Oman 2016 report

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Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Oman
Date of ratification: 
4/3/2007
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Ministry of Heritage and Culture.
Ministry of Information.
Sultan Qaboos University.
Sultan Qaboos Higher Centre for Culture and Science.
Public Authority for Craft Industries.
National Records &Archives Authority.
The Oman National Commission for Education, Culture and Science.
National Center for Statistics and Information
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
khamis Abdullah Ali
Family Name: 
Alshamakhi
Organization: 
Ministry of Heritage and Culture
Mailing Address: 
P.o.Box: 668 Muscat, Postal Code: 100
Telephone: 
0096899378398
Fax: 
0096824641573
E-mail: 
khamis@mhc.gov.om
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

Following steps were taken to consult stakeholders in order to prepare the report: Correspondence:The Ministry of Heritage and Culture addressed government and civil bodies concerned with cultural affairs in Oman to provide data and information on cultural events, activities and policies that were organized locally and internationally during the period from 2012 to 2015, as well as the forms of financial and moral support that have been provided to civil society to support the diversity of cultural expression.Government institutions:

  • Ministry of Heritage and Culture.
  • Ministry of Information
  • Sultan Qaboos University.
  • Sultan Qaboos Higher Centre for Culture and Science.
  • Public Authority for Craft Industries.
  • National Records &Archives Authority.
  • The Oman National Commission for Education, Culture and Science.
  • National Center of Statics.

Civil society:

  • Omani Society for Cinema.
  • Cultural Club.
  • Omani Society for Theater.
  • Literary Forum.
  • Writers Association.
  • Omani Society for Journalists.
  • Omani Society for Fine Arts.
  • Omani Society Eligibility for Libraries.

Meetings:A number of meetings were held to discuss the content process of preparing the report and current laws and regulations in place at cultural field. The meetings aimed to highlight the Sultanate’s role to support cultural diversity, through the laws and regulations that are formulated to cope with the preservation of cultural expressions requirements or the ways which spread cultural awareness of the content of the Convention. The legislation and laws are designed to make the most benefit of the services and concepts offered by the Convention as well as the mechanisms of activating its items and deliver them to members of civil society and authorities to take advantage of them.A specialized working group has been made to prepare a periodic report on the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Cultural Expressions contains of several stakeholders concerned on cultural affairs in the Sultanate.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
     Since the ratification of the 2005 Convention of Protection and Promotion of Cultural Expressions in 2007, the Sultanate endeavors to achieve Convention’s goals through adopting a number of legislations and laws which aim to benefit from the Convention at the local, regional and international level, as well as introducing it to civil society in order to involve them in the implementation of the content of the Convention. The Sultanate, represented by the Ministry of Heritage and Culture and other cultural stakeholders have organized many events and activities to activate the Convention at the local, regional and international levels, where the Sultanate is characterized by its cultural and historical richness. It follows partnership policy between government and private institutions including cultural and educational institutions, artists, writers, intellectuals, painters, craftsmen and local community as a key element for the enrichment and achieves optimal utilization of the Convention. The Sultanate also gives the local community a top priority in the process of cultural work. It beliefs that the members of the community are fundamental source to release culture and preserve its identity so, the Sultanate made a number of legislations , laws and enable easy access to it in order to support talented members of the local community and give them opportunities to participate in international cultural forums to gain experiences and sleek skils. The support of arts and culture is represented through the creation and production of works that reflect the cultural diversity in the Sultanate, which allows artists, intellectuals and civil society to participate and enjoy a range of artworks.   Several policies, practices and programs have been adopted in the Sultanate in order to provide a comprehensive picture of the mechanism which protects the diversity of cultural expression. There are a wide range of policies and programs that support the diversity of cultural expressions at the national and international levels, which is considered as a key element in the implementation of the convention’s objectives. The Sultanate joins international conventions that promote the exchange of information, experiences, artistic and cultural content, as well as support the integrated areas with sustainable development policies, including human development purpose to support culture through individual and community initiatives.   The Sultanate strive to participate in all cultural forums to highlight the culture and its role   to serve interested individuals in cultural affairs, exchange experiences with brotherly and friendly countries to  exchange the benefit of local expertise and international experience. It works on updating and adding a number of cultural policies to enable deriving benefit from Convention of the protection and promotion of cultural expressions. On the other hand, the most important challenges facing the implementation of the Convention is the digital challenge as well as the lack of attention to process of intellectual property.
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

The Ministry of Heritage and Culture is in charge of implementing  2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, along with the (Ministry of Education, Ministry of Information, Ministry of Tourism, the Public Authority for Craft Industries, Sultan Qaboos Centre for Culture and Arts and Sultan Qaboos University), where there are a variety of policies and measures taken by the Sultanate to support the preservation and promotion of the diversity of cultural expression. These programs aim to:

  • Support Artists: the Sultanate involves the artists in local and international events to display their offspring to market artistic production and display them to those who are intersted in the same field.
  • Support Authors: The Sultanate prints and publishes the literary productions of Omani authors and displays their productions in book fairs in order to exhibit and introduce them to the visitors to know the growth of literary and cultural movement in the Sultanate as well as introducing of Omani writers and literatures.
  • Support Craftsmen: The Sultanate is keen to support craftsmen   materially and morally, such as providing necessary equipment to practice the craft and displaying their products in international exhibition and forums where craftsmen takes advantage of financial return of their products. The Sultanate also registers craft products as patented, national and international trade mark.

   This category gets unlimited support to create divers, innovative and high quality of new works to achieve social and economic sustainability of the cultural sector. These agencies also encourage all those who are interested of both genders (Male and Female) from the private or civil sector to provide artistic and literary creativity, as well as putting cultural diversity as an essential element in the curriculum.

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
No
How: 
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
No
How: 
c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
No
How: 
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Regulation of Theater Groups

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

    This measure was made to encourage the theater group to perform theatrical performances, develop theater productions, consolidate Omani society values, customs, and traditions, discover talented in this field, rehabilitate them and develop of their artistic level.   The measure also aims to raise public awareness about theater arts, spirit of cooperation and brotherhood between the members of the band, bringing up national and social issues, engaging youth spare time which will return benefit for them and their homeland. This measure looks forward to provide studies and research related to culture and arts of theater, represent the Sultanate in various forums related to theatrical work and revive the Omani popular tradition and ritual theater.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

the main features of this measure are:1. Organize theatrical work in Oman.2. Develop artistic and theatrical side.3. Deals with the most important issues facing the youth and issues related to theatrical work.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

there are many results expeted from implementing this measure such as:

  1. Spread of local national theater ideas and abundance of creative youth.
  2.  Bringing together the present and the past of theatrical works.
  3.  Emergence of Omani creative artists in theater.
  4.  Increase the number of theater groups.
  5. 5Take advantage of the spare times of youth and invest it in theatrical creativity.
  6. Development of theater performances, level of theater groups to compete at the domestic and international

 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The financial resources allocated to implement the measure is from the ministry's budget.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Regulation of Inshad.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

This measure aims to highlight the thought of Inshad, deliver the idea and meaning to the community to build good ethics and positive values. It highlights the educational and ethical meanings of Islamic characters of the past and present; build sentimental and emotional balance and inventory of culture of the nation, consolidate of awareness among individuals and community about the Inshad and its importance. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

This measure is featured by:

  1. Activating the role of Inshad.
  2. Connecting Inshad with the society.
  3. Diversity of ideas to develop Inshad art among the members of society.
  4. Preserving the traditional heritage from extinction.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

the expected results are as follow:

  1. Organizing festivals to support Inshad.
  2. Spread of Inshad idea among young people.
  3. Raising the level of Inshad art in terms of performance, words and modern techniques.
  4. Delivering messages addressed by Inshad to individuals and society which are presented  in  Islamic principles and strengthen national identity.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The ministry's budget covers the financial requirements.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Humanitarian Convergence and Harmony Week.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

This week comes in accordance with the lofty vision of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said - may God protect him - in the context of serving civilizational and cultural understanding. It comes as an as the implementation of the UN resolution (65/5) in 2010, which stipulate to make the first week of February each year “World Interfaith Harmony Week”. The purpose of this week is to facilitate communication between human cultures in order to achieve and confirm the role of dialogue in promoting peace and stability in the world by increasing public awareness of the relevant key issues. It aims to establish the concept of humanitarian cooperation based on mutual respect, strengthen the fabric of cultural and civilizational exchange between the people, link theatrically objectives of dialogue with mechanisms of implementation and means achieve comprehensive goals of dialogue between cultures and civilizations. It promotes the principles of cultural rapprochement and dialogue among civilizations. It also highlights the role of the Sultanate and its efforts in promoting understanding between people. The scientific forums held during the week of World Interfaith Harmony (2012 -2015):YearTitles20121. Convergence and cultural dialogue (History, Models, and Challenges).2. Cultural convergence (methods and tools).20131. International organizations, conventions and their impact on the humanitarian rapprochement and harmony.2. Strengthening the role of institutions, scientific, cultural and religious centers in the promotion of convergence and human harmony.20141. Political support for humanitarian convergence.2. Humanitarian convergence in the political discourse.20151. Humanitarian citizenship: Concepts and Frameworks.2. Acquaintance and its impact on humanity citizenship.3. Youth and Humanity Citizenship.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main features of the measure are:1. Helps to spread tolerance and peace among the members of the community.2. Contributes to the convergence of people and brings together ideas of tolerant.3. Spread awareness among community members about the importance of cultural and civilizational dialogue.4. Highlights the importance of cultural and religious differences.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results expected through the implementation of the measure are:

  1. Highlighting the role of the Sultanate in promoting the principles of convergence, harmony and humanitarian dialogue between peoples.
  2. Spread the spirit of humanity citizenship in the hearts of young persons.
  3. Generating generation aware of the importance of cultural and civilizational understanding.
  4. Creating a balanced society intellectually and culturally.
  5. Disappearance of racism and Merge all segments of society.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The financial support of this measure is provided by Royal Court Affairs.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Regulation of Folk Art.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The measure aims to practice Omani folk art, preserves it from disappearing, revive what Omani society inherited through performing different works of traditional songs and work to highlight and develop the folk art and provide it in sophisticated way that commensurate with its originality and requirement of contemporary performance. It also aims to highlight the authentic Omani heritage, train and develop young talent of both genders in the field of folk art with all its components in order to finding a continuously interested generations in these arts and working to continue its revival.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main features are:

  1. Reviving and developing traditional folk arts.
  2. Maintaining Sultanate’s traditional achievements.
  3. Promoting the goals of popular bands.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results expected through the implementation of the measure are:

  1. Practicing traditional modern arts of character.
  2. Increasing the number of folk bands.
  3. Maintaining the popular tradition and ensure its continuity.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Ministry's budget covers the financial requirements

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

A workshop entitled "National capacity-building for the preparation of projects submitted to the International Fund for Cultural Diversity UNESCO.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The Sultanate organized a workshop entitled "National capacity-building for the preparation of projects submitted to the International Fund for Cultural Diversity UNESCO". The workshop talked about the role of the Sultanate in the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and its role at the International Fund for Cultural Diversity.The workshop aimed to spread awareness of the importance of the conventions that the Sultanate has joint and its role to create an effective environment for such conventions, as well as the role of the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) to support cultural projects. It also aimed to highlight the great role of the Sultanate after its membership in 2007. The workshop was presented by:

  • Ferdinand Richard - Coordinator of the Committee of Experts of UNESCO, France, Paris.
  • Bilal ALAboudi - Expert of Convention of Cultural Diversity, Tunisia.
  • Khamis Abdullah Al-Shammakhi - Director General Assistant of Organizations and Cultural Relations - Ministry of Heritage and Culture.

The workshop focused on the following points:

  • Protection and promotion of cultural expressions.
  • Encouragement of dialogue between cultures.
  • Promotion of cultural communication between nations.
  • Promote respect for diversity of cultural expressions and raise awareness of it.
  • Principle of respecting human rights.
  • Principle of sovereignty.
  • Principle of sustainable development.
  • Principle of economic and cultural integration of development.
  • Concept of cultural diversity:
  • Concept of cultural expressions
  • Concept of protection and reinforcement
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

1. Highlights UNESCO efforts towards states member.2. Spread the importance of protecting and promoting the diversity of cultural expressions.3. Highlights the role of UNESCO in the adopting and supporting cultural projects.4. Develop and refine national competencies and direct it to submit cultural projects.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results expected through the implementation of the measure are:1. Existence of interested category providing cultural projects to (IFCD).2. Understand the importance of such projects to the Sultanate.3. Showing Sultanate's experience and its success in providing projects.4. Increase the number of projects submitted by the Sultanate.5. Spread awareness among community members about UNESCO's efforts to promote the cultural diversity.6. Clarify the role of the Sultanate and the importance of its membership to the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The financial support is provided by Ministry of Education.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Awareness forum for craft industries

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The first awareness forum for Craft Industries organized by the Public Authority for Craft Industries in 2012 under the slogan "Our Crafts Our Identity" with the participation of a number of Omani craftsmen.The forum included recreational and educational activities as well as providing literal shows about the stages of processing and producing crafts. The forum came as means to attract attention on the importance of crafts, establish a culture of demand for local craft industries among the junior generation and introduce craft heritage and its importance to the public in order to raise awareness about the national crafts.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

 The main features of the measure are:.1. Highlights the importance of craft industries in the concept of cultural diversity.2. Spread awareness about the importance of craft industries.3. Linking the craft and the identity of Omani people.4. Helps to show craft industries throughout the ages and its role to transfer traditional and cultural life for future generations.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

the results expected through the implementation of the measure are:1. Increase the category of young people who are interested in the Omani craft industries.2. Create creative craftsmen producing craft industries and its decoration.3. Compete creative craftsman.4. Maintain the craft from extinction.5. Encourage young people to continue craft industries field.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Public Authority for Craft Industries provides financial support.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Sultan Qaboos Award for Culture, Arts and Literature.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Proceeding from the High attention of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said - may God protect him – toward intellectual and cognitive accomplishment, confirming of the historical role of the Sultanate of Oman in the consolidation of cultural awareness; as the most important link in peace progress of civilization of mankind, supporting glorious intellectuals, artists and writers, Royal Decree No. (18/2011), was issued to establish the Sultan Qaboos Award for culture, Arts and literature. The award deals with different cultural works and writings in field of humanities and social knowledge in general such as (language, history, heritage, philosophy, translation, and intellect studies etc.). It also deals with various forms of (music, fine art, sculpture, and photography etc.). It also concerned with various literary works, like (poetry, novel, short story, literary criticism, and drama productions) etc.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main featur of the meeasure is supporting cultural, artistic and literary fields considering it as a way to promote cultural and human progress, contribute to the movement of scientific development and enrichment of the intellectual. It aims to consolidate accumulated knowledge process, instill authentic values and pass it to the younger generations; by providing fertile environment based on cognitive and intellectual competing, honoring intellectuals, artists and writers on their civilizational contributions in the renewal of thought and upgrading human conscience. It confirms the past, present and future Omani contribution; in supplying the human civilization by physical, intellectual and cognitive achievements.Award value:First: The winner of Sultan Qaboos Award for Culture, Arts and Literature gets Sultan Qaboos badge of culture, science, arts and literature, as well as a financial amount of one hundred thousand RO (100.000).Second: The winner of Sultan Qaboos award for Culture, Arts and literature gets the Order of Merit for Culture, Science, Arts and literature, as well as a financial amount of fifty thousand RO (50.000). The award covered the following fields (2012-2015):YearAward fieldsCultureArtsLiterature2012Historical StudiesDrawing and PaintingShort Stories2013Contemporaneous CerebrationMusicEloquent Poetry2014Educational StudiesPhotographyStage Production2015Arabic Language StudiesCalligraphyChildren's Literature

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results expected through the implementation of the measure are:1. The emergence of ideas working to find creative environment.2. Publish creations of Omani Writers.3. Increase the number of writers and poets at the local level.4. Raise the spirit of creative competition among members of the community.5. Increase cognitive and intellectual creativity competition in the areas of the award.6. Consider cultural, artistic and literary areas at high levels in the Sultanate.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The financial support is provided by Royal Court Affairs.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Reading competition for juniors.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Sultan Qaboos Higher Center for Culture and Science organized many activities and lectures that aim to increase the intellectual and cultural awareness. The most prominent activity is “read competition for juniors” in order to develop junior’s tendencies and trends towards reading, emphasize social and cultural importance of reading, train them on search skills for information from its sources and connect them to libraries. The competition’s idea summed up in dividing competitors to the two levels, each level has its own pattern which quadrates with mental and cognitive level of juniors. Specific books are determined for both levels where objective and theory questions have been made taking into account the age category. The competitor gets a period of time which does not exceed two weeks to answer questions. The answer should be answered in fifteen centers across the governorates of the Sultanate in order to connect competitors to the sources of information and ensure their ability to answer by themselves.Estimated number of contestants in (2012-2015):YearLevel 1Level 22012316294201342030220145103672015180157Total14261320Total of both levels2746

