Chile 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Chile
Date of ratification: 
27/6/2007
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
National Council for Culture and Arts
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Ramón
Family Name: 
Solis Muñoz
Organization: 
Consejo Nacional de la Cultura y las Artes
Mailing Address: 
ramon.solis@cultura.gob.cl
Telephone: 
Fax: 
E-mail: 
msarras@minrel.gov.cl
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The consultation strategy was configurated from the identification of a map of public institutions and civil society organizations, whose programmatic approaches are associated either directly or indirectly, to the objectives and principles for the 2005 Convention.The team responsible for preparing the Report took two working sessions to share the characteristics of the National Report and the information collection methodology. The first one with the public institutions and the second one with the Chilean Coalition for Cultural Diversity. A common matrix was presented to the representatives of the public institutions to elaborate the specific reports of each public service and they made bilateral working sessions to support the process. By the other hand, the working session with the Chilean Coalition was an instance to get an update in this matter and they were requested to respond a specific questionnaire.From the received information matrixes, a methodology of content analysis was applied which allowed to link the projects, programs and plans executed from the public services with the 2005 Convention. In the same way, all of the involved actors were consulted about the challenges, gaps and opportunities of the Chilean State actions to fulfill the 2005 Convention guidelines, in the mid and long term. Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report:ORGANIZATIONNAME/ POSITIONE-MAILGENERAL SECRETARIAT OF GOVERNMENTSebastián RiveraMinisterial Advisorysebastian.rivera@msgg.gob.clMINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRSMacarena SarrasResponsible of UN Specialized Agenciesmsarras@minrel.gov.clMINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRSMiguel Angel CollDeputy Director of Cultural Affairsmacoll@minrel.gov.clMINISTRY OF ECONOMYCristóbal ZolezziSmall Enterprises Coordinatorczolezzi@economia.clINTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF COALITIONS FOR CULTURAL DIVERSITYMane NettPresidentmane.nett19@gmail.com CHILEAN COALITION FOE CULTURAL DIVERSITYAndrea GutiérrezDeputy President directorio@sidarte.clpresidencia@sidarte.cl

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
On October 20, 2005, at the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions was approved[1]. This instrument recognized cultural diversity as the common heritage of humanity, which must be valued and preserved for the benefit of people and nations. Also, raised the need for States to integrate the cultural dimension into public policies and to achieve sustainable development. To do this, cultural policies and measures should promote the full participation and commitment of all members of society contributing to the diversity of cultural expressions, particularly persons belonging to minority groups, women, youth and indigenous peoples.Four years after the drafting of the First Report on the measures taken by the Chilean State to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions on their territory and at international level, this Second Report shows progress in relation to the process of gathering information as well as the inclusion of key stakeholders, belonging to public institutions and civil society. Therefore, the information gathered for the development of this new report, has been more complete and rich.Among the relevant achievements for the 2011-2015 period, it is important to underline the progress that the Chilean State has had in the generation of spaces for citizen participation, both in the design of cultural policies processes as in the creation of the country's future cultural Institutionality.Regarding transversal issues, the Chilean State wants to emphasize the recognition of the indigenous peoples as actors in the promotion and protection of the cultural diversity, starting at the Prior Consultation to the indigenous peoples. This Consultation was made within the elaboration and later presentation of the substitutive indication to the bill that creates the Ministry of Cultures, Arts and Heritage and it resulted in the decision to establish the Department of Indigenous Peoples in the current structure of the National Council of Culture and Arts (CNCA).The main challenges that the Chilean State has to highlight regarding the 2005 Convention, are focused towards a major incorporation of the genre perspective in the reflection and design for the cultural public actions, as in the empowerment of the territories as the cultural diversity fundamental spaces.Regarding future perspectives, the Chilean State wishes to emphasize the importance of the institutional transition processes that relate with the creation of the Ministry of Women and Genre Equality (law approved in 2015) and the bills that create the Ministry of Indigenous Peoples, the National Council of the Peoples and the Ministry of Cultures, Arts and Heritage, all of them currently under legislative process at the National Congress. This processes take account the preeminence that those issues have acquired in the Chilean State and they should encourage a more coordinated, coherent public action, and with a major impact.[1] Henceforth, this Report will refer to the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expression as “the 2005 Convention”. 
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

