Namibia 2016 report

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Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Namibia
Date of ratification: 
11/12/2006
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Ndjambeka
Family Name: 
Amagulu
Organization: 
Directorate of Arts, Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture
Mailing Address: 
Private Bag 13186 Windhoek, Namibia
Telephone: 
+264 61 293 3295
Fax: 
+264 293 3209
E-mail: 
M'kariko.Amagulu@moe.gov.na
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The implementation of the 2005 Convention has encouraged various stakeholder engagement and consultation. Namibia continues to strengthen and broaden its working relationship with the civil society and although the government through the Ministry responsible for culture have various support mechanisms towards civil society, not enough has been done in terms of yielding constructive engagements. However, for this report the current national committee, composed of the Directorate of Arts, Directorate of National Heritage and Culture Programmes, College of the Arts, UNESCO Windhoek Office and the Namibia National Commission for UNESCO, had three meetings. Various electronic communications were sent to main stakeholders, including civil society organisations. The initial communication was a brief on the role of civil society in fulfillling the Convention to all stakeholders and requested for specific information relating to the convention, which ensured some discussion, however, very few responses and interest to get involved in the process. These were followed up by a national committee meeting  held on 24 June 2016, to review and validate the information provided in order to endorse the final draft report.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
Namibia’s efforts to implement the 2005 Convention have not been clearly guided due to a lack of proper coordination of cultural activities among  main players, which led to a lack of involvement of civil society and which created challenges in terms of monitoring and reporting. However, Namibia continues to maintain and enhance mutual understanding, respect and pride among diverse cultures and socio-economic groups, for nation building as well as for sustainable development through the cultural sector. Over the years, there have been sustained efforts to support the creation, presentation, preservation and marketing of cultural products and services. These have been particularly through policy revisions, aimed at improving the sector, that provide a renewed confidence in the implementation of measures for the sector.In 2013, UNESCO in conjunction with the University of Namibia carried out a UNESCO Culture for Development Indicators (CDIS) on the cultural industry in Namibia. Furthermore, between 2013 and 2015, Namibia revised its 2001 National Policy on Arts and Culture formulating the Namibia Arts, Culture and Heritage Policy, which will direct efforts in the preservation and promotion of its diverse cultural expressions. This is in addition to revisions in the Communication Act, which include a regulation for twenty (20) per cent of local content to be aired on radio and television, foreseen to positively impact the reach of local content locally and as a catalyst for the development of more content for broadcast purposes.  Other policies reviewed have been the Education Policy, which has provided more prominence to arts and crafts as a subject and other related vocational subjects in the school curriculum, while the Ministry of Environment and Tourism’s Policy and 2014 Strategy includes initiatives to grow cultural tourism for the financial gains and sustainable development of communities through local crafters and performers of traditional cultural expressions.In the meantime, the College of the Arts got accredited as an institution and now offers six (6) accredited Diploma courses in Performing Arts, Visual Arts, Media Arts and an Applied Arts Certificate. Furthermore, the Namibian Film Commission has supported the production of various local films, while the Namibian Society of Composers and Authors of Music experienced an increase in the registration of authored music.In conclusion, going forward, stakeholders in the local cultural sector have been identified to form a committee that will be responsible for steering the implementation of the 2005 Convention and will encourage the involvement of local civil society organisations. Therefore, with the aforementioned policy revisions, frameworks and structures it is expected that Namibia will improve the implementation and reporting on the 2005 Convention in future.
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

The Namibian Government has taken positive steps to develop the protection and promotion of its cultural expressions. This is particularly at a time when the industry is fragmented and under-resourced, but however undergoing very positive and significant rapid change.Therefore, Namibia also experiences challenges in strengthening its position on the protection and promotion of its diverse cultural expressions and has taken up various methods that are being implemented, aimed at developing the sector. The main method was its revision of its 2001 Policy of Arts and Culture of which the main objectives are:

  • to promote unity in diversity, were all Namibians, through mutual understanding, respect and tolerance are free to practice any culture, within the jurisdiction of the constitution, while retaining a sense of loyalty to the nation.
  • To safeguard, extend and promote physical, linguistic and spiritual heritage that provides a unique Namibian and African identity
  • To promote widespread cultural and artistic expressions for all Namibians to participate, enjoy and create opportunities for economic benefits particulalry for creators.

