Describe the main features of the policy/measure:
With Culture and Arts Promotion Act was amended to include 'the provision of support for cultural and artistic activities of the disabled' in 2008, the art and culture promotion policy for the disabled had been moved from welfare to cultural policy area. In 2015, a designated body of Korea Disability Arts & Culture Center was established and the Act On The Support For Cultural And Artistic Activities Of Artists With Disabilities(hereinafter referred to as the Disabled Artists Support Act) was enacted. The policy in supporting artists with disabilities began with the enactment of Act On The Protection And Promotion Of Cultural Diversity in 2014, as awareness was raised for the promotion of cultural and artistic activities for social minority groups. With the establishment of Korea Disability Arts & Culture Center in 2015, a systematic approach over policy, project, network implementation, development, and delivery were enabled. In 2017, the task of 'Enhancing cultural and leisure accessibility for the disabled' was included in the 100 national projects of the 19th president (Moon Jae-in government). The main contents of the ｢Act On The Support For Cultural And Artistic Activities Of Artists With Disabilities｣ enacted in 2020 are to investigate the status of cultural and artistic activities of artists with disabilities, establish support plans, support their creative activities, expand opportunities to present their artworks, support employment, and improve access to cultural facilities. Based on the forementioned Act, a basic plan to support cultural and artistic activities for the artists with disabilities should be established every five years. Accordingly, the basic research has been conducted to identify major issues and directions of the master plan (Feb-Oct 2021), and a subcommittee of artists with disabilities, experts, and governments was formed to conduct 24 conferences and advisory meetings (Apr-Nov 2021). With the collection of the opinions of the Cultural Activities Support Committee for Artists with Disabilities (Jul 2021 and May 2022), inquiry and consultation on opinions of related ministries and local governments (April 2022), online public hearing (17th May 2022), and the deliberation by the Arts and Cultural Activities Support Committee for Artists with Disabilities, the first basic plan (draft) was prepared to support cultural and artistic activities for artists with disabilities, and was announced through the Ministerial Meeting on State Affairs (8th September 2022).
What are the results achieved so far through the implementation of the policy/measure?:
With establishment of the Korea Disability Arts & Culture Center, which manages and operates cultural arts policies for the artists with disabilities, various researches, surveys, and forums were carried out to support the creative activities. It conducted 「Basic research on cultural and artistic activities for the disabled」(2018), 「Program development to activate creativity for artists with disabilities」(2018), 「Basic research and survey for establishment of a dedicated performance hall for artists with disabilities」 (2018), and 「Feasibility survey on a dedicated performance hall for artists with disabilities and basic plan」(2019). Also, it held 「Study on mid- to long-term development plans for the disabled in art and culture」(2020), and conducted 「Survey on the cultural and artistic activities of artists with disabilities」 in 2018 and 2021 to use as a base data to determine in the policy-making process. According to the results of the 「Survey on the cultural and artistic activities of artists with disabilities」 in 2021, 83.7% of artists with disabilities are classified as 'disabled with severe degree of disability'. The types of disability were include intellectual disability 34.3%, physical disability 26.0%, visual impairment 15.0%, Autistic disorder 13.0%, and hearing/language disorder 4.9%. Artists with disabilities were most active in Western music (27.2%), fine arts (26.8%), popular music (11.4%), and Korean traditional music (8.5%), with the average working period of 11 years. Supports artists with disabilities need the most were the expansion of creative work support and beneficiaries (70.5%), space support for cultural and artistic activities (8.0%), and public relations and marketing support (6.0%). With the Disabled Artists Support Act in 2020, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism is actively expanding the budget for supporting artists with disability. In 2021, the budget was 24.7 Billion Won, which was up 58% from the previous year. In 2022, the budget is 26 Billion Won. The increased budget will be used for the creative support projects, professional education, performing arts groups, international exchange projects such as International Disabled Arts Week, and job support for artists with disability. Additionally, the first dedicated performance hall for artists with disability with universal design is scheduled to open in 2023.
Financial resources allocated to the policy/measure in USD:
24.7 Billion Won, 18.80 Million Dollars /As of 2021
Partner(s) engaged in the implementation of the measure:
Has the implementation of the policy/measure been evaluated?: