New Zealand 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
New Zealand
Date of ratification: 
5/10/2007
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Ministry for Culture and Heritage
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Tamsin
Family Name: 
Porter
Organization: 
Ministry for Culture and Heritage
Mailing Address: 
PO Box 5364 Wellington New Zealand
Telephone: 
Fax: 
E-mail: 
tamsin.porter@mch.govt.nz
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The work of protecting and promoting the diversity of cultural expressions in New Zealand is the responsibility of many government departments and agencies and non-government agencies. Therefore the Ministry for Culture and Heritage consulted with and invited contributions from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, Te Puni Kōkiri - Ministry for Māori Development, Ministry of Pacific Peoples, Ministry for Women, Creative New Zealand and Te Papa Tongarewa Museum of New Zealand.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
Since the filing of New Zealand's last periodic report in 2012, the Ministry for Culture and Heritage has developed the Cultural Sector Strategic Framework which sets out the Ministry's approach to leading and working with the Cultural Sector in New Zealand to achieve our vision of ‘New Zealand's distinctive culture enriches our lives’.Our vision recognises that our distinctive culture is core to what makes New Zealand a great place to live. Cultural expression, engagement and understanding are fundamental to a vibrant and healthy society and help define what it is to be a New Zealander. Māori culture makes New Zealand unique in a globalised world and is central to our sense of place, identifying us as a nation. Active participation by Māori in distinct te ao Māori activity will ensure Māori culture is protected and flourishes.Culture is produced by creative and innovative individuals, groups and organisations. The activities, goods and services they create, produce and distribute have a value which is cultural, social and economic. Cultural expression expands individual capacities, helps bind society and provides jobs and innovation in the economy.Government makes a significant contribution to the broad cultural sector each year in order to ensure that public value is realised and distributed for the benefit of everyone. In 2013/14, the Ministry invested almost $400 million in arts, heritage, media and sport through Vote Arts, Culture and Heritage and Vote Sport and Recreation.  Additional support to the cultural sector is provided through other public sources including the education sector and local government. The cultural sector contributes to achieving positive outcomes across a wide range of other government portfolios outside the sector.One of the key challenges in implementing the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions is that the way New Zealand promotes its culture and heritage does not always fit easily into the framework of the Convention. While New Zealand legislation and policies do not formally refer to the Convention, the principles and aspirations of the Convention are incorporated into New Zealand's legislative framework including the Treaty of Waitangi, the Human Rights Act and the Bill of Rights Act.The role of protecting and promoting the diversity of cultural expression is the responsibility of a number of government departments and agencies, including:Ministry for Culture and Heritage and our funded agenciesTe Puni Kōkiri - Ministry for Māori DevelopmentOffice of Ethnic CommunitiesHuman Rights CommissionMinistry of Pacific PeoplesOffice of Treaty Settlements
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

The Ministry for Culture and Heritage's Cultural Sector Strategic Framework sets out the Ministry’s approach to leading and working with our sector. Our work is guided by the following principles:

  • New Zealand stories and talent: high-quality New Zealand content shines through in a crowded cultural landscape, revealing our distinctiveness and encouraging new voices, new forms of expression and new stories.
  • Recognition of Māori as Tangata Whenua (New Zealand’s indigenous people): the Treaty of Waitangi frames the Crown-Māori relationship and guides our on-going commitment to supporting iwi-Māori aspirations (iwi is the Māori word for tribe).
  • Stewardship/Kaitiakitanga: there is a present-day responsibility to ensure cultural assets, experiences and resources are available to future generations.
  • Reasonable access: all New Zealanders should have reasonable access to publicly funded cultural activities, goods and services.
  • An open creative economy: a healthy cultural economy balances protection of creative property with fostering diverse markets for production and distribution.
  • Diversity of perspective: freedom of cultural expression is critical for a well-functioning democracy.
  • Efficient use of resources: with limited public resources it is important that the value of public investment is well understood and used to inform decisions.

