Colombia 2017 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Colombia
Date of ratification: 
19/3/2013
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Ministry of Culture
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Santiago Ulises
Family Name: 
Jara Ramírez
Organization: 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mailing Address: 
Calle 10 No. 5 – 51, Palacio de San Carlos Bogotá, Colombia
Telephone: 
(1)3814000 Ext. 1017 - 1018
Fax: 
(57)(1)5611796
E-mail: 
Santiago.Jara@cancilleria.gov.co
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Organization: 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Organization: 
Ministry of Commerce Industry and Tourism
Organization: 
Ministry of Information and Communications Technology
Organization: 
Sistema de Medios Públicos RTVC
Organization: 
Cámara Colombiana del Libro
Organization: 
Cámara de Comercio de Bogotá
Organization: 
Consejo Nacional de Cultura
Organization: 
Universidad EAN
Organization: 
Proimágenes Colombia
Organization: 
Lado B
Organization: 
Fundación Arteria
Organization: 
Asociación Colombiana de Libreros Independientes- ACLI
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

For the preparation of this Report, it was necessary to identify the agents and institutions involved in the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions in the country. Consequently, the National Consultation Workshop (Taller de Consulta Nacional) was convened on November 9 and 10, 2016, with the purpose of introducing the 2005 Convention, presenting the general structure of the report, as well as the progress and results of some of the actions carried out by the Ministry of Culture for the strengthening of cultural industries and the circulation of content.As a result of this meeting, the institutions and agents selected for the drafting committee were invited to a capacity-building workshop on the First Periodic Report of Colombia, held between November 30 and December 1, 2016. During the working sessions, the UNESCO consultant team presented in detail the content of the 2005 Convention, as well as the parameters and structure of this Report. Subsequently, practical activities were carried out by task groups with the aim of establishing instances of policies, actions, programs, activities and projects that were in line with the guidelines of the 2005 Convention.Accordingly, the workshop revealed the numerous public and private initiatives being carried out that are in line with the 2005 Convention (supported by a large amount of monetary and non-monetary statistical data), but were in effect before its ratification by Colombia in 2013. For this reason, it was necessary to create a tool for collecting information – from as many direct experiences as possible – that would allow this data to be processed and analyzed more efficiently.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
The main normative reference for cultural policies in Colombia is the Political Constitution of 1991, which incorporated precepts that have been fundamental for the formulation of said policies and are expressed in the recognition of the multicultural and multiethnic character of the country, and of culture as the foundation of nationality and an engine for economic and social development. In 1997, the General Law of Culture was signed as a tool for the implementation of the growing number of public cultural policies. This normative framework created the Ministry of Culture and advocates policies that promote democratic access to knowledge, the production and enjoyment of cultural goods and services, the strengthening of creation and research, and the protection of the cultural heritage of the NationSince its inception as the governing body in this area, the Ministry of Culture has promoted the development of cultural and artistic policies, projects and activities where diversity is recognized and the protection of cultural heritage is paramount. In light of the above, the Ministry has created and implemented the General System of Culture as a process of policy decentralization, which coordinates the competencies and actions of the national, departmental and municipal authorities with spaces convergence for the formulation, implementation and monitoring of cultural policies. On the other hand, it is important to highlight the efforts that have been made from the public sector in relation to the recognition, promotion and favoring of the cultural and creative industries: the production of this type of goods and services has been acquiring greater relevance as an indicator of economic and social healthIn this respect, specific public policies have been developed that are related to the 2005 Convention. These policies have been implemented by different entities. It should also be noted that sectoral legislation in Colombia has had a direct effect on industries such as publishing, film, performing arts, television and radio, as well as on the laws protecting copyright. This set of legislative measures determines the mechanisms, incentives and institutions, along with the main criteria, procedures and programs that must be considered for the strengthening and promotion of the cultural sector.Similarly, civil society’s articulation with the public sector for the strengthening, implementation and execution of cultural policies and measures has been fundamental, not only as recipient thereof, but also as an active participant who gives constant feedback on state actions, for the benefit of the cultural and creative industries. Civil society has consolidated independent processes and initiatives that demonstrate the creative capacity and sustainability of the cultural sectorTo sum up, this Report provides an overview of the actions taken by Colombia with the aim of protecting and promoting the diversity of cultural expressions. A series of steps that began with the recognition of its importance in the 1991 Constitution and was ratified with the adhesion to the Convention of 2005Our expectation is that this first report from Colombia will allow the construction of a road map that identifies areas for improvement and offers a guide for the collegial construction of policies and measures between the State and civil society, with the hope of perpetuating the conditions for the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

The main normative reference for cultural policies in Colombia is the Political Constitution of 1991, which incorporated precepts that have been fundamental for the formulation of said policies and are expressed in the recognition of the multicultural and multiethnic character of the country, and of culture as the foundation of nationality and an engine for economic and social development. In 1997, the General Law of Culture (Ley General de Cultura) was signed as a tool for the implementation of the growing number of public cultural policies. This normative framework created the Ministry of Culture and advocates policies that promote democratic access to knowledge, the production and enjoyment of cultural goods and services, the strengthening of creation and research, and the protection of the cultural heritage of the Nation. Since its inception as the governing body in this area, the Ministry of Culture has promoted the development of cultural and artistic policies, projects and activities where diversity is recognized and the protection of cultural heritage is paramount. In light of the above, the Ministry has created and implemented the General System of Culture (Sistema General de Cultura) as a process of policy decentralization, which coordinates the competencies and actions of the national, departmental and municipal authorities with spaces convergence for the formulation, implementation and monitoring of cultural policies. On the other hand, it is important to highlight the efforts that have been made from the public sector in relation to the recognition, promotion and favoring of the cultural and creative industries: the production of this type of goods and services has been acquiring greater relevance as an indicator of economic and social health.In this respect, specific public policies have been developed that are related to the 2005 Convention. These policies have been implemented by different entities, such as the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism, the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies, the RTVC Public Media System, the National Television Authority (Autoridad Nacional de Televisión) and the National Directorate of Copyright (Dirección Nacional de Derecho de Autor), among others.It should also be noted that sectoral legislation in Colombia has had a direct effect on industries such as publishing, film, performing arts, television and radio, as well as on the laws protecting copyright. This set of legislative measures determines the mechanisms, incentives and institutions, along with the main criteria, procedures and programs that must be considered for the strengthening and promotion of the cultural sector. The country has also acceded to an important set of international instruments, including the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Convention for the Promotion and Protection of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.Similarly, civil society’s articulation with the public sector for the strengthening, implementation and execution of cultural policies and measures has been fundamental, not only as recipient thereof, but also as an active participant who gives constant feedback on state actions, for the benefit of the cultural and creative industries. Conversely, civil society has been able to consolidate independent processes and initiatives that demonstrate the creative capacity and sustainabi

