Costa Rica 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Costa Rica
Date of ratification: 
15/2/2011
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Directorate of Culture, Ministry of Culture and Youth
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Fresia
Family Name: 
Camacho
Organization: 
Directorate of Culture, Ministry of Culture and Youth
Mailing Address: 
National Culture Center (CENAC), Ancient Liquor Factory, Avenues 3 and 7, Streets 11 and 15, West Side of the Spain Park, San José, Costa Rica.
Telephone: 
(506) 22212022
Fax: 
---
E-mail: 
fcamacho@dircultura.go.cr
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Name: 
Anahí Moyano
Position: 
Manager
Organization: 
Unidad de Cultura y Educación (UCE), Ministry of Cultur
Name: 
Javier Carvajal
Position: 
Manager
Organization: 
Cooperación Internacional, Ministry of Culture and Yout
Name: 
Fresia Camacho
Position: 
Director
Organization: 
Dirección de Cultura, Ministry of Culture and Youth
Organization: 
Secretaría de Planificación (SEPLA), Ministry of Cultur
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

This first report was prepared by the Ministry of Culture and Youth of Costa Rica. Other stakeholders were not consulted due to the limited time available and because the persons in charge have changed.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
The Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions was one of the cornerstones of the recently approved (2013) National Policy on Cultural Rights 2014-2023, as indicated in Article 3: "This Convention shall apply to the policies and measures adopted by the Parties related to the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions."The framework of action for this policy considers five strategic lines, namely:1. Effective participation and enjoyment of Cultural Rights in diversity2. Economic revitalization of culture  3. Protection and management of cultural heritage, material and intangible4. Institutional strengthening for the protection and promotion of Cultural Rights5. Strengthening and assertion of Cultural Rights of indigenous peoplesIn addition, this policy also follows the rights approach, the cultural sensitivity approach, the gender approach, the articulation approach, the cross-cutting approach, the intercultural approach and the generational approach and furthermore to the principles of non- discrimination, equality, equity, diversity of cultural participation, joint responsibility of the government and society, and the social protection and promotion of cultural rights and interest of the child and adolescent.Despite being a major achievement over the last four years, its implementation will be a major challenge in the upcoming four years.  The challenge may be overcome by establishing regional popular consultation forums, thus opening a space for dialogue and agreement with civil society to articulate domestic endeavours at the local, regional and national level in order to build a common cultural agenda.
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

The Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions is articulated in the 2014-2023 National Policy on Cultural Rights (PNDC), which "defines a set of strategic approaches which are considered fundamental to encourage the effective participation of population diversity in cultural life, as well as the effective articulation of cultural expressions in the sociocultural and economic development at the local, regional and national levels" (PNDC, 2013:4).  Additionally, the PNDC is accompanied by a Plan of Action that will formalize and specify time frames, persons in charge, expected outcomes, resources allocated, and the necessary monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. This national policy was developed based on the consensus reached among diverse social actors that participated in workshops, interviews, dialogues and work meetings.  This is aligned with Article 11 of the Convention which reads: "Parties acknowledge the fundamental role of civil society in protecting and promoting the diversity of cultural expressions." Likewise, the Strategic Plan (2013) of the Directorate of Culture of the Ministry of Culture and Youth contains the following Mission and Vision: Mission:"We are the MCJ entity dedicated to the social management of cultures.  Through participatory processes, technological platforms and in articulation with civil society and the public and private sectors, we foster and recognize cultural diversity in Costa Rica." Vision:"To be the MCJ entity specialized in and recognized for the social management of cultures, encouraging participatory methodologies, using technological platforms and articulating with civil society and the public and private sectors, in order to strengthen cultural diversity and self-management capacities of communities."  (Gómez, 2013:5) The Convention was also taken into consideration in Law No. 9211 "National Culture Awards" (2014), including the annual national "Emilia Prieto Intangible Cultural Heritage" award, which recognizes lifelong work in culture, resulting in a decisive contribution to strengthening Costa Rican cultural space and development in any of the following cultural expressions: 1) oral expressions and traditions, including language as a vehicle for intangible cultural heritage; 2) performing arts; 2) social and ritual uses, and festive ceremonies; 4) knowledge, procedures and uses related to nature and the universe; and 5) traditional artisanal techniques, as well as the annual national awards for cultural management and promotion; cultural research; and cultural communication. Lastly, a program called "Puntos de Cultura" (Culture Points) is currently under development, and will provide competitive funds to support cultural initiatives of the Costa Rican civil society.    

