Bulgaria 2016 report

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Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Bulgaria
Date of ratification: 
22/11/2006
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Deiana
Family Name: 
Danailova
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Mailing Address: 
17, Al. Stamboliisky Blvd. 1040 Sofia, Bulgaria
Telephone: 
00359 2 94 00 910
Fax: 
00359 2 94 00 910
E-mail: 
d.danailova@mc.government.bg
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Name: 
Hristo Mutafchiev
Position: 
Chairman
Organization: 
Union of Bulgarian Actors
Name: 
Boyan Angelov
Position: 
Chairman
Organization: 
Union of Bulgarian writers
Name: 
Arch. Georgi Bakalov
Position: 
Chairman
Organization: 
Union of Bulgarian Architects
Name: 
Nikolay
Position: 
Doynov
Organization: 
Union of Bulgarian Community Centres
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The Ministry of Culture has consulted stakeholders and involved governmental institutions  through written correspondence. The basic information was collected from the annual activity reports of the Ministry of Culture. The statistics were obtained from the National Statistical Institute. Through the specialized directorates in the Ministry  information was received on sectoral measures which were implemented in order to promote the diversity of cultural expressions. All administrations having activities related to the Convention and the creation of conditions for the application of the principles of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions  were consulted as well. Replies were received from the National Statistical Institute, the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Environment and Water, the Ministry of Transport, Information Technology and Communications, the Commission for Protection against Discrimination. Professional organizations in the field of culture were consulted. Replies were received from the Union of Bulgarian Community Centres, the Union of Bulgarian Writers, the Union of Bulgarian Actors, the Union of Architects in Bulgaria.As a result of the consultation process it was found that despite the fact that a permanent mechanism for consultation and exchange of information in relation to the Convention has not been built, many of the cultural organizations and professional organizations in the field of culture recognize the principles of the Convention as guiding ones in the conduct of their  activities.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
As an achievement in the implementation of the Convention the Ministry of Culture takes into account the integration of culture as a horizontal priority in a number of documents and policies and in the preparation of national strategies, plans and programmes in the fields of demographic, social and educational policy, gender equality policy, development assistance policy, etc.The National Development Programme Bulgaria 2020 approved by the Government stressed that an important  objective of national development policies is to strengthen identity and creativity.A number of important legislative and normative documents, such as the Cultural Heritage Act ( CHA, 2009), the Radio and Television Act (RTA, 1998), Protection and Development of Culture Act (PDCA, 1999),  Film Industry Act (FIA, 2003), Copyright and Related Rights Act (CRRA, 1993), Spatial Development Act (SDA, 2001) some of which were updated in the period 2012-2016, can contribute to achieving the main objectives of the Convention.Various financial and institutional measures such as the budget programmes of the Ministry of Culture, a National Culture Fund and the Bulgarian National Film Centre, also contribute to the implementation of the Convention. These budget plans in the ministry are of a permanent nature, which leads to sustainability of the  measures being implemented.Despite some delays, the process of digitization of cultural heritage and presenting it online is one of the priorities in the work of the Ministry of Culture.The process of digitization of materials in libraries and archives in Bulgaria continues to be significantly more active than that of the movable and immovable cultural property.It is therefore planned that in the upcoming changes to the Cultural Heritage Act a text is to be explicitly included that requires a strategy to financially backed national targets and priorities for activities on digitization of cultural heritage for a period of seven years.The Convention remains insufficiently publicized as an important international instrument. The media whose activity  is directly and indirectly influenced by the Convention could be more actively  involved in the process of raising public awareness (at international, national, regional levels) of the role and importance of this instrument.
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

A guiding principle in the state cultural policy of the Republic of Bulgaria is the safeguarding of human rights and fundamental freedoms, which translates into awareness, communication, free choice of cultural expressions.Fundamental rights and freedoms are guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the country in the field of culture. In this sense, the policies of the Ministry of Culture are subject to the principles of equality and respect for all cultures; equal access to cultural heritage and diversity of cultural expressions, the protection of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue.The Republic of Bulgaria guarantees the right of persons belonging to ethnic communities to disseminate and transmit their traditional cultural expressions and to have free access to them (Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria (1991), Protection and Development of Culture Act (PDCA, 1999), . In this regard, linguistic diversity is especially protected as an important factor for exchange (Protection and Development of Culture Act (PDCA, 1999),  .The Cultural Heritage Act (CHA 2009) contains provisions on the role of the state, municipalities and private entities to provide equal access to cultural values, which are also a form of cultural expression. This Act establishes the right of access to cultural heritage such as providing physical and intellectual access to it without damaging or putting cultural values at risk.In the implementation of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, the Ministry of Culture builds its policies based on the understanding that cultural diversity is strengthened by the free exchange of ideas and interaction between cultures. We must also add thereto the belief that the preservation, promotion and maintenance of cultural diversity are an essential condition for sustainable development for the benefit of present and future generations. Therefore, with all its activities the Ministry aims to create conditions for fostering creativity, to assist artists and professionals in the field of culture; to support various social groups in their efforts to preserve their culture; to raise public awareness of the diversity of cultural expressions, their promotion and the need for their preservation. To respond adequately to the needs of all these groups, the Ministry of Culture has established cooperation with NGOs, public and private institutions, artists and other professionals in the field of art and culture.The programmes of the Ministry are aimed at expanding opportunities for development of cultural activities at all levels, ensuring equal access to means of production, distribution and exchange of cultural products and services, at the same time providing financial support for cultural and artistic institutions in order to promote cultural diversity.The implementation of the integrated approach to the protection and promotion of cultural diversity finds its expression in the strategic planning of measures for sustainable development of society. As a result, culture is an important and integral part of national plans to tackle demographic problems, poverty reduction, social inclusion, regional development, development of youth policies and of active aging. All these measures have contributed to achieving the global goals of the National Development Programme Bulgaria 2020 and those of the 2030 Agenda for  sustainable development. 

