National Strategic Meeting on Water Security and SDG in Indonesia
Organised by UNESCO Office, Jakarta, this national meeting will bring together a number of resource advocates, experts, practitioners and representatives from Ministries, river organizations, academia and NGOs to discuss the key issues related to water resources management in Indonesia, as well as identifying solutions that could support international, regional, national and local initiatives towards water security in Indonesia.
Although Indonesia enjoys a sizeable average of freshwater, many of the country’s water resources issues are facing crippling challenges, due to rapid development, poor urban infrastructure and lack of proper institutional capacity. The good economic growth of the country has not yet been accompanied by a parallel development of infrastructure and institutional capacity on water resources management. Despite government efforts and other actors, which have invested enough resources in the sector, much remains to be done. As a consequence, a large number of the population still lacks access to safe water and most of the population in villages and remote areas still rely on potentially contaminated water sources. The country also has undergone significant land-use changes, and deforestation as well as the expansion of extractive industries that have polluted and altered the landscape and left many areas more vulnerable to water-related extreme events such as floods and droughts. In addition to these key environmental changes, the impacts of climate change add significant stress on water resources of the country and all this set has to be solved by policy makers, scientists, engineers and planners.
Achieving water security in Indonesia requires scientific approaches, technologies and policy that will enable the country to protect vulnerable water systems and catchments, to minimize the impacts of water-related hazards and to ensure the functions and services of water resources for the ecosystems in a sustainable and economical manner. Furthermore, in line with the new Development Agenda 2030 on SDGs, sustainable water management in Indonesia requires an emerging paradigm change through integrated approaches and dynamic interactions to stimulate an interrelation between hydrology, environment and social factors.