The Ministry for Culture and Heritage recognises the opportunities and challenges of promoting the diversity of cultural expression in a digital environment.  This has been incorporated as a theme in the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's work programme and those of our relevant agencies.  This theme, ‘Front Footing Transformative Technology,’ is outlined in more detail under the Cultural Policies and Measures section of this report.

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
The Convention is referenced in Creative New Zealand’s Diversity in the Arts Policy. This is described in more detail under Cultural Policies and Measures.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
No
How: 
c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
No
How: 
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Fostering Inclusive New Zealand Identity (strategic priority linked to Ministry for Culture and Heritage work programme)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The priority of Fostering Inclusive New Zealand Identity was introduced in the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's Cultural Sector Strategic Framework, which was adopted in 2014. New Zealand's demographic profile is changing in terms of age, ethnicity and location. There is a new sense emerging of what it is to be a New Zealander, how we see ourselves, and how we present to others as an attractive place to live, work and visit. The Ministry for Culture and Heritage is working with other departments and cultural agencies to support examination and expression of what it means to be a New Zealander and to foster an inclusive New Zealand.  By 2018 the Ministry wants New Zealanders to have a strong shared sense of attachment to New Zealand, value diversity, and actively participate in our cultural life and democracy; and the Ministry wants New Zealand identity to be strong globally.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

This priority has been incorporated as a theme in the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's work programme and those of our relevant agencies. The Ministry has a number of initiatives that relate to the shared outcome of Fostering Inclusive New Zealand Identity. These include:

  • advice on nationhood and identity: providing advice on policy, legislation and funding to enhance the development of services and activities, including arts, heritage, taonga and media; supporting cross-government work on civics and nationhood
  • supporting New Zealand's commemorations programme including the First World War centenary, the 250th anniversary of Capt. James Cook’s landing in New Zealand, the 125th anniversary of women's suffrage
  • creating distinctive national destinations
  • governance and management of Pukeahu National War Memorial Park
  • delivering a business case exploring the options for provision of military heritage in New Zealand
  • producing and promoting significant cultural information, using a range of media, including digital and print projects aligned with the commemorations programme
  • working with other agencies on the process and implications of any change to the New Zealand flag
  • protection of significant heritage: managing the maintenance of war graves in New Zealand and abroad and administering legislation to protect symbols of nationhood and movable and found heritage.

 Other relevant Government initiatives include those led by the following government agencies:Creative New Zealand is the national body for the arts. It aims to support the arts in New Zealand for the benefit of all New Zealanders.Te Puni Kōkiri (TPK) is the principal adviser on Government-Māori relationships and monitors policy and legislation in this area.The Ministry for Pacific Peoples advises government on achieving better outcomes for Pacific peoples in New Zealand. Its advice is informed by its relationships with New Zealand’s Pacific peoples.The Office of Ethnic Communities works to promote the benefits of ethnic diversity to develop prosperity for every New Zealander.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  • sense of belonging to New Zealand
  • ease of expressing identity in New Zealand
  • positive global perceptions of New Zealand
  • New Zealanders who report active participation in arts and culture
  • New Zealanders who report active participation in sport and recreation
  • participation in Māori cultural activities.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Unable to determine

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Supporting Māori Cultural Aspirations (strategic priority linked to Ministry for Culture and Heritage work programme)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Māori culture and heritage is a defining feature of New Zealand identity in the world. The preservation and expression of Māori language, arts, culture and heritage need to be well supported. Cultural agencies are committed to working in partnership with iwi-Māori to advance their long-term cultural aspirations for the benefit of Māori and all New Zealanders. In the post-settlement (settlement of Treaty of Waitangi claims) environment, iwi are better positioned to advance their own cultural aspirations and will demand a high level of responsiveness from government and its agencies. By 2018 the Ministry for Culture and Heritage intends the Ministry, iwi-Māori, and cultural sector organisations to have strengthened capacity to advance Māori cultural aspirations for the benefit of Māori and for all New Zealanders.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The priority has been incorporated as a theme in the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's work programme and those of our relevant agencies.  The Ministry has a number of initiatives that relate to the shared outcome of Supporting Māori cultural aspirations. These include:

  • Treaty Settlement Stories: the production of a comprehensive, historically rigorous account of the recent history of Treaty of Waitangi settlements from all perspectives
  • Treaty settlement protocols: as one of the core group of government agencies to support the Treaty settlement process, we have over 50 relationship agreements with iwi which is likely to rise to 100 by 2017
  • managing post-Treaty relationships: provision of guidance to iwi in the development of their cultural plans to support their cultural aspirations in a post-Treaty environment
  • supporting Māori cultural talent: targeted initiatives to address gaps and opportunities in the delivery of support for Māori practitioners, including Te Matatini
  • protection of taonga tūturu: managing the conservation of newly found taonga tūturu and the process of assigning ownership (taonga tūturu is a category of New Zealand protected objects that relate to Māori culture, history, or society defined in the Protected Objects Act)
  • working with the cultural sector: leading the cultural sector in delivering more than our legal obligations and building recognition that iwi/Māori are intrinsic to New Zealand's identity.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Improvement in:

  • proportion of iwi with whom the Ministry for Culture and Heritage has an 'active' relationship
  • number of publicly funded cultural agencies with co-designed iwi initiatives
  • te reo capability programmes in publicly funded cultural agencies.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Unable to determine

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Front Footing Transformative Technology (strategic priority linked to Ministry for Culture and Heritage work programme)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

New Zealanders want access to the best of what the world has to offer and high- quality New Zealand content which shines through in a crowded, borderless global environment. Changing technology continues to impact on traditional business models and to provide new opportunities for all cultural agencies. The means of production and distribution of cultural goods and services are increasingly available at low cost to almost everyone. Through the development of digital skills, online rights policies, trans-media, new mobile applications and other innovative business solutions New Zealand creative talent and organisations are positioning themselves to control and manage their endeavours to reach a wider audience. The Ministry is working to support an environment where skills, infrastructure and property rights support innovation and creation. By 2018 the Ministry intends New Zealand's creative practitioners and organisations to have mastered skills and capabilities to front-foot technological innovation. There will be greater scope to select and manage production, distribution and access, and New Zealand will be recognised as a leader in enabling ease of access to, and re-use of, creative content.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The priority has been incorporated as a theme in the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's work programme and those of our relevant agencies. The Ministry has a number of initiatives that relate to the shared outcome of front footing transformative technologies. These include:

  • convergence:  providing consistent, platform-neutral treatment that protects copyright, promotes creation and improves access to cultural goods and services
  • supporting funded agencies: working with cultural agencies to support the innovative and cost-effective use of digital technologies to create work and engage with audiences
  • access to government-funded material: working in partnership with other agencies to improve public access to Crown-funded and owned material
  • online cultural content: investment in digital content including Te Ara and NZHistory.net to provide authoritative cultural content for New Zealanders
  • sector skills development: assistance to creative industries to increase competitiveness and productivity, raise the value of exports and create jobs for New Zealanders
  • identifying barriers and opportunities: undertaking a study of the creative sector to identify barriers and opportunities to maximise creative sector productivity, including aspects of copyright.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  • choices available to consumers in provision of cultural content
  • hours of New Zealand screen content funded by NZ On Air.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Unable to determine

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Improving Cultural Asset Sustainability (strategic priority linked to Ministry for Culture and Heritage work programme)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

New Zealand's cultural activity is sustained by an infrastructure of tangible and intangible cultural assets built over time. With static or declining baselines for public funding, the Ministry, cultural agencies, iwi and local government are working together to plan and prioritise development and to increase revenue from non-government sources. Success will require the development and maintenance of new partnerships and identification of smarter ways of operating. By 2018 the Ministry intends there to be greater clarity on the most valuable cultural assets and priorities for investing in cultural infrastructure (tangible and intangible) over time within available resources.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The priority has been incorporated as a theme in the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's work programme and those of our relevant agencies.  The Ministry has a number of initiatives that relate to the shared outcome of improving cultural asset sustainability. These include:

  • monitoring cultural agencies: providing advice to Ministers on the performance and financial strength of key cultural sector agencies
  • supporting cultural agencies: improving funded agencies' strategic planning and performance reporting frameworks through collaboration and support
  • cultural philanthropy: conducting research and provide advice on opportunities to augment public spending, in particular through philanthropy, informed by research findings
  • supporting the Canterbury recovery: supporting the recovery from the Canterbury earthquakes by contributing to a range of cultural initiatives in greater Christchurch, and progressing two recovery programmes
  • conservation of significant heritage: providing advice on significant heritage assets, including support for earthquake strengthening of heritage buildings
  • review of museums strategy: reviewing the Government's museums investment strategy and performing a stocktake of current funding models and strategic outcomes for the sector
  • co-ordination across the sector: facilitating appropriate engagement with government agencies working across heritage issues, including bringing groups of key agencies working together.

 The purpose of the Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga Act 2014 is to promote the identification, protection, preservation and conservation of the historical and cultural heritage of New Zealand.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  • proportion of sector funding obtained from other sources
  • equity levels of New Zealand's largest cultural institutions
  • household expenditure (real) on cultural products and services
  • arts and recreation businesses net ‘births’.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Unable to determine

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Measuring and Maximising Public Value (strategic priority linked to Ministry for Culture and Heritage work programme)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Cultural expression contributes to a vibrant and healthy democratic society. The cultural agencies are working together to better understand the public value of cultural goods and services, including their economic and social benefits. This will ensure better decisions and choices can be made to maximise public benefit from government investments in the sector.  By 2018 the Ministry intends decision-making in resourcing cultural infrastructure and cultural activity to be better informed by data, evidence and understanding of the public value of culture.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The priority has been incorporated as a theme in the Ministry for Culture and Heritage's work programme and those of our relevant agencies.  The Ministry has a number of initiatives that relate to the shared outcome of Measuring and Maximising Public Value. These include:

  • data and evidence: undertaking analysis, including further work on the intrinsic value of culture and the impact of cultural activities on economic and social outcomes
  • value and Culture Framework: embedding the Value and Culture Framework as a way of assessing cultural value in decision-making
  • ministerial services: providing support to Ministers across three portfolios, to enhance decision-making
  • co-ordinating data and evidence across the sector: including co-ordinating research across the sector and beyond to maximise the availability of data available to support cultural decision-making
  • cultural Sector Strategic Framework: embedding the use of the cultural sector Strategic Framework as a decision-making tool across the sector.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Use of evidence about public value in decisions about funded cultural investments.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Unable to determine

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Creative New Zealand: Diversity in the Arts Policy

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

To support the creation, presentation and distribution of, and participation in, a diverse range of New Zealand arts.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Creative New Zealand encourages, promotes and supports the arts for the benefit of all New Zealanders. This diversity policy, adopted in October 2015, ensures that the benefits of the arts that Creative New Zealand supports are available to all New Zealanders, irrespective of age, gender, ethnic affiliations, physical or other disability, sexual orientation or religion.Creative New Zealand:

  • will ensure its data collection allows it to research and report on the age, gender and ethnic affiliations of applicants to Creative New Zealand for arts funding
  • will take measures to ensure there are no significant barriers to accessing its support and resources (this includes making sure communications and application processes meet, as far as possible, agreed standards for removing barriers)
  • encourages the arts sector to remove barriers to access to the arts for practitioners, participants and audiences
  • encourages the arts sector to recognise, promote and celebrate the arts of the diverse cultures of New Zealand
  • will fund educational and advocacy services to promote diversity in access to the arts sector

will require key arts organisations to demonstrate how they deliver to New Zealand’s diverse communities.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  • The maintenance of special recognition for Māori arts and the arts of New Zealand’s Pacific peoples.
  • The production, dissemination and participation in the arts by all New Zealanders.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Unable to determine