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
No
How: 
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
No
How: 
c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
No
How: 
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Promotion of the use of copyright

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Training and virtual courses of the Special Administrative Unit National Direction of Copyright

  • To provide informal education on copyright and its application in the different sectors of the creative and cultural industries, as established in Section 5.8 of Decree 4904 of 2009 of the Ministry of National Education. Directed to authors and other stakeholders in said industries.
  • To provide accurate knowledge of the existing legal framework on copyright and related rights at the national and international level.
  • To foster capacities and institutional reinforcement by providing virtual and face-to-face nation-wide training on the general aspects of copyright and related rights, collective management corporations and registration of works and contracts to concerned stakeholders: copyright holders, users, private and public organizations, universities, among others. 

National Administrative System of Intellectual PropertyTo coordinate state and private actions to achieve an adequate level of protection, use and promotion of intellectual property rights, increasing their impact on the competitiveness and productivity of the country, while maintaining a balance between diverse components: the rights of holders, the public interest, the interests of the users of knowledge, protected assets and national cultural wealth.    

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Virtual Training and Courses  These activities deal with the generalities of copyright in the cultural and creative industries, and with the resolution of disputes arising from copyright and related rights.National Administrative System of Intellectual Property1. To coordinate and guide the SANPI (National Administrative System of Intellectual Property) and the common policies of the agencies that are part of the SANPI and its implementation, in order to achieve an adequate level of protection, use and promotion of intellectual property rights, increasing the impact of those policies on the competitiveness and productivity of the country, with a balance between the rights of the holders, the public interest, the interests of the users of knowledge, protected assets and national cultural wealth.3. To promote measures aimed at achieving a better user experience and access to the existing information in the SANPI.4. To coordinate the initiatives and actions of the agencies that make up the SANPI and to foster their interrelation with the private sector and civil society.5. To articulate the actions of the agencies that make up the SANPI and seek that they take an official government stance on the issues within their competence.6. To evaluate the impact of intellectual property policies on the competitiveness and productivity of the country and on the holders and users of intellectual property rights, without interfering in the functions of each agency in these matters.7. To support the National Administrative System of Foreign Policy and International Relations in its objective of creating a transversal, efficient and long-term vision in the field of intellectual property in the international sphere.8. To propose mechanisms for the articulation of the SANPI and the National Administrative System of Competitiveness for the execution of policies and strategies in the field of intellectual property, in areas such as the adaption and implementation of these policies and strategies in the regions.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

A sizeable participation is expected from those people who are working in or are preparing to enter the sectors whose issues are addressed in both the training and in the virtual courses. It is expected that the number of training sessions, workshops and seminars offered each year will increase, with measures that will help increase the number of participants. In the area of virtual courses, it is hoped that they will keep to pertinent and updated information, according to the social, economic, political and technological changes that influence the development of the copyright industries.In the medium term, measures will be implemented to accompany the development of the training offered by the organization. Further dissemination of the agency's informal educational offer through agreements and other strategies with public and private institutions is also expected.National Administrative System of Intellectual PropertyAccording to Decree 1162 of 2010, the goal is to achieve an adequate level of protection, use and promotion of intellectual property rights, increasing their impact on the competitiveness and productivity of the country, with a balance between the rights of holders, the public interest, the interests of knowledge users, protected assets and national cultural heritage.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Regarding the training offered by the National Directorate of Copyright, DNDA, it is done in the facilities of that agency. Travel expenses and other costs related to the development of training activities are paid by the companies requesting that service. On the other hand, the DNDA virtual courses have been outsourced. For their implementation, a budget projection was made per year of:2012: $71.737,21 USD2013: $19.427,47 USD2014: $61.227,18 USD2015: $44.981,38 USD2016: $65.291,81 USD

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Culture Satellite Account

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To carry out the economic measurement of the segments of the cultural sector.To create a focused, continuous, and comparable information system that allows economic valuation of cultural products and of the activities that generate them.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

It is a measure for gathering and accessing information in the cultural sector. The variables of the Account are: production, intermediate consumption, value added, offer / usage balances, expenditure tables along with an employment matrix of the cultural sector. The following sectors have been considered for the implementation of the methodology of the Culture Satellite Account: audiovisual, music, performing arts, games and toys, publishing, visual arts, advertising and cultural education.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  1. To position the Culture Satellite Account as an input for the diagnosis and decision making of public and private agents.
  2. To improve the availability of cultural sector information in Colombia.
  3. To constantly improve the sources of information and methodologies for calculating the account variables for each of the sectors.
  4. To expand the coverage of research to cover more cultural sectors.
  5. To work with the DANE (National Administrative Department of Statistics) to improve the availability of information of the account in areas such as domestic and foreign trade of services as well as the identification of secondary activities of employees.
  6. To constantly improve methodologies and data collection to encompass information coming from media outlets of cultural services and goods, such as virtual platforms.  
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Resources assigned to this measure are directly associated with the technical team that implements the measurement of the Account, in which two members are appointed by the DANE and another two appointed by the Ministry of Culture. For 2012-2016, the resources invested in this measure were: $470.999 USD

