Nigeria 2017 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Nigeria
Date of ratification: 
25/9/2005
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Federal Ministry of Information and Culture
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
AUGUSTUS
Family Name: 
AJIBOLA
Organization: 
Federal ministry of Information and culture
Mailing Address: 
Block E,International Cultural Relations Department,Federal Ministry of Information and Culture,Federal Secretariat Abuja, PMB 473
Telephone: 
08033018985
Fax: 
E-mail: 
augustusajibola@gmail.com
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Name: 
Mr August Babajide
Position: 
Director
Organization: 
Federal Ministry of Information and Culture
Name: 
Mrs E.G Keshi
Position: 
Director General
Organization: 
National Council for Arts and Culture
Name: 
Dr Nwadei Chioma
Position: 
Secretary General
Organization: 
NATCOM,Federal Ministry of Education
Name: 
Ms Salamatu Sule
Position: 
Publicity Secretary
Organization: 
Association of Nigerian Authors
Name: 
Prof. Peter Okebukola
Position: 
Director
Organization: 
IACIU
Name: 
Mr Mufu Onifade
Position: 
Director General
Organization: 
National Gallery of Arts
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The Ministry have engaged in a continous inter agency policy dialogue with stakeholders which includes:NATCOM,Federal Ministry of Education, National Council for Arts and Culture, National Gallery of Arts,Nigeria Institute of Cultural Orientation, Institute for African Culture and International Understanding,Association of Nigerian Authors and other relevant agencies.The Ministry organized a National Summit on Culture and Tourism on 27-29, April, 2016 in Abuja.The summit provided a platform for the stakeholders and government to dialogue on ways to move the sectors forward, especially making them economically viable now that calls for diversification of the economy through tourism and culture are increasing daily.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
The commitment of Nigeria as a state party to the Convention on ‘The Protection and  Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions’ has been demonstrated in implementing the Convention by providing necessary administrative, legal frameworks and conducive environment for achieving the aims of the Convention both by the government agencies and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Invariably, Nigeria has put in place a Cultural Policy/mechanism that aims at protecting and promoting the diversity of the nation’s cultural expressions.Administratively, Nigeria has 7 government agencies under the supervision of the Federal Ministry of Information & Culture, each with statutory responsibilities covering the different aspects of protection, preservation and promotion of cultural diversity. They are involved in the creation, production, distribution/dissemination and management of the diverse Nigerian culture.There are several non-governmental agencies, guilds and associations for the various groups of cultural workers and these bodies are given government recognition and assistance to a large extent. Internally, government policies are tilted towards the promotion of the people’s culture. The Culture Sector is working in collaboration with Tourism, Information and Education Sectors to actualize these policies, although there are needs to work in harmony with other stakeholders  in order to be more effective.The implementation of this Convention is also hampered by poor funding. The government is taking frantic steps towards the establishment of the Endowment for the Arts. In the last few years, a 3 billion naira grant for the construction of a film village was given as it is expected that this endowment fund will help solve some financial problems being encountered in the Culture sector.The establishment of Cultural Industries in the states of the Federation is expected to go a long way in encouraging the preservation and promotion of craft production and some other indigenous trade.The effect of globalization/westernisation on the Nigerian youth needs not be overemphasised. The rapacious effect of globalisation is impacting on the dress culture, language, culinary habit and even modern day mannerism and fads of the burgeoning population of Nigerian youths. These are the great challenges which the country must pay attention to i.e. the youths deserve more attention if the diversity of her culture is to be protected and promoted
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

Owing to the position and significance of Nigeria as the largest nation of black people in the world, it is paramount that the bedrock of its value system is properly articulated to be modeled among the community of black nations in the world. In view of this, Nigeria is guided by a national philosophy of progressive and participatory democracy and a political system characterized by economic self-reliance and egalitarism founded on equity and social justice. Nigeria envisions good governance as basic equipment for peace, security and sustainable political, cultural and socio-economic development.However, the stakeholders of the Culture sector in Nigeria as well as guidance from international organizations have had tremendous contribution to the development of Nigeria Cultural Policy. These policies which have evolved over the years have uniquely addressed the needs of the Nigerian people.The National Policy on Culture for Nigeria aims to provide guidelines and general directions through which the Federal Republic of Nigeria will seek to meet the current and future culture needs of the people of Nigeria