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
Bulgarian legislation provides for measures in the spirit of the Convention:- Protection and Development of Culture Act (PDCA, 1999), Article 2 outlines the main principles of the national cultural policy, including "the promotion of cultural diversity while preserving the unity of national culture" and "promotion of cultural industries and the market for works of art".- Film Industry Act (FIA, 2003) - creates conditions for the development of the national film industry, providing direct and indirect measures to support the creation, distribution and exhibition of films.- Radio and Television Act (RTA 1998) - provides a minimum of 50% of total broadcasting time to be provided for European and Bulgarian works. The act regulates the possibility of broadcasting in another language, including for Bulgarian citizens for whom Bulgarian is not their mother tongue.- Copyright and Related Rights Act (CRRA, 1993) - The copyright protection promotes the maintenance and development of creativity in the interest of authors, performers, producers, consumers, culture, industry and the public in general.- Cultural Heritage Act (CHA 2009) - the purpose of the law is to create conditions for the preservation and protection of cultural heritage, sustainable protection policy, and to ensure equal access of citizens to cultural values.- Spatial Development Act (SDA 2001) - ensures the preservation of cultural heritage by regulating the creation of "protected areas" and areas with particular spatial development protection.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

In preparation of the Strategic Objectives and Priorities of the Ministry of Culture for the period 2015-2018, specific measures and instruments have been outlined in order to protect the diversity of cultural expression, promote the creation, production, distribution and access to cultural goods and services.The protection of cultural diversity is one of the thematic priorities of the Bulgarian development cooperation policy.In 2014 the Ministry of Culture joined the declaration of access to culture of young people, initiated by the Bulgarian Association of Employers in the Field of Culture (BAEFC) and the Bulgarian Association of Youth Workers (BAYW). The declaration emphasized that the creativity and innovative capacity of young people should be supported through better quality access to and participation in culture and cultural expressions from an early age, thereby promoting personal development, intercultural skills, understanding and respect for cultural diversity and development of new and flexible skills for future job opportunities.In the implementation of the National Strategy for Persons with Disabilities 2016-2020  the Ministry of Culture pursues a consistent policy of inclusion of people with disabilities to public cultural life as creators of cultural goods or consumers of cultural products. According to the strategy measures should be put in place to provide accessible architectural and intellectual environment in the field of culture, creating conditions for inclusive education of children with special educational needs in schools of arts and culture to support creative projects of organizations of people with disabilities. Moreover in 2015 started the implementation of the concept of regulatory changes in application of Art. 30 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The efforts of the Ministry of Culture are directed to various laws and regulations for their implementation in order to introduce effective mechanisms and practices to ensure equal opportunities for people with disabilities.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

The Ministry of Culture participates actively in the development and implementation of policies and actions at EU level to promote intercultural dialogue, which is one of the three strategic objectives of the European Agenda for Culture, through:A) Culture- Promotion of everyone's active participation in the cultural life and equal access to culture and cultural heritage in all their diversity;- Improving the conditions for mobility of artists and works of art;- Support the interaction between culture and formal education and training, on the one hand, and formal and informal learning, on the other hand, in the field of cultural awareness and artistic education;- Promotion of language learning and translation to facilitate access to artistic expressions in different languages;B) Audiovisual and Media- Promote media literacy in accordance with the Directive on Audiovisual Media Services December 11, 2007, which promotes cultural diversity by allowing people to identify, access and appreciate content relating to or originating within different cultures;- Promotion of media and audiovisual content that is culturally rich, diverse and informative for all by encouraging co-productions at all levels and promote media-profit organizations to make better use of the opportunities provided by digital technologies ;- Support the process of digitization of materials and cultural content  to enable new online media  as well as mobile services - to contribute to the greater accessibility of cultural diversity.Bulgaria supported the joint communication of the European Commission and the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to create a new European strategy for international cultural relations and its main principles:- Supporting culture as a driving force for sustainable social and economic development;- Promotion of culture and intercultural dialogue for peaceful relations between communities;- Strengthening cooperation in the field of cultural heritage.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES TO PROMOTE CULTURAL DIVERSITY