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Type of Involvement: 

Resources assigned to this measure are directly associated with the technical team that implements the measurement of the Account, in which two members are appointed by the DANE and another two appointed by the Ministry of Culture. For 2012-2016, the resources invested in this measure were: $470.999 USD

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Local
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

The specificities of the cultural sector require constant update, inclusion of new sources and alternative approaches for the calculation of the data processed by the Culture Satellite Account. Additionally, the contrast with other sources of data and non- monetary indicators is crucial for strengthening data analysis. 

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

3 indicators were used to evaluate and determine impact of the Culture Satellite Account: statistical indicators, economic indicators and non-monetary indicators. The statistical indicators include mean and variance of the data. Economic indicators include production, sales costs and intermediate consumption, and finally data for non-monetary indicators was collected in order to nourish the data from the Satellite Account and from National Accounts regarding the cultural sectors.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Strengthening and diffusion of National Television, RTVC and ANTV

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Señal Colombia, public educational and cultural channel • To be the TV channel that develops innovative content that brings Colombians closer to the cultural diversity of the country.• To be a mirror of its audience. The channel reflects national identity from all aspects of diversity (ethnic, cultural, social, gender, etc.).• To be an educational resource. The channel develops and presents non-formal educational content that enables and promotes knowledge.• To be a useful tool in the construction of citizenship and dissemination of cultural and democratic values.• To be a cultural experience in itself. The channel’s content touches and impacts the lives of its audience through creativity, innovation, entertainment, mobilization and experimentation.• To be a window to the world and its cultures. The channel serves as the stage where local stories circulate with universal reach and universal stories with local significance.• To facilitate the circulation of its content in the available media. The services and content offer of the channel grows and expands according to the technological possibilities.Ethnic Television Project-ANTVTo provide access and active participation of ethnic groups in the creation of the Ethnic Television project in Colombia.Promotion of the audiovisual industry-ANTVTo ensure the development and consolidation of public television and promote the television industry.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Señal Colombia, public educational and cultural channel

  • Managing content for 4 programming modules: children, fiction, non-fiction and cultural and sports specials.
  • Promoting the production of independent audiovisual content through open calls, co-productions and acquisitions.
  • Creating spaces for audience participation in productions and in digital environments.

Ethnic Television Project-ANTV

  • Its main characteristic is to be a means of access to and production of audiovisual content, providing visibility to ethnic groups.

Promotion of the audiovisual industry-ANTV

  • It is a measure that provides financing and thus strengthens the creation, production and editing processes of public television and of the audiovisual industry in general.

 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Señal Colombia, public educational and cultural channel To keep the editorial independence of the audiovisual content in the face of political and institutional dynamics. Also, to be a reflection of the cultural diversity of the country.Ethnic Television ProjectIndigenous peoples:• Creation of administrative acts that regulate television production and broadcasting for indigenous or autochthonous peoples.• Formulation and implementation of a television plan for indigenous peoples.• Production and broadcast of indigenous television programs.• Joint studies to provide solutions for the access to television by indigenous peoples.Rrom:• Fully formulated and implemented action plans.• Formulation and joint agreement of the Rrom TV plan.Promotion of the audiovisual industryThe main expected result is to strengthen the development of public television and the promotion of the audiovisual industry in the country.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Señal Colombia2012-2015: $26.166.594 USDEthnic Television Project2016: $479.796 USD

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

There's a constant activity of monitoring and review of action plans.RTVC- Señal Colombia45 television productions13 special projects20 coproductions10 self productions2 Special coproductions projects and 10 special projects

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

RTVCNumber of coproductionsNumber of self productionsSpecial coproductions projects and special projectsANTVTo measure the number of regulatory concepts within the legal basis in relation to the received ones.Open television: allocation of radio spectrumOpen television: Assignation of radioelectronic espectrum

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Formalization and strengthening of the sector of public spectacles of the performing arts - Law 1493 of 2011

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To recognize, formalize, promote and regulate the industry of public spectacles of the performing arts: "to democratize local production and innovation, diversify the supply of goods and services, expand the access thereof to a larger population, increase competitiveness and  create economic flows, tax incentives and alternative forms of financing; similarly, to secure the diverse manifestations of the performing arts that are not sustainable by themselves but that are fundamental for the construction of the social base and the processes of cultural identity of the country" (Law 1493 of 2011, Section 2).The Public Spectacles Act, Law 1493 of 2011, whose implementation is the responsibility of the national and municipal governments, is mainly targeted at producers of public events in the performing arts, box office operators and stage managers, who have benefits and responsibilities associated with the execution of public spectacles.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

 