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main features of the measure are:1. Highlights the importance of reading and its cultural and civilizational role.2. Spreads importance of reading among the juniors.3. Spreads awareness about the importance and methods of research and information gathering among the juniors.4. Develops and raises the literacy abilities of young people.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results expected through the implementation of the measure are:1. Increasinf the reading turnout and awareness of its importance.2. Developing reading skills among juniors.3. Elevating the level of reading across the Sultanate.4. Existence of aware generation of the importance and civilizational and cultural role of reading.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The financial support are provided by Royal Court Affairs

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Omani Studies Centre at Sultan Qaboos University

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The Center aims to engage in science and culture and preserve the Omani identity, publish it, make it available to the learner and researcher by various means. it pays a high attention to conduct studies and research in social, economic, historical, development and other issues within the joint action system with the competent authorities. It is also working on activating its scientific position through holding many seminars, conferences and various events such as training courses, cultural lectures as well as printing cultural, scientific and intellectual versions, collect manuscripts and making available to the researchers. The Center is also keen to vary its participations (Internal and External), expand horizons of cooperation with researchers and students from inside and outside the Sultanate to achieve the goals of scientific and cultural communication. It works to strengthen and build bridges through continuous actual actions and activities. Omani Studies Center seeks to activate its scientific role through organizing a number of seminars and conferences that are exploring Omani historical, social, economic, literary and cultural status within the annual program which takes into account the diversity and innovation. The most important seminars are:ActivitiesTargeted Category Year11th International Scientific Conference: "Literary and Linguistic Contemporary Movement in Oman"Researchers and scholars who are interested from inside and outside the Sultanate. it was held in the Kingdom of Jordan2015Seminar "Sheikh Hamoud bin Humaid Sawafi School: between past and present streaky bright as part of the revival of the biography of the eminent scientists and documenting their actions and save them for reference for future generationsResearchers and scholars who are interested.2015Seminar on “Thinker Amrow AlNami and his relationship with Oman’s scientists“ to highlight the AlNami , his research, writings, and his relationship with Omanis scientists and thinkers.Researchers and scholars who are interested.2014

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Center has a specialized library of studies and publications. It strives to collect Omani intellectual production, work to save them and make them available to researchers and scholars. The library contains several halls: Omani Books Hall, Theses Hall, Government Publications Hall, Manuscripts Hall, Researchers Hall and Digital Hall. Advantages of the library’s electronic contents can be found through computers distributed throughout the library which includes nearly (4000) books title on various topics and more than 2,300 theses of Omani university as well as publications issued by government and private institutions in the Sultanate and the Gulf countries. The library’s classification of its collections based on the classification of Congress, which is followed in the various university libraries.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results expected through the implementation of the measure are:1. Spread Oman culture, literature and raise the Omani Studies standing in the world.2. Give a chance to those who are interested to see the Omani literature.3. Held Seminars, conferences and events aimed to preserve Oman's national identity.4. Existence of a research stocks on culture, literature and art in the center's library.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The financial support is provided by Sultan Qaboos University.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Establishment a national working team of the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

A national working team in Oman was established consisting of a number of specialists in cultural affairs from various governmental units which are involved in cultural diversity issues to be a response to the requirements of the 2005 Convention on the protection and promotion of cultural expressions and a focal point between the various government and private agencies in the Sultanate and UNESCO.The team works on activating the participation of the Sultanate in the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) , addressing and invite the concerned cultural stakeholders to submit appropriate projects immediately after reception of the call from UNESCO through the National Commission. The team works to promote 2005 Convention by available ways and means.The team consists of:

  • Ministry of Heritage and Culture.
  • Ministry of Education.
  • Ministry of Tourisim.
  • Sultan Qaboos University.
  • Sultan Qaboos Higher Centre for Culture and Science.
  • Public Authority for Craft Industries.
  • National Records &Archives Authority.
  • The Oman National Commission for Education, Culture and Science.

 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main features of the measure are:1. Format a link between the organization and the authorities concerned with cultural affairs in the Sultanate.2. Contributes to the preparation of all reports required by UNESCO.3. Helps to find a national team concerned to the International Fund of cultural diversity issues.4. Helps to educate the community of the importance of the Convention on cultural diversity.  

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results expected through the implementation of the measure are:1. Prepare systematic and accurate reports for UNESCO.2. Provide different successful projects to the International Fund for Cultural Diversity. 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The financial support is provided bt Ministry of Education.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
No
Please explain how: 
Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
No
Please explain how: 
Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
No
Please explain how: 
Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
Cultural Club.
Omani Society for Theater.
Literary Forum
Omani Society for Fine Arts.
Omani Society Eligibility for Libraries.