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
No
How: 
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

In view of the Convention,the Federal government in 2013 mandated the National Bureau of Statistics(NBS) and Society of Nigeria Theatre Artists (SONTA) conducted a pilot nationwide mapping of Creative Industries in Nigeria.And as part of a means to promote policy discussion,it was agreed  in the April 2016 Summit on Culture and Tourism  for the Ministry to supervise the conclusion of the project.This will provide the necessary data for the policy development process.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

As part of the ongoing policy development and considering the urgent need to regulate the Culture sector and maintain ethical standards,the Ministry is taking frantic steps to harmonize the Motion Picture Council of Nigeria(MOPICON) and Theatre Arts Regulatory Council bills into one bill,which will then be presented to the National Assembly for timely legislative action.Also,there are considerations for more stringent legislations to be put in place to protect national monuments ,and cultural sites from the growing cases of wilful destruction across the country.It is also worthy of note that,the Federal government is also considering a law to compel Local Government Councils to establish and maintain community museums and craft centres and fund atleast one community festival yearly.Intrestingly, the implementation of the private Copy Levy Scheme has already been passed into law in the revised Nigerian Copyright Commission law.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Traditional Cultural Institutions

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To promote institutions recognised as custodians of cultureEstablish a platform for shaping the political,economic and sociocultural life of the Nigerian society.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Through community participation and involvement of traditional rulers,document and preserve these traditional knowledge sytems that provide lessons on how to live in contemporary societies;The kingship system in most Nigerian societies except for the eastern part of Nigeria dates back to centuries and survived the colonial and post colonial rule through communal obeisance and being the spiritual custodian of the vitality of the society.Support cultural programmes that encourage the continuity of oral traditions,history and effective engagement of traditional institutions in the context of overall national development.  

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

An institutional framework of traditional political systemHarnessing Cultural values and creativity for national development

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Statutory budgetary allocation for state and local government which is about twenty percent of the Federation account.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural and Natural Sites

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To restore, preserve,interpret and promote  Cultural Landscape,Natural sites and Monuments

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Through enlightenment and legislation discourage the willful destruction of cultural properties;Identify funding opportunities to support the management,preservation and development of Nigeria's Monument and sites Designate National Heritage Sites and maintain a National Heritage list;Enlist the support of local communities in preservation and management of Museums,Monuments and Heritage SitesStrenghten the enforcement of laws that prevent illicit trafficking and antiquities and cultural treasures and take concrete steps to repossess them.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Preservation of Nigeria's tangible Cultural HeriatageRepositioning of Nigeria's Tourism sector  with the tool of Tangible Cultural Heriatage of Nigeria.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Statutory Budgetary Allocation

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Minority Groups,Heritage and Identity

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Nigeria is a multi ethnic and multi linguist  country.The existence of minority groups with  rich cultural heritage is however inevitable.To this effect this measure among s many is intended to:The promote  the cultural diversity in Nigeria;To protect the customs,heritage and interest of minority groups;To encourage social inclusion in Nigerian society. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Ensure that the culture,history,identity and heritage of minority groups in Nigeria are tied  to their individual socio-economic well-being;Strengthen and enforce equity to ensure fairness as contained in the  application of the principles of Federal character.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Enhancement of equity and balanced cultural expressions;A sense of  belonging and nationality of the minority groups;An institutional framework for inter-cultural dialogue and conflict resolution

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Annual National Statutory Budgetary Allocation

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Culture,Science and Technology

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To integrate Culture,Science and Technology as a tool for survival within the environment;To encourage indigenous technological innovations;To sensitize and train the indegenous technologists on global best practices on technology

