Cambodia 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Cambodia
Date of ratification: 
19/9/2007
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Touch
Family Name: 
Hub
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts
Mailing Address: 
#277 Kbal Thnal, Preah Norodom Blvd, Phnom Penh (Cambodia)
Telephone: 
+855 23 218 148
Fax: 
+85523218148
E-mail: 
habtouch@yahoo.com
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Name: 
Seng SONG
Position: 
Project manager
Organization: 
Cambodian Living Arts
Name: 
Solidany OUK
Position: 
Deputy director of Fine Arts Department
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts
Name: 
Sophanith SOKHOM
Position: 
Deputy Director of Film Department
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts
Name: 
Samnang LONG
Position: 
Chief of the Planning and Statistic
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts
Name: 
Samphirachny IN
Position: 
Chief
Organization: 
Amrita Arts (NGO)
Name: 
Seng SOVATH
Position: 
Chief of Administrative
Organization: 
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
Name: 
Makthourak PHOY
Position: 
Deputy Director
Organization: 
Ministry of Tourism
Name: 
Kampoul OUK
Position: 
Deputy Director- General
Organization: 
Ministry of Information
Name: 
Vanna TOUN
Position: 
Deputy Director of Administrative
Organization: 
Ministry of Women Affairs
Name: 
Chantravuth PHE
Position: 
Director- General
Organization: 
Ministry of Industries and Crafts
Name: 
Phalla San
Position: 
Deputy Director of Book and reading
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts
Name: 
Marineth SOK
Position: 
Legal Officer
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts
Name: 
Piseth TIENG
Position: 
Project Coordinator
Organization: 
Bophana Center
Name: 
Shophal VA
Position: 
Deputy Director- General
Organization: 
Ministry of Planning and Statistic
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

This report is the result of the works led by Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts (MCFA) that tried to establish a close collaboration/consultation with multi-stakeholders including government’s ministries as well as UNESCO Phnom Penh, artists, arts organizations and art professionals. A national team was formed with members from relevant ministries and civil society in order to collect relevant information from their home institutions. In addition, Mr. SIYONN Sophearith, Director of the Department of Statistics and Planning of MCFA was appointed as a point of contact of the national team, whose roles are to coordinate with relevant stakeholders for collection of information required for quadrennial periodic reporting and consolidating them. He also plays an important role in sharing information with relevant ministries and public agencies as well respond to queries about the convention from the general public.  With the generous support from SIDA Project of Sweden, a 3 day workshop from March 28-31, 2016 in Phnom Penh on Quadrennial Periodic Reporting led by two UNESCO Experts was designed for capacity building for representatives from relevant ministries and art organizations. Subsequent consultative meetings among members of the national team have been organized at the MCFA to discuss the outcomes of the findings.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
After the Collapse of Khmer Rouge Regime, Cambodia had strived to survive through the difficult time while trying to engage with International Communities. Major international legal instruments have been adopted, but their implementation remains the main challenge. A number of national laws were legislated such as "law on copyright and related rights” was promulgated to help creators and producers befenefiting from their work. Most importantly, the National Policy for Culture, which had been developed in accordance with the UNESCO framework particularly the 2005 Convention with involvement/feedbacks from various public and private stakeholders, was approved by the Royal Government in 2014. This document was developed to address the links between culture and development by integrating aspects such as education, environment, science, media and health, supporting the improvement of quality of life by involving an inclusive approach, the promotion of public private and public civil partnerships. It has served as key guidelines for development of measures and mechanism to promote arts and culture nationally and internationally while the periodic reporting is an opportunity for re-evaluating and re-thinking policy and measures – taking into consideration their feasibility and acceptability for the society.The Government’s endeavours in supporting culture especially promotions of cultural industries have started in recent years. Arts work and artists are able to showcase their work for both national and international audiences due to the strong involvement of NGOs and Government’s support. To take one good example is the successful work of the “Season of Cambodia,” performed in the United States of America led by the most prestigious partner Art organization, Cambodian Living Arts. Some of independent organisations had possibility to perform in state institution premises (Amrita in Ministry of Culture, CLA in National Museum courtyard, Java cafe in National museum). However these are not enough for the real development and promotion of creative sector. More creative arts and entertainment activities, photography, TV broadcasting, film productions, art galleries…etc. still need stronger policy to support them including new forms of public funding.Growth of the cultural and creative economy has to be facilitated by the expansion of suitable education and training opportunities (cultural management and entrepreneurship), and the provision of sufficient and appropriate cultural infrastructure, enabling and encouraging production and consumption and guaranteeing a wider market of cultural goods and services. Cultural infrastructure where creative work can be produced and disseminated, accessed and enjoyed by the population remains limited and insufficiently distributed, although it is important to the fulfilment of social and human needs. These challenges have been discussed through wider participation from government’s institutions and civil societies through recent Arts Forum entitled “Creative Industries in Cambodia.”
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

