Viet Nam's Rural Construction Programme: integrating culture into national development planning
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Viet Nam’s National Target Program on New Rural Construction (2010-2020) is a comprehensive program on socioeconomic and political development to support sustainable development in rural areas. By developing local cultural infrastructure and cultural community activities, the program promotes both the preservation of traditional culture and contemporary cultural expressions, while also strengthening community solidarity.
The National Target Program for New Rural Construction has two main components. The first component supports cultural and sports facilities at the local level, involving districts, counties and villages from the entire country. It addresses local needs in rural areas by providing places in which the community can meet and share experiences, and by organizing community based cultural activities. This process is based on consultation with local people, emphasizing the participation of the community in the construction and operation of the institutions and cultural facilities supported by the State.
The second component aims at creating conditions for people to participate equally in cultural life. The activities organized, ranging from preserving features of traditional culture to youth-oriented creative cultural activities, are planned and implemented in a spirit of cooperation between the State and civil society and are designed to meet the needs of local communities.
With this measure, Viet Nam shows its commitment to support Goal 3 of the Convention by integrating culture into its national sustainable development plan and policies, supporting regional equity in the distribution of cultural resources within the country and promoting equity in access to cultural resources by all the members of the community. Moreover, the community based cultural houses and community learning centers for people in rural areas created under this program implement SDGs 4 and 11, by fostering technical and vocational training as well as appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development (Targets 4.4 and 4.7). Positive economic, social and environmental links between urban and rural areas is also reached by strengthening national and regional development planning (Target 11.a).