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

In recent years the cultural industries in Bulgaria are increasingly being perceived as a sector with an important contribution to local, regional and national development and having a positive impact on the local labour market.The Ministry of Culture implemented policies and measures promoting creativity and cultural expression through the following programmes:• "National Culture Fund";• "Film Art";• "Performing Arts";• "Festivals, competitions, events and celebrations";• "Ensuring the protection of intellectual property";• "Supporting the development of Bulgarian culture and art of the Bulgarian book sector, libraries and community centres";• "Promotion of Bulgarian culture abroad";• "Training of professionals  in the field of art and culture"The Ministry of Culture has developed and implemented a programme to assist the libraries and community centres (3,635) that are a well-developed network for access to information, arts and culture across the country.In the direction of promoting the diversity of cultural stage product and develop new audiences the Ministry of Culture held competitive sessions and sessions targeted programme to support festivals in the field of theatre, music and dance. With these programmes the Ministry of Culture gives its support and participates in the development of audiences and attracts new audiences to the performing arts and the expansion of the access of the public to higher quality artistic product.National film industry relies on state subsidies, support from foundations, international organizations and private sponsors. Executive Agency "National Film Centre" at the Ministry of Culture manages the distribution of state subsidies on a competitive basis. Support for co-productions was also received from the European fund "Eurimages", of which Bulgaria has been a member since 1992.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The information is contained in item b.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The implementation of the financing programmes of the Ministry of Culture creates conditions for the full use of the potential of cultural and creative industries for sustainable development of the Bulgarian economy by creating new jobs, expanded internal market with quality goods and services, increased exports and increased  tax receipts, as well as through the promotion of Bulgarian culture and cultural diversity.At the same time they help the  integration processes, create conditions for formal and informal lifelong learning , for equal access to human knowledge, communication and awareness, to promote cultural diversity, to tackle discrimination, racism and intolerance, to preserve the continuity between generations.The activities with children and youth-oriented projects, the protection of intangible cultural heritage, the development of amateur art, the cultural integration of ethnic communities and people with disabilities, the Active Ageing policies, the strategy for equal participation of women and men in cultural life, etc. promote the diversity of cultural expressions.Supporting festivals in the fields of theatre, music and dance creates conditions for the development of audiences and creating of new audiences in the performing arts.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The information is contained in item b. The funding of the programmes is realized from the annual budget of the Ministry of Culture for the relevant year.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

BILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The International Cultural Policy of Bulgaria is being implemented through the membership in or in cooperation with international organizations such as the EU, Council of Europe, UNESCO, WIPO, ASEM, SEECP, OIF etc., through the implementation of bilateral and multilateral intergovernmental and interministerial agreements, programmes and action plans  and through the participation in various international cooperation platforms. In the period 2012-2016, Bulgaria signed more than 80 agreements, memoranda and cultural cooperation programmes.Bulgaria has 11 cultural institutes abroad that are created as a result of bilateral agreements (Berlin, Bratislava, Budapest, Prague, Moscow, Skopje, Warsaw, Vienna (Wittgenstein House), Paris, London and Rome. Bulgarian cultural institutes abroad actively participate in the network of cultural institutions of the member states of the European Union – EUNIC. State Cultural Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, established in 2006 as a tool of cultural diplomacy. Among the main objectives of the institute are to participate in creating a positive image of contemporary Bulgaria with rich cultural heritage and dynamic modern culture, which contributes to the processes of intercultural dialogue and international cultural cooperation.Bulgaria is active in all forms of regional cooperation initiatives such as the Council of Ministers of Culture of South-East Europe, established in March 2005.Active cooperation takes place within the Forum of Slavic Cultures, which is a successful example of partnership between government and non-governmental cultural institutions.Cultural cooperation is part of the existing grant programmes of the EU with all neighbouring countries. The most successful of these programmes are those in the field of cultural heritage, traditional arts and crafts, as well as youth exchange.Bulgaria participates actively in the formulation of EU policy in the Black Sea region and European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), which also have a  cultural dimension.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

International cooperation is implemented in accordance with the policy of the Bulgarian state in the field of international relations, priorities for the development of Bulgarian culture and on the basis of existing legal regulations. It includes:- Increase the Bulgarian presence and the position of Bulgarian culture.- Building a positive image of Bulgaria as a stable partner in the international cultural policy and international relations by consistently led policy of actively developing relations in the field of culture, based on mutually beneficial  contractual relations.- Promoting the achievements of Bulgarian art and culture abroad and foreign culture in our country.- Affirmation of the values of cultural diversity.- Participation of Bulgarian artists in the world art market , facilitating the free movement of artists, of cultural property and cultural products.- Strengthening the role and mission of culture as a means of preventing and overcoming crisis situations and conflicts.- Organizing international bilateral events in Bulgaria and abroad.- Explore opportunities for promotion and dissemination of Bulgarian culture abroad through participation in various international events, competitions, festivals, exhibitions and other appropriate forms, as well as international events taking place in Bulgaria.- Planning, coordinating and controlling the activities of the Bulgarian cultural institutes abroad. Creation of new cultural institutions based on bilateral treaties.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The participation in international organizations and cooperation platforms and the implementation of bilateral and multilateral agreements for the promotion of Bulgarian culture and of the positive image of the country is expected to establish a dialogue between cultures and to promote the development of friendly and mutually beneficial relations with other countries around the world.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Funding from the budget of the Ministry of Culture through the Programme for Promotion and Presentation of Bulgarian Art and Culture Abroad. The funds envisaged for 2013 amounted to BGN 3,815,900, for 2014 – BGN 4,104,900, and for 2015 – BGN 3,959,402.Through project subsidies granted by the government through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, public and private organizations could participate in initiatives aimed at promoting Bulgarian culture and civilization in Europe and spreading European values among the Bulgarian population.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

