index

World Bank (2015) Country Policy and Institutional Assessment

World Bank (2016) World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

World Economic Forum (2016) Networked Readiness Index

World Justice Project (2015) Open Government Index and Rule of Law Index

World Wide Web Foundation (2012) The Web Index and Open Data Barometer