The main priorities of the 2001 policy are not clearly defined and the document does not have a proper strategic and action plan aimed at meeting its objectives. This is something that the draft policy intends to change by aligning to national, regional and international instruments, in terms of the protection and promotion of cultural expressions.The draft policy interogates and includes objectives from the 2005 Convention previously not included in the 2001 policy, which include the protection of Namibia’s cultural expressions, encouraging intercultural dialogue and international cooperation. Therefore, many points aligned to the 2005 Convention that have been included in the draft policy are covered under various focal points such as Cultural Expressions, Creative Industries,  Cultural tourism, Events and Festivals, Infrastructure, Rights and Status of Artists, Building Audiences and Markets, Information, Research and Databases, International Relations, as well as Coordination, Monitoring and Evaluation.Furthermore, Namibian cultural leadership are being encouraged to become more radical, in terms of support mechanisms in the creation, presentation and marketing of the arts and culture products and services. This is with the aim to create a value chain, as well as to connect artists and/or creators to both national and international markets, and platforms for artists to create, showcase, promote and build followings.

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
The 2001 Policy on Arts and Culture of the Republic of Namibia: Unity, Identity and Creativity for Prosperity was drawn up prior to the country’s being signatory to the 2005 Convention. Since 2001 there have been global developments and changes in cultural policy instruments, such as Namibia ratifying the 2005 Convention, therefore there was a need to revise the Policy on Arts and Culture to inform and align it to this instrument, while determining the meaning and relevance to its local cultural sector.  Although the 2001 policy encompassed some of the essence of the 2005 Convention, it left gaps in terms of fully harnessing and driving  the main objectives and principles of the Convention. Therefore, the draft policy, the Namibia Arts, Culture and Heritage Policy is redefining the direction of culture based on what is happening globally, which includes the role it plays to impact sustainable development, particularly poverty alleviation, as well as to promote the celebration, preservation of cultural diversity peacefully and in unity. The new policy also takes into consideration Namibia’s commitment to other National, Regional, Continental and international cultural instruments such as The Constitution of the Republic of Namibia, African Union Plan of Action on the Cultural Industries, the Southern African Development Community Protocol on Arts and Culture, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UNESCO 2003 Convention on the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage and  the UNESCO 1972 Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972, to mention a few.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

The 2005 Convention was one of the main policy instruments used to engage stakeholders to review the relevance of 2001 policy and whether it aligns to new global developments pertaining to culture. With the growing interest in culture, many policies in Namibia have been and are being revised to improve their objectives particularly those that play major roles in the culture sector. The responsible ministry has over the past few years been engaged and partnering with Ministries and institutions responsible for communication, film, tourism, music, trade and culture to mention a few, to encourage inclusion of cultural objectives in their policies and strategies, as per the 2005 Convention. These discussions have led to Namibia, through its Communications Regulatory Authority of Namibia (CRAN) to amend the Communications Act, which now includes a regulation for twenty (20) per cent of local content to be aired on radio and television.  The revision is foreseen to impact on the reach of local content and will act as a catalyst for the development of more content for broadcast purposes. Additionally, the Ministry of Environment and Tourism included Cultural Tourism in its five (5) year strategy supporting craft production as well as traditional arts expressions as a means to add value to the Tourism Industry. Other positive steps have been the introduction of the accreditation of six (6) Diplomas at the College of the Arts and the introduction of a Post Graduate Diploma in Heritage Conservation and Management at the University of Namibia. All these actions are foreseen to improve opportunities in the domain of creative expressions.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

Currently and going forward, because of the growing interest and opportunities in the culture sector, the 2005 Convention remains one of the main reference points for cultural policy development in Namibia. It guides the country in the formulation of policies around the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions. More so now than ever before, the 2005 Convention is one of the main instruments used in the development of cultural policy, particularly with the growing threats to cultural diversity due to globalisation, conflicts and lack of mechanisms to ensure their continued practise and enjoyment.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

2001 Policy on Arts and Culture

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Namibia, during the period being reported, the cultural sector was guided by the 2001 Policy on Arts and Culture, which outlined the vision, mission and goals of governemnt in relation to arts and culture. The vision of the policy was a united and flourishing nation, celebrating the diversity of its artistic and cultural expressions, achieving sincere reconcililiation through mutual respect and understadningn, solidarity, peace, equility, tolerance and inclusion, as well as treasuring and protecting Namibia's material and spiritual heritage and customs, developing our creative talents throughout lifetimes, and employing skills and knowledge for economic development and the common good. The main objectives of the policy were to:

  1. uphold unity in diversity to give all Namibians a sense of identity and pride in their own creative talents and to improve their quality of life
  2. safeguard, extend and promote our physical, linguistic and spiritual heritage
  3. promote widespread culural and artistic expression
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The measure was guided by national and international frameworks or instruments, such as the Constitution of the republic of Namibia, Recommendations on Culture of the Presidential Commission on Education, Culture and Training (1999), the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UNESCO Recommendations on Culture and the Status of the Artists, the World report on Culture  (Stockholm), the OAU Policy on Culture, the OAU Policy on Culture Industries Development, the SADC Policy on Culture, Information and Sport. The Policy listed various initiatives to fulfil its objectives.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  1. increased number of diverse cultural expression activities;
  2. increased number of people participating in the activities;
  3. growth in the number of programmes undertaken by the state cultural agencies;
  4. growth of more cultural institutions in the private and NGO sectors encouraged;
  5. mutual respect, pride and tolerance for the countrys' forms of diverse cultural expressions enhanced; and
  6. Diverse indigenous cultural expressions preserved and promoted.
  7. Continued widespread cultural activities nationally
  8. Enhanced nation building, peace and stability
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Namibian Government allocates a budget to the implementation of the measure through the Ministry responsible for Arts and Culture. The Ministry oversees the budget allocations to the state cultural agencies that operate and implement arts and culture programmes that aim to meet the objectives set out in the policy.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

National Art Gallery of Namibia Act, 2000

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The ojectives of the National Art Gallery of Namibia Act of 2000 are to:

  1. secure and optimize administration, storage and exhibition space;
  2. employ qualified staff to fulfil the objectives of the gallery and providing opportunities for capacity building especially in cultural management;
  3. inculcate sound corporate governance;
  4. solicit and secure funding for the NAGN to meet its objectives;
  5. acquire, conserve and preserve permanent collections of Namibia’s visual arts and crafts heritage of a high standard and representative nature;
  6. provide and manage comprehensive archives of visual art and craft to facilitate retrieval, research, documentation and publication in respect of Namibia’s visual art and craft;
  7. establish and maintain integrated information management systems;
  8. promote the public’s awareness, enjoyment and appreciation of visual art and craft;
  9. develop educational programmes in respect of visual art and craft activities in collaboration with appropriate institutions and providers;
  10. promote Namibian artists, art and craft locally, regionally and internationally through hosting exhibitions, residential workshops, networks and forums; and through encouraging dialogues and establishing partnerships;
  11. facilitate the production of innovative works of art and craft in Namibia;
  12. contribute to the development of the creative economy and the arts industry in Namibia;
  13. inform itself and impart knowledge about international standards and ethics in curation; and support and provide curatorial services for visual arts and crafts exhibitions in Namibia; and
  14. exercise custody over the Government Collection.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

To establish a National Art Gallery of Namibia and to provide for its objects; to provide for a board of trustees of the gallery and to define the powers and functions of the board; and to provide for matters incidental thereto.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
  1. administration, storage and exhibition space secured and optimized;
  2. qualified gallery staff
  3. opportunities for capacity building especially in cultural management provided for;
  4. sound corporate governance of the institution;
  5. funds from donors and own fundraising initiatives increased;
  6. high standard and representative permanent collections of Namibia’s visual arts and crafts heritage available;
  7. comprehensive archives of visual art and craft provided and well managed;
  8. high standard and maintained integrated information management system established;
  9. public’s awareness, enjoyment and appreciation of visual art and craft increased;
  10. Involvement in the development of educational programmes in respect of visual art and craft activities in collaboration with appropriate institutions and providers;
  11. Namibian artists promoted locally, regionally and internationally through hosting exhibitions, residential workshops, networks and forums;
  12. the production of innovative works of art and craft in Namibia facilitated;
  13. contribution to the development of the creative economy and the arts industry in Namibia;
  14. knowledge about international standards and ethics in curation learned and imparted;
  15. curatorial services for visual arts and crafts exhibitions in Namibia supported; and
  16. Custody over the Government Collection.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The institution is budgeted through the Directorate of Arts in the Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Namibia Film Commission, 2000

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The objectives of the Commission are to support, encourage and promote the development of film production, the film industry and film marketing in Namibia, by:

  1. promoting Namibia as a location for film production on the international market;
  2. attracting film producers and facilitating their initiatives to carry out film productions in Namibia;
  3. encouraging film producers to employ or make use of Namibian personnel and facilities for film production; and
  4. establishing relationships with any local or international person which may contribute to the development and promotion ofthe film industry in Namibia.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 
  1. To provide for the establishment of the Namibia Film Commission;
  2. to provide for the objects, powers, duties and functions of the Commission;
  3. to provide for the establishment of the Film and Video Development Fund;
  4. to regulate activities relating to film production, and
  5. to develop and promote the film industry in Namibia; and to provide for matters incidental thereto.
d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The objectives of the Commission are to support, encourage and promote the development of film production, the film industry and film marketing in Namibia, by:

  1. Namibia promoted as a location for film production on the international market;
  2. film producers attracted to carry out film productions in Namibia;
  3. film producers enouraged to employ or make use of Namibian personnel and facilities for their film productions; and 
  4. relationships established with any local or international person that may contribute to the development and promotion of the film industry in Namibia.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Commission is budgeted for by Government through the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology. However, it also has the jurisdiction to raise funds through other means.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Copyright and Neighbouring rights Protection Act, 1994

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The key objective of this measure it to provide for the protection of copyright and performers’ rights, and to provide for matters incidental thereto

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

To provide for the protection of copyright and performers’ rights, and to provide for matters incidental thereto

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The expected result is the creators ownership of their creations and ability to make a living of it provided for and protected.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Namibian Society of Composers and Authors of Music collects and distributes performance rights royalties for authors and composers of music in Namibia. Its operational funds come from the collection of royalties.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Namibian Broadcasting Act, 1991

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

 The  objectives of the measure shall be to provide for the establishment of the Nambian Broadcasting Corporation to carry on a broadcasting service in order to:  ­

  1. inform  and  entertain the  public  of  Namibia;
  2. contribute to the education and unity of the nation, and to peace in Namibia;
  3. provide and disseminate information relevant to the socio-economic development of Namibia; and
  4. promote the use and understanding of the English language.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

To provide for the establishment of a Broadcasting Corporation for Namibia; its objectives, powers, duties and functions; and  to provide for matters incidental thereto.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Provision of widespread broadcasting service to the Namibian people that informs, educates and entertains them, as well as contributing to nation building, peace and promotion of the formal language, English.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Namiban Broadcasting Corporation recieves an annual subsidy to cover its operations. However, it has the jurisdication to source funds through other means. 

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Communications Act, 2009

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The Objectives of the Communications Act are to:

  1. establish the general framework governing the opening of the telecommunication sector in Namibia to competition;
  2. provide for the regulation and control of communications activities by an independent regulatory authority;
  3. promote the availability of a wide range of high quality, reliable and efficient telecommunications services to all users in the country;
  4. promote technological innovation and the deployment of advanced facilities and services in order to respond to the diverse needs of commerce and industry and support the social and economic growth of Namibia;
  5. encourage local participation in the communications sector in Namibia;
  6. increase access to telecommunications and advanced information services to all regions of Namibia at just, reasonable and affordable prices;
  7. ensure that the costs to customers for telecommunications services are just, reasonable and affordable;
  8. stimulate the commercial development and use of the radio frequency spectrum in the best interests of Namibia;
  9. encourage private investment in the telecommunications sector;
  10. enhance regional and global integration and cooperation in the field of communications;
  11. ensure fair competition and consumer protection in the telecommunications sector; and
  12. advance and protect the interests of the public in the providing of communications services and the allocation of radio frequencies to the public.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

To provide for the regulation of telecommunications services and networks, broadcasting, postal services and the use and allocation of radio spectrum; for that purpose the establishment of an independent Communications Regulatory Authority of Namibia; to make provision for its powers and functions; the granting of special rights to telecommunications licensees; the creation of an Association to manage the internet domain name space and for matters connected therewith.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The expected results of the Communications Act are:

  1. to have an established general framework govern the telecommunication sector in Namibia to with improved competition;
  2. communications activities by an independent regulatory authority regulated and controled;
  3. to have a wide range of high quality, reliable and efficient telecommunications services to all users in the country availed;
  4. to have technological innovation and the deployment of advanced facilities and services in order to respond to the diverse needs of commerce and industry supported ;
  5. to have local participation in the communications sector in Namibia increased;
  6. Increased access to telecommunications and advanced information services to all regions of Namibia at just, reasonable and affordable prices;
  7. to have telecommunications services that are just, reasonable and affordable for customers;
  8. Stimulate the commercial development and use of the radio frequency spectrum in the best interests of Namibia;
  9. Have more private investment in the telecommunications sector;
  10. Have more regional and global integration and cooperation in the field of communications;
  11. fair competition and consumer protection in the telecommunications sector encouraged; and
  12. to have advanced and protected public interest in the provision of communications services and the allocation of radio frequencies.
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Communications Regulatory Authority of Namibia is funded through state subsidy and resorts under the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology. It has the jurisdiction to raise funds from its own initiatives.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

National Arts Fund of Namibia Act, 2005

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The objectives of the measure are to:

  1. encourage participation of individual persons, groups, institutions and organisations in arts programmes
  2. expand, improve, upgrade and develop art activities and related educational services
  3. support institutions and other bodies engaged in arts activities
  4. provide and improve art facilities in all parts of Namibia, especially in previously disadvantaged communities
  5. grant scholarships and financial support relating to arts
  6. raise funds from any source for the promotion and development of arts and;
  7. finance projects and programmes relating to arts
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

To provide for the establishment of the National Arts Fund; to promote and develop the arts in Namibia; to establish a council to control and manage the Fund and to build an enabling environment for the identification and development of creative talents of Namibians for the betterment of self, community and nation and to support the development of a sustainable arts industry.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The expected results fromthe implementation of the measure are to have:

  1. Widespread public participation in the arts;
  2. Strong arts organisations at the local level;
  3. Professional development of arts leaders;
  4. Promotion and awareness of the value of arts;
  5. Appreciation and support for the arts;
  6. Support to arts programmes in communities;
  7. Enhanced livelihood of arts and cultural practitioners;
  8. Improved standard of presentation of cultural expressions; and
  9. More research and documentation on the cultural sector and expressions
f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Fund is fully funded by the Namibian government through the Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture. However, it has the jurisdiction to source funds through other means.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions of 2005

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The objectives of the UNESCO 2005 Convention are:

  1. to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions;
  2. to create the conditions for cultures to flourish and to freely interact in a mutually beneficial manner;
  3. to encourage dialogue among cultures with a view to ensuring wider and balanced cultural exchanges in the world in favour of intercultural respect and a culture of peace;
  4. to foster interculturality in order to develop cultural interaction in the spirit of building bridges among peoples;
  5. to promote respect for the diversity of cultural expressions and raise awareness of its value at the local, national and international levels;
  6. to reaffirm the importance of the link between culture and development for all  countries, particularly for developing countries, and to support actions undertaken nationally and internationally to secure recognition of the true value of this link;
  7. to give recognition to the distinctive nature of cultural activities, goods and services as vehicles of identity, values and meaning;
  8. to reaffirm the sovereign rights of States to maintain, adopt and implement policies and measures that they deem appropriate for the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions on their territory;
  9. to strengthen international cooperation and solidarity in a spirit of partnership with a view, in particular, to enhancing the capacities of developing countries in order to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions

 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Diverse cultural expressions protected and preserved

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Funded by the Namibia Government.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Namibia/France Cooperation

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The cooperation between Namibia and France objectives are:

  1. to work together toward sharing of their cultural diversity;
  2. to intensify the cultural cooperation between Namibia and France while promoting and supporting Namibian cultural identity;
  3. to promote and support Namibian artists and cultural projects by offering our know-how, resources and equipment; and
  4. to offer French language cultural activities by making a public library and periodicals available, by organizing French language courses and facilitating lectures, film screenings, theatre plays, concerts and exhibitions.
c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

This is a joint bilateral cultural cooperation between Namibia and France,The cooperation was cemented through the following:

  • Building of bi-national structure, ruled under Namibian legislation and funded by the French government
  • FNCC inauguration on January 30, 1991 in Windhoek
  • Foundation stone of the new building on June 25, 1998, by both presidents Sam Nujoma and Jacques Chirac. The Namibian side provided the land and the French constructed the Centre
    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The expected results are:

    1. Cooperation between Namibia and France to promote and support cultural identity strengthened;
    2. Namibian artists and cultural projects promoted and supported with provision of resources such as venue, equipment and human; and
    3. Having French language cultural activities through a public library and provision of periodicals, French language courses and facilitation of lectures, film screenings, theatre plays, concerts and exhibitions.
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The activities of the center are funded by the French government and from funds raised from its various activities. 

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      ❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

      German/Namibia Cooperation

      Context of the measure: 
      INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
      b. Key objectives of the measures: 

      The cultural co-operation between Namibia and Germany aims:

      1. to promote knowledge of the German language in Namibia
      2. to foster intercultural co-operation between Namibia and Germany with a special focus on reconciliation between the colonial history and the Namibia of today.
      3. to provide information on Germany's cultural, social and political life.
      4. to be partners to other Namibian cultural institutions and organisations.
      5. to foster mutual understanding through cultural exchanges in the fields of art, science and media.
      c. What is: 
      c.1. the scope of the measure: 
      International
      c.2. the nature of the measure: 
      institutional
      c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

      This is a bilateral agreement between Namibia and Germany aimed at intercultural exchanges through media, arts and science.

      d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
      Yes
      e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
      1. Enhanced knowledge of German in Namibia
      2. Intercultural co-operation between Namibia and Germany with a special focus on reconciliation between the colonial history and the Namibia of today fostered.
      3. Availability of information on Germany's cultural, social and political life.
      4. Partnerships with other Namibian cultural institutions and organisations strengthened
      5. Increased mutual understanding through cultural exchanges in the fields of art, science and media.
      f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

      The Goethe-Insitut is funded by the German Government, however also from own funds raised from activities or partnerships.

      h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
      h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
      No
      h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
      No
      h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
      Yes
      i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
      No
      Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
      Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
      Yes
      Please explain how: 

      Possibly, due to lack of knowledge, interest and no applications coming from Namibia, in 2014, with the assistance of the Ministry responsible for Culture, the UNESCO Windhoek office initiated a workshop on the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD). The workshop provided a brief on the 2005 Convention, facilitated by consultant Mr Stephan Chifunyise from Zimbabwe and was attended by about 60 representatives of civil society organisations.It was the first time that the 2005 Convention was shared face to face with civil society and was found to be highly informative and picked interest from participants. The primary goal of the workshop was to increase knowledge about the Convention and to make participants understand the IFCD, including the provision of guidelines to formulating and submitting quality proposals.Prior to the workshop calls for applications to IFCD were distributed electronically via the UNESCO Windhoek office to main culture institutions and provided a link to more information and to apply on the relevant UNESCO website. Since then the workshop is held annually and has seen an increase in interest from local culture stakeholders.The Ministry, tried to get civil society involved in the process with little success and a few institutions provided some feedback to this report. This may have been due to a lack of participation in the process from the beginning. Furthermore, going forward, the Ministry have included activities to provide more awareness and support to stakeholders to fulfill the objectives of the Convention. Therefore, the future is hopeful in terms of increasing civil society representation and involvement.

      Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
      No
      Please explain how: 
      Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
      Yes
      Please explain how: 

      The process of revising Namibia’s Arts and Culture Policy included wide consultation with stakeholders. The policy review was based on the 2001 National Policy on Arts and Culture. Over the years it had become obvious that the document needed review, thus the process was initiated in 2013. It included sourcing the services of an international consultant with vast experience in the field of the formulation of cultural policies and who was a certified UNESCO consultant and who understood the approach to drawing up policy frameworks for governments.A three day National Review Workshop to draft an Arts and Culture Policy was held in 2014, attended by 70 representative key role players in the local culture sector. The process and workshop was facilitated by Mr Mike van Graan, from the Africa Arts Institute in South Africa Mr van Graan has a vast experience in Policy Development and Leadership to guide the participants on policy development.  A National Committee composed of key people from the sector was formed to formulate the draft policy with the guidance of the consultant. This resulted in a draft policy document that was further deliberated during a National Conference on Arts, Culture and heritage held in 2015. The Conference hosted 198 stakeholders in the arts and culture sector, as well as industries that impact it, including Non-governmental Organisations, traditional and regional authorities. This was followed by information and consultation meetings held in all 14 regions of the country attended by 1364 stakeholders.The process was concluded with a validation meeting attended by 120 stakeholders, to validate the final draft policy document that emanated from the Conference, the workshop and regional consultations for final review and endorsement.  Throughout the process the draft documents were made available to stakeholders via email and in hard copy, to solicit advice and input. The new policy as a working document will guide the implementation of culture programmes, nationally.

      Implement Operational Guidelines: 
      No
      Please explain how: 
      Other: 
      Please explain how: 
      Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
      Yes
      Name of the Organization(s): 
      Arts Association Heritage Trust
      Joe Vision Production cc
      Wordweaver Publishing House
      Namibian Society of Composers and Authors of Music
      Stolen Moments
      Martial Publishing
      National Theatre of Namibia

      Contribution from Civil Society

      This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
      Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
      Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
      Yes
      Please explain how: 

      In Namibia that has not been the case as very little awareness of the Convention was made, which left civil society in the dark and without resolve as to what their function or role was or that they had a say in its implementation, with regard to the Convention.This although civil society in Namibia carry out various activities and projects that promote most of the conventions objectives, it was done unknowingly and with very little support.The civil society was not aware of the Convention and therefore, was not included in the process of its implementation. The government and the UNESCO office has recently over the past few years invited Civil Society organisations, to brief them on the Convention and the International Fund for Cultural Diversity, however it was mainly to encourage applications to the Fund. There has been no dedicated engagement to involve the civil society in the implementation of the Convention. However, this is seen as a first step of engagement that will lead to providing civil society a role and to be seen as partners in future, to work together in the fulfilment of the objectives of the Convention. 

      Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
      No
      Please explain how: 
      Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
      No
      Please explain how: 
      Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
      No
      Please explain how: 
      Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
      No
      Please explain how: 
      Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
      No
      Please explain how: 
      Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
      No
      Please explain how: 
      Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
      Government involving civil society in the implementation of the Convention
      Solutions found or envisaged: 
      The government should aggressively promote the principles of the Convention locally with engagement and involvement of civil society.
      Civil society together with government to set up the necessary support systems to be able to fulfil the requirements of the Convention.
      Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
      The civil society will encourage action from the government to set up a representative national committee, which will include civil society representatives.
      The national committee will actively be involved and will spearhead the implementation of the Convention.
      Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
      Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

      During the period under review, there have been significant strides in the implementation of the Convention in Namibia. Firstly, in 2013, UNESCO in conjunction with the University of Namibia carried out a UNESCO Culture for Development Indicators (CDIS), which provided relevant information and statistics on the Namibian cultural industry. Limitations to the 2001 Arts and Culture Policy in implementing the Convention led to its revision and the Communications Act was amended to stipulate a twenty (20) per cent airing of local content on radio and television. Furthermore, the Namibian Film Commission supported production of over 42 short and two feature local films. The Namibian Society of Composers and Authors of Music membership grew to 6500 members and registration of songs increased to 82,958. In 2014 the College of the Arts had six (6) Diploma courses and one Applied Arts Certificate accredited and in 2015 University of Namibia introduced a Post Graduate Diploma in Heritage Conservation and Management aimed at improving local management of cultural institutions. The Ministry of Environment and Tourism 2014 Policy and Strategy includes Cultural Tourism, aimed at adding value to the Tourism Industry, through traditional cultural expressions. While the Ministry responsible for Trade commissioned a study to draw up a growth strategy for the craft industry and the National Education Policy expanded the prominence of arts and crafts as a subject in the school curriculum.Namibia continued to carry out various community programmes such as Cultural Festivals and Choir Competitions, regular training workshops and other cultural activities for schools such as the school culture clubs that teach learners traditional performing arts and the country’s diverse cultures. Local cultural institutions also continued to uplift artists, through numerous visual and performance cultural programmes, provision of funding of artistic projects and scholarships. This is in addition to supporting various cultural groups and diverse artists to partake in various events

      Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

      Due to a lack of clear guidelines on the implementation of the Convention, Namibia spent a lot of time supporting the cultural industry through varying means, however haphazardly and in manner that compromised the monitoring and evaluation of the process. This was in addition to deficient capacity and relevant skills in the Directorates of Arts and Directorate of National Heritage, which are responsible for its implementation at the national level.  The responsible Directorates did not have dedicated personnel to oversee the implementation of the convention and there was hardly civil society engagement on the convention. Furthermore, there has been very little partnership with civil society, and regular structured and organised programmes aimed at fulfilling the objectives of the Convention.This led to a reluctance of civil society to know more about the convention, although the Windhoek UNESCO office created some platforms for engagement over the past few years. Therefore, civil society has insufficient knowledge of the Convention, its objectives, provisions and opportunities in terms of the cultural sector. The reluctance may have been caused by an absent active relationship between civil society and the government, and by what is perceived to be the cumbersome processes required in reporting and applying for funding for the 2005 Convention.Therefore, without relationship between the coordinating arm being the responsible Directorates and implementers being civil society, distrust has been sowed in potential civil society partners, who also struggle to raise funds to carry out their activities, which is an area which government can create opportunities for support.  Additionally, very little efforts were put into researching the local cultural sector, which compromised the availability of statistical evidence for the report.In future Namibia will encourage the participation of the civil society in the in the implementation of the Convention.

      Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

      Currently, the convention has been worked into the strategic and annual plans of the Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture, which will include a committee, composed of civil society, which will direct a more coordinated and structured implementation of the convention, that is measurable. It is expected that more partnerships with civil society will be derived from this engagement.More cultural officers qualified and skilled in culture and its administration and management and relevant aspects will be employed to add capacity to the responsible offices in government, so that there will be more of a coordinated and division of labour in terms of ensuring the fulfilment of the convention.Additionally, the Ministry will embark on research on the local cultural sector, as well as conduct a Cultural Labour Force index, working together with relevant authorities in this regard.

      Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

      The next four years will be focused on setting up and setting into motion a committee that will be responsible for steering the implementation of the 2005 Convention and will allow for the involvement of local civil society organisations. The following steps are planned:

      1. Identify civil society stakeholders in the local cultural sector to form a 2005 Convention committee and appoint the committee members
      2. Schedule 4 committee meetings per year
      3. Budget allocation for 2005 convention projects, programmes and events
      4. Identify and have partnership agreements with civil society in the culture sector to implement aspects of the convention
      5. Ongoing Monitoring and Evaluations of programmes to be carried out
      6. Embark on relevant research on the cultural sector.