NATIONAL CULTURE FUND

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

National and international mobility programmes facilitate the contacts between cultural operators and artists from Bulgaria and abroad, participation in international cultural exchanges, as well as foreign artists who would like to work in Bulgaria for a short period of time, thus contributing to the strengthening of cultural diversity.The main source of national support is the programme for cultural contacts – "Mobility" – of the National Culture Fund, which began in 2003. The main objectives of this programme are:• dissemination of Bulgarian culture and art in the country and abroad;• support for the integration of Bulgarian authors and artefacts in the European and global cultural exchange;• acquiring and adopting successful foreign practices and models related to the development of art and culture;• supporting training and development of Bulgarian authors and experts in the field of culture; and• promoting cultural cooperation and participation of Bulgarian artists in international cultural networks and initiatives.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The National Culture Fund is a Bulgarian organization that supports national creation, development and distribution of Bulgarian art and culture at home and abroad.To achieve these objectives, the "Mobility" programme supports participation in international, national and local cultural forums of representatives of Bulgarian culture and art; visits of foreign managers and producers in the field of culture and arts in Bulgaria.For the period 2014-2016 the programme has supported a total of 360 projects amounting to  BGN 486, 724.In 2008, the Fund declared the session entitled "Bulgarian crafts - ancient and modern." Support was received by projects that offer sustainable programme that provides training of young people in traditional Bulgarian crafts practiced by prominent masters in their field. The submitted projects were for the preservation and promotion of crafts blacksmithing, weaving, woodcarving, pottery, embroidering, etc. A total of 43 projects applied in the competition, out of which 17 projects totalling BGN 43,632 were supported.Besides the Programme for Cultural Contacts "Mobility", the Fund also supports (on a competitive basis) projects aimed at both young artists, new names and/or formations and at established artists and/or cultural institutions under its other programmes, namely under the programmes "Debuts", "Translations", "Audiences", "Critical Literature" and "Short Films".

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The information is contained in item b.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

In 2014 under the "Mobility" Programme 57 out of 104 proposals were successful and the financing was in the amount of BGN 69,964. In 2015 104 proposals were submitted and the successful projects received financing in the amount of BGN 59,991. In 2016 the three sessions of the "Mobility" Programme for cultural contacts and creative participation received 210 applications, out of which 111 projects in the total amount of BGN 155,003 were approved for financing. In 2016 the other Programmes of the Fund supported projects as follows: Programme "Debut" / received 16 applications of which 12 were funded totalling 48,600 BGN. / "Translations" / 4 projects were received and 4 were financed the total value of financing was 15,700 BGN/ "Audiences" / 45 projects received of which 18 were funded totalling 39,996 BGN. / "Critical Literature" / 31 projects received of which 18 were funded totalling 30,000 BGN. / and "Short Films" / 25 received, 8 funded totalling 50,000 BGN /.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR BULGARIAN CITIZENS AND HISTORICAL COMMUNITIES ABROAD

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

State policy towards Bulgarians abroad is the result of the presence of  Bulgarian communities outside the state borders of the Republic of Bulgaria. Bulgarian communities have a recognized status of national minorities in eight countries. Five of them are member states of the European Union – the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Croatia and Hungary, and the others are Serbia, Moldova and Ukraine.The cultural policy of the Bulgarian state contributes to the preservation of national identity, ethno-cultural and spiritual identity of Bulgarian citizens and Bulgarian communities abroad. The Ministry of Culture has a pivotal role in this policy.The specific nature of the cultural sphere defines specific and consistent steps in the work of the Ministry, such as:- Establishment of a National Programme for Dissemination of Bulgarian Culture Abroad;- Promoting a positive image of the Republic of Bulgaria by promoting the achievements of Bulgarian culture;- Reinforcing the place of Bulgarian culture in global cultural processes;- Creating a positive environment for building lasting links and friendly relations between the Republic of Bulgaria and the host country in the field of culture;- Actively supporting the development of creative industries and the competitiveness of Bulgarian art;- Creating a media and information environment in the host country that accurately depicts Bulgarian culture in all its aspects;- Bulgarian cultural and information centres abroad help the organizations and clubs of our compatriots in their cultural activities.The activities of the Bulgarian cultural institutes abroad, which are methodologically and financially managed by the Ministry of Culture, support the preservation of the Bulgarian national cultural identity and its integration in the cultural diversity of Europe and the world; the preservation of the Bulgarian national cultural characteristics; broadening and deepening the connections and contacts of Bulgarian culture abroad, etc.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The information is contained in item b.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The Bulgarian Cultural Institutes Abroad are financialy supported by the budget of the Ministry of Culture.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The information is contained in item b.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT

PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT

Context of the measure: 
PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Bulgaria supports the commitment of the EU and Member States to strengthen international cooperation in the field of culture, expressed in the Communication on a European agenda for culture in a globalizing world COM (2007) 242.The measures that Bulgaria is taking to promote cultural exchanges with developing countries are on a bilateral level. Within the framework of the signed agreements and programmes of cultural cooperation provisions regulating the exchange of artists and cultural professionals are envisaged, through this exchange experience is transmitted and capacity is built among them. Under the provisions of a number of bilateral agreements  visa facilitation is envisaged for the participation of foreign citizens in cultural and artistic activities in Bulgaria.Foreign citizens, including from developing countries can apply for support under the "Mobility" Programme of the National Culture Fund.Bulgaria adopted a National Strategy for the Integration of Beneficiaries of International Protection in the Republic of Bulgaria (2014-2020). The national strategy aims to successfully integrate into Bulgarian society the beneficiaries of international protection or asylum seekers .Integration of beneficiaries of international protection is implemented through concrete measures and services in several priority areas: access to education and training in Bulgarian language, employment, recognition of qualifications, health care, social assistance, housing and integration into the social, cultural and civic life of the community, while ensuring synergy between them. The strategy is underlined by the understanding that the integration process is complex and lengthy, and involves various interrelated legal, economic, social and cultural dimensions, all of which are important to achieve a successful social inclusion.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The information is contained in item b.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The information is contained in item b.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The information is contained in item b.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME: BULGARIA 2020 (NDP BG2020)