  1. Formalization: Registration of producers of public spectacles of the performing arts, authorization of online ticketing operators, registration of events in the Single Portal of the Law on Public Spectacles of the Performing Arts - PULEP.
  2. Control: Permission or authorization for carrying out public spectacles in the performing arts.
  3. Increased resources for the sector: Collection and remittance of the parafiscal contributions to public spectacles of the performing arts, which are invested in the construction, adaptation and endowment of venues.
  4. Tax benefits and incentives in national and territorial taxes.
  5. Strengthening the powers of inspection, monitoring and control of the National Government over collective management companies of copyright and related rights.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The expected results raised in the framework of the Public Spectacles Act are:1. To reduce the tax burden.2. To simplify the number of procedures and requirements.3. To generate new resources for investment in the improvement of public and private scenarios for the diffusion of the performing arts.4. To increase the cultural offer in the performing arts and encourage the access thereto by the population.5. To promote the international circulation of artists in Colombian territory.In addition, some challenges are foreseen in a medium term not exceeding four years, namely:1. To address the mechanisms of collection and control of new technologies for the sale of tickets and the entrance to public spectacles of the performing arts.2. Integration and articulated work between the competent entities of the national and the municipal governments.3. Development of a relevant, diversified, qualified and sustainable cultural infrastructure for the staging and circulation of public spectacles of the performing arts in different formats.4. Regulation and implementation of Law 1801 of 2016 – National Code of Police and Coexistence–, which modifies aspects regarding the authorization of gatherings which constitute public spectacles.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Assigned resources (appropriation) by the Ministry of Culture for the implementation and operation of Law 1493 of 20112012: $83.415,362013: $321.044,462014: $374.872,542015: $273.077,812016: $327.763,54

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Type of Involvement: 

Producers of public spectacles of the performing arts (private), box-office operators of the same (private) and those responsible for the venues and cultural infrastructure for the performing arts (private and public), who have participated in the formulation, implementation, appropriation or fulfillment of the Public Spectacles Act.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

3438 Registered producers on the Single Portal of the Law on Public Spectacles of the Performing Arts - PULEP since 201213 authorizations of online ticketing operators2617 registered events on the Single Portal of the Law on Public Spectacles of the Performing Arts – PULEP$11.085.977 USD collected of the cultural parafiscal contribution since 2012 to 2016Beside the intern evaluation process, in 2014 the Econometría Consultores company, developed a results study on the implementation of the 1493 Law, that can be consulted on tne next Link: http://pulep.mincultura.gov.co/Aplicacion/portal/estudios.html 

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Registered producers on the Single Portal of the Law on Public Spectacles of the Performing Arts - PULEPuthorization of online ticketing operators,Number of registered events on the Single Portal of the Law on Public Spectacles of the Performing Arts – PULEPCollection of the cultural parafiscal contribution, per yearAnnual implementation of the resources of the parafiscal cultural contribution 2012-2016

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Promotion of the cinematographic activity in Colombia, Law 814 of 2003 or Film Act, and promotion of the national territory as stage for the filming of cinematographic works, Law 1556 of 2012 or Colombia Filming Act

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 
  • To promote a progressive, harmonious and equitable development of national cinematography and, in general, to promote the cinematographic activity in Colombia.
  • To promote the Colombian film industry and bring to light the national territory and its cultural heritage as elements for the filming of audiovisual productions; through the latter, encourage tourism and a positive image of the country, as well as the development of an outstanding cinematographic industry.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Law 814 of 2003 – Film ActAdopts measures of promotion that enable productive return scenarios for various links of the film industry; stimulates investment in the production of the goods and services included in this cultural industry; empowers the film industry as a whole, fostering conditions of participation, protection and competitiveness.Tax Incentives They favor film producers with an important source of financing, encouraging individuals and private companies to make contributions to and invest in film projects with the granting of tax incentives.Film Development FundAs a mechanism to promote the Film Act, the Film Development Fund (Fondo para el Desarrollo Cinematográfico) receives money collected through the parafiscal fee paid by exhibitors, distributors and producers as a result of the screening of international cinematographic works in the country.Exhibit IncentivesFilm exhibitors will be able to deduct directly, as an incentive to their activity, 6.25 percentage points of the contribution on their charge when they screen Colombian short films, certified according to the norms. Law 1556 of 2012 – Colombia Filming ActCreation of the Colombia Film Fund: Special account of the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism, whose resources are destined to the payment of cash rebates, administrative costs and investment in promotional activities of Colombia as a film location.Cash rebate: The companies producing cinematographic works – shot totally or partially within the Colombian territory – who have signed Colombia Film Contracts, will receive a cash rebate equivalent to 40% of the value of the expenses incurred in the country for cinematographic services contracted with Colombian companies and 20% of the value of expenses in hotels, food and transportation, provided that the conditions set out in the resource allocation manual are met.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  • Strengthening of cinematographic production companies, increased production and co-production of feature films and national short films and a rise in audience numbers for Colombian films.
  • Law 1556 of 2012 is expected to have as a result six films shot annually in the country.

 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Law 814: Certificates in film investments and contributionsFrom 2004 to 2016: $83.228.650 USDThrough the Film Development Fund (FDC):2004: $1.963.162,62 USD2005: $3.388.362,07 USD2006: $3.121.739,79 USD2007: $3.956.022,81 USD2008: $4.473.467,39 USD2009: $4.172.908,10 USD2010: $6.132.072,99 USD2011: $9.793.471,38 USD2012: $11.046.973,97 USD2013: $10.495.478,62 USD2014: $9.226.862,87 USD2015: $7.191.777,08 USD2016: $8.112.803,10 USDLaw 1556: $18.273.179 USD appropriated from 2013 to 2016 for the Colombia Film Fund.$584.911.424 USD delivered in cash rebates, part of which is returned to the National Treasury through fees, taxes, and permits.Through the Colombia Film Fund (FFC): 2013: $1.840.655 USD2014:  $5.764.040 USD2015: $4.895.375 USD 2016: $5.757.494 USD

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
The National Council for the Arts and Culture in Cinematography (CNACC)
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Law 814 of 2003 – Film ActThe National Council for the Arts and Culture in Cinematography (CNACC), which is made up of representatives of the sector, namely: The Minister of Culture, the Director of Cinematography, producers, distributors, exhibitors, directors, artists, technicians, departmental and district councils and two film specialists. The Technical Secretariat is in the charge of Proimágenes Colombia.The Mixed Fund for Film Promotion, Proimágenes Colombia, whose board is made up in part by representatives of public entities: The Minister of Culture, the Director of Cinematography, the Minister of Education, the Rector of the National University of Colombia, the Director of Taxes and National Customs; and by representatives of privately owned organizations: Cine Colombia, Asociación Colombiana de Distribuidores de Cine (Colombian Association of Film Distributors), Fundación Patrimonio Fílmico Colombiano (Colombian Film Heritage Foundation), a representative of the production sector and a representative for the directors.