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Special immigration process for international performers and high-end music

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

To facilitate entry to New Zealand for a specific purpose or event for which the applicant has demonstrated skills, expertise or attributes that are likely to benefit individuals and/or New Zealand and where there is no risk of a negative impact on opportunities for New Zealanders.To allow high-end music acts being promoted in New Zealand by an Immigration New Zealand-approved promoter to travel to and perform in New Zealand on visitor visas, rather than work visas.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

In 2012, Immigration New Zealand introduced special immigration instructions for international performers and their support crew to enter New Zealand to participate in an approved arts or music festival. To obtain approved status, a festival must intend to engage at least 10 international participants. Under the special immigration process, performers are eligible to enter New Zealand on a visitor visa instead of a work visa as per normal procedure. This makes for a more streamlined immigration process, and ensures that immigration settings are not a barrier for international performers to travel to New Zealand to perform in such festivals. In 2014, Immigration New Zealand introduced a special immigration instructions for high-end music acts and their support crew. If they are being promoted in New Zealand by a music promoter on Immigration New Zealand’s Approved Music Promoter list, then these music acts are able to travel to and perform in New Zealand on visitor visas, rather than work visas.  This means that people holding passports which are visa-waived for travel to New Zealand, and who do not have any other reason to need to apply for a visa (such as a previous conviction) will not need to apply at all before they travel, while others who are travelling on visa required passports, will benefit from the lower cost and reduced documentation associated with visitor visa applications.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  • Improved access to New Zealand audiences for international artists.
  • Improved access to skills and expertise of international artists in New Zealand.
  • Facilitated entry of international music acts to New Zealand.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Development, consultation and implementation of the immigration process and policy were completed within baseline.

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Live Nation Australasia Ltd
Type of Entity: 
Private company
Type of Involvement: 

Consulted party

Name: 
New Zealand Music Commission
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Consulted party

Name: 
The Stetson Group
Type of Entity: 
Private company
Type of Involvement: 

Consulted party

Name: 
Artist Touring Logistics Ltd
Type of Entity: 
Private company
Type of Involvement: 

Consulted party

Name: 
Chamber Music New Zealand
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Consulted party

Name: 
Brent Eccles Entertainment Ltd
Type of Entity: 
Private company
Type of Involvement: 

Consulted party

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
International
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

As at the end of 2015, 40 festivals had been approved by Immigration New Zealand. Feedback from organisers of approved festivals has been very positive.As at March 2016, 41 music promoters had been approved by Immigration New Zealand. Feedback from the approved music promoters has been very positive.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Feedback from organisers of approved festivals.Feedback from approved music promoters.

❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Cultural Diplomacy International Programme

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The Cultural Diplomacy International Programme aims to help establish and/or maintain a New Zealand cultural presence in key overseas regions or countries to boost New Zealand's profile and economic, trade, tourism, diplomatic and cultural interests. The Programme's objectives are to: project in targeted international settings a distinctive profile of New Zealand as a creative and diverse society with a unique, contemporary culture strongly rooted in its diverse heritage; and to enhance understanding of and engagement with New Zealand among government and business leaders in target regions.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Examples of activities the Programme has supported since 2012 include:

  • the New Zealand Māori Arts and Crafts Institute’s Tuku Iho exhibition to Chile, Argentina, and Brazil in 2015.  The exhibition features over 120 art works from a range of indigenous Māori art forms, and Institute staff also used the exhibition to establish relationships and foster cultural exchanges with indigenous groups in each country
  • the NZ ASEAN 40th Anniversary Programme in 2015, marking the 40th anniversary of New Zealand’s partnership with ASEAN.  The programme consisted of a series of awards ceremonies in each ASEAN country and a commemorative summit in Kuala Lumpur, all of which featured cultural performances by Māori musicians and kapa haka practitioners
  • Te Papa (the national museum of New Zealand) taking two exhibitions to the National Museum of China.  The project was the result of an agreement signed between the two museums to promote partnerships and opportunities for cultural exchange and cultural diplomacy.  Te Papa hosted an exhibition from the National Museum of China in 2014 as part of this agreement 
  • Return to Hawaiiki in August 2012: a project where a group of New Zealand artists travelled to Samoa to participate in a week-long series of events as part of celebrations marking the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Friendship between Samoa and New Zealand.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