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The National Development Programme: Bulgaria 2020 (NDP BG2020) is the leading strategic and programme document, which specifies the objectives of development policies of the country by 2020. The formulated objectives of the government policies will ensure the achievement  of  accelerated economic growth and will raise the living standards of Bulgarian citizens in the medium and long term.Culture and cultural heritage is viewed as a leading resource/development potential in 2 of the 8 strategic priorities: "Priority 1. Improving access and raising the quality of education and training and  the quality of the labour force" and "Priority 3. Achieving sustainable integrated regional development and development of the local potential".Culture as a driver of sustainable growth is included in the sub-priority 1.5 Development of culture and arts, cultural and creative industries, expanding access to art and raising the culture of the population. It  aims at enhancing cultural outlook of people unleash their creative potential and encourage them to actively participate in public cultural life. The sub-priority includes provisions of accessibility and equal opportunities for consumption of cultural products for all ages and social groups in society in order to support human capital formation and socialization of the individual. In this sub-priority a key role is assigned to the artist as a leading figure in the spiritual growth of the nation, as a driver of innovation processes and exponent of smart growth of society as a bearer of the spiritual memory and  achievements of Bulgarian culture.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The National Development Programme is a framework long-term document which, based on an analysis of the situation in the country and on the development trends, sets the overall strategic objectives of national policies by 2020 for all sectors of government. The main vision of the programme is that by 2020 Bulgaria should be a country with a competitive economy that provides conditions for full social, creative and professional development of the individual through smart, sustainable, inclusive and regionally balanced economic growth. Culture is increasingly perceived as an important resource for achieving these goals.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The implementation of the programme is expected to raise the standard of living through competitive education and training, creation of conditions for quality employment and social inclusion and ensuring accessible and quality education; building infrastructure networks to ensure optimal conditions for economic development and quality and healthy environment for the population; enhancing the competitiveness of the economy by creating a favourable business environment, investment promotion, implementing innovative solutions and increasing resource efficiency. Through the implementation of the objectives the programme  favourable conditions for equal access to culture and promotion of intercultural dialogue will be created.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

State budget

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

INTEGRATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN THE NATIONAL POLICIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The national legislation provides measures for the conservation of cultural heritage by integrating it into nationwide policies for sustainable development, including measures to protect the environment and specifically the National Ecological Network (protected areas and Natura 2000 sites). The immovable cultural values, within the boundaries of protected areas and areas under the Protected Areas Act and Biological Diversity Act (BDA, 2002) maintain their conservation and exploitation mode, regulated by relevant regulations on presentation and management. Representatives of the Ministry of Culture and the regional museums participate in committees, which designate new protected areas through which to ensure harmonization and coordination of measures to protect both the natural and the cultural heritage. It could be said that protected areas designated under the national legislation – the Protected Areas Act, and the protected areas under Natura 2000 declared under the Biological Diversity Act (BDA,2002) provide additional protection for the cultural monuments and thus ensure their protection in the long term. The Cultural Heritage Act (CHA, 2009) regulates protected areas for preservation of immovable cultural heritage, for which protection regimes are determined with a territorial coverage and prescriptions for protection.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The effective protection and presentation of cultural values is achieved through conducting preliminary, current and subsequent control over the implementation of regulations in this area, including the coordination of all interventions in protected areas for the conservation of cultural heritage with the MC. An ordinance on the scope, structure, content and methodology for development of plans for conservation and management of immovable cultural values was adopted. The preservation of cultural heritage is provided  by the implementation of management plans for protected areas and zones in preparation procedures, which involve representatives of the MC. Activities related to the conservation and presentation of cultural heritage  within the boundaries of protected areas designated under the Protected Areas Act, subject to coordination regimes to ensure conservation of biological diversity in ecosystems and natural processes occurring in them, as well as typical or remarkable natural values and remarkable landscapes - subject to protection in their respective protected areas. In the course of the procedures for environmental assessment and environmental impact, to which investment proposals, plans and programmes (IP PP) under the Environmental Protection Act (EPA, 2002) are subjected, consultations are made under the Cultural Heritage Act (CHA, 2009). When these investment proposals, plans and programs affect territories with immovable cultural values, in the assessment of the environmental impact a part concerning “Cultural heritage” is included.  On the other hand, representatives of the MEW and its regional divisions participate working groups of the MC to discuss territorial coverage and prescriptions for protection of cultural values in order to ensure the protection of both natural habitats and habitats of species that are subject to protection within the protected areas, as well as cultural heritage. A WG has been tasked with drafting an Ordinance for establishing maps and registers of the immovable cultural heritage.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Through the presentation of immovable cultural heritage the exposure of its scientific and cultural value is assured in suitable conditions after conservation and restoration and the inclusion in the contemporary environment as a factor for sustainable development of the territory. What is needed is more practical coordination and coherence in the policies for protection of valuable natural habitats and species habitats on the one hand and cultural heritage on the other hand.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Information is contained in item b.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL

INNOVATION STRATEGY FOR SMART SPECIALIZATION 2014-2020 (ISSS)

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT NATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

An Innovation Strategy for Smart Specialization 2014-2020 (ISSS) was adopted with Decree 857 dd. 03.11.2015 of the Council of Ministers. The strategy identifies four main thematic areas for development on which it will focus its efforts in the coming years to develop the innovation potential of Bulgaria: mechatronics and clean technologies, ICT, biotechnology, nanotechnology, creative industries, pharmaceuticals and food industries. ISSS is the basis for the implementation of the Operational Programme "Innovation and Competitiveness" 2014-2020 (OPIC). OPIC is providing opportunities for accelerating the transition to a knowledge-based economy by promoting investment potential in thematic areas for intensive innovation development and innovation horizontal policies in accordance with the ISSS. Priority Axis 1  "Technological Development and Innovation" envisages interventions based on the ISSS, therefore projects that fall within specific thematic areas of the strategy, among which are the creative industries, will be supported. Priority Axis 2 "Entrepreneurship and capacity for growth of SMEs”, investment priority 2.1 "Access to financing in support of entrepreneurship" will encourage entrepreneurship in certain specific areas related to European and regional challenges, including creative and cultural industries. Under Priority Axis 2, investment priority 2.2 "Capacity growth of SMEs" also provides a sectoral approach, namely it is targeted at enterprises of low, medium and high-tech sectors and intense knowledge and service sectors (which include film production and TV productions, sound, information services, publishing, research and development, printing industry and recorded media, etc.). For the period of the scope of the report on the implementation of the Convention no procedure has been completed under PA 1, PA 2 (IP2.2) and no procedure has  started under PA2 (IP2.1), therefore no financial contribution of OPIC  for the creative and cultural industries can be reported.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main focus of the Operational Programme "Innovation and Competitiveness" 2014-2020 (OPIC).  is centered on SMEs.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The main expected results of the implementation of OPIC are to assist more than 9000 enterprises through grants and financial instruments to mobilize more than 1 bln. Euro private investment, to increase the share of innovative enterprises to increase the productivity of SMEs and to contribute to reducing the energy intensity of the economy.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The total budget of OPIC 2014-2020 is 1.39 billion. Euros, the contribution by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) is almost 1.18 billion. Euros (85% of the budget) and the  national co-funding is  209 mln. euros (15% of the budget).

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL

MID-TERM PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE AND HUMANITARIAN AID OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA FOR THE PERIOD 2016-2019

Context of the measure: 
INTEGRATION OF CULTURE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Development assistance and humanitarian aid are an integral part of the foreign policy of the Republic of Bulgaria and contribute to achieving its goals. The Official Development Assistance /ODA/ is an important tool for promoting sustainable growth in developing countries, supporting integration into the global economy and build a more just and democratic societies. The objective of the granted humanitarian aid is to save lives, alleviate suffering and protect human dignity during and resulting from crises, as well as to prevent similar situations and strengthen preparedness upon their occurrence. By joining the EU Bulgaria has pledged to assist less-developed countries designated as recipients of such aid. According to arrangements achieved within the EU , member states that that joined the EU after 2002,  will aim to reach the goal of providing ODA amounting to  0.33% of their  gross national income /GNI/. In the context of  the overall ODA commitments and fully respecting the individual priorities of Member States, the EU is committed to assist the least developed countries by collectively allocating between 0.15% and 0.2% of GNI.The objectives and areas of development assistance, identified in the mid-term programme, are mainly oriented towards sharing experience with the Western Balkan countries and the Eastern Partnership countries. The protection of cultural diversity is one of the thematic priorities of the Bulgarian development policy. Bulgaria aims to impart its experience in building working representative institutions and in the process of integration into the EU, including in the field of cultural policies for promotion of cultural diversity. In 2015 the Ministry of Culture of Bulgaria organised a seminar on “Culture and development” with the participation of experts in cultural heritage from the SEE countries and Black Sea region countries.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The thematic and sectoral areas of development assistance are tailored to the needs of the partners, with the existing experience, expertise and resources of the Bulgarian party, as well as with the current cooperation under the development policy. The availability of good governance and respect for human rights in the partner country will be taken into account as well.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Bulgaria aims to develop the administrative capacity of the cultural sector in partner countries, including participation in international cultural cooperation for the development of local cultural potential and the use of culture and cultural heritage as a strategic resource for sustainable development.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

According to the estimated budgetary indicators, development assistance under thematic priority “Protection of Cultural Diversity” will be provided as follows: 2016: BGN 500,000; 2017: BGN 600,000; 2018: BGN 700,000; 2019: BGN 700,000.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b

POLICIES FOR DIGITIZATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE

Context of the measure: 
EMERGING TRANSVERSAL ISSUES: Resolution 5.CP 9b
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

