The Programme of Action for a Culture of Peace and non violence aspires to make everyday peace a tangible reallity for all. Building on the "soft power" of Education, Culture, Sciences and Communication and Information, the following 7 areas of action are proposed:
- Improvement of access to formal and non-formal education, with emphasis on quality education for all, education on human rights, cultural diversity, gender equality and the integration of marginalized groups and the strengthening of South-South and North-South-South inter-university cooperation.
Greater opportunities for research, networking and public debates illustrating exchanges and transfers between cultures, in the form of exhibitions as well as of fairs and festivals and making use of new technologies that specifically foster linguistic diversity. Special emphasis has been given to the development of learning and teaching materials to demonstrate the links between cultural diversity and human rights.
- Promotion of the role of creativity, which is a fundamental attribute of innovation, by stressing both individual features and similarities of societies, and in that regard, enhancing the promotion of an integrated vision of all aspects of the cultural expression (ancient and contemporary) as a conveyor of identity and future aspirations, a resource and engine of sustainable development and tool for intercultural dialogue, which includes interreligious dialogue.
- Contribution of the media and ICTs to change the perception of different cultures and religions through, inter alia, the promotion of dialogue on the Internet where numerous cultural and linguistic contents can circulate and be shared; a special emphasis has been given to media as vectors for intercultural dialogue and media literacy programmes, training of journalists, including on conflict-sensitive reporting and choice of images, particularly training of young media professionals such as through the UNESCO Power of Peace Network.
- Recognition of and respect for knowledge – including traditional knowledge and the knowledge of indigenous peoples – which contributes to safeguarding biodiversity and to promoting sustainable development. Pilot projects highlighting the place of science in the process of dialogue as a universal language have been developed.
- Development of an interactive educational programme to stop violence in schools.
- Learning from the past: promoting dialogue for reconciliation and intercultural understanding.