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Encourage continous research into our indigenous technological systems and cultural assets in order to harmonize them with contemporary technological innovations;Create an enabling environment for introducing modern technology at the rural communities;Encourage the establishment of research and training centres to enhance the preservation,promotion and development of indigenous technology;Encourage the integration of indigenous technology into educational curriculum.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Harmonized technological system which consist  of the indigenous traditional and contemporary innovations;Adoption of modern technology in rural communities;Research and training centres on cultural assets and technology

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

National Satutory Budgetary allocation

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Language and Literary Arts

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To facilitate national integration and evolve a language of popular communication that will build bridges across ethno-linguistic communities.This will create a sense of unity in engagement and enhance intercultural dialogue and conflict resolution.To promote Nigerian Literature and sensitize Nigerians on the need to change Nigerian reading culture.This will further deepen the understanding of Nigerian history and a good platform for discovering more litterary talents especially amongs the younger generation;To preserve Nigerian Cultural Heritage and history.Some oral traditions of intangible cultural heritage are taught,while some are passed to the other generations through Literary Arts.To preserve them,a conscious implementation of thid measure will help preserve our Cultural Heritage. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

the National policy shall among all: Undertake research, documentation, and presentation of all Nigerian languages; Promote Nigerian languages at various levels of the educational system; Support and promote Nigerian writers in the production and publication of books, and journals in Nigerian Languages; Encourage the use of Nigerian languages  for Government and Official programmes; Identify and document endangered Nigerian languages through the visual literary and performing arts; Encourage the use of Nigerian languages in the print and electronic media; Encourage tertiary institutions and research centres to develop dictionaries and technical and scientific documents in Nigerian languages;Capacity development of cultural officers and finally encourage the public and private sectors to provide increased resources for Nigerian language education

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The implementation of this measure will enhance the establishment of institutional framework on intercultural dialogue, national integration, language of popular communication that will build bridges across ethno-linguistic communities;Promote Indigenous literary Arts.This will contribute to more revenue from the sector and economic development. 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Statutory National budgetary allocation. Nigeria is a Federal States, Education is on a concurrent list.State and Local goverments also have budgets for education and Culture

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Communal Life

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Communal life is viable and enduring unit for sustainable development. It is culture bound and a vehicle for self-definition, self-actualization and self-dignity.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Traditional festivals and ceremonies which are means of expressing of community solidarity.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Recognising the important role communal life plays in the preservation of the cultural heritage, the National Policy on Culture shall; Collaborate with public and private sector organizations to  promote the nation’s major festivals for national and international patronage; Support the efforts of local communities to identify, document and promote festivals and ceremonies in their area; Initiate compulsory study of the humanities as well as indigenous knowledge systems in educational institutions; Promote arts and crafts associations and cooperatives nationally and internationally; Encourage the development of traditional architectural design that promote Nigerian values and aspirations of the people in a manner compatible with environmental ethics

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Statutory Budgetary allocation.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural Enterprises and Creative Industries

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To harness the potentials of cultural industries and creative services for increased economic impact.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Nigerian cultural and creative industries, especially in the areas of the visual and performing arts, craft, fashion design, film making and video production have grown steadily.  Undertake an assessment of Nigeria’s craft industry  and develop mechanism for strengthening craftsmanship, productivity and enterprise opportunities; Promote teaching of arts and crafts and the performing arts at all levels of the educational system; Encourage the patronage of made-in-Nigeria textiles and designs at local and international levels; Establish strategic arts and crafts markets at the Federal, State and Local Government levels; Enforce laws protecting intellectual property rights

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The promotion of Nigeria's Cultural Heritage and the economic development of Nigeria.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Statutory budgetary allocation for the sector

