Lithuania 2016 report

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Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Lithuania
Date of ratification: 
18/12/2006
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCO
Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Milda
Family Name: 
Valanciauskiene
Organization: 
Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCO
Mailing Address: 
milda@unesco.lt
Telephone: 
+37052107340
Fax: 
+3702107343
E-mail: 
milda@unesco.lt
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

In June 2015, the Minister of Culture appointed an inter-institutional working group responsible for the preparation of the Lithuanian periodic report on the implementation of the 2005 Convention. The working group was composed of representatives of governmental and non-governmental organisations, universities, associations, etc. From June 2015 to June 2016, the Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCO organised 7 meetings of the Working Group chaired by R. Kvietkauskas, the Director of the Lithuanian Film Centre and the head of the Lithuanian Delegation at the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expression. During the meetings, the Working Group discussed various aspects related to the periodic reporting: such as policies and measures, civil society, sustainable development, preferential treatment, youth involvement in policy making, etc. As a result of these meetings, the Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCO submitted a proposal to include some dispositions on sustainable development and preferential treatment into the list of priorities of the Lithuanian Council for Culture.With a view to clarify the notion of sustainability in the field of culture, the Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCOin partnership with the Ministry of Culture, organised a conference on the 2005 Convention and Sustainable Development on 18 March, 2016. The key speaker, Charles Vallerand (Canada), the Executive Director of the Canadian Coalition for Cultural Diversity and the General Secretary of the International Federation of Coalitions for Cultural Diversity, gave a lecture on the main principles and provisions of the Convention, and shared the best practices on the practical aspects of its implementation in the perspective of sustainable development. The Conference also involved several presentations on the Lithuanian non-governmental initiatives on social dialogue, inclusion and sustainability in the field of culture. The Conference was attended by over 100 representatives of ministries, municipalities, NGOs.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
Lithuania ratified the 2005 Convention in 2006. Since then, the State has introduced a number of measures, which have significantly improved the status of the artist and developed sectorial policies to ensure better access to culture, intended to strengthen cultural industries and involve civil society into policy designing and decision making processes. In 2013, Lithuania was elected as a member of the Intergovernmental Committee. A number of good practices were presented in the first periodical report (2012) of the State. Important progress in the field was made by approving the Lithuanian Advancement Strategy “Lithuania 2030” in 2012, which has integrated culture into the sustainable development policy as a horizontal priority and a strategic element. This has made it possible to define the role of culture in society and to give a stronger voice to the sector in overcoming social, economic, and educational challenges. The debates about the State’s priorities and the fight for public resources among different State-funded sectors still continue.The establishment of the Lithuanian Culture Council resolved the debate on the need to separate the function of the Ministry of Culture as the cultural policy forming institution from the cultural policy implementation function. The Lithuanian Culture Council and the Lithuanian Film Centre became effective instruments to promote the creation, production, distribution and access to a diversity of cultural goods and services as well as to facilitate a balanced flow of cultural goods and services. The establishment of the Lithuanian Culture Institute and the Arts Incubators in major Lithuanian cities contributed to the mobility of artists and cultural professionals in Lithuania and around the world.The Law on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid of Lithuania (2013), the Program on Development Cooperation and Democracy Promotion (2013) and the National Development Cooperation Commission (renewed in 2014) marked the field of preferential treatment and supported various development cooperation initiatives and projects.Although the National Roma Integration Strategy (Action Plan), which defines the roadmap for public policies aimed at the social inclusion of the Roma in Lithuania, is evidence of positive efforts to develop a national legislation related to human rights and fundamental freedoms, the field still needs to be developed and expanded to other domains. The field of involvement of the civil society and youth into the policy-making processes has to be further developed too. There is also a constant need for developing inter-institutional communication, establishing inter-sectorial platforms for the development of innovative multipurpose approaches and strengthening a better understanding of the needs of the culture sector.Although a significant amount of progress towards ensuring the cultural diversity and expression during the four years of the reporting period was made, a number of various challenges have remained unsolved. Among them are the economic challenges and the lack of harmonization of the strategic planning and implementation levels, which had to be taken into account while planning sustainable culture policies. There is still the need to strengthen the capacity-building processes for promoting a better understanding of the role of creativity in sustainable development and the interconnections of culture and sustainable development in society. 
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

In 2012-2015, the culture policy focused on implementing the Benchmarks for Lithuanian Cultural Policy Change (2010), which emphasized culture as a priority.  During that period, the long term sectoral strategies were developed, and a new institutional cultural policy implementation model was established.The Lithuanian Advancement Strategy “Lithuania 2030” reflects a national vision and priorities for development as well as the Guidelines for their implementation by 2030 (2012). This roadmap reflects culture in the spirit of the Convention. The need to develop high quality cultural services across the country in order to ensure a wide diversity of cultural services and their accessibility and to promote partnerships between culture and other areas of life through creative cultural products and services is emphasised. State policies aim at facilitating cultural dynamism, international cultural exchanges and international artist mobility with a focus on the digitalisation of cultural contents. The strategy integrates and creates inter-connections among business, education, science and culture, and stimulates the development of creative and cultural industries and their international competitiveness.  As a short-term document, the National Advancement Strategy for 2014-2020 was created and approved by the Government. The Strategy highlights culture as a horizontal priority and aims at strengthening identity and creativity, and developing competitive and accessible cultural products and services. The inter-connections of culture, education, economy, social development and environment are reiterated and their contributions to culture policy goals are stressed. The Ministries of Education and Science, Economy, Interior Affairs, Agriculture, Transport and Communication, Social Affairs and Culture are acknowledged as partners in the Action Plan for the implementation of the Strategy.The commitment to foster the cultural sector in response to the specific needs of developing countries with regard to the diversity of cultural expressions and to strengthen the link between culture and development is embedded in the Law on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid of Lithuania (2013). According to the Law, a development cooperation policy aims to strengthen political, economic, social and cultural relations with partner countries and, where appropriate, with other developing countries.A number of sectoral culture policy documents were approved during that period reflecting the needs and aiming to reach the goals of the previously mentioned strategies. Such documents as the Programme of Culture and Creative industries (2014-2020), and the Regional Culture Development Programme 2012-2020 should be mentioned.In 2012, the most important changes in the cultural policy implementation model started. After the change of respective legal acts, two new institutions – the Culture Council and the Film Centre were established. Implementing an “arm’s length” model was the biggest change in culture policy over the last decades.Those important political decisions and changes created a significantly better environment for the implementation of the Convention. Although the Convention was not always the only source of arguments in policy making processes, the challenges mentioned in the 2012 periodical report were taken into account. 

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
No