Taking into account of the UNESCO 2005 convention, the Royal Government of Cambodia has outlined specific strategies in its National Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018 targeting promotion of creative industries, new creation, and among other things, the film industries. Government’s ministries as well as private sectors had taken part in development of National Policy for Culture (NPC) and its implementation. The document was approved by the Royal Government in 2014 in which it specifically stipulates for 1) uses of cultural potentials for economic development, 2) promotion of cultural industries, 3) development of markets for the cultural goods and services, and 4.) promotion of the education and training in Arts and Culture particularly creative sectors. This National Policy for Culture is considered as a national vision along with strategic priorities which serve as guidelines for short, medium, and long term development of measures and strategic action plans that lead to promote the role of culture within the framework of overall government policy (A road map for implementation of the NPC has already been discussed and developped with various stakeholders). It has of course been developed with emphases on culture in the spirit of the 2005 UNESCO Convention to provide stronger legal bases and open wider cultural horizon for enabling environment for development of higher quality cultural goods and services in Cambodia through dialogues with relevant partners to ensure a diversity of cultural services and their accessibility. One leading policy/principle to help Cambodian artists, arts organizations, arts professionals and cultural entrepreneurs is that “the Government provides necessary supports for private sector; while the private sector runs its own businesses.” Art Audience development is also targeted with a guiding principle, “Education for Culture and Culture for Education,” which has been discussed mainly between Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts and Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports and already started to integrate in the school curricula. According to this strategic document regular evaluations shall be rendered on the effectiveness of its implementation. Therefore, MCFA is preparing for establishment of a proper monitoring and evaluating mechanism.  The Cambodia has remained the same national priority areas for the period 2016-2020:            -Participative and evidence based cultural policy formulation and implementation            -Support to Research, conservation and creativity            -Development of access to culture            -Development of Education and Training for Culture and Introduction of Arts Education in public schools.

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
We have passed the road from heritage oriented policy to a much broader vision for Arts and Culture. We introduced dialogues with civil society in our policy-making practice trhought Arts Forum which led to in-depth discussions in wider public partnership participation.NPC document has foreseen that: It outlines to promote Cambodia to become a centre for performing arts, cultural products, and to become a location for foreign film production; thus it creates employment opportunities in the field of culture with  goal for poverty reduction; It outline organization of festivals for new creative works and products of cultural creative industries through cooperation with relevant ministries and institutions to coordinate measures concerning cultural products; it also outlines promotion of participations and disseminations of cultural activities as well as support for good initiatives of private sectors as well as civil society.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

The Convention was the reason, during the Training workshop for Periodic Reporting, to establish the start of policy discussions between representatives from other ministries and officers from the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts, both in March and September 2016. More issues involving artists and art organizations were raised during preparations for Art Forum, and during the Art Forum on the issues such as:

  • Arts and culture is a source of happiness and self-blossoming that cannot always be based on commercial priorities.
  • Artist labour needs to be valued for creativity and the work of art itself.
  • Cambodian cultural industries can be trapped in such money making and they should be transformed from an industrial to a knowledge scholar economy, the core of which is cultural industry.
  •  The main issue faced by the artists is to find distribution channels. Firstly, the artists do not usually have enough connections to get funds to produce and sell their art. Secondly, the infrastructures and so the markets are missing. The distribution channels should be developed at national and international levels.
  • At the cross roads between arts, culture and economy, cultural industries have in common the intellectual property, i.e. securing rights belonging to the creators.
c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

The 2005 Convention is mentioned as a basic document during the cultural policy development process, during the debates, reflections and discussions.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

