The provision on preferential treatment for developing countries (Article 16) is known to be one the most binding and powerful of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005). The goal of preferential treatment measures is to facilitate the mobility and exchange of artists and cultural professionals from the global South, through, for example, simplified procedures for visas or lower visa costs.
The 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions calls for the establishment of sustainable systems of governance for culture that are based on informed, participatory and transparent policy processes. Since 2014, UNESCO has been running a capacity development programme on policy monitoring, supported by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).
Through the Korea Funds-In-Trust (K-Fit) for the Development of Creative Industries, many developing countries have been supported in their efforts to invest in new contemporary creative areas, such as film and visual arts. It has also brought a new impetus to networking and regional cooperation opportunities, marked by the organization, in June 2018, of a landmark meeting of professionals and public officials to discuss the future of cultural policy in the Asia‑Pacific region.
The International Fund for Cultural Diversity, IFCD, supports the implementation of the UNESCO 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the emergence of dynamic cultural sectors in developing countries by strengthening the means to create, produce, distribute and access cultural goods and services.
Today, the cultural and creative industries generate annual global revenues of US$2,250 billion and exports of over US$250 billion. These sectors, which currently provide nearly 30 million jobs worldwide and employ more people aged 15−29 than any other sector, can even make up to 10% of GDP in some countries. The creative economy, constituted by these sectors, has thus become a major driver of trade strategies in developed and developing countries alike.
The 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions is an international treaty that provides a policy framework for the governance of culture. This Convention recognizes the distinctive nature of culture as an important contributor to economic and social development and ensures that artists, creative professionals, practitioners and citizens worldwide can create, produce, disseminate and enjoy a broad range of creative goods, services and activities, including their own.
The 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions contains various mandatory requirements. Article 16 is one of the most powerful ones.
The 2005 Convention Global report publishes a synthesis of the latest information on the impact of the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions at country-level - including how they contribute to the Convention’s four goals – and the cutting-edge debates at the international level. The first edition of the biennial report was published in 2015.
The Creative Economy Report is a cross-agency United Nations contribution to debate on the global creative economy. Published on a periodical basis, the latest edition was co-published in 2013 by UNESCO and the United Nations Development Programme.