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Culture and Education

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Education should be functional, lifelong and balanced, allowing for training and acquisition of skills that bring together traditional knowledge and contemporary global issues.And so this measure intends to achieve amongst many:Integration of traditional and contemporary knowlegde;Preserve the Indigenous cultural heritage and Nigerian history;Teach Nigerian Culture especially in primary and Secondary schools.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Nigeria’s educational system must be based on both the traditions and cultural values of her people and provide for the challenges of modernization, globalization and technology. Therefore, the National Policy on Culture shall: Involve public and private stakeholders in the restructuring of the total school environment from its physical structures to content and materials used in teaching and learning; Provide training programmes to improve professionalism in the education and cultural sectors;

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Promote an educational system that motivates and stimulates creativity, enhance cultural understanding and develops moral values and positive conduct,An integrated traditional knowledge and practices with the global best practices

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Statutory National budgetary allocation. Nigeria is a Federal States, Education is on a concurrent list.State and Local goverments also have budgets for education and Culture

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Culture and Tourism

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Nigeria’s natural and cultural heritage constitutes a substantial part of the country’s tourism resources. Properly harnessed, managed and packaged, cultural and heritage tourism can significantly contribute to Nigeria’s economic development goals, workforce development and heritage preservation.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

National Policy on Culture shall; Encourage collaborative learning programmes to ensure appropriate packaging of cultural assets and facilitate marketing programmes to increase cultural tourism; Strengthen relevant institutions to provide adequate training and services to maximize economic development opportunities via tourism industry; Integrate local communities into the management and exploitation of tourism industry; Preserve, protect and maintain public museums and heritage sites and all cultural facilities as a means to the ends of Cultural tourism; Develop a public education campaign for involving all Nigerians as tourism ambassadors

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Protection of Nigeria Cultural heritage sitesDevelopment of Nigeria Tourism Sector.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

National Statutory budgetary allocation

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Centre for Black Culture and International Understanding
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Exhibitions and workshops.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Culture and Environment

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Culture encapsulates the people’s living styles, patterns and habits which are central to their survival in the environment. The protection of the natural environment against againsts indiscriminate exploitation of mineral wealth, deforestation, erosion bush burning and desertification as well as natural disasters can be achieved through the instruments of culture.Also to restore the impared cultural sites.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Consequently, the National Policy on Culture shall: Initiate national conservation policies for the protection, preservation, documentation and development of the tangible and intangible resources inherent in the environment; Ensure that a cultural Impact Assessment is a pre-requisite for every social and economic project and capital development plan; Harmonize indigenous knowledge and wisdom with conventional environmental management practices; and encourage educational institutions and research centres to document indigenous environmental knowledge and skills.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The preservation of Cultural heritage and a natural ecosystem and using the instrumentality of culture in addressing the global warming issues;Restoration of damaged cultural heritage sites as a result of Conflicts and infrastructural development 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Annual National statutory budgetary allocation

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Government has provided enabling environment for the establishment of strong National Professional association s for Artists,authors,Dramatists,and Filmakers.The  Civil Society Organizations or Professional associations include:The Society of Nigerian Artists(SNA),Guild of Nigerian Dancers(GOND),Performing Musicians Employers Association of Nigeria(PMAN),Association  of Nigerian Authors (ANA),Committee foe Relevant Arts (CORA) which won the Prince Klaus Award,Guild of Actors etc. The government has also continued to support these organisations with funds,for instance the former government approved $200,000,000.00(Two Hundred Million Dollars) as Presidential Intervention Fund for the Arts which is domiciled in Nigeria's Bank of industry in Nigeria.The Ministry has created an office in the Creative and Entertainment Services Department to coordinate the activities of the  Civil Societies.The Ministry also  have always supported them with letter of endorsement for fund raising and  the provision of technical support  for programs. 

Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
No
Please explain how: 
Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
No
Please explain how: 
Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
Association  of Nigerian Authors (ANA), Joint National Association of Persons with Disability,The Society of Nigerian Artists(SNA),Guild of Nigerian Dancers(GOND),Performing Musicians Employers Association of Nigeria(PMAN

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
No
Please explain how: 
Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The Association of Nigerian Authors have constantly engaged the Nigerian public on indigenous literature.They have also expressed their concerns on Nigerian litterature,they attributed some of the issues to poor access to funds,poor publications and Nigerian's reading culture.The Ministry has since demonstrated its commitment to Nigerian literature by establishing a unit in charge of support, fundraising, and platforms for litterary recognition.Moreso, the Joint National Association of Persons with Disability has aslo expressed there concers about the poor access of their members to public building as the constructions are not made to accomodate them.The Ministry have hence recommended that all public places should be constructed to accomodate the persons with disability.Also,special considerations have been given to the disabled artists performing in concerts.A typical example is the born blind  legendary Musician,Cobams Asuquo 

Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Considering the Nigerian literature as a major product of cultural industries the major challenges expressed includes poor access to funds,poor publications and Nigerian's reading culture.
Solutions found or envisaged: 
The Ministry has since demonstrated its commitment to Nigerian literature by establishing a unit in charge of  support, fundraising, and platforms for litterary recognition
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Sensitization campaign on the changing the Nigerian reading culture,advocating for partners and investors into the Nigerian literature and creative services.
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

The country has been able to sustain the promotion of her diverse cultural expressions via the implementation of the bilateral cultural agreements she has signed with several countries. These agreements enhance cultural exchange programs. In addition, Nigeria plays a very active role in multilateral and regional organisations such as African Union, Economic Community of West African Countries (ECOWAS), UNESCO etc. and she has been very active in the implementation of the cultural conventions of these bodies.Internally, culture has been identified as the base for her tourism and so with a view to developing her tourism potentials, a lot of development and promotion is being experienced in the cultural expressions of the people e.g. cultural festivals are now receiving more government attention and funding all over the states of the federation.The government agenda which aims at promoting jobs and reduce poverty has aided the implementation of this convention because government is looking at Arts and Culture as a veritable means for creating jobs and sustainable development especially for the youths, hence, the establishment of Cultural Industries in the States.Promoting of the teaching of Nigeria’s major 3 languages at primary and secondary schools levels is an achievement, so also is the sustenance of the transmission of News items in local languages by Television and Radio Stations. Recent enforcement of wearing native attires for all federal government workers on Friday is a new achievement.The Nigeria Film and Videos Censors Board is also very active in the censorship of home videos and movies being churned out. The content is monitored in such a way that the diversity of the cultural expressions of the people is not lost or corrupted unduly.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

A recent challenge is the correspondence from UNESCO Regional Office Abuja to a wrong department of the Ministry on this periodic report without due consultation.The various government agencies are allocated funds from the budget to implement this policy but the funds are not enough. At times funds are secured from the private sector especially from companies operating in Nigeria because government funding is inadequate and very little is coming from the private sector. Poor funding can be identified as one of the major impediments to the implementation of the convention.Furthermore, the Government is yet to enact appropriate legislations for enforcing the implementation of the sources of funding of Culture as agreed at the Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies in Africa which took place in Accra, Ghana in 1975 as well as the UNESCO Conference on Cultural Policies which held in Mexico in 1982.The government is yet to set up an endowment fund which government, organizations and individuals shall contribute.There is also no tax deductible contribution for non-governmental, industrial, commercial financial and other organizations operating in Nigeria.The Culture Sector is yet to be given adequate recognition and consideration in government planning.The effect of globalization on Nigerian Culture especially among the youths is alarming. Due to their exposure to what youth from other parts of the world are doing, wearing, singing etc, Nigerian youths are departing so fast from the culture of their fore fathers. Many of them would not even practice the trade and crafts that were known to have been practiced by their ancestors. The arts of weaving, drumming, farming, fishing, singing are some examples of cultural expressions which are under serious threats.There is the need to identify means of attracting the attention of the youths to continue to practice the cultures of their people There is a disconnect between the Bureau of Statistic which is statutory in charge of data especially on cultural statistics .