Name: 
Colombia Filming Act
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Law 1556 of 2012 – Colombia Filming ActColombian Film Promotion CommitteeMixed Fund for Film Promotion - Proimágenes Colombia

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

The evaluations take place once a year by the CNACC when the action plan is being discussed. Also, in 2014 the National Cinematography Meeting took place and the policies were evaluated, and, along with the Civil Society, a plan for the 2022 national cinematography was built. The main conlusion of the results of the 814 law, is the increase number of productions since 2003 and for the 1556 law, is the number of international production companies that are choosing Colombia as a shooting scenario and the number of jobs these companies are generating in the country, among others.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of produced feature films and short films since the 814  lawNumber of films shot in Colombia since the 1556 lawNumber of jobs granted by the international production companies that are being shot in Colombia thanks to the 1556 Law

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Promotion and support of the national audiovisual content industry

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 
  • To promote the production of cultural content along different media.
  • To support and strengthen the public television system (national, local and community channels)
  • To support ethnic communities in the production of their own content.    
  • To co-produce high-impact audiovisual cultural content for the country and the region.
  • To design a varied dissemination strategy for the audiovisual cultural content supported by the Ministry, especially in collaboration with the channels of the public television system in Colombia.
  • To conduct training workshops around the non-fiction audiovisual genre.
  • To improve the quality of television products in the regions by means of training and production assistance.
  • To take on actions aimed at identifying or updating the communication dynamics and actors of border territories.
  • To structure working models that contribute to the production and circulation of digital cultural content in border areas, based on the practices developed in the production centers donated by the Government of Japan.
  • To implement strategies that contribute to the sustainability of the production centers donated by the Government of Japan and the processes of communication / culture generated from them.
  • To give visibility and recognition to the Las Fronteras Cuentan (The Borders Matter) project: production centers of digital cultural content.  
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Support and strengthen the public television system (national, local and community channels), with cultural content. Support ethnic communities in the production of their own content, strengthening creative capacities through training and offering assistance for distribution. An increase in the free annual licensing of cultural content produced, co-produced or supported by the Ministry of Culture to the 10 public television channels of the country. Co-production of television series with Colombian and Latin American channels, of which the following have been produced: Hechos de Corazón, Danza Colombia. Co-production of series with Latin American producers: DOCTV Latinoamérica, Expreso Ventana Andina: Historias de vida en fronteras, Expreso Colombia, Andares, Andares por Colombia.Creation of social awareness, using the potential of the documentary as an audiovisual genre, through the project Taller del Recuerdo (Living Memory Workshop). This measure is aimed at audience training (in culture, art, productive chains and television) and is directed to children and young people between ages 8 and 27 and seniors. To provide support to the communication processes that take place in border regions, through the strengthening of production centers such as cultural companies and entrepreneurship nodes, benefiting population such as broadcasters from community radio stations, indigenous people, cultural managers, creation groups, universities, and social and cultural organizations in the border departments.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Increase in the production of fiction and non-fiction content for television and for digital platforms (web and digital universe); production of documentaries in community channels and encouragement of training processes.Increase in the co-production of audiovisual creations. Since 2012, with the implementation of the program, 16 audiovisual products have been completed, between series and stand-alone episodes.Increase in licensing of content for broadcast. With the implementation of the policy, the 10 public television channels have benefited from the licensing of content, receiving 88 hours of quality cultural programming from 2012 to 2016. Increase in the number of audiovisual productions (production, distribution, training, management and entrepreneurship).Creation of content focused in the culture of the border territories.Dissemination: Las Fronteras Cuentan, a platform where digital pieces produced by content creators are constantly circulating.Training: The content creators who go through the different training modules specialize in creating narratives about culture and the frontier in their territories.Management and entrepreneurship: The five Production Centers are in the process of consolidation as cultural industries in each of their regions.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Promotion of the production of cultural content in the media (National Incentives Program): Since 2012, the allocation for this policy has been $1.332.858 USDCo-production of cultural audiovisual content: Since 2012, the allocation for this policy has been $1.222.490,69 USDPromotion of the circulation of content co-produced or supported by the Ministry of Culture through public television channels in the country: Since 2012, the allocation for this policy has been $$380.409USD.Promotion of audiovisual training for producers of cultural content and the youth and children audience: For 2016, the allocation for this policy $$21.874USD

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural strengthening of community and public radio

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Directorate of CommunicationsTo strengthen community and public interest broadcasters as agents of cultural creation, so they may host the expressions of different groups of citizens, fostering plural participation and the recognition of cultural diversity as factors that contribute to the construction of a culture of peace among Colombians.National Radio of Colombia• To produce and disseminate inclusive, cultural and general interest content that contributes to the visibility of diversity, promotes participation and democratic values, and helps to build an informed society.• To improve the citizenry’s appropriation of public radio in Colombia.• To strengthen the expansion of Colombian public radio through the consolidation of decentralized teams and their content.     Radiónica• To create inclusive, cultural, formative and public interest content for the young Colombian population, as well as communication proposals that allow the joint building of content between broadcasters and listeners.• To promote artistic, environmental and technological creation and management skills among Colombia's young population and content that promotes diversity, historic memory and multiculturalism in that audience.• To create decentralized content for the young population of the regions that is connected to the mission statement of the broadcaster.-To improve the positioning of national public radio.  