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
No
Please explain how: 
Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
No
Please explain how: 
Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
AttachmentSize
File Name of stakeholders: Oman13.89 KB
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

Since getting the membership to the Convention in 2007, the Sultanate’s culture concerned cultural stakeholders started studying the convention,  make mechanisms and proposals in order to implement convention’s terms, and benefit from its relevant services, where the need of inserting the orientations of the convention in Memorandum of Understanding that sign with brotherly and friendly countries was taking into account, as well as the involvement of civil society in cultural events held locally, regionally and internationally.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

Digital challenge is considered as the most serious challenges. The sultanate is continuously seeking to support the use of digital technology to support the activities, projects and services of cultural diversity. There is also a lack of awareness of the importance of intellectual property for cultural diversity and its role in supporting the cultural diversity for individuals and groups of both genders.

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

The Sultanate has established teams for digital transformation in all government agencies to ensure pace with the digital evolution, hold seminars and workshops to raise awareness among the spectrums of the community of the importance of digital transformation and its role in accelerating the completion of transactions.Furthermore, the Sultanate has established a committee composed of different experts from government and private agencies to develop a national intellectual property strategy which will encourage employees of cultural sector to diversify, increase their cultural products of different shapes and compete for the intellectual property of those products. Several training workshops have been organized in the field of intellectual property with participation of experts at an international level, such as:

  1. A study visit of members of the national intellectual property pillar to Geneva.
  2. A training course in the field of intellectual property for lawyers and specialists.
  3. Workshop to raise awareness and training on how to convert the intellectual property in innovation for businesses.
  4. A workshop on the PCT.
  5. Seminar on rescuing intellectual property rights of employees in the Customs and government who works in the intellectual property sector.

The workshops dealt with the status of patents in the Sultanate, the importance of obtaining a patent certificates for innovations and encourage citizens for innovation,. A set of recommendations have been approved, such as:

  • Working to increase awareness of intellectual property and patents especially in schools and universities.
  • Holding more training sessions on the PCT system and its electronic system.
  • Cooperating with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to prepare a plan to enable the Intellectual Property Department of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry to receive applications in the national phase.
  • Increasing government’s financial support for intellectual property.
  • Encourage students and interested in the field of innovation and invention to obtain patent certificates.
  • Supporting the formation of natio
Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

The ministry seeks to continue the promotion of the Convention through holding a number of seminars and workshops to raise awareness about the importance of the Convention and its positive revenues on the members of the community to preserve the forms of cultural expression, as well as the involvement of the largest number of civilian sector in making and modifying existing policies to ensure the achievement of optimal utilization of the Convention and enable individuals to reach their goals.The ministry also seeks to establish additional legislative and regulatory measures to protect the diversity of cultural expressions to ensure the rights of individuals to maintain them like: folk arts, theater performance, cinema, Inshad and others. The Sultanate plans to insert items of cultural diversity in the curriculum in order to define it and its importance to preserve the traditional heritage and pass it to generations as well as Organizing a number of reciprocity training workshops at the regional and international level for the exchange of experiences and expertise about the diversity of cultural expressions.

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
4714641.69
Year: 
2014
Source: 
National Center for Statics and Information
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
66337256.77
Year: 
2015
Source: 
National Center for Statics and Information
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
257269859.55
Year: 
2013
Source: 
National Center for Statics and Information
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
Source: 
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
39426735.91
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
661
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Ministry of Information
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Medium Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Large Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
Source: 
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
5
Television channels: 
3
Both radio & television channels: 
8
Total: 
16
Private: 
Radio channels: 
4
Television channels: 
1
Both radio & television channels: 
5
Total: 
10
Community: 
Radio channels: 
0
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Radio channels: 
9
Television channels: 
4
Both radio & television channels: 
13
Total: 
26
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Ministry of Information
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
9
Non-daily newspapers: 
12
Total: 
21
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
9
Non-daily newspapers: 
12
Total: 
21
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
1,540
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
6,646,674
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Telecommunication Regulatory Authority
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
236,000
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Telecommunication Regulatory Authority
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
9365000.00
Theatre: 
Male: 
Total: 
122500.00
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
TOTAL: 
Female: 
0.00
Male: 
0.00
Total: 
0.00
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
7. Additional clarifications: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Khamis Abdullah
Family Name: 
Al-Shamakhi
Organization: 
Ministry of Heritage and Culture
Position: 
Assist. Director General of Organization and Cultural Relation