One of the priorities of our country for the promotion of cultural heritage is to digitize valuable collections owned by libraries and presenting them in an open information space. This is one of the main approaches for intensification of the information functions of libraries. The digitization of the assets aims at protection, long-term storage and provision of wider access to the cultural content stored in libraries.The practical side leads to the provision of access to cultural heritage through the national resources of libraries, presented in full text electronically, making information more accessible and more attractive to use, and provides access to citizens – users of web space – to information sources that are in special custody in libraries.The St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library has one of the richest and most valuable collections of different types of materials – books, manuscripts, periodicals, graphic and other publications presenting Bulgarian cultural heritage. The established center for digitization to the library also makes it a natural center for coordination and partnership with other cultural institutions.At present the Regional Library in Varna is recognized by Europeana as the largest multidisciplinary data aggregator for Bulgaria.The process of digitization of materials in libraries and archives in Bulgaria continues to be significantly more active than that of movable and immovable cultural property.The MC is a Programme Operator for BG08 Programme "Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Arts", financed by the Financial Mechanism of the European Economic Area and to be provided with grants for projects under the measure "Documentation of Cultural History" with a budget of EUR 2,935,000. The measure is aimed at project ideas for converting objects of cultural value in digital format for the first time, creating digital cultural heritage centres in institutes in the field of culture or universities. Specific activities are already being carried out under this programme.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

So far the National Library has digitized and submitted to the Europeana site approximately 3,850 documents. It strictly follows the implementation of the Public Domain Charter of Europeana. In the long term the main mission of the digital library is the digitization of all library documents that are publicly available and are not subject to protection by the Copyright and Related Rights Act (CRRA,1993). In accordance with the Recommendation and the Manifesto of IFLA/UNESCO for digital libraries dd. December 2010, the National Library provides permanent accessibility to their digital copies. The policy adopted upon the establishment of the direction aims to promote the reuse of digital objects.The library offers unlimited access to all digitized material in the public domain. The digital library of the National Library promotes reuse of digitized materials that are available to the public by providing free access to all digitized materials through the website of the library and through other digital libraries and portals.In 2008 the Pencho Slaveykov Regional Library in Varna launched its collaboration with Europeana as a partner in the Europeana Local project. Initially recognized as a data creator (provider), later the library officially launched a OAI-PMH repository and began actual work on aggregating data for a limited number of libraries and museums. Currently it is the largest data provider with more than 53,880 entries in the database of Europeana and at the same time acts as an aggregator for other regional libraries that actively digitize their valuable collections. During the period from 2012 to 2014 the library was a partner of Europeana for Bulgaria in the broad media campaign to promote the services provided by the largest digital library of Europe. From 2013 until 2016 the library in Varna was focused on content stored in small community center libraries and in private collectors. Thanks to this initiative a number of small collections stored in community centers in Varna Region have been digitized and presented in Europeana.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Motives and text were prepared on the topic of digitization to the draft Law on amendment and supplement of the Cultural Heritage Act, which are to be offered for public discussion.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Information is included in item b.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

From the responses received from NGOs it was established that they have an active role through their activities for he fulfilment of the objectives of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.The professional organizations in the field of culture were also consulted during the preparation of the report, namely the Union of Bulgarian Community Centres, the Union of Bulgarian Actors, the Union of Bulgarian Writers and the Union of Architects in Bulgaria.

Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

In the process of preparing the report an information exchange was carried out on the awareness of NGOs of the Convention. It was found that the guiding principles of the Convention are well-known by the NGOs, but the measures taken at the state level for its implementation are little known. In this regard, the Ministry of Culture reports as its weakness the communication on the activities undertaken for the implementation of the Convention and the fulfilment of its objectives.

Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The Ministry of Culture aims in the legislative process in the field of culture to subject to a public debate every bill or strategy proposed by the executive. This obligation is also enshrined in the Law on Normative Acts (LNA,1973).

Implement Operational Guidelines: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Community centres (chitalishta) have a place in the ongoing cultural policy of the country for development of the culture at a national, regional and local level.The Union of Bulgarian Actors has contributed actively and consistently for the preservation, development and promotion of all known forms of cultural expression in the fields of theatre, dance, circus, variety show, music, stage design, performance, as well as all  new, experimental styles and models in the field of performing arts. Some of the most significant achievements have been the establishment of:"Health Fund" to assist members of the Union in lifesaving and life-support operations and procedures that are not funded through clinical paths."Social Fund" to assist retired actors who live below the poverty line. The Social Fund is an incentive in promoting all age groups for involvement in the development of cultural expressions;Fund "Scholarships" (since 2011) to support the education of students in higher art institutions from theatre majors, with the criteria being excellent grades and social need.The Union of Bulgarian Writers observes and implements the 2005 UNESCO Convention through:- Cooperation with all Bulgarian and international institutions for the protection of copyright for the promotion of Bulgarian literature with its authors and works in the country and abroad.- Participation of Bulgarian writers in world literature process: translations of their works, participation in literary events.- Stimulating the creative process of distinctive writers in all genres of literature by means of book publishing, literary periodicals in paper and electronic form, discussions, competitions, awards, anniversaries, literary readings, etc.- Expanding the international literary contacts through bilateral agreements and projects.The Union of Architects develops international activities.