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
The National Policy on Cultural Rights (PNDC)  is set in the framework of several doctrinal charters of UNESCO, such as the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005), Our Creative Diversity (1996), and the Mexico City Declaration on Cultural Policies (1982).   This policy covers four aspects which are fundamental to the notion of culture: identity, diversity, rights, and human wellbeing, and is based on five themes of strategic action, namely:  1. Effective participation and enjoyment of the cultural rights of diversity 2. Economic invigoration of culture 3. Protection and management of tangible and intangible cultural heritage 4. Institutional capacity building for the promotion and protection of cultural rights, and 5. Cultural rights of indigenous peoples. Each outcome, line of action, strategy and institution in charge, seeking to solve a particular problem/issue and challenge for the development of the cultural sector and the exercise of cultural rights.  The above themes, since they cover broad areas of action, must be addressed over the following ten years at all levels of the public sector in order to reach the cultural aspirations of the country.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

Yes, the methodology to formulate a National Policy on Cultural Rights (PNDC) was based on a process of dialogue. The following activities were undertaken in a first phase: development of a participatory diagnosis, citizen participation processes, and development of a draft document.  The second phase consisted of: expansion of citizen participation, informative meetings in indigenous territories, re-work of draft document and validation of final policy document, through participatory physical meetings and inter-sectorial and regional dialogues, with diverse populations directly or indirectly involved in the cultural field; gathering views of the general citizenship and individual interviews with key informants. Additionally, the last activity was a participatory process of indigenous peoples.  In summary, the process included a participatory phase, a background information phase, a re-consultation phase, and a final consultation phase, as well as a national forum on cultural rights. For this reason, the PNDC  was founded on a process of dialogue that took place in different communities throughout the national territory, and counted on the input of different populations and sectors, among them youth, adults (men and women), elderly persons, indigenous populations, afro-descendants, migrants, artists, managers and culture researchers, well as academia, caregivers for elderly people, people with disabilities, migrants, women´s organisations, experts in the rights of children, adolescents and youth, representatives of the national consultative youth network (Red Nacional Consultiva de la Persona Joven), informants from the economic and business sector, informants on culture and environment, on the right to information, on the right to communication, on architecture and cultural setting,  organizations of craftsmen, central government, and ministries, among others.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

Yes, the National Policy on Cultural Rights (PNDC) has an institutional framework for the culture sector called the Sistema Nacional de Protección y Promoción de los Derechos Culturales (national system for the protection and promotion of cultural rights), with both a political and a technical level. At the political level, it is composed by the head of the culture sector, a sectorial culture council and an inter-sectorial culture council, as well as the regional cultural management council of each of the six regions in the country. At the technical level, a technical cultural policy secretariat and a technical inter-sectorial committee exist.  Additionally, the figure of a regional culture forum was created, as a consultative space in each region. Its function is to support and propose actions regarding national policy of cultural rights. There is also a system for the planning, monitoring and evaluation of lines of action proposed in the PNDC.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural Promotion in Regions

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The department of Cultural Promotion in Regions is responsible for accompanying cultural organizations so they can self-manage processes related to the appreciation and promotion of their sociocultural life.  This is achieved through the participation of local forces and persons involved in community leadership and management so that they, as insiders, can create spaces and opportunities that may contribute to human development within their own communities.  To support this effort, cultural centers, houses of culture, and offices have been established throughout the country, as well as the Cultural Management Training Unit. This Department also works with the indigenous territories, in activities such as:- Maleku Festival- Cabécar Encounter- Revitalization of the Boruca language-Workshop on ancestral knowledge exchange- Investigation on indigenous struggles- Ancestral knowledge in Cabagra- Cultural Management Workshop in indigenous territories- Cultural Management in Talamanca- Workshop on the identity of indigenous.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Accompanying cultural organizations so they can self-manage processes related to the appreciation and promotion of their sociocultural life.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Capacity building of community organizations for self-management of sociocultural matters.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No financial resources have been allocated to implement this measure.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Regional
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Community organizations with stronger sociocultural self-management capacities.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of beneficiaries.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural promotion

