Policy papers

Education 2030: Equity and quality with a lifelong learning perspective

Published: 
18 May, 2015

This paper is a contribution of the EFA Global Monitoring Report team to the World Education Forum in Incheon, Republic of Korea. It mostly draws on information from the World Inequality Database on Education (WIDE). Its aim is to inform a debate on inequality in education opportunities and outcomes, which is a central part of the new agenda.

The challenge of teacher shortage and quality: Have we succeeded in getting enough quality teachers into classrooms?

Published: 
20 April, 2015

This paper is jointly released by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) and the UNESCO Education Sector at the 12th Session of the Joint ILO/UNESCO Committee of Experts on the Application of the Recommendations concerning Teaching Personnel (CEART) in Paris (April 2015). It addresses the challenge of recruiting and training quality teachers, using country administrative data collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) since 1999 and information from a variety of other sources.

Pricing the right to education: The cost of reaching new targets by 2030

Published: 
1 March, 2015

This paper shows there is an annual financing gap of US$22 billion over 2015-2030 for reaching universal pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education of good quality in low and lower middle income countries.

School-related gender-based violence is preventing the achievement of quality education for all

Published: 
1 March, 2015

This policy paper argues that school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) is a global concern preventing children, especially girls, exercising their right to a safe, inclusive and quality education. The paper calls for a systematic and harmonized approach to identify, monitor and understand SRGBV, as well as strong policy interventions to develop targeted solutions to address the problem effectively.

Where do the proposed education targets fall short?

Published: 
1 February, 2015

This paper carefully examines the proposed post 2015 education targets and was prepared as a contribution to the technical review of the Sustainable Development Goals. It is based on a section of the forthcoming 2015 EFA Global Monitoring Report, to be launched on 9 April 2015.

Wanted: Trained teachers to ensure every child’s right to primary education

Published: 
1 October, 2014

This paper, jointly released by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) and the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) on World Teachers’ Day, shows that there are massive and persistent teacher shortages, especially of well-trained teachers. These chronic shortages will continue to deny the fundamental right to primary education for millions of children in decades to come if concerted action is not taken.

Advocacy toolkit for teachers to provide a quality education

Published: 
1 October, 2014

Advocacy toolkit for teachers to provide a quality education.

Sustainable development begins with education

Published: 
1 September, 2014

For more than half a century the international community of nations has recognized education as a fundamental human right. In 2000, it agreed to the Millennium Development Goals, which acknowledged education as an indispensable means for people to realize their capabilities, and prioritized the completion of a primary school cycle.

Progress in getting all children to school stalls but some countries show the way

Published: 
1 June, 2014

This paper, jointly released by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), shows that global progress in reducing the number of children out of school has come to a virtual standstill. But many countries have made major progress since 2000 and offer examples to follow.

Aid reductions threaten education goals

Published: 
1 June, 2014

This paper reports the latest data on development and humanitarian aid to education. It is released to coincide with the Global Partnership for Education’s Replenishment Pledging Conference, which aims to raise US$3.5 billion for education over 4 years. It is vital to recognise this financing request as urgent, and that donors, new and old, see this as an opportunity to refill the funding pot for education in its time of need.

Increasing tax revenues to bridge the education financing gap

Published: 
1 March, 2014

Sustained economic growth has increased the resources that many of the world’s poorest countries can raise domestically to finance their education strategies. Many countries furthest from the Education for All goals, however, do not sufficiently tap their tax base. Strengthening tax systems is an essential condition for achieving Education for All.

Trends in aid to education: Lessons for post-2015

Published: 
1 December, 2013

In order to inform discussions on the role of aid in supporting a post-2015 development and education framework, this paper analyses trends in aid to education, identifying both the amount that donors are spending as well as whether these resources are being allocated effectively. It draws largely on the Education for All Global Monitoring Reports, which each year include analysis on financing in the context of achieving education goals.

Financing for Global Education: Opportunities for multilateral action

Published: 
2 September, 2013

Based on data analysis and case studies of the six most important multilateral donors in education, this report explores the role they could play either through their own resources or through mobilizing others. Special attention is paid to 41 countries in greatest need. These countries include the 35 low-income countries whose own resources are limited, together with the 6 middle-income countries which are amongst the 10 countries with the highest out-of-school populations.

Education transforms lives

Published: 
1 August, 2013

Education lights every stage of the journey to a better life, especially for the poor and the most vulnerable. Education’s unique power to act as a catalyst for wider development goals can only be fully realized, however, if it is equitable. That means making special efforts to ensure that all children and young people – regardless of their family income, where they live, their gender, their ethnicity, whether they are disabled – can benefit equally from its transformative power.

