Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2017 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Date of ratification: 
4/8/2006
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
MINISTERIO DE CULTURAS Y TURISMO - MDCyT
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Marianela
Family Name: 
ESPAÑA
Organization: 
DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE PROMOCIÓN CULTURAL Y ARTÍSTICA - MDCyT
Mailing Address: 
Palacio Chico, Calle Ayacucho esq. Potosí
Telephone: 
(591) 2 2147439
Fax: 
E-mail: 
marianela.espana@gmail.com; luzparraga.culturas@gmail.com
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The consultation process is carried out through interviews with key informants and reference is made to data provided by the System of National Accounts of the National Statistical Institute of Bolivia. In this context, the productive chains for the cultural sectors prioritized in Bolivia have been built on the basis of the information provided by agents representative of each sector, that is, those people who participate in cultural activity and that their degree of attachment is not Eventually, it is strengthened and remains in time. The value chain scheme used for cultural industries does not differ substantially from those used in other processes of production of goods, that is, it begins at the creation and ends in consumption, going through all stages of the construction process Of the sector, from the idea, the inputs and the final products. The methodology for the construction of these chains was inspired by other chains of countries (as in the case of Colombia) and was validated in the interviews that were held with representative actors.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
Development of Indicators of the four Priority Cultural Sectors within the framework of the Cultural Information System of the Plurinational State of Bolivia.After examining the sources of information that provide quantitative elements necessary to feed a system of indicators of the four cultural sectors prioritized for Bolivia, it can be said that information exists, compiled in different ways, in different institutions, but does not necessarily respond To the methodological criteria required, for example, to build a CSC for Bolivia. The information is dispersed and does not respond to a statistical information criterion, properly systematized and classified in a single institutional computer agent, which may be the INE or the MDCyT.In Bolivia, there is cultural information but it differs with the methodological criteria required by the CAB to build a CSC. This is a progress that reflects in a comparative terms 40%, and systematizes information regarding a capital city, with estimates for the rest of the cities of the axis, considering in a preliminary and / or exploratory result of a possible CSC, on the side Of the offer.It should be pointed out that the experience of public policies in the culture is relatively recent therefore there are no models and recipes for the development of policies to strengthen cultural and creative industries. For this, it is necessary to coordinate actions, dialogue and permanent consultation not only with the protagonists of the private sector but also with the multiple instances of the State - educational and cultural, economic and fiscal - called to intervene in its implementation. For this reason, the application of qualitative techniques is justified from the point of view that the national accountants have an idea of ​​the way in which it performs the cultural activity in its four prioritized sectors, however, this is still insufficient. Experience, applying the technique of interview in depth, is relevant in qualitative terms, but in quantitative terms gives a set of ideas or economic structures that must still be validated and widely discussed.However, for the purpose of the work carried out, the interviews with the actors were very useful to approximate the behavior of the sector in economic terms because, as it will be understood, the collective of artists and other cultural agents understand that their activity transcends the economic and is in Supreme of the creative, artistic and patrimonial.The economic responses were very diverse, in many cases for the collective of sectors the notion of economic utility or surplus generated does not exist, as is generally quantified in companies. Although there is a surplus in terms of national accounting, more efforts are needed to find that sector information. On the other hand, the questions related to the consumption of services and / or inputs (that in the terminology of the national accounts are denominated intermediate consumption) were much dispersed. Unfortunately, they do not keep records of their expenditures on the acquisition of inputs and, in a particular way, it is noticed that in the music sector as well as in the performing arts it is difficult to calculate the intermediate inputs. 
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

Bolivia, within the framework of its constitution, sustains the work in the field of culture, emphasizing the cultural diversity essential base of the community plurinational state. Thus, interculturality constitutes the tool for cohesion harmonious and balanced coexistence between all peoples and nations, having a place with respect to differences and equal conditions.The Plurinational State of Bolivia assumes as a strength the existence of native indigenous cultures, repositories of knowledge, knowledge, values, spirituality and worldviews, considering as their fundamental responsibility, to preserve, develop, register, protect and disseminate all existing cultures in the Country, because all this is constituted in the cultural heritage of the Bolivian people.The Plurinational State of Bolivia, through the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, guarantees all forms of cultural expression, cosmovisions, myths, oral history, dances, cultural practices, traditional knowledge and technologies. The manifestations of art and popular industries, in their intangible component, will enjoy special protection of the State. The sites and activities declared a cultural heritage of humanity, in its tangible and intangible component, will also enjoy this protection.In this context, the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions has put both the progress of research milestones and the protection and promotion criteria on the agenda, seeking to record cultural activities for the Elaboration of the culture satellite account.