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Cultural promotion stimulates the work of people in the field of culture through scholarships, declarations, awards, technological platforms and socio-educational processes that lead to the recognition and promotion of diverse cultural expressions in Costa Rica.  This Department is responsible for the Scholarships-Workshop, which foster and preserve plurality and cultural diversity and facilitate the participation of all social sectors in processes related to cultural, artistic and recreational development without difference as to gender, ethnicity or geographic location by opening spaces and opportunities that propitiate the revitalization of traditions and cultural expressions, as well as the artistic creation and appreciation in its different manifestations.  The Department is also responsible for the National Cultural Awards (12 overall), which are an annual incentive to excellence, development and contribution to the cultural development of Costa Rica."Puntos de Cultura" is a new program destined to encourage cultural organizations to play a stronger role in the promotion of cultural diversity.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The recognition and promotion of diverse cultural expressions in Costa Rica.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Recognition and promotion of diverse cultural expressions in the country.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No financial resources have been allocated to implement this measure.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Regional
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

-The number of scholarship holders increases annually (compared with the previous year)-Puntos de Cultura fund is established.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of beneficiaries from the Scholarships-Workshop.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

National Cultural Right Policy (PNDC), Draft Law on Cultural Rights (LGDC) and beginning of process to develop the Plan of Action for the PNDC of Costa Rica.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The National Cultural Rights Policy was approved in December 2013 through Executive Decree No. 38120-C, published in the official journal La Gaceta on 9 January 2014. This approval represents the first time the country has a road map to guide culture-related actions for the next ten years.  The PNDC is a fundamental step towards endowing the State of Costa Rica with a tool to clearly and consistently guide government plans and strategic actions in culture nationally, regionally and locally.The PNDC was drafted after a broad participatory process and a consultation and validation process covering three thousand persons from the institutional and cultural sectors, ethnic groups including indigenous peoples , in strict compliance with ILO Convention 169.  A detailed description of this process can be found in the PNDC publication.  As part of the consultation process, copies of both Conventions were distributed: The Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Cultural Diversity and the Convention to Safeguard Intangible Cultural Heritage.The general objective of the PNDC is to promote the effective exercise of cultural human rights and the effective participation of individuals, groups and communities in the national cultural life so they may openly express their cultural diversity and strengthen the contribution of culture to sustainable development at the local, regional and national levels in the period between 2014 and 2023. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The general objective of the PNDC is to promote the effective exercise of cultural human rights and the effective participation of individuals, groups and communities in the national cultural life so they may openly express their cultural diversity and strengthen the contribution of culture to sustainable development at the local, regional and national levels in the period between 2014 and 2023. In order to reach this objective, the PNDC begins with the framework set out in international conventions, particularly those mentioned above, and defines a group of principles, approaches and guidelines identified in the consultation as priority to encourage the open and effective participation of population diversity in cultural life.  Five strategic lines of action are defined:1.  Effective participation and enjoyment of Cultural Rights in diversity2. Economic revitalization of culture  3. Protection and management of cultural heritage, material and intangible4. Institutional strengthening for the protection and promotion of Cultural Rights5. Strengthening and assertion of Cultural Rights of indigenous peoples.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Cultural democracy and a culture of open and effective participation of diverse populations in the cultural life of the country.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No financial resources have been allocated to implement this measure.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Creation of the Unit of Culture and Economics

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

As part of the strategies under Theme 2: Creative Economics, the National Policy on Cultural Rights (PNDC) 2014-2023 provided for the establishment of a Unit of Culture and Economics (UCE) at the Ministry of Culture and Youth.  The general objective of the UCE, which started to operate in May 2014, was to lay the groundwork for and enable Costa Rican creative and cultural industries and undertakings through the coordination and articulation of efforts at the institutional and interinstitutional levels with the private sector and civil society, focused on the growth of the sector and on local and national sustainable development. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The UCE undertook three micro-processes, namely information, training and financing through five components: Culture Satellite Account, National Culture Survey, Cultural Information System, Caribbean Cultural Corridor and Creative Economics.Additionally, the Cultural Information System (Sicultura), part of this same Unit, contains a Cultural Directory which provides an overview of "cultural resources"(individuals and groups related to the cultural/artistic sector, physical spaces used for cultural purposes and elements of the material and intangible heritage) throughout the country. The Directory is based on the collective construction of knowledge, betting on the creation of a network of collaborators, called "Sicultura editors", who voluntarily develop informative fact sheets about the range of cultural resources (their own or those of others, duly authorized).The Cultural Agenda of Sicultura aims to promote events to share Costa Rican cultural expressions.  The Agenda contains a broad list of cultural offerings not only centered around the Metropolitan Area, where Directory registrants can freely promote their activities.Lastly, the Ministry of Culture and Youth organized a participatory workshop on June 29-30, 2011 focused on capacity building in line with the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Diversity of Cultural Expressions, aimed at officers from programs and entities under the Ministry of Culture.  The workshop was facilitated by Ms. María Gabriela Núñez Mora, Project Officer of CLT UNESCO San José, Multicountry Office for Central America and Mexico.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Promote Costa Rican creative and cultural industries and undertakings through the coordination and articulation of efforts at the institutional and interinstitutional levels with the private sector and civil society, focused on the growth of the sector and on local and national sustainable development. 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No financial resources have been allocated to implement this measure.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