Children still battling to go to school

Published: 
1 July, 2013

The 2011 EFA Global Monitoring Report exposed the hidden crisis of education in conflict-affected countries. Two years later, to mark the birthday of Malala, the Pakistani schoolgirl shot by the Taliban as she was exercising her right to go to school, this policy paper shows that urgent action is needed to bring education to the 28.5 million primary school age children out of school in countries affected by conflict.

Schooling for millions of children jeopardized by reductions in aid

Published: 
1 June, 2013

This paper, jointly released by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, shows that progress in reducing the number of children out of school has come to a virtual standstill just as international aid to basic education falls for the first time since 2002.

Turning the 'resource curse' into a blessing for education

Published: 
1 May, 2013

Low and middle income countries rich in natural resources could make huge strides towards universal schooling if they managed resource revenues better and devoted a significant share to education.

Addressing the crisis in early grade teaching

Published: 
1 April, 2013

This paper, jointly released by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, shows that progress in reducing the number of children out of school has come to a virtual standstill just as international aid to basic education falls for the first time since 2002.

WIDE Inequalities in Education

Published: 
1 April, 2013

A child or young person’s circumstances, such as their wealth, gender, ethnicity and where they live, play an important role in shaping their opportunities fo education and life. The World Inequality Database on Education (WIDE), developed by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report, draws attention to unacceptable levels of education inequality across countries and between groups within countries, with the aim informing policy design and public debate.

There is a US$26 billion financing gap for basic education

Published: 
1 March, 2013

With fewer than 1,000 days left until the 2015 deadline of the Education for All goals, the global community needs to make a final push to overcome one of the biggest obstacles to education in the world’s poorest countries: insufficient finance. If governments and donors make concerted efforts to meet the promises they made in 2000, basic education for all could be achieved by 2015, according to new analysis by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report team.

Private sector should boost finance for education

Published: 
1 January, 2013

If private organizations really want to make a difference to education worldwide, they should dramatically increase their funding and align it with the Education for All goals.

Gender Summary for Youth and skills: Putting education to work

Published: 
1 October, 2012

Gender parity and equality in education constitute a basic human right, as well as an important means of improving other social and economic outcomes. Narrowing the gender gap in primary enrolment is one of the biggest EFA successes since 2000. Even so, some countries are still in danger of not achieving gender parity in primary and secondary education by 2015. The goal goes beyond numbers of boys and girls in school. More needs to be done to ensure that all girls and boys have equitable access to educational opportunities and achieve equal educational outcomes.

Reaching out-of-school children is crucial for development

Published: 
1 June, 2012

This paper, jointly released by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, shows that progress in reducing the number of children out of school has stalled. This not only denies millions of children their right to education, but also jeopardizes wider development efforts. The paper sets out five reasons why reversing this trend is urgent.

Expanding equitable early childhood care and education is an urgent need

Published: 
1 April, 2012

The linguistic, cognitive and social skills that children develop in early childhood are the foundations for lifelong learning. If children fail to develop these foundations because they lack adequate nutrition or opportunities to learn, there are significant costs for both individuals and societies, and the effectiveness and equity of education systems are undermined. Breaking the link between poverty and early childhood disadvantage represents one of the most urgent priorities on the Education for All agenda.

Beyond Busan: Strengthening aid to improve education outcomes

Published: 
1 November, 2011

For millions around the world who are still denied the chance of quality education, the 4th High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, South Korea offers hope but also real challenges. Not only is the financial crisis jeopardizing aid levels, but the latest evidence shows that the global movement for more effective aid is making disappointing headway.

Trends in aid to education, 2002-2009

Published: 
1 November, 2011

While global spending on basic education increased from 2008 to 2009, to reach US$5.6 billion, it is still vastly insufficient for the 67 million children who are still out of school. Only around US$3 billion went to the poorest countries, which is far from the US$16 billion needed annually to reach the Education for All goals in these countries. Furthermore, more than half of the increase came from loans, largely as a response to the financial crisis. Such disbursements are unlikely to be sustained.

Building a better future: Education for an independent South Sudan

Published: 
1 June, 2011

In July 2011, South Sudan will become an independent nation. It will start life at a crossroad. The new country faces immense challenges and immediate threats. Yet it also has a unique opportunity to break with a past blighted by war and chart a new course. Decisive leadership by the Government of South Sudan (GoSS) and resolute support from the international community could transform the lives of southern Sudan’s people and make the new nation a human development success story.