National Policy for Culture”

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

During the development of the National Policy for Culture (NPC), a special attention has been paid to UNESCO 2005 Convention and its principles of inclusiveness of cultural diversity and development of cultural industries during the development processes.The main objectives of the NPC, which was approved by the Royal Government of Cambodia in 2014, are to promote cultural values and to strengthen the role of the cultural sectors in the country’s development objectives and the contribution of creative industries to its economy. This NPC is considered as a national vision along with strategic priorities, which serve as guidelines for short, medium, and long term development of measures and actions that lead to promote the role of culture within the framework of overall government policy. It was developed with emphasis on culture in the spirit of the 2005 Convention aiming to provide stronger legal bases and to open wider cultural horizon for enabling environment for development of higher quality cultural good and services in Cambodia by dialoguing with relevant partners to ensure a diversity of cultural services and their accessibility.Given the strategic importance of the Cultural Policy for Cambodia in the achievement of its development goals and the national objectives, other relevant ministries were invited for their inputs and active participations in the process, namely the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy, Ministry of Rural Development and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The NPC was developed in accordance with the UNESCO framework particularly the 2005 Convention to address the links between culture and development by integrating aspects such as education, environment, science, media and health, supporting the improvement of quality of life by involving an inclusive approach, the promotion of public private and public civil partnerships. This important document has served as key guidelines for development of measures and mechanism to promote arts and culture nationally and internationally while the periodic reporting is an opportunity for re-evaluating and re-thinking policy and measures – taking into consideration their feasibility and acceptability for the society. It also opens for wider dialogues between government’s institutions and civil societies through Arts Forum. The recent Arts Forum organization was directly a result from the implementation of the 2014 Cambodian National Policy for Culture as agreed during the Road Map discussions by all cultural partners involved. The first Arts Forum was taken place in September dedicated to “Creative Industries in Cambodia”, meaning those industries that have their origin in individual creativity, skill and talent with a potential for wealth and job creation through the generation and exploitation of intellectual property in different disciplines (visual arts, film, design and crafts, music, dance, theatre, literature,  publishing, television and broadcasting services:..). These are linked to a growing creative economy, highly transformative and creating new social and cultural links. 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The document and its implementation enable for more of Cambodia’s creative sectors such as cinema, music, fashion, design, etc. to increase, and also encourage the Government’s agencies and full participations of artists, art organizations and civil society to start dialoguing. This situation represents an opportunity to capitalize on the potential of the culture sector by sustaining it with the appropriate means, and to link culture to Cambodia’s development strategies. It is also an opportunity to provide a framework for development of action plans for the cultural sector, to recognise culture as a key sector for Cambodia due to its strategic importance for: economic and social development, strength the national identity of Cambodia in its diversity, maintain traditional knowledge and forms of work as forms of sustainable development as part of recognition of creative industries, and identification of means and objectives. It also contributes to the Government’s Rectangular Strategy and the national objectives by:-          increasing the role of culture in public activities moving up culture in the Government’s agenda,-          facilitating a global view of the cultural sector in Cambodia that will allow to develop unified strategies and action plans for the government at a central and provincial level,-          engaging with other Ministries, providing a unified vision of culture for the nation by setting the bases for discussion and agreement with other Ministries about the key issues affecting the economic and social development of the country,-          involving all in an inclusive and welcoming way, taking into special consideration the needs and diversity of indigenous peoples and the provision of opportunities for the younger generations,-          providing planning for sustainable setting of priorities, and-          recognising stakeholders, engaging agents in public-private partnerships, and creating alliances among the main actors.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

MCFA also has finaincial challenges. However it has tried to allocate as much as its can through the involved departments of Ministries. The Governement is full aware of the need for financing through open public call, which was the main one, expressed by private actors and civil society of the Cambodian cultural Creative Sector in order to facilitate their initiatives: finance for creative efforts, for travels as well as insurance to artists. The MCFA in collaboration with Ministry of Finance has developped a mechanism to support the artists and art organization through assistance of free tax for imports and exports of art equipment. 