With the recovery of the democracy in the country, in 1990, starts a process in which the civil society and diverse chilean government organisms have dialogued over the need to create a public cultural Institutionality of the highest level, capable of response to the current and future challenges. The above, understanding that: "It is an essential part of building a truly democratic society, the public policy development that encourages, promotes, respects and recognizes the diversity of stories, its tangible and intangible manifestations, the various processes of memory, language and diversity of cultural heritage that has shaped our country; and also that those policies promote multiculturalism and unity in diversity, and the real and reciprocal dialogue between the state and society, respectful of their stories, knowledge, trades and cultural expressions”[1].Nowadays, Chile is living a key moment of structural transformation that will allow address the cultural policy with a proper Institutionality. It is that so, during the reporting period, the Chilean Government has committed to enter a bill in the National Congress that creates the Ministry of Cultures, Arts and Heritage, which is currently in phase process in Congress. Such legislative measures materialized following an extensive public participation process - led by the current cultural institutions, the CNCA - and involved its corporate organizations and the cultural community as a whole.Parallel to this institutional transformation, the country is also in a renewal period of its main strategic instruments in cultural policy matter: its National Cultural Policy, its 15 regional cultural policies, its sectorial policies and the respective policies of its artistic areas. During the course of this year, corresponds an evaluation process of current policies and the design of new instruments for the 2017-2022 term.In the case of sectorial guidelines, in 2015 the Second National Policy of the Book and Lecture was designed and build, wich highlighted for its citizen participation high level and to take into account the principles and objectives of the 2005 Convention.At the same time, policies promoting films, audiovisual, and chilean music are finishing their participatory processes to collect the positions of the different players in the sector, as well as a diagnosis for the construction of a new structure which orient the management of each sector.By the other hand, since 2011, 4 new artistic areas have been incorporated into the organic structure of the CNCA (Circus arts, architecture, new media and design), and each of their respective policies will be elaborated from this very year. These instruments will settle new processes of citizen participation and territorial approach, being a strategic opportunity to incorporate the principles and objectives of the 2005 Convention.In summary, the new chilean cultural Institutionality must promote and contribute to cultural public governance based in the respect for the human rights, the cultural diversity, the citizen participation, the recognition and respect for the gender diversity and sexual identity, the intercultural dialogue and the practice of the criticism and the creative thought.[1] Message from the Executive that accompanies the entrance to the National Congress of legislative initiative establishing the Ministry of Cultures, Arts and Heritage (December 17, 2015), available at

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
No
How: 
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
No
How: 
c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
No
How: 
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Discussion and Enactment Law N°20.810

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Law N° 20.810 (published April 18th 2015), which determined that the radio stations operating radio broadcasting concessions must issue at least 20% of national music in their daily programming. This measure is linked to Articles 1(a),1(e),1(g),1(h),2.7,6.2(b),6.2(g),6.2(h) and 7 of the 2005 Convention.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

This measure is intended to reinvigorate this expression of the national art and labor activity of its creators and exhibitors, and is clearly in the line of supporting national cultural expressions and the development of artistic work. The said initiative is also fully consistent with the Policy Promotion of National Music, by establishing specific points that tend to strengthening the national music scene.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The measure aims to contribute to the protection of our cultural identity in an important artistic aspect, as is the musical creation, facilitating access of chilean musicians to broadcasting and allowing correspondingly that citizens have more choices to meet different expressions they are marginalized from the mainstream media.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 
h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

National Reading Plan

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The “National Reading Plan”[1] recognizes reading as an essential tool for acquiring knowledge and learnings that can strengthen human development and access to cultural diversity, considering its contribution in cognitive and affective processes of people in the formation of aesthetic taste and the development of the imagination, the creativity and the sensitivity. Furthermore, comprises the reading as an enabling factor through which active participation of the various communities in present society, that impacts both in the educational progress as in the economic development of the country and emphasizes the value of reading as well as an expression of political will[2].[1] This Plan is linked to the Articles 2.7, 6.2(b) and 10 of the 2005 Convention.[2] See:http://portales.mineduc.cl/usuarios/bcra/File/Plan_Nacional_de_la_Lectur... 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

To recognize and draw attention to reading as law and practice that contributes to shorten the social and cultural gaps within the country, promoting access to various practices and supports reading throughout the life cycle and forming informed, critical, creative, reflective and participatory.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

 The National Reading Plan establishes long-term goals, submitted then to be fulfilled until the end of 2015-2020. These translate an overview and have, for measurement, with the support of an instrument of base line. Similarly, short goals will be formulated and medium term, referring to strategic and program lines.• Reach 100 % of Reading Regional Plans designed and implemented in each of the regions from the country.• Increase by 10 % the population declares read books in print, for study or work or for entertainment or leisure.• Increase of 26% to 28 % of the population declaring read books in digital format.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

National Policy of the Reading and Book (2015-2020).