To strengthen New Zealand’s cultural, economic, political and security relationships with key international partners.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

1.669 million NZD per year

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
International
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Each CDIP project is evaluated according to the specific outcomes sought for each project e.g. high profile media coverage, increased business networks, new partnerships.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Each CDIP project is evaluated according to the specific outcomes sought for each project e.g. high profile media coverage, increased business networks, new partnerships.

❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Film co-production agreements

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Bilateral film co-production agreements facilitate and encourage co-productions between the film industries of the respective countries.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

New Zealand first began negotiating film co-production agreements in the mid-1980s. New Zealand currently has bilateral film co-production agreements or arrangements in force with 17 countries (Australia, Canada, China, Chinese Taipei, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Poland, Singapore, Spain, South Africa, South Korea, and the United Kingdom) and two non-binding co-operative arrangements for audio-visual industry co-operation, with the Republic of Korea and Hong Kong. Treaties are in negotiation with Brazil and Canada (re-negotiation). Since 2012, New Zealand has signed agreements with Denmark (2014), Poland (2015), and Israel (2016).

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Greater collaboration in film industries of participating countries.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Unable to determine

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Asia New Zealand Foundation

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The Asia New Zealand Foundation is a non-partisan, non-profit organisation, set up in 1994 to build New Zealanders' knowledge and understanding of Asia. The Foundation relies on a mix of public, philanthropic and corporate funding.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Asia New Zealand Foundation is New Zealand's leading non-government authority on Asia. The Asia New Zealand Foundation's activities cover more than 20 countries in Asia and are delivered through seven programmes, including Arts and Culture, Business, Education, Leadership Network, Research, Media and Thinktanks on strategic, regional and security issues.The Asia New Zealand Foundation supports many projects every year through grants to institutions (such as art galleries and universities) and individuals to promote cultural links between New Zealand and Asian countries.  Further information on these activities is available on the Foundation’s website: http://www.asianz.org.nz

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Improved knowledge and understanding of Asia in New Zealand

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

4 million NZD in 2015/16 from Vote Foreign Affairs and Trade

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
No
Please explain how: 
Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
No
Please explain how: 
Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
No
Please explain how: 
Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
No
Name of the Organization(s): 

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
No
Please explain how: 
Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
No
Please explain how: 
Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

A number of measures have been introduced which support the principles and aspirations of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. While many of these have yet to be evaluated, the main results achieved include:Supporting Māori cultural aspirations is a key theme in the Ministry for Culture and Heritage’s work programme and those of relevant agencies of the ministry.  This has included targeted initiatives to address gaps and opportunities in the delivery of support for Māori practitioners and managing the conservation of protected objects.Special immigration processes for international performers and high-end musical acts has improved access to high-end international performance acts in New Zealand and had a positive response from event organisers.Te Papa Tongarewa Museum of New Zealand museum exchanges have promoted the exchange of skills and knowledge of museum curators in New Zealand and participating institutions in the Asia Pacific region. In addition, this measure has facilitated exhibition exchanges, supporting the cultural knowledge and understanding of the public in the participating countries.The protection and promotion of Pacific culture has also been a central theme in the Ministry’s work and that of its agencies. Creative New Zealand has strengthened Pacific arts in New Zealand through its Pacific Cultural exchange programme. Radio New Zealand International has provided quality radio content and radio infrastructure for the Pacific. The New Zealand Aid Programme has supported sustainable economic development in the region.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

One of the key challenges in implementing the Convention is that the way New Zealand promotes its culture and heritage does not always fit easily into the framework of the Convention. While New Zealand legislation and policies do not formally refer to the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, the principles and aspirations of the Convention are incorporated into New Zealand's legislative framework, including the Treaty of Waitangi, the Human Rights Act and the Bill of Rights Act.