International Cooperation Department

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

To promote training and advice in matters of cultural development, through experts, promote artists abroad and vice-versa, manage artistic-cultural activities, and participate in high-level meetings (Conferences, Forums, Meetings and Encounters, among others).  This policy was submitted in May 2010.Priorities are at the following levels:individual: human resource development, including programmes to facilitate the mobility and exchange of artists and professionals in culture, and to jointly strengthen knowledge.Institutional or organisational: foster the capacity of cultural business and organisations on the promotion of sectoral economic and commercial dimensions, including support plans and distribution agreements.Industry: broader systemic relationships established through bilateral, regional and multilateral commercial agreements, culture policy and other frameworks.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Ministry of Culture and Youth, as the governing body of culture and youth affairs in Costa Rica, is responsible for fostering and preserving cultural diversity and plurality and for facilitating overall engagement in cultural and artistic development, regardless of sex, ethnicity and geographic location.  This is achieved by offering spaces and opportunities to propitiate the revitalization of traditions and cultural manifestations.  The Ministry has strived to promote and encourage cooperation with international entities and friendly governments, particularly by mobilizing technical resources to provide assistance in programs and projects aimed at capacity building which lead to the social and economic wellbeing of communities at social risk, and by promoting local artists internationally and hosting international artists locally, participating in international book fairs, encounters and festivals, among others, working with developing nations to enter into cooperation agreements and programs that lead to actions, especially in the area of cultural exchanges.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

During the process, we detected that a more strategic approach is required for international cooperation.  In view of the fact that we are now considered an middle-income country, it is necessary to promote regional, trilateral and bilateral initiatives and promote cooperation in corporate social responsibility. Our Embassies must be our allies to share cultural diversity, so we must better utilize those spaces to promote our culture and undertake related projects.  

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No financial resources have been allocated to implement the measure. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

Creative Economics

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The National Policy on Cultural Rights (PNDC) 2014-2023 contains a series of strategic lines of action.  Action number 2 "Economic Revitalization of Culture" includes the subject of "Creative Economics" to encourage creativity and cultural production locally, nationally and regionally in connection with social and economic development processes.  This concept is understood as the economic sector involved in the generation of ideas and knowledge, as well as creative goods and services in a context of technological innovation and change.  Creative economics focuses on stimuli that include the promotion and development of creativity in its most diverse forms, facilitating new spaces for cultural creation.In this sense the PNDC seeks to stimulate cultural creativity, including heritage, both material and intangible, cultural sites, and traditional cultural expressions, art in all its manifestations, media including audiovisuals and printed media and the design of new technologies and functional creations including creative services in a framework of inclusion, diversity, innovation, solidarity and defense of Cultural Rights. The strategy used by the Ministry of Culture and Youth meant created the Unit of Culture and Economics (UCE), which began operating in 2014 with the general objective of generating the conditions to create and enable Costa Rican creative and cultural industries and undertakings through coordinated and articulated efforts at the institutional and interinstitutional levels, with the private sector and civil society,aimed at sectorial growth and local and national sustainable development.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Through national and international workshops, the Creative Economics component of the Ministry of Culture and Youth has promoted  the creation of  public-private Working Groups (academia, businesses, government) to strengthen cultural sectors, beginning with the Audiovisuals and Music sectors.  In a participatory process, the two latter developed Strategic Competitiveness Plans to promote a greater participation of audiovisual and music companies and their outputs in the national and international markets, with quality and profitability.The Caribbean Cultural Corridor of the UCE has been working on the creation of cultural undertakings and community culture management to strengthen and highlight the cultural potential of residents in Cahuita, Tortuguero and Downtown Limón, along the Caribbean coastline.  These actions are aimed at exponents and bearers of traditions including music bands, calypsonians, dressmakers, artisans, painters, specialists in traditional gastronomy and dance of the region.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The National Culture Survey (ENC) 2013, another component of the Unit of Culture and Economics was a milestone in the generation of cultural statistics, interviewing 7,242 residents (over the age of five years) in 2,792 households throughout the country.  The survey provides valid and timely statistical information on the uses and preferences of the population concerning products, activities and cultural spaces, technological devices and Internet, traditions, cultural formation, cultural practices and access to the cultural offer available in Costa Rica.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No financial resources have been allocated to implement this measure.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Local
Regional
National
International
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