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Directorate of Communications Training: seeks to promote spaces for the exchange of knowledge and training of content producers in an integral way, from the social, political, organizational and technical dimensions. Production: granting of economic incentives for the production of radio broadcasts by radio stations or broadcaster groups and making of alliances for the production of series or programming slots. Dissemination strategies and platforms are provided for the circulation and appropriation of radio content that contributes to the construction of a culture of peace. National Radio of Colombia

  • A programming grid and an annual proposal of content that is focused on cultural, musical, current events and living memory themed programs that inform and entertain.
  • Coverage and diffusion of the most important general news and current events in the fields of culture and music, and preservation of the sound archive.
  • Creation of special digital products related to life-changing events in the national news, which can be accessed later online by listeners and internet users.
  • Extension and consolidation of the programming grid with content generated by the regions, for the regions, in our own studios.
  • Inclusion in the programming grid of content focused on peace and reconciliation.

 Radiónica

  • A programming grid for the traditional radio service and strategies for the development of digital content.
  • Promotion of the search for talented individuals and groups, as well as the positioning and projection of their proposals.
  • Creation and diffusion of content, both on the radio and online, that is able to project diversity, respect and multiculturality from the Colombian social and cultural fabric.
  • Creation of an online programming grid and content depository.
  • Staging of special events and coverage of the cultural, environmental, technological and entrepreneurial incursions of the young Colombian population.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Directorate of Communications The main expected result with the implementation of the measure is the creation of quality content produced by the community and public interest broadcasters in the country.Other results are associated with the number of broadcasters and radio production groups trained through workshops and knowledge exchange sessions.Finally, it is expected that the measure will allow the implementation of strategies for the dissemination and appropriation of the radio content made by producers, radio groups, and community and public interest radio stations.The following results are a consequence of the implementation of the measure to date:Granting of 58 economic and technical support incentives for the production of an equal number of radio slots and series.Training of 1,230 producers of radio content through meetings, workshops, laboratories and diploma courses.National Radio of ColombiaStrengthening of its content with a view to becoming the media of choice for the dissemination and preservation of the music, culture and traditions of the country.RadiónicaTo be the most important media for the cultural and educational furtherance of young Colombians.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Between 2012 and 2017, $654.165 USD

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

National Arts Policies: National Music for Coexistence Plan, National Dance Plan, National Theater Plan, National Arts Plan

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 
  • Strengthen the artistic creation and artistic production of various disciplines as well as the ones with an interdisciplinary nature
  • Promote the circulation and mobility of diverse artistic practices, agents and works of art, throughout projects that allow their projection in local, national and international context
  • Produce social appropriation processes of the artistic practices, cultural good and services, through access, education and participation strategies.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Among its main features are:Creation: In this dimension are located the agents that produce the work of art and the institutions that support its creation and production. It includes the grant of incentives for the development of projects of emergent and great trajectory artists, it supports the new forms of creation, production and circulation in all areas and in different production contexts, enables alliances for the promotion of emergent ways of creation, production, expression and artistic circulation.Production: Processes of elaboration and transformation of good and services in different artistic activities that generate or add value to tangible and intangible inputs. The production of artistic works and its fixation or staging available to the people are highlighted. Artists salons, live shows, audiovisual and editorial products, among others.Circulation: This activity generate the encounter between public and the creation, knowledge management and education activities. Colombia promotes the circulation and mobility of different artistic areas, agents and work through projects that allow its projection in local, national and international contexts. Circulation incentives are granted by means of scholarships, internships, residencies, acknowledgements and other supports that are product of regional, national and international alliances.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

To achieve acknowledgement, assessment and appropriation of artistic practices that produce knowledge, culture, economic trades, social fabric and memory.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

2012: $2.889.661,37 USD2013: $5.001.276,29 USD2014: $3.170.075,80 USD2015: $4.112.657,19 USD Total: $15.173.670,66 USD 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Policy for Entrepreneurship and Cultural Industries

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To promote and strengthen cultural industries and entrepreneurship in Colombia through policy initiatives that contribute to the consolidation of all links in the production chain of this sector, within a framework of competitiveness and innovation for job creation and development.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Training for entrepreneurship: Implementing training and accompaniment processes in cultural entrepreneurship to develop the productive potential of each of the links in the value chain of the cultural industries, and their cross-sector activities Create and manage funding sources: The Cultural Entrepreneurship Group seeks to expand the funding for cultural entrepreneurship projects and cultural industries which promote and develop the use of new technologies in the different activities of the value chain. This is done through the creation and management of new lines of financing for cultural entrepreneurs Promote the dissemination of and access to cultural products and services: Designing platforms to stimulate the national and international dissemination of expressions and goods and services produced by cultural entrepreneurship, along with an internationalization strategy that allows the development of alliances between cultural entrepreneurship processes and cultural industries Foster institutional coordination: Promoting the coordination of agents, organizations, companies and institutions that are part of the ecosystem of cultural industries with the policies of economic and social development carried out by the State, to generate economic growth and social development in the regions, through: innovation, competitiveness and creation of spaces of work and exchange of experiences that will foster the appearance of networks between the projects of the cultural industries and those of cultural entrepreneurship in the country Generate research and knowledge for entrepreneurship and cultural industries: Producing information and knowledge on the economic and social impact and on the performance and problems of entrepreneurship and the different sectors of the cultural industries in the country, with the objective of providing input for the formulation of public policies that aim at strengthening cultural and social processes, and their productivity, at a national and local level