      Therefore, the next four (4) years will concentrate on building relationships and partnerships with civil society, increasing capacity in the sector, project development and awareness creation on the 2005 convention locally.  

      1. Economy and Finance: 
      1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
      1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
      Total exports in cultural goods: 
      USD: 
      0.00
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Total imports in cultural goods: 
      USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      1.1.b Cultural Services: 
      Total exports in cultural services: 
      USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Total imports in cultural services: 
      USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
      Total GDP: 
      USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
      1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
      Total government expenditure: 
      USD: 
      10850273.65
      Year: 
      2012
      Source: 
      Government's Accountability Report 2012/2013
      Share of culture in government expenditure: 
      USD: 
      Year: 
      2012
      Source: 
      Based on calculations against total budget GAR 2012/13
      2. Books: 
      (a) Number of published titles: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      (b) Number of publishing companies: 
      Total all companies: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Small Size Companies: 
      Num: 
      8
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Medium Size: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Large Size: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      (c) Bookshops and sales: 
      Bookstore chains: 
      Num: 
      1
      Sales, USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Independent Book stores: 
      Num: 
      5
      Sales, USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Book stores in other retail: 
      Num: 
      Sales, USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Online Retailers (labels): 
      Num: 
      1
      Sales, USD: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      (d) Translation flows: 
      Number of published translations: 
      Num: 
      2
      Year: 
      Source: 
      3. Music: 
      (a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
      Physical Format: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Digital Format: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Independent Format: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Majors: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      (b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
      Physical Format: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Digital Format: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      4. Media: 
      (a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Programmes: 
      (b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Ownership: 
      Public: 
      Radio channels: 
      10
      Television channels: 
      1
      Both radio & television channels: 
      1
      Total: 
      12
      Private: 
      Radio channels: 
      8
      Television channels: 
      1
      Both radio & television channels: 
      Total: 
      9
      Community: 
      Radio channels: 
      3
      Television channels: 
      Both radio & television channels: 
      Total: 
      3
      Not specified: 
      Radio channels: 
      1
      Television channels: 
      Both radio & television channels: 
      Total: 
      1
      Total: 
      Radio channels: 
      22
      Television channels: 
      2
      Both radio & television channels: 
      1
      Total: 
      25
      (c) Newspapers: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Publishing format - printed: 
      Free Only: 
      Non-daily newspapers: 
      Total: 
      0
      Paid Only: 
      Daily newspapers: 
      4
      Non-daily newspapers: 
      9
      Total: 
      13
      Both Free and Paid: 
      Daily newspapers: 
      0
      Non-daily newspapers: 
      Total: 
      0
      Publishing format - both printed and online: 
      Free Only: 
      Daily newspapers: 
      0
      Non-daily newspapers: 
      0
      Total: 
      0
      Paid Only: 
      Daily newspapers: 
      0
      Non-daily newspapers: 
      Total: 
      0
      Both Free and Paid: 
      Daily newspapers: 
      4
      Non-daily newspapers: 
      9
      Total: 
      13
      Total: 
      Daily newspapers: 
      8
      Non-daily newspapers: 
      18
      Total: 
      26
      5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
      Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Number of households with Internet access at home: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Number of individuals using the Internet: 
      Num: 
      Year: 
      Source: 
      Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
      6. Cultural Participation: 
      Activity (in %): 
      Cinema: 
      Female: 
      0.00
      Male: 
      0.00
      Total: 
      0.00
      Theatre: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      Dance (including ballet): 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      Live concert/musical performance: 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      Exhibition: 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      TOTAL: 
      Female: 
      0.00
      Male: 
      0.00
      Total: 
      0.00
      Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
      No
      Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
      Too Expensive: 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      Lack of Interest: 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      Lack of time: 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      Lack of information: 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      Too far away: 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      Other: 
      Female: 
      Male: 
      Total: 
      0.00
      7. Additional clarifications: 

      Unfortunately, no research and information gathering was put in place to measure the impact and the progress of the cultural sector, therefore the information required is not available. This has created a huge challenge in quantifying the value of the sector in Namibia. The country is in the meantime working out processes to solve this problem and will ensure that in the next reporting period the information will be available.

      Title: 
      Ms
      First Name: 
      Sanet
      Family Name: 
      Steenkamp
      Organization: 
      Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture
      Position: 
      Permanent Secretary