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

While New Zealand legislation and policies do not usually refer to the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, the New Zealand Government is confident that its core legislative framework supports the principles and aspirations of the Convention.

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

Ministry for Culture and Heritage's Cultural Sector Strategic Framework, which was adopted in 2014 continues to guide the work programme for the Ministry.Together with the government-funded agencies in the cultural sector, the Ministry has identified five focus areas to improve outcomes for New Zealanders over the next four years. Fostering inclusive New Zealand identityThe Ministry is working with other departments and cultural agencies to support examination and expression of what it means to be a New Zealander and to foster an inclusive New Zealand. Supporting Māori cultural aspirationsCultural agencies are committed to working in partnership with iwi Māori to advance their long term cultural aspirations for the benefit of Māori and all New Zealanders. Front footing transformative technologyThe Ministry is working to support an environment where skills, infrastructure and property rights support innovation and creation. Improving cultural asset sustainabilityThe Ministry, cultural agencies, iwi and local government are working together to plan and prioritise development and to increase revenue from non-government sources. Measuring and maximising public valueThe cultural agencies are working together to better understand the public value of cultural goods and services, including their economic and social benefits.  

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
72264639.00
Year: 
2014
Source: 
http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/Annexes/cult_trd_esms_an1.pdf ; http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/imports_and_exports/overseas-merchandise-trade/HS10-by-country.aspx; http://www.rbnz.govt.nz/statistics/key_graphs/excha
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
321110599.00
Year: 
2014
Source: 
http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/Annexes/cult_trd_esms_an1.pdf ; http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/imports_and_exports/overseas-merchandise-trade/HS10-by-country.aspx; http://www.rbnz.govt.nz/statistics/key_graphs/excha
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
650282556.34
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Statistics New Zealand (http://www.stats.govt.nz/searchresults.aspx?q=nzs-trade-in-international-services); Reserve Bank of NZ: NZD/USD Exchange Rate 1999M6=0.5327 (http://www.rbnz.govt.nz/statistics/key_graphs/exchange_rate/)
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
131506020.38
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Statistics New Zealand (http://www.stats.govt.nz/searchresults.aspx?q=nzs-trade-in-international-services); Reserve Bank of NZ: NZD/USD Exchange Rate 1999M6=0.5327 (http://www.rbnz.govt.nz/statistics/key_graphs/exchange_rate/)
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
Source: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
36081384100.00
Year: 
Source: 
2004: Statistics NZ and The Treasury
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
Source: 
2004: Government Spending On Culture - Statistics NZ and The Ministry for Culture & Heritage
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
4,763
Year: 
2015
Source: 
National Library of New Zealand (Part of Internal Affairs)
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
931
Year: 
2015
Source: 
National Library of New Zealand
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Medium Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Large Size: 
Num: 
3
Year: 
2015
Source: 
National Library of New Zealand
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
27
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Publishers Association of New Zealand
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
Source: 
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Private: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Community: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Radio channels: 
0
Television channels: 
0
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
0
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
Source: 
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
32
Total: 
32
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
23
Non-daily newspapers: 
3
Total: 
26
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
0
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
23
Non-daily newspapers: 
35
Total: 
58
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
1,111
Year: 
2012
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
1,660,000
Year: 
2012
Source: 
Statistics New Zealand
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
4,162,209
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Statistics New Zealand
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Theatre: 
Female: 
0.58
Male: 
0.42
Total: 
1.00
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
0.59
Male: 
0.41
Total: 
1.00
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
0.56
Male: 
0.44
Total: 
1.00
Exhibition: 
Female: 
0.61
Male: 
0.39
Total: 
1.00
TOTAL: 
Female: 
2.34
Male: 
1.66
Total: 
4.00
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
No
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
0.00
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
7. Additional clarifications: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Paul
Family Name: 
Barker
Organization: 
Ministry for Culture and Heritage
Position: 
Branch Manager, Cultural Policy