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

1. To position cultural industries as a sector that contributes significantly to the country's GDP, job creation and exports.2. To position cultural industries as a profit-generating sector and a channel for both public and private investment, infrastructure improvement and the implementation of free zones for the activities of the different subsectors of culture.3. To make the cultural sector a strategic axis of the sustainable and competitive development of our country, while raising its quality to the highest international standards.4. To promote the generation of knowledge and research for efficient public policy decision-making.5. To foster a business mentality within the artistic sector for the creation of cultural industries.6. To improve education and investment in the new technologies to generate novel business models that make cultural entrepreneurship a profitable activity.7. To articulate the policies of the Ministry of Culture with other public policies.8. To consolidate a circulation and market development policy.9. To participate constantly in the debate on the use of copyright versus the use of new technologies.10. To consolidate a networked cultural entrepreneurship policy and program for the regions.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The following investment resources of the Cultural Entrepreneurship Group have been allocated annually for the implementation of this initiative:2009: $255.0682010: $368.8312011: $378.7532012: $1.390.2562013: $1.498.2082014: $1.399.5242015: $1.236.1322016: $686.337

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Type of Involvement: 

There have been stablished some partnership agreements with the following private and civil society organizations:Revista Música Corporation

  • Poliedro Foundation
  • Radio Lem
  • Funcores
  • EAN, Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Javeriana, Antioquia, Caldas, Nacional, and Del Norte universities, among others.
  • The Artist's Attorney
  • OneRPM
  • National Learning System - SENA
  • Escuela Taller Foundation
  • Profesionales de Colombia Association
  • Creative Culture Center CECREA
  • Redlat
  • Cabildo Foundation
  • Lado B
h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural Communication, childhood and youth

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 
  • To promote the development, creation and circulation of children’s content with a cultural aproach, with a great reception in audiences from 3 to 6 years, 6 to 8 years, 9 to 12 years and 12 to 15 years, throughout the National Incentives Program.
  • Strenghten the children an youth content’s production teamwork through academic spaces, clinics and specialiced training.
  • Generate knowledge regarding the habits, motivations and ways this content influence children through exploration and proved and applied ethnographic methodologies during 2013 and 2014.
  • Contribute to the cualification of the media offer for child audiences, with the realization of appropiation workshops called ¡CLAVES ALHARACA! for child content and the evaluation in development or production projects.
  • Contribute to the training of an active critic audience, throughout the circulation, models and contents related to child and youth, supported by the Directorate of Communications and the assistance to projects presented by regional oranizations that include education, exhibit and calls.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The cultural communication, childhood and youth project, works in three ways:Claves Alharaca (Alharaca Keys):Aimed to the cualification of the national sctor of child content sector, throughout the realization of pedagogic workshops with a national impact (seven cities visited)¡ALHARACA! Los niños tienen la palabra (¡Alharaca! The kids have the Word): This event gather adult child creators content and children. It has a national coverage. (5 cities in the country)Alharaca por la paz (Alharaca for peace): Formative process in participation, communication, reconciliation and peace, aimed to the country’s children and youngsters.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results of this measure are associated to the generation of imaginaries, lifestyles and media consumption research of Colombian children.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Since 2013 the resources allocated have been $377.897,35 USD

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

N/A

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

N/A

Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
No
Please explain how: 
Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The work carried out by the Colombian Chamber of Books embodied in the International Book Fair of Bogota, which celebrates its 30th edition this year. Another noteworthy instance comes from the labor that universities and other academic institutions carry out, opening new fields of work and expertise around culture, such as EAN University and their Master in Cultural Management; El Bosque University and their new Master on Design for the Cultural and Creative Industries, or the Cultural Management specialization program of Rosario University.Likewise, it is important to mention the coordinated work with civil society carried out in the National Council of the Arts and Culture in Cinematography (CNACC), which is a citizenship channel of participation in the design of programs, and is called to have accountability in the investment of public funds towards the civil society representatives it includes. Other positive experiences of trade associations come from the Colombian Union of Advertising Companies, the Colombian Coalition of Creative and Content Industries, the Colombian Independent Booksellers Association (ACLI), the Colombian Independent Publishers Network (REIC), music sector networks and the Colombian Documentarist Corporation, among others.Other programs that must be underscored belong to the Bogota Chamber of Commerce, who has been developing an important mission through the Creative and Content Industries Clusters: in the music sector, with their Bogotá Music Market (BOMM) and in the video industry with the Bogota Audiovisual Market (BAM). Finally, the Secretariat of Culture, Recreation and Sport of Bogota was one of the winners of the 2016 International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD), becoming the first Colombian entity to receive this honor.

Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

For the elaboration of this report, the identification and selection of civil society agents from around the country to contribute to the process was fundamental. It is important to highlight their active participation in the national consultation workshops and their willingness to provide information. Historically, civil society has been a permanent companion in the initiatives related to culture, either working hand in hand with the public sector in the strengthening, evaluation, implementation and execution of cultural policies and measures, or consolidating independent endeavors and initiatives that fortify the sector, granting it more sustainability – as civil society actions don’t depend on political factors and transcend appointed terms.

Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
Asociación Colombiana de Libreros Independientes (ACLI)
Andiarios
Autoridad Nacional de Televisión – ANTV
Cámara Colombiana del Libro
Cámara de Comercio de Bogotá
Proimágenes Colombia
Unión Colombiana de Empresas Publicitarias (UCEP)
Lado B
Fundación Arteria
Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano
Universidad EAN
Kantar Ibope Media

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
No
Please explain how: 
Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
No
Please explain how: 
Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