The Culture Satellite Account of the UCE is an information system that describes Costa Rican culture in economic terms and shows its contribution to the economic growth and comprehensive development of the country.  The areas measured to date are: Editorial, Audiovisual, Advertising, Design, and Artistic and Cultural Education, producing indicators on value added (cultural GDP), employment, production, foreign trade, among others.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

The Cultural GDP Indicator.The Performing Arts and Music sectors are currently being measured (2015).   The value added of culture to the national economy in 2012, considering all five sectors, was slightly over 452.09 billion colones (US$898 million), 2% of the total GDP.  This is equivalent to the four principal crops (coffee growing and processing, and banana, pineapple and sugar cane growing) , and very close to the 2.1% contributed by power generation and distribution in 2012.  For that same year, cultural production from the five sectors practically doubled to 851.56 billion colones and cultural employment generated 31.407 jobs, representing 1.6% of the overall formal workforce.

Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
No
Please explain how: 
Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
No
Please explain how: 
Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
No
Please explain how: 
Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 

The Cultural Information System (Sicultura) has produced a series of participatory, county-wide cultural resource inventories. The process includes a complete mapping of cultural resources, country by country, through the open participation of actors, both municipal (local governments) and community (civil society), to generate information that can be used by all county residents and be included in the Cultural Directory of Sicultura. These events are an opportunity to come closer to the sociocultural reality of individual communities and they also require more sustained cultural management processes, developed within the communities themselves.  So far, inventories have been drawn up for Grecia, Mora and Santa Ana.  The inventory of Belén is currently under construction. The Caribbean Cultural Corridor has involved a community-wide, participatory and inclusive cultural management process.  These events have been organized in conjunction with the communities, like as the International Calypso Festival in Cahuita, the N-Raiz-Arte (Enraizarte) (Grow Your Roots) Festival in Limón and the Turtle Bogue Festival in Tortugero.  The objective has been to highlight the different cultural manifestations of the region (including music, dance and gastronomy), promote its strengthening and exchange, and ensure continuity of the cultural heritage of these communities. Through national and international workshops, the Creative Economics component has promoted the creation of public-private Working Groups (academia, businesses, government) to strengthen cultural sectors, beginning with the Audiovisuals and Music sectors.  In a participatory process, the two latter developed Strategic Competitiveness Plans to promote a greater participation of audiovisual and music companies and their outputs in the national and international markets, with quality and profitability.  The execution of priority projects identified in each plan began in 2015.  

Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
No
Name of the Organization(s): 

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
No
Please explain how: 
Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
No
Please explain how: 
Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

- Elaboration of the National Policy on Cultural Rights 2014-2023- Elaboration of the Draft Law on Cultural Rights

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

- Lack of training in Cultural Management- Limited spaces for citizen participation- Limited encouragement of Cultural Diversity

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

- Cultural Management training program- Points of Culture program- Citizen participation in program design

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

- Deconcentration of the Ministry of Culture- Establishment and implementation of the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Culture- Approval of the Draft Law on Cultural Rights by the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
162682.30
Year: 
2012
Source: 
Central Bank of Costa Rica
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
584813.08
Year: 
2012
Source: 
Central Bank of Costa Rica
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
7297.17
Year: 
2012
Source: 
Central Bank of Costa Rica
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
379425.17
Year: 
2012
Source: 
Central Bank of Costa Rica
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
45300.67
Year: 
2012
Source: 
Central Bank of Costa Rica
USD: 
50 502.98
Year: 
2012
Source: 
Central Bank of Costa Rica
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 

Andrés Bello Agreement, Methodological Manual on the Implementation of Satellite Culture Account, 2009. 

1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
1,862
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ISBN
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Medium Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Large Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
Source: 
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Private: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Community: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Total: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
Source: 
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
0.00
Male: 
0.00
Total: 
0.00
Theatre: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
TOTAL: 
Female: 
0.00
Male: 
0.00
Total: 
0.00
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
7. Additional clarifications: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Fresia
Family Name: 
Camacho
Organization: 
Directora de Cultura, Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud.
Position: 
Directora