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
No
How: 
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
No
How: 

 El Trabajo de la Unidad de Industrias Culturales y de las actividades de Diseño de Políticas Culturales en la Protección y promoción del patrimonio cultural se ha Vuelto a examinar · ·. Del Mismo Modo, el Diseño de Estrategias para el registro y Censo de la Actividad Culturales en Bolivia ha Sido priorizada. Por Otro Lado, Existe Una alta tendencia incorporar Una Los Elementos conceptuales y Categorías Relacionadas Con La descolonización y depatrialization, en el Diseño y la Presentación de las Políticas Culturales y los Productos de la Unidad de Industrias Culturales.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
No
How: 
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Constitutional line of cultural activity of the Plurinational State of Bolivia

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Bolivia, within the framework of its constitution, sustains the work in the field of culture, emphasizing the cultural diversity essential base of the community plurinational state. Thus, interculturality constitutes the tool for cohesion harmonious and balanced coexistence between all peoples and nations, having a place with respect to differences and equal conditions.The Plurinational State of Bolivia assumes as a strength the existence of native indigenous cultures, repositories of knowledge, knowledge, values, spirituality and worldviews, considering as their fundamental responsibility, to preserve, develop, register, protect and disseminate all existing cultures in the Country, because all this is constituted in the cultural heritage of the Bolivian people.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The work of the Cultural Industries Unit and cultural policy design activities on the protection and promotion of cultural heritage has been re-examined. Likewise, the design of strategies for the registration and census of cultural activity in Bolivia has been prioritized. On the other hand, there is a high tendency to incorporate the conceptual elements and categories related to decolonization and depatrialization, in the design and presentation of cultural policies and the products of the Cultural Industries Unit.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Expansion of the universe of activities that will be reported for the preparation of the four-year report of the convention.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

USD 13.500 OEAUSD 3.000 OEI

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Organization of Ibero-American States
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Bilateral agreement

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
No
Please explain how: 
Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

It has been conducted through interviews with key informants from the prioritized cultural sectors in order to obtain data on value chains and production frontiers. Thus, for the performing arts and entertainment sector, it was considered: estimation of the number of theatrical rooms, estimation of the number of functions performed, approximate number of tickets sold, data on the performing arts expenses provided by the qualified informant.For the books and publications sector, the following were considered: Number of titles produced in Bolivia, Representative Publishing Companies, Financial Statements of Printers, Information of the Book Chamber, Financial Statements of representative companies, Expenditure data in edition and publications provided by the informant qualified.For the audiovisual sector we considered: Key interviews with film producers (feature films and short films), information from importers of foreign film productions, number of companies engaged in the production of radio, television, cable and other types of communications, audiovisual expenditure data Provided by the qualified informant.For the music production sector, we considered: Key interviews with single-member companies (home-made-music), information of importers of recorded music, number of companies engaged in music production, States of Results of phonographic companies, Provided by the qualified informant.

Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
No
Please explain how: 
Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
No
Name of the Organization(s): 

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
No
Please explain how: 
Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
No
Please explain how: 
Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

The preliminary culture satellite account has been obtained for four sectors of cultural activity in Bolivia: performing arts and shows, audiovisuals, books and publications, music and live shows.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

Expansion of the universe of activities that will be reported for the preparation of the four-year report of the convention.

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

A report form prepared by the cultural industries unit will be disseminated through an instruction from the institution's highest authority to feed the database on actions under the convention.

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

1. Conclusion of the satellite account of cultures.2. Design and elaboration of policies for the protection and promotion of cultural diversity of the Plurinational State of Bolivia.3. Conclude with the Statistical Information System of Cultures of Bolivia.

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
Source: 
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
Source: 
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Medium Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Large Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
Source: 
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Private: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Community: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Total: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
Source: 
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Theatre: 
Male: 
Total: 
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
TOTAL: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
7. Additional clarifications: 
Additional Annexes (if any): 
AttachmentSize
PDF icon informe_-_2017_espanol.pdf681.72 KB
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Marianela
Family Name: 
España
Organization: 
Ministerio de Culturas y Turismo
Position: 
Directora General de Promoción Cultural y Artística