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The formulation of the National Policy of the Reading and Book 2015-2020[1] illustrates a virtuous circle of awareness and participation of civil society in developing a sectoral policy in force and which arises from a presidential measure oriented at promoting the reading[2]. With this guideline, the government developed a participatory process that considered the cultural and territorial diversity of the country. Between August and October of 2014, around 700 people of the sector joined the tables of the book, 7 of them took place in Santiago and 1 in each region[3].The reports of the tables were substantive basis for the formulation of the Policy and they contributed to generate the diagnosis, define objectives, and project the measures in the following areas: reading and education; reading promotion; creation; bibliographic heritage; industry and internationalization; electronic publishing; and legal and institutional framework. To this work the proposals of the Regional Meeting of Writers and Indigenous People -Parliament of the Book and Word- organized by the University of Chile, were added that very year[4].Currently, the Policy is executed through the National Plan of the Reading and the Book 2015-2020 that implies active participation of civil society organizations and recognizes as objects of reading, in addition to printed paper books, new digital media and audiovisual, oral traditions and different cultural and artistic expressions of the territory.[1] See http://www.cultura.gob.cl/politica-del-libro/ y http://plandelectura.gob.cl/somos[2] It refers to the presidential measure included in the document “Chile de Todos”. Michelle Bachelet Government Programme 2014-2018 (October, 2013), p.133, which pointing:"We will create the National Reading Plan and a National Book Policy to make Chile a country of readers from early childhood" available http://www.cumplimiento.gob.cl/?ver=2135 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The “National Policy on Reading and Books” was developed from information gathered in public-society tables civil conducted in Santiago and regions, with the participation of authors, editors, representatives of the Chilean Book Association, of Independent Publishers Chile, Cooperative Publishers Fury; representatives of the Association of Graphic Industrialists, ASIMPRES, booksellers, SECH, Letras de Chile, School of Translators and Interpreters of Chile College of Librarians of Chile AG, counselors Book, government officials of CNCA; DIBAM; Ministry of Education; DIRAC and PROCHILE, translators, teachers, academics, representatives of universities, the Academy of Language, foundations and corporations reading promotion and foundation for overcoming poverty; librarians, reading promotion experts, journalists, cultural managers and relevant stakeholders in the book industry and reading.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The National Policy on Reading and Books (PNLL) 2015-2020 recognizes the importance of access to reading and books as a right of all people, it should be guaranteed by the state as an essential factor in the formation of citizens and citizens, creative, thoughtful and participatory. In this regard, the references that will guide the implementation of the PNLL are mainly associated with books printed on paper, and their actions will aim at ensuring access and promotion of reading these materials. It also links to other media, for which oriented digital and media literacy strategies readers, who aspires to be designed properly form. Finally, it was also recognized as a reading object oral traditions and different cultural and artistic expressions, whereas reading texts should be further along with other aesthetic and cultural codes.One of the central challenges of the current government is the Education Reform. For this it is essential to make a qualitative leap and link Policy Book and Reading to educational policy, to add depth and strategic scope. From an economic point of view, the lines of the government program aimed at strengthening the value chain of Industry Book, committing their various stakeholders and related institutions and through own of each of these instruments.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Unavailable information.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Establishing the Ministry of Cultures, Arts and Heritage.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

One of the biggest challenges raised by the 2014 - 2018 Government Programme in the area of culture, was the creation of a new public Institutionality, defined as a presidential measure. To that end, the need for an Institution with local emphasis for promoting of the culture, the arts and the interculturality was presented from the government to the Congress within a bill.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Ministry should be able of a dynamic action, modern and efficient, keeping y deepening the current participative structures and generating new spaces and methodologies of civil society participation; advancing qualitatively in effective decentralization formulas; increasing the responsibilities in the incorporation of the culture and the arts in the education.Additionally, the Government Programme goes in hand with a paradigm shift that places culture as a right of all citizens, so that participation was considered fundamental to the concrete manifestation of the legislative measure. With this it was developed a participation and socialization plan of the project that creates the cultural Institutionality, called "Your Voice Creates Culture", which includes every social actor involved to the cultural area.Moreover and as a result of the presidential mandate of incorporate with justice and dignity the vision of the indigenous peoples and to properly protect their rights, it was made the first Prior Consultation to the indigenous peoples about the substitutive indication to the bill that creates the new cultural Institutionality. From the Prior Consultation process developed by the CNCA, resulted a 14 points National Agreement which were included on the legislative measure submitted to legislative procedure at the National Congress the 5 of january of 2016. Among those points, it highlights the denomination proposed for this proposed for this new institution as "Ministry of the Cultures, the Arts and the Heritage", which express the recognition from the Chilean State to cultural diversity, including the indigenous peoples cultures. 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Among the next steps that the Chilean State should give in the implementation of the 2005 Convention, is the concretization of the new cultural Institutionality, which will provide public policies for cultural promotion of greater administrative rank, by equating it to other areas of social development such as Education or Environment. The new cultural Institutionality should empower the local levels and install processes defining policies and instruments that consider the territories as central players in the process. In other words, it comes to providing the territories with the necessary tools to play its role as a privileged place of recognition, respect and promotion of cultural diversity.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

$17.226.056 in thousands of Chilean pesos (CLP)http://www.dipres.gob.cl/574/articles-141860_doc_pdf.pdf 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

2011 -2016 Cultural Policy

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The Cultural Policy and all of the plans and programs which can be deduced from it, are oriented around the following objectives:

  1. Strengthen artistic and cultural creation.
  2. Draw attention and promote cultural industries as an engine for development.
  3. Strengthen and update regulations related to art and culture.
  4. Contribute to install artistic cultural goods and services on the international scene.
  5. Strengthen the recognition of copyright.
  6. Promote cultural creation linked to digital platforms through new communication technologies.
  7. Promote access and participation of the community in artistic and cultural initiatives.
  8. Generate access to artistic and cultural offerings.
  9. Promote the formation of artistic and cultural habits in the community.
  10. Develop and promote the role of cultural players in the creation and dissemination of arts and culture.
  11. Promote the exchange of cultural content through new communication technologies.
  12. Contribute to the valuation and protection of the material and immaterial cultural heritage.
  13. Contribute to promoting cultural tourism and respecting diversity and the conservation of cultural heritage of the Nation.