Other: 
Please explain how: 

Community centres (chitalishta) are emerging as a factor for the development of civil society in Bulgaria, including by applying the principles of tolerance and respect for cultural expressions of all communities in the country and abroad. As of 2016 Bulgaria has registered 3,635 community centres, with ¼ of them being in cities and the rest being in rural areas. Their activities are open to all individuals without restrictions of age and gender, political or religious views and ethnic identity.Community centres ensure the equal presence of different ethnic and religious communities, as well as of people of different gender and religion. Thus, the community centres are an expression of cultural and ethnic identity of the people who establish them. Lacking a political or religious basis, community centres work to keep the tradition and transfer cultural heritage over the generations.Community centres themselves are the initiators and organizers of many festivals and different in nature and format cultural events during which various ethnic communities present their traditional culture preserved over the years. It is indicative that community centres in the country become a vivid expression of the ideas enshrined in the succession of international legal acts adopted in recent years and ratified by Bulgaria as well. 

Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
Union of Bulgarian Artists
Union of Bulgarian Community Centres
Union of Bulgarian Writers
Union of Architects in Bulgaria

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

From the responses received from NGOs it was established that they have an active role through their activities for he fulfilment of the objectives of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.The professional organizations in the field of culture were also consulted during the preparation of the report, namely the Union of Bulgarian Community Centres, the Union of Bulgarian Actors, the Union of Bulgarian Writers and the Union of Architects in Bulgaria.

Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

In the process of preparing the report an information exchange was carried out on the awareness of NGOs of the Convention. It was found that the guiding principles of the Convention are well-known by the NGOs, but the measures taken at the state level for its implementation are little known. In this regard, the Ministry of Culture reports as its weakness the communication on the activities undertaken for the implementation of the Convention and the fulfilment of its objectives.

Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The Ministry of Culture aims in the legislative process in the field of culture to subject to a public debate every bill or strategy proposed by the executive. This obligation is also enshrined in the Law on Normative Acts (LNA,1973).

Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
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Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

One of the main achievements has been the integration of culture as a horizontal priority in a number of documents and policies and in the preparation of national strategies, plans and programmes in the field of demographic, social and educational policy, gender equality policies and the development assistance policy.The National Development Programme Bulgaria 2020 approved by the Government stressed that the overall objective is to strengthen identity and creativity.A number of important legislative and normative documents some of, some of which were updated during the period 2012-2016, can contribute to achieving the main objectives of the Convention.Various financial and institutional measures, such as the budget programmes of the Ministry of Culture, a National Culture Fund and the Bulgarian National Film Centre, also contribute to the implementation of the Convention. These budget programmes of the Ministry are permanent, which leads to sustainability of the implemented measures.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

The exchange of information and cooperation at all levels of society are essential to better understand the philosophy of the Convention and its objectives. Preparation of the report reveals that the implementation of some specific aspects and areas of the Convention at the national level are not sufficiently balanced. Namely, the issues of preferential treatment, involvement of civil society and young people in developing policies, strategies and measures related to gender equality and transversal issues are not sufficiently taken into account, probably due to poor understanding of the principles of the Convention.The main challenge is the monitoring, data collection, analysis, evaluation and sharing of information on the processes in the cultural programmes and measures.In this context the inter-institutional cooperation remains one of the major challenges in the development of policies of preferential treatment, sustainable development, digitization, etc., as well as the involvement of the civil society and young people in policy-making.The process of digitization of cultural property, especially of museum funds, as a whole is significantly lagging behind other sectors. Further legislative changes, adoption of a strategy, action plan, priorities and standards at the national level and training of professionals in museums and art galleries are needed.

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

In 2014 the Ministry of Culture joined the declaration of access to culture of young people, initiated by the Bulgarian Association of Employers in the Field of Culture (BAEFC) and the Bulgarian Association of Youth Workers (BAYW). The declaration emphasized that the creativity and innovative capacity of young people should be supported through better quality access to and participation in culture and cultural expressions from an early age, thereby promoting personal development, intercultural skills, understanding and respect for cultural diversity and development of new and flexible skills for future job opportunities.The upcoming changes to the Cultural Heritage Act are intended to explicitly include provisions which require the establishment of a strategy with financially backed national objectives and priorities for the activities for digitization of cultural heritage for a period of 7 years.

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

The Ministry of Culture will endeavour to stimulate and develop strategies and programmes to increase the participation of the civil society and young people in the process of development of youth policies, to integrate culturally targeted approaches in the field of media and to achieve progress on the issues related to the digital environment and gender equality.We will explore the opportunities to develop indicators for evaluation of the programmes and measures and to develop mechanisms for collecting data related to the Convention.Despite some delays, the process of digitization of cultural heritage and presenting it online is one of the priorities in our work. We recognize the need to introduce digital environment (single software) for processing and storage of cultural property, consistent and compatible with international standards and creating public records of movable cultural property. It is therefore planned that the upcoming changes to the Cultural Heritage Act explicitly include a text that requires a strategy with financially backed national objectives and priorities for the activities for digitization of cultural heritage for a period of 7 years. This will not only facilitate the access to remote cultural property but also create alternative opportunities for long-term storage and use of information about the same for activities related to the preservation and presentation of cultural heritage, as well as for development of the cultural and creative industries.  The activities for digitization of cultural property will also provide new jobs. The access to information on cultural heritage will lead to the development of cultural tourism and economic growth of the regions.

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Medium Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Large Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
Source: 
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Private: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Community: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
Total: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
Source: 
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Theatre: 
Male: 
Total: 
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
TOTAL: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
7. Additional clarifications: 
Additional Annexes (if any): 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Deyana
Family Name: 
Danailova
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Position: 
Director of International and Regional Activities Directorate