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
CLA, AMRITA, KHMER ART Academic, Bophana Center, Phare Ponleur Silpa, Baramey
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Civil society and art organizations have recently started to be invited to consultative meetings so that their concerns are heard and integrated into cultural policy development in the future. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Promotion of Film Industries

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

In the Royal Government’s National Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018 clearly indicates plans for promoting film industries in Cambodia through making Cambodia a welcoming destination of the foreign film shooting, developing human resource in film sector; increasing facilitation for film production through “One Stop Service” and preserving urban heritage as important assets of Cambodia’s cultural landscape inspiring tourism, cinema, art creation and investments.The Royal Government has also promoted high quality local film productions by yielding 2 hours prime time for local film screening in the national television networks. Such stimulation will promote Cambodian film quality and its film regional and international levels.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Through the Department of Cinema and Cultural Diffusion of MCFA along with other Filming organizations such as Bophana Center and Cambodian Film Commission, film industries in Cambodia have surged both for local film production and foreign film production in Cambodia. There are significant establishments and policies have set forth:-Establishment the Khmer Arts Foundation-Supporting for the creation of film and promote-Amendment the Sub Decree on the Management of Film Industry-Establishment the Sub Decree on the Cambodia Film Development Center (CAMFIC) as a public administration (in process)-Implementation of copyrights and related rights for film products: pirated cds and dvds are confiscated and destroyed. -Encouraging the official film co-production-Cambodia-French Film Co-Production Treaty (2013)-Build the Cambodia Cinema Studio-Human Resource development in film industry: about 500 people were trained in capacity building for film management and technical trainings including camera, lighting, grip and artistic. -Film Festivals:  Cambodia National film festival, Cambodia International film festival, Chatomuk Short Film Festival and Cambodia National Short Film Festival. 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Local production of movies and music will remarkably surface in order to complete with the regional and international film industries. Up to date, there are 75 film productions registered. In 2015, 29 films produced in Cambodia. In 2014, there were 64 film projects shooting in Cambodia:12 projects from France, 6 from USA, 15 from Japan, 4 from Australia, 5 from Thailand, 5 from Canada, 5 from Asia, and 12 from Europe.  The number of the standard movie theatres are also boosting: in Phnom Penh, there are 8 movie theatres and 9 theatres in the provincial towns featuring both local films and imported films.     

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Providing the administrative supports and also tax exemption for import and export of filming equipment. (No proper data calculated into the liquid)

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Supporting Artists and Art Organizations to promote their endeavours

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

This measure is to encourage and to help artists, art organization and cultural enterpreneurs to do well in their businesses.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

This measure is to help boosting and encouraging artists and art organizations to smoothly run their businesses with the support from Governement i.e. MCFA. It also  promotes their work nationally and internationally by endorsing or helping to facilitate for free imports or exports of equipment inside and outside of Cambodia as well as support for processing legal documents, which is in line with Government’s policy “Government provides necessary support and private sectors execute their businesses.”

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Encourage the new start-up businesses in Arts and Culture.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No financial resources given. We do not have proper financial data but Government's attempt are through the administrative and logistic supports.  

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Protection of Creativities, Copyright and Related Rights

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

In 2003, the Law on Copyright and Related Right were promulgated in order to support and protect creativities. It also allows creators to legally protect their works and get compensatory remuneration for their work. The law and its implementation also encourage new creativities in Arts and Culture as well. To implement the laws, MCFA set up a Department of Copyright and Related Rights which is fully in function todate.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Law on Copyright and Related Rights ensures proper protection of copyright and related rights by raising respects of the society towards intellectual property and taking tough measures towards illegal uses. Proper implementation would lead to increase creativity and rightful dissemination of results of creative work, respect for intellectual property, and  enable more favourable conditions for the development and visibility of the Cambodian creative industries taking into account new digital technologies and their impacts on methods of creative expression and the dissemination, as well as social needs related to the development of the rightful digital accessibility of creations. Creators and producers would be significantly benefited from their creation and production.Up-to-date, quite a remarkable number of producers and authors started to register their work with ministry’s Department of Copyrights and Related Rights.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Encourage more creative work, protect copyright and related rights so that the producers would be able to get proper compensatory remunerations.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Government's financial resources

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Suppression of Offences concerning Cinemas and Videos

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To prevent pirated cds and dvds from selling at the markets.    

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Inter-ministerial Committee on Suppression of Offences concerning Cinema and Video was established aiming to prevent pirated cds and dvds from selling at the markets.  The confiscated Cds or DVDs and other relevant equipment have been destroyed.      