 

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    In 2011, the CNCA introduced the new Cultural Policy that would rule its actions until 2016. Developed through a participative, representative and decentralized process, the chilean Cultural Policy of 2011-2016 articulates around 3 prioritary premises: Promotion of the Arts, Cultural Heritage and Participation. Those guidelines respond to the vision of valuing the traditions and identity of the country, to take significant steps in the recognition and respect of the material and immaterial heritage, the perception of the uniqueness and to develop pluralistic and inclusive vision, capable of welcoming the transformations of that era[1].

    • The axis of the “Promotion of the Arts” contributes to the development of the people and the strengthening of the cultural citizenship, by considering the chances and challenges that are generated in an increasingly globalized world.
    • The axis of “Cultural Heritage” seeks to coordinate the actions about the identification, the increment, the conservation and promotion of the chilean cultural heritage, in close colaboration with the distinct public institutions.
    • Lastly, the axis of the “Participation” proposes to facilitate the access to the cultural manifestations, the artistic expressions, the cultural heritage of the country and the use of the technologies concerning to the production, reproduction and promoting of cultural objects, in order to increase and form new audiences and cultural participation habits in the community.

    The chart drawn by this Policy involves face major challenges during this five-year period. The goals are designed from diagnosis and proposals of the artistic community in the country, conducted during a year of work. True to the mission of promoting cultural participation that governs our institution, the main objectives of this new Cultural Policy generated from the results achieved by a comprehensive and rigorous public consultation process carried out at different levels.

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    No
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Among the actions to follow, include the promotion of artistic and cultural, visible and promote cultural industries as engine sector development, strengthen and update regulations and legislation related to art and culture creation, promote the installation of goods art and culture in the international arena, strengthen the recognition of copyright and linking artistic creation with new media and technologies.A citizen level, it seeks to promote greater community involvement, generate better access to artistic and cultural offer, incubate the formation of cultural consumption habits in society, strengthen the role of cultural agents in both the creation and the disseminate and promote the exchange and circulation of cultural content through new information technologies. In the income level, the Cultural Policy 2011-2016 aims to contribute to that values ​​and protecting the cultural heritage both tangible and intangible, in addition to contributing to the promotion of cultural tourism, respecting diversity and conservation of heritage of the nation.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 
    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    Culture Funds (Cultural Development and Arts/Book and Reading/Music/Audiovisual-National Council for Culture and Arts)

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 
    • National Fund for Cultural Development and the Arts (FONDART): Created in 1992, aims to increase and diversify the supply of goods and artistic and cultural quality services, produced by artists and cultural agents, contributing to the harmonious development and equitable between regions, provinces and boroughs of the country.
    • Fund of the Book and the Reading:Implemented in 1993, has the purpose of encouraging the access of the book, the reading and the literary creation. Through this Fund, financial support is given to projects, programs and actions of development, the promotion of the reading, the literary industry, and the dissemination of literary activity and the strengthening of the public libraries. Through scholarships, internships and awards, also promotes the training of the creators and stimulates their activity.
    • Fund for the Promotion of National Music:Existing since 2004, seeks to solve the scarce funding and the professionalization in the value chain of national music, which affects musicians, music producers, managers, editors and researchers of the industry in Chile. For this, a contest is made, aimed at encouraging each of the problems detected in the value chain: deliver financial support to corporations, foundations and municipalities for the development of choirs, orchestras and instrumental bands. In the case of professional orchestras located in other regions, different to the Metropolitan Region, supports the making of activities tending towards the insertion of the national music in foreign markets.
    • Audiovisual Development Fund:Created in 2004, is to promote art and audiovisual industry through the formation of human capital and knowledge, creation and mediation of national audiovisual works in various formats and genres. This finances the production and distribution of film works, scriptwriting, equipment, training, research and dissemination of new creative trends and technological innovation.
    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    Regional
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    financial
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 
    • National Fund for Cultural Development and the Arts (FONDART): With the fund's resources programs run and competitions open to the artistic community projects , which aim to stimulate vocational training, artistic creation, cultural mediation and heritage conservation in the following artistic disciplines are performed: Visual Arts, Photography, Theatre, Dance, Circus Arts, Crafts, Folklore, Architecture, Design, New Media, Tangible and Intangible Heritage, Cultural Management, Cultures Indigenous Peoples, Local Cultural Development and Cultural Tourism.Proposals may consider initiatives that include research, creation, production and / or distribution and that are relevant to the development of disciplines in the country, its artists, mediators and public.
    • Fund of the Book and the Reading:The National Council for Book and Reading is the body which provides public policy development in its area and allocates resources of the National Fund for the Promotion of Books and Reading, through annual calls for public tenders. The Council proposes development policies in its area and allocates resources of the National Fund for the Promotion of Books and Reading, through annual calls for public tenders.
    • Fund for the Promotion of National Music:The Council for the Promotion of National Music (CNCA), supports the dissemination, promotion and development of musical creation and Chilean music industry through the Fund for the Promotion of National Music.
    • Audiovisual Development Fund:This fund finances the production and distribution of films, scriptwriting, equipment, training, research and dissemination of new creative trends and technological innovation. Under the National Council for Culture through the Council for Arts and the Audiovisual Industry.
    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The measure seeks to support the diversity of cultural expressions, through the safeguarding of tangible and intangible cultural heritage and support for the emergence of dynamic cultural and creative industries, particularly mechanisms that foster local production of cultural goods and services, the development of local markets and access to platforms for their national and international exchange.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    Between 2011 and 2015, the CNCA has supported 9.590 projects and has allocated resources for US$ 143.137.433[1] in the following funds:

    • National Fund for Cultural Development and the National Arts (FONDART): CLP $$12.880 millions (2015).
    • National Fund for the Promotion of Books and Reading: CLP $6.653 millions (2015).
    • National Fund for the Promotion of Music: CLP $4.729 millions (2015).
    • Audiovisual Promotion Fund: CLP $7.918 millions (2015).

    http://www.programassociales.cl/programas[1]Resources allocated between 2011- 2015 for the 4 funds mentioned was $ 87,731,795,368 (chilean pesos). To calculate, the average dollar observed in December 2014 ( equivalent to 612.92 US $ 1 peso ) it was used . 

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    Cultural Research

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    Research in culture has favored the public management of the country also in other areas.

    • The study "Mapping of the creative industries in Chile”(2014), has delivered useful information in diagnosing different realities of the cultural area. The study notes that education in the cultural and creative areas points to a generalist dimension of the discipline, without enabling the specialized training at least at the undergraduate level. In this context, the CNCA has mobilized funds to scholarships and internships to promote specialization and analytical production of the cultural field. Specifically, in the areas of performing arts and design, it has been promoted since 2011 the exchange of knowledge among designers, academics, businessmen and professionals related to discipline, to address topics such as new technologies, traditional trades or market strategies, with the objective of increasing of  the level of cultural capital in the sector.
    • Regarding the cultural value chain in the "Research Phase", the CNCA has made the following studies for the knowledge and appraisal of the creative industries: “Culture. Development Opportunity” (2011);
    • “Culture and Economics I and II” (2012 and 2013);
    • “Corporate Social Responsibility and its contribution to culture” (2013), and “Mapping of the creative industries in Chile”.

      

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    These studies, especially the last one, enables to diagnose problems of cultural life cycle for domains and subdomains, which resulted in the reformulation of CNCA actions towards the national cultural development.The development of these studies are linked to the Articles 1, 2, 13 and 19 of the 2005 Convention. 

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    No
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The measure seeks to install mechanisms for analysis and regular reflection on the basis of available sources of information about the cultures of our country, providing spaces for understanding the development of the cultural field in its various ámbitos.This measure involves the development of knowledge-oriented studies of culture and to support decision-making of CNCA

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    No information available.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

    Subscription of Interinstitutional Instruments : Audiovisual coproduction

    Context of the measure: 
    INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    In the sphere of measures aimed at ensuring greater market access for the distribution of cultural goods and services through specific agreements, noted for its part the signing and implementation of the:

    • "Agreement of Promotion for the Audiovisual Co-production, between the National Institute of Cinema and Audiovisual Arts - INCAA of the Argentinian Republic and the CNCA", signed in Buenos Aires in September 2014.In the same regard, the CNCA has also recently signed the:
    • "Protocol of Cinematographic Cooperation for the support to the Cinematographic Co-production, between the CNCA and the Ministério da Cultura do Brasil", agreement that will allow to increase the presence of Brazilian movies and chilean movies in both markets.
    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    financial
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The purpose of these Agreements is the execution of a programme grant, by the cinematographic authorities, on financial aid to projects of feature films in the genres of fiction, animation and documentary intended to be exhibited priority and initially in cinemas .

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The measure seeks to have an impact on the production, distribution and visibility of chilean and brazilian/argentinian cinema in the markets of both countries.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 
    • Agreement of Promotion for the Audiovisual Co-production, between the National Institute of Cinema and Audiovisual Arts - INCAA of the Argentinian Republic and the CNCA: This measure has a total estimated budget of $100,000 USD, for total or partial funding of selected projects and for which the corresponding Implementation Agreement is signed. The maximum to be financed by the CNCA for each project presented to this line amount is $50,000 USD. (2016). See: http://www.fondosdecultura.cl/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/audiovisual-pro....
    • Protocol of Cinematographic Cooperation for the support to the Cinematographic Co-production, between the CNCA and the Ministério da Cultura do Brasil:  This measure has a total estimated budget of $100,000 USD. See: http://www.cultura.gob.cl/institucional/ministros-de-cultura-de-chile-y-...
    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

    Subscription of International Instruments

    Context of the measure: 
    INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    The measure seeks to adapt and update the artistic and cultural normatives according to the needs of different sectors. It also promotes harmony of national legislation in relation to international. As examples of measures establishing a legal framework, we have to mention the approval from the Chilean State of the following international instruments managed by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO):

    • The Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled, and,
    • The Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances.
    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 
    • The Marrakesh Treaty was adopted on June 27, 2013 in Marrakesh and it forms part of the body of international copyright treaties administered by WIPO. It has a clear humanitarian and social development dimension and its main goal is to create a set of mandatory limitations and exceptions for the benefit of the blind, visually impaired, and otherwise print disabled (VIPs).
    • The Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances was adopted by the Diplomatic Conference on the Protection of Audiovisual Performances, which took place in Beijing from June 20 to 26, 2012. The Treaty deals with the intellectual property rights of performers in audiovisual performances. It grants performers four kinds of economic rights for their performances fixed in audiovisual fixations, such as motion pictures: (i) the right of reproduction; (ii) the right of distribution; (iii) the right of rental; and (iv) the right of making available.
    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    In the case of the first instrument, it is incorporated on the chilean legislation the important element of the cross-border circulation of books in accessible formats that must necessarily be addressed in a multicultural manner to have that effect.In the case of the second instrument, its ratification is estimated of high importance for it will allow give an international legal framework more clear and enable the artists, performers, to consolidate their position in the audiovisual industry, contributing also to safeguard the rights of the beneficiaries against the unauthorized use of their performances on audiovisual media such as cinema or television.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    Information no available.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

    "Chile in the World" Programme

    Context of the measure: 
    INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
    b. Key objectives of the measure: 

    This measure comes to support the mobility of artists and culture professionals to and from abroad.It is born within the Government Programme 2014 - 2018, as a consistent presidential measure in the commitment of creating a new internationalization programme within the future cultural Institutionality - “Chile País de Artistas”-  with the aim of broaden and strenghten current efforts, stimulate and support the international circulation of the artistic works of national creators and promote the knowledge and international valuation of artists and cultists[1].This commitment materialized in 2015 through a Programme of CNCA named -"Chile in the World-"[1][1] This Program is linked to the Articles 1, 2 y 7 of the 2005 Convention.[1]   The presidential measure is included in the document “Chile de Todos”. Michelle Bachelet´s Government Programme 2014-2018 (october, 2013), p.134, available in http://www.cumplimiento.gob.cl/?ver=2135 

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    financial
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The components of this Programme are:

    • Training and Exchange.
    • Information Management and Content.
    • Recovering Chilean Artistic Heritage.
    • Promotion and international circulation.
    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The initiative is linked to the financing, promotion and access to the art, to the culture, the cultural heritage and the cultural education, whose objective is that creators and cultural artistic professionals of the country, so as their goods and services, through international distribution circuits, gaining an experience that benefits their development and the growth of the sector, in a sustainable manner in time. It is important to note that this measure has a wide range of potential beneficiaries of more than 430.000 cultural agents, who work in one of the following artistic areas: Architecture, Visual Arts, Performing Arts, Crafts and Design.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    TOTAL BUDGET 2016: 542.246.000 Chilean pesos. 

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
    Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
    No
    Please explain how: 
    Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
    No
    Please explain how: 
    Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    Understanding the fundamental role of civil society in protecting and promoting the diversity of cultural expressions, as well as their contribution for the extention and deepening of democracy; the country has legal mechanisms that recognize the right of persons to participate effectively in public management. Some of them are: the Presidential Note N°007 for Citizen Participation under the Framework of Shared Responsibility[1], and the ILO Convention N°169 on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries[2] which establishes the right of indigenous people in Chile to be consulted, previously when facing the legislative and administrative measures concerning them.For the 2011 - 2015 period, 4 national participative processes are reported, which have allowed to incorporate to the civil society in the design and cultural policy management: the public debate for the creation of the future chilean cultural Institutionality through the Plan “Your Voice Creates Culture”; the Prior Consultation to the indigenous people; the Cultural Conventions; and the formulation of the National Policy of the Book and Reading.Regarding the process of the creation of the future cultural Institutionality, the Chilean Government presented in 2014 an indication to the Bill that creates the Ministry of the Cultures, the Arts and the Heritage, where undertook to address the observations, critics and recommendations of the community, in different sectors, citizens and political[3]. To this end, the National Council of the Culture and the Arts (CNCA) implemented between 2014 and 2015 two citizen consultation measures: the “Participation Plan Your Voice Creates Culture"[4] and Prior Consultation to indigenous peoples[5]; both processes were documented and generated public access websites which were made available to the citizen debate reports.[1] See: http://www.dipres.gob.cl/594/articles-87929_instructivo.pdf[2] Chile ratified ILO Convention N°169 on September 15, 2008 and this came into effect on 15 September 2009. 

    Implement Operational Guidelines: 
    No
    Please explain how: 
    Other: 
    Please explain how: 

    Regarding the Prior Consultation to the indigenous peoples, a 7 month process took place -between September of 2014 and March of 2015- that was respectful of the traditions and culture of the indigenous people and that enabled to incorporate their visions, properly safeguarding their rights in the discussion of the bill, in accordance with the provisions of the ILO Convention N° 169. This Consultation was made with full respect of the international standards in the matter, being summoned to participate representatives of the 9 indigenous peoples recognized in the country: aymara, quechua, atacameño, diaguita, rapa nui, mapuche, yagan and kawésgar. The consultation also incorporated the descendants of the chango people (from the Atacama Region) and it was made extensive to the afrodescendant community of the Arica y Parinacota region[1].Under the Prior Consultation process implemented by the CNCA, 510 meetings at national level in each of the 15 regions of the country, besides the territory of Rapa Nui were made. They were 11,188 registered indigenous representatives, belonging turn to 2,051 organizations. After completing the process at the regional level with 16 agreements, the National Meeting which brought together 122 representatives of all the indigenous peoples in the 16 territories, meeting that culminated in a 14 points National Agreement[2].Also at the request of this process, the indigenous peoples proposed the creation of a Department of Indigenous Peoples in the field of cultural governance, which was integrated in the institutional structure of CNCA in 2015, with representation of regional expressions throughout the country and also in Rapa Nui, as a special territory.

    Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
    Yes
    Name of the Organization(s): 
    Chilean Coalition for Cultural Diversity

    Contribution from Civil Society

    This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
    Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
    Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    In the period that is reported, the Coalition has contributed to the promotion of the 2005 Convention in various areas, among them the www.miracultura.cl portal, also through self-managed activities, such as, the “Cultural Diversity Dialogue Table: Is the Culture just another commodity?" (2011)77, whose results were sent to the CNCA as a contribution to public thinking. Together, has participated in debates organized by other institutions such as the “Bureau of Cultural Diversity” (2015)78, and the “Colloquium Chile-France Independent Publishing: Public space, Codes of action, and Alternative Organizational modes in the Global Publishing Field” (2013)79.

    Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    The Coalition is designing the Convergence Plan for Cultural Diversity that will project the work of the organization over the next 4 years. In the coming four years, the Coalition raises the challenge of establishing practical guidelines that create greater awareness in the country about the importance and the spirit of the 2005 Convention.

    Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    As a way to broaden the debate within the framework of the 2013 presidential campaign, the Coalition issued a statement indicating 5 strategic axes of Cultural Policies for consideration by the presidential candidates:(a) education and culture;(b) cultural diversity and access;(c) dignify the work of artists;(d) education, culture and media; and(f) culture budget of at least 1% of public spending.

    Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    In a special way, the promotion strategy of the Coalition has been addressed to the Government of Chile, and governance of the culture, instances where it has contributed to the transparency and accountability of the public sector. In the participative seminars for the construction of the new Cultural Institutionality, there has been raised the importance of create the Secretary of the Cultural Diversity, in the future Ministry of the Cultures, the Arts and the Heritage.

    Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    As a representative of civil society, the Coalition has participated in the formulation of new Sectoral Policies, among these; it integrated the platform of organizations that in 2015 presented a bill about Performing Arts (Dance, Theater and Circus) to the CNCA.In relation to safeguarding the application measures destined to protect the cultural diversity, the Coalition participated in 2015 in the process of discussion of the law N°20.810. In the same vein, it joined with 20 organizations the Citizen Platform and the Digital TV which between 2011 and 2014 presented to the State the citizen demands in the debate about the implementation of the digital television in Chile, oriented to the definition of a television model which represents the cultural diversity of the country and will provide the citizens an offer of quality contents that allow to strengthen the democracy.The Chilean Coalition for Cultural Diversity was created in october 2001, following the International Meeting of Associations of Culture in Montreal (september, 2001), in order to safeguard the freedom of action of the Chilean State in the field of culture against the Chile-United States Free Trade Agreement. See http://miracultura.cl/category/cchdc-2/Under the negotiation of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, signed by Chile in February of this year, the Coalition has also aimed to protect the safety of the Objectives and Principles of the 2005 Convention and to contribute to the transparency of the process before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In the context of this debate, a letter was sent to the Presidency of the Republic, to 12 Ministries and to Congressmen, requesting not to take actions that could compromise the cultural sector and limit the implementation of the 2005 Convention, among them, the Principle of Sovereignty. Also, expressed before the Ministry General Secretariat of Government of Chile, the civil society concern for the impact of the trade agreement in the culture of the country.

    Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    In the reporting period, the Coalition expressed difficulties to undertake promotional activities by not having adequate funding, except paying memberships of the partner organizations. Expressly requests the State of Chile contribute financially to the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD), so as to create conditions so the Coalition itself can submit projects to the Fund. Despite this, the organization says that is ongoing implementation of the Observatory of Cultural Diversity, instance which pretends to carry out monitoring of the scopes of the 2005 Convention in the country.

    Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
    No
    Please explain how: 
    Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
    Solutions found or envisaged: 
    Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
    Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
    Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

    Between 2011 and 2015, the State of Chile has progressed markedly in the implementation of the 2005 Convention, particularly in the progressive installation of a new approach that puts the citizen at the center of public action. Thus, in the framework of institutional transition processes, the dialogue was opened with civil society and indigenous peoples aimed at the creation of the "Ministry of Cultures, Arts and Heritage".

    Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

    The biggest challenge in this area is the consolidation of citizenship approach centered in its diversity as a central actor in public action and as a bearer of cultures and identities. More specifically, it is to consolidate the processes of citizen participation as a central element in public decision-making, in particular as regards the design and implementation of policies, plans and programs in the field of culture.One of the most important commitments of the Chilean State in this process of citizen inclusion, in their diversity, as an active player in public policy is to strengthen the territorial approach. Indeed, the different institutions consulted for the making of this report point out to the need to develop an action it considers the territories in their great diversity, and to include them as actors in public decision-making. Currently, instruments for public action leave little room for the construction of policies that consider in all its complexity cultural diversity of the territories.To advance in this regard, the new cultural Institutionality should empower the local levels and install processes defining policies and instruments that consider the territories as central players in the process. In other words, it comes to providing the territories with the necessary tools to play its role as a privileged place of recognition, respect and promotion of cultural diversity. 

    Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

    Among the next steps that the Chilean State should give in the implementation of the 2005 Convention, is the concretization of the new cultural Institutionality, which will provide public policies for cultural promotion of greater administrative rank, by equating it to other areas of social development such as Education or Environment. In this regard, the institutional transition should reaffirm the approach of cultural goods and services as carriers of identity, value and meaning.This strengthening of cultural Institutionality in the country will enable the design and implementation of more ambitious cultural public policies, starting from the principles such as the articulation, coordination, coherence and relevance.

    Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

    Another goal to achieve in the coming years is the creation, from the present Report process, of a permanent bureau for monitoring the Convention of 2005. This bureau, will be housed in the CNCA, under the joint coordination of the International Affairs Unit and the Department of Studies, and will enable to raise in a permanent way, topics that reflect the public action of the Chilean State regarding the 2005 Convention implementation.In the field of integration of a gender perspective, the main achievement of CNCA has been the creation in 2015 of a Section of Participation, Gender and Inclusion. However, this section still recent should consolidate the inclusion of gender perspective in the design of the instruments of public action, starting with the production of cultural statistics that take into account gender inequalities in terms of cultural participation and human development. Because of this it maintains as an important challenge for cultural Institutionality (current and future), the systematic integration of the gender perspective in its policies, plans, programs and projects.Finally, the Chilean State wants to highlight that these evoked challenges, are registered in the new Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, which seeks to incorporate a more robust vision of development in its various aspects102. On the one hand, the gender equality perspective103 and the promotion of a participatory decision-making as a condition for peace, justice and institutional strength104, are two key objectives of the new international agenda that will aim to strengthen.On the other hand, the Chilean State is aware that culture is part of this comprehensive approach to development. This is particularly mentioned in the goal that promotes the acquisition of tools for a world citizenship, for the valuing of cultural diversity and the contribution of the culture for sustainable development and in the goal that seeks to protect and cherish the world's natural and cultural heritage. 

    1. Economy and Finance: 
    1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
    1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
    Total exports in cultural goods: 
    USD: 
    0.00
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    Total imports in cultural goods: 
    USD: 
    0.00
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    1.1.b Cultural Services: 
    Total exports in cultural services: 
    USD: 
    0.00
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    Total imports in cultural services: 
    USD: 
    0.00
    Year: 
    Source: 
    1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
    Total GDP: 
    USD: 
    0.00
    Year: 
    2010
    Source: 
    USD: 
    0.00
    Year: 
    2010
    Source: 
    Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
    1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
    Total government expenditure: 
    USD: 
    0.00
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    Share of culture in government expenditure: 
    USD: 
    0.00
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    2. Books: 
    (a) Number of published titles: 
    Num: 
    0
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    (b) Number of publishing companies: 
    Total all companies: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Small Size Companies: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Medium Size: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Large Size: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    (c) Bookshops and sales: 
    Bookstore chains: 
    Num: 
    0
    Sales, USD: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Independent Book stores: 
    Num: 
    Sales, USD: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Book stores in other retail: 
    Num: 
    Sales, USD: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Online Retailers (labels): 
    Num: 
    Sales, USD: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    (d) Translation flows: 
    Number of published translations: 
    Num: 
    0
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    3. Music: 
    (a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
    Physical Format: 
    Num: 
    0
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Digital Format: 
    Num: 
    0
    Year: 
    2013
    Source: 
    Independent Format: 
    Num: 
    0
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Majors: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    (b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
    Physical Format: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Digital Format: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    4. Media: 
    (a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Programmes: 
    (b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Ownership: 
    Public: 
    Radio channels: 
    Television channels: 
    Both radio & television channels: 
    Total: 
    Private: 
    Radio channels: 
    Television channels: 
    Both radio & television channels: 
    Total: 
    Community: 
    Radio channels: 
    Television channels: 
    Both radio & television channels: 
    Total: 
    Not specified: 
    Radio channels: 
    Television channels: 
    Both radio & television channels: 
    Total: 
    Total: 
    Radio channels: 
    Television channels: 
    Both radio & television channels: 
    Total: 
    (c) Newspapers: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Publishing format - printed: 
    Free Only: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    Paid Only: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    Both Free and Paid: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    Publishing format - both printed and online: 
    Free Only: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    Paid Only: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    Both Free and Paid: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    Total: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
    Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Number of households with Internet access at home: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Number of individuals using the Internet: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
    6. Cultural Participation: 
    Activity (in %): 
    Cinema: 
    Female: 
    0.00
    Male: 
    0.00
    Total: 
    0.00
    Theatre: 
    Female: 
    0.00
    Male: 
    0.00
    Total: 
    0.00
    Dance (including ballet): 
    Female: 
    0.00
    Male: 
    Total: 
    0.00
    Live concert/musical performance: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    0.00
    Exhibition: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    0.00
    TOTAL: 
    Female: 
    0.00
    Male: 
    0.00
    Total: 
    0.00
    Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
    Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
    Too Expensive: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    Lack of Interest: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    Lack of time: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    Lack of information: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    Too far away: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    Other: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    7. Additional clarifications: 
    Title: 
    Mr
    First Name: 
    RAMON
    Family Name: 
    SOLIS
    Organization: 
    NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR CULTURE AND ARTS
    Position: 
    HEAD OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS UNIT