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

The competent authority handling every UNESCO correspondence in the culture sector has always and still remains the UNESCO Division,International Cultural Relations Department,Federal Ministry of Information and Culture.The experts in this department are specially trained to handle UNESCO matters.Correspondence to the wrong department will definetly cause a mishandling.The Culture sector is a big industry, it is arguably the biggest means of economic growth. In view of this:Consistency and continuity in government policies at all levels are non-negotiable to develop the sector. To this end, Nigeria should muster the political will to accord the sector preferred status to effectively develop it.To create positive image for our national building, corporate offices and edifices, there is need to adorn them with Nigerian artworks. The interior and exterior decorations of private and public corporate offices of our leaders, chief executives, and Nigerian missions abroad should make strong cultural statements.There is need for Nigerian Cultural icons, both living and dead, to be granted national and international recognition and awards so as to inspire the younger generations to strive hard for excellence i.e Living Human Treasures award.Mapping of Creative Industries and cultural inventory taking by stakeholders should be encouraged and funded. This is imperative because verifiable statistics of performance will clearly demonstrate its viability and attract more investors. The Motion Picture Council of Nigeria (MOPICON) and Theatre Arts Regulatory Council bills need to be harmonized, which government could present to the National Assembly for timely legislative action. This is in line with the need to urgently regulate the sector and maintain high ethical standards.The Federal Government through the Ministry's recommendation recently declared Mondays and Wednesdays of everyweek as Made in Nigeria dress days for Nigerian workers.There is an urgent need for the Ministry  and other Cultural  Agencies to work with the National Bureau of Statistic on Cultural Data.

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

To ensure the success of the change mantra of the Federal Government, the culture  sector   will provide a platform to support and community theatre projects,musical concerts and visual designs are very effective tools for re-orientating the citizenry from bottom-up;Museums and indigenous languages/cultural/craft centres will be made part of requirements for building schools across the country in order to orientate our younger generations on our history and cultural values as part of their education;A law will be promulgated to compel Local Government Councils to establish and maintain community festival yearly.This will facilitate the production of reliable cultural calendar for the country to attract tourists;In order to maximize the gains of digitization and broadcasting in Nigeria,proper framework will be worked out between players in the creative sector and broadcast organizations  to produce adequate cultural relvant content for the broadcast media;Libraries at all our embassies and high commissions will be stocked with books published by Nigerian writers.Government will acquire copies and give out as part of its traditional souvenirs to foreign visitors;The youth constitute the major creative work force for driving Nigeria's digital media economy;They will be encouraged by building technological startups and nurture e-platforms for promoting Nigerian narratives and creative products;The Ministry will engage the Nigeria Centre of the International Theatre institute(ITI) and SONTA on the 'Triple I Project' of ITI-Nigeria,so as to work out the framework for this volunteer scheme,which will stimulate growth and improve research and development in the sector.As a strategic step for the 2019 election year, the ministry has recommended that Politicians be made to go through compulsory reorientation programmes on Nigeria cultural values,ethics, etc.,prior to assumption of office.

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
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1.1.b Cultural Services: 
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1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
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Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
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2. Books: 
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(c) Bookshops and sales: 
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(d) Translation flows: 
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3. Music: 
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4. Media: 
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Ownership: 
Public: 
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Both radio & television channels: 
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Private: 
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Both radio & television channels: 
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Community: 
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Both radio & television channels: 
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Not specified: 
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Both radio & television channels: 
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Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
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(c) Newspapers: 
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Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
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Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
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Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
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Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
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Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
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5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
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Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
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Theatre: 
Male: 
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Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
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Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
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Exhibition: 
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TOTAL: 
Female: 
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Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
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Lack of Interest: 
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Lack of time: 
Female: 
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Lack of information: 
Female: 
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Too far away: 
Female: 
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Other: 
Female: 
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7. Additional clarifications: 
Additional Annexes (if any): 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Augustus
Family Name: 
Ajibola
Organization: 
Federal Ministry of Information and Culture
Position: 
Director