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Strengthening the Law on the Copyrights and Related Rights and also encouraging and increasing the creativities in art and culture. 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No data can be collected but it is government's resources

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Encouraging the official film co-productions

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

This measure is to encourage international collaboration in film productions.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The measure is to encourage the co-production between Cambodian Film Production companies and other foreign film production companies. In 2013 Cambodia has signed a Cambodia-French Film Co-Production Treaty. Oscar winning director Regis Wargnier shot the GATES in Cambodia which marks the first official French-Cambodian co-production after setting up of a bilateral treaty in 2013.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Surging more bilateral and multilateral agreements for co-production of films between Cambodian film companies and foreign film companies.To increase the co-film production and to develop human resources for international standards in the field of film.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

No financial allocation is given. The Government's agencies use it limited resources for implementation.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Season of Cambodia – supporting bottom-up cultural diplomacy

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Raising awareness about the Cambodian Arts in the United States of America.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Seasons of Cambodia Festival: a unique initiative by Cambodian Living Arts, brought over 125 artists from Cambodia to New York City for a major celebration of Cambodian arts, culture and humanities. Distinctive works from over 125 masters and emerging artists and scholars – in ritual, music, visual art, performance, dance, and show puppetry, film, and academic forums – were presented by more than 30 of New York’s most renowned arts and educational institutions, marking an unprecedented city-wide initiative to celebrate one of the world’s most vibrant and evocative cultures. The festival celebrated Cambodia’s artistic renaissance just one generation after the Khmer Rouge regime (1975 – 1979) and reflected on how important the arts have been in the country’s transformation. Season of Cambodia serves as an international platform that not only highlights the extraordinary resilience of the Cambodian nation and its artists, but also help pave the way for other post-conflict nations seeking renewal through artistic expression.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The Season of Cambodia in New York was a very successful one. This success will inspire more of such festival and also help more artists and showcase of Cambodia arts and creative work as well. 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Government provide necessary administrative supports and exemptions of imports and exports of art work. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Making Cambodia a welcoming destination for foreign film shootings

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

to attract foreign film production companies to shoot in Cambodia

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

It is an overall Cambodian policy to encourage foreign filming companies to come and shoot in Cambodia. Cambodian government will help endorsing or providing administrative supports for the filming such free import of filming equipment to Cambodia. We noted that in 2015,  67 foreign film projects were shot in Cambodia: 2 Feature Film, 15 TV Series, 43 Documentaries, 1 Music Video, 6 TV Program.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

More foreign film will come to film in Cambodia and thus creates more jobs for both local film companies and local people. Moreover, Cambodia is more known to the world.Raising competences of film workers (cameraman & sound professionals, etc.) and other related craftsmen engaged in film industry (from catering to driving and other services)

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Department's use its limited financial allocation for implementing the measure.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT

Capacity Building for Reporting

Context of the measure: 
PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To train local staff from both public and private sectors about the reporting at the same also raising awareness among involve institutions about the 2005 convention.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

With the generous support from SIDA, Sweden, a 3 day workshop on Quadrennial Periodic Reporting led by two UNESCO Experts, was designed for capacity building for representatives from relevant ministries and art organizations was held from March 28-31, 2016 at Sunway Hotel, Phnom Penh. Subsequently, consultative meetings among members of the national team have been organized at the MCFA to discuss the outcomes of the findings.   

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Capacities in understanding the Convention 2005, and its measures are raised among officers of MOCFA, other related ministries, but also among art practitioners and civil society.Now Cambodian Ministry will be able to do quadrennial reporting for the next cycle on its own, engaging resources and collaborators from other ministries and civil society. There will also be reporting mechanism set up for the next cycle.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

From SIDA Project

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

Integration of Culture in Sustainable Development Policies:

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To use cultural potential for national social economic development.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Royal Government of Cambodia recognized that the Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency is still crucial and suitable for Cambodia to pursue its implementation by keeping the four angles, expanding the coverage, and prioritizing the policies and mechanisms to be more concrete as the Rectangular Strategy Phase III, which ensures development, sustainability and poverty reduction in response to the aspirations of the people and both national and international new contexts. In its National Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018 a development framework and a road map for the implementation of Rectangular Strategy Phase III that lays out the political commitment to a socioeconomic development process. It outlines visible and realistic actions, programmes and projects that strive to make its people educated and healthy, living in harmony within the family and society. Its puts forth the principal of aim of maintaining peace, political stability, security and social order to promote rule of law and protect human rights and dignity, sustainable long-term equitable economic growth and increased outreach, effectiveness, quality and credibility of public services. Cultural sector also plays very important role in this context. Aims of National Strategic plan related to culture are to Increase education particularly the education amongst youth and children so that they understand very clearly the superb value of Cambodian culture, tradition, and customs which are the identity symbols of Cambodian nation and so they participate to preserve, promote, develop this national culture and to reduce the negative impact from the foreign cultures. The MOCFA will continue ensuring preservation and sustainable development of built living heritage, including archaeological urban and underwater heritage, traditional performing arts, minority traditions and arts, museums as well as the fight against illicit trafficking of cultural artefacts and will actively promote creativity in the domain of arts, cultural industries and cultural entrepreneurship.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Improving the performing arts promotion and dissemination to strengthen the positioning of Cambodia as a Cultural destination: Maintain traditional knowledge and forms of work as forms of sustainable development as part of the recognition of creative industries. Safeguard of traditional performing arts and promote of creativity, contemporary works and innovation through the arts and creative industries. In order to create market for art and cultural products, there needs to be access and awareness. Promotion and dissemination of performing arts and creativity in order to connect products and customers that the government will address in this regard. 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

MCFA uses its allocated financial resources for implementation of the measure.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

MCFA always invited civil society to participate in the discussion about the Convention through workshop and reporting for the convention.

Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Civil society always share their information with the MCFA.

Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

It is done through the Arts Forum and a flexible cultural task force which regularly meet and discuss various matters. 

Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
Cambodian Living Arts, Amrita, Bophana Center, Phare Puleur Silpa and Khmer Art Acedemy

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
No
Please explain how: 
Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
No
Please explain how: 
Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 
  • the 2005 Convention has been widely known and refered in policy making both public and private sectors.
  • Diversity of Cultural Expressions has been increasingly respected.
  • Cutlural industries and Creative Sectors are increasing.
  • The importance of private sectors' actions in the field of Creative Sector has been remarkably recongnized. 
  • MCFA is playing the role as a link between private creators and potential private financers.
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 
  • Art Audiance is still small and it needs to be widened
  • Cultural infrustructures throughout the country need to be improved and increased, and equally shared for their uses.  
  • Gap between the MCFA's means and private sectors' needs are wide. 
  • MCFA needs to increase its support for private sectors, artists and art organization.
  • MCFA needs to play an important role to help artists and art organziations as a link between private creators and potential private financers.
  • MCFA should enable foreign film productions by searching mechanism to reduce more administrative burden.  
  • Cultural industries have to be promoted in a wider range throughout the country. 
Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 
  • Increase the Art and culture Audiance through integretion of arts in secondary school curricula.
  • Improve cultural infrustructures throughout the countries
  • Close the gap between the MCFA's means and private sectors' needs
  • Increase MCFA's support for private sectors, artists and art organization.
  • MCFA increase its role to help artists and art organziations by serving as a link between private creators and potential private financers.
  • MCFA facilitate more for enabling foreign film productions in Cambdoia by searching mechanism to reduce more administrative burden.  
  • Cultural industries have to be promoted in a wider range throughout the country through different methods to wider public. 
Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

Increase collaboration and dialogues between Government's Ministries and private sector to promote the 2005 ConventionMore dialogue in a systemic manner with civil society regarding implementation, evaluation and reporting.Develop a concrete Cultural Statistics to facilitate policy makers in making the right decission to increase cultural industries for poverty reduction.Establish a proper mechanism for systematicdata collection for the next reporting cycle.

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Medium Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Large Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
Source: 
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Private: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Community: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Total: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
Source: 
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Theatre: 
Male: 
Total: 
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
TOTAL: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
No
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
7. Additional clarifications: 

We do not have statistics on the above fields; MCFA is developing a mechanism to collect accurate data for the next reporting cycle and also for MCFA's use. 

Additional Annexes (if any): 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Sophearith
Family Name: 
Siyonn
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts
Position: 
Director