The preparation of this Report confirms that the initiatives that have been effected in Colombia for the promotion and protection of the diversity of cultural expressions are aligned with the objectives set forth in the Convention. Although most of them were designed and implemented prior to Colombia's ratification in 2013, their results are a benchmark for the identification of challenges and the discussion about the needs and challenges of the sector. Among the policies and measures to highlight is the implementation of the Policy for Entrepreneurship and Cultural Industries of 2009, which supported the creation of the Cultural Entrepreneurship Group of the Ministry of Culture, whose purpose is to develop productive potential and to establish mechanisms to strengthen the agents that are part of the cultural ecosystem. Also noteworthy is the legislative framework for the production and consolidation of the Colombian film industry, implemented by the Directorate of Cinematography of the Ministry of Culture through laws 814 of 2003 and 1556 of 2012; the Communications Policy of 2010, developed by the same Directorate, which promotes multiculturalism, diversity and the manifestations of the youth and other population at risk through different platforms, such as community radio, audiovisual production laboratories and digital platforms. In addition, civil society actors and institutions have provided key inputs in this area, among them: the Colombian Chamber of Books, responsible for initiatives such as the Bogota International Book Fair and regional fairs; the Colombian Coalition of Cultural and Content Industries, which is an associative mechanism that advocates for the development of the country's creative and content industry; and the Bogota Chamber of Commerce, a leader in supporting cultural industries such as the Cluster of Creative Industries, the Music Cluster, the Bogota Audiovisual Market (BAM) and the Bogota Music Market (BOMM).

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

As part of the challenges to implement the Convention, a need has been identified to continue to strengthen sectoral associative processes, for despite successful experiences of partnership mechanisms, such as those in the publishing and film industry, it is still necessary to promote this practice in segments such as music and performing and visual arts. These actions would improve the public-private dialogue and effectively influence the design and implementation of public policies.Likewise, strategies to improve strengthen and expand mechanisms for the circulation of goods and services should be considered, aiming to bolster the sustainability of some agents and the visibility of platforms and infrastructure for the circulation of cultural products, especially those associated with independent content. Such is the case of community radio, public television and radio, cultural houses, bookstores, independent music labels and publishers, unconventional spaces for the circulation and production of arts, and design, as well as coworking spaces and alternative movie theaters, among others. These deficiencies originate in the monopolistic structure of circulation in the country through the so-called Majors; nevertheless, it is necessary to highlight the decisive work of entrepreneurs, managers and agents who find ways to fulfill their mission of circulating cultural content.Gaps have also been identified in the technical and professional training of agents in the fields of management, marketing, commercialization and dissemination of cultural content. In the Colombian case, these roles are often assumed by the creators or artists themselves, which limits the specialization of the trade, the relations between the agents of the value chain and, subsequently, the opening of new niches of territorial circulation.Finally, the demand for domestic and local goods and services continues to be weak, which can be attributed, on one hand, to the unfavorable economic environment, and, on the other, to a lack of awareness and inclusion of local indepentdentcontent.

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

With regards to the lack of associative mechanisms, the the Ministry of Culture has been developing a strategy of decentralization of the public policy on entrepreneurship and cultural industries, which seeks to foster initiatives that strengthen territorial ecosystems through coordinated public-private actions. These ongoing undertakings consolidate spaces that promote the dialogue of civil society with associated agents at the territorial level and the promotion of an ecosystems vision of the cultural industries, becoming a fundamental tool for raising awareness about the importance of developing roles that have been identified as lacking.Concerning the problems related to the circulation of cultural goods and services, inter-institutional coordination mechanisms will be created to promote the circulation of final products and inputs seeking to encourage productive linkages and the development of local and national markets. For this, the Ministry of Culture is coordinating with INNpulsa Colombia the development of the Aldea Cultural y Creativa program. In addition, it is necessary to coordinate this process with the National System of Competitiveness, of the Presidency, in order to ensure that the efforts toward entrepreneurship and competitiveness implemented from all levels aim at common objectives and have stronger results. Likewise, it is crucial to continue with the design of strategies to strengthen, finance and sustain channels, infrastructure, and platforms for the circulation of cultural goods and services, especially for community, public and private radio broadcasters, non-conventional spaces for artistic circulation and production, cultural houses, collaborative workspaces, independent bookstores, etc. The dissemination of cultural goods and services requires a strategy that integrates all the public and private organizations and institutions that are carrying out actions around this issue, at both the national and international levels: ProColombia, The Bogota Chamber of Commerce, the Colombian Chamber of Books, among others

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

To update the cultural entrepreneurship and cultural industries policy, which will improve mechanisms to promote an ecosystems vision of the cultural and creative industries, incorporate better linking of policies with other areas of the Ministry of Culture and other public entities such as the Ministry of Information and Communications Technologies, the Ministry of Commerce, SENA, ProColombia and even agents and entities from civil society. It is also necessary to maintain the decentralization exercise of this policy and to continue the consolidation of ecosystems of cultural industries in the national territories through strategies such as Nodes of Cultural Entrepreneurship. Coordinate actions that promote the sector of media creators between the responsible entities – MINTIC, RTVC, ANTV, regional television channels and the Ministry of Culture – with a view to strengthen and sustain radio, public and community television, consolidating a strategy of production of digital content and even a review of the legislation dealing with telecommunications to keep it in the forefront of the new technologies. To implement a strategy for the circulation of cultural goods and services, which includes intersectoral supply and demand interactions that can in turn be applied in different country-wide markets, such as BOMM, BAM, the Festival de la Imagen (Festival of the Image) Market, MICSUR, PALCO, and the Bogota International Book Fair, among others.To continue the evaluation and measurement process to allow the inclusion of new creative sectors as beneficiaries, such as design, video games, animation and advertising.

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
21
Year: 
2012
Source: 
camara
Medium Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Large Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
2007
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
Source: 
Programmes: 
Audience share: 
0.00
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Private: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Community: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Total: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
Source: 
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Theatre: 
Male: 
Total: 
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
TOTAL: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
7. Additional clarifications: 
Additional Annexes (if any): 
AttachmentSize
Office spreadsheet icon Annexes727.5 KB
Office spreadsheet icon Indicators85.5 KB
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Mariana
Family Name: 
Garcés Córdoba
Organization: 
Ministerio de Cultura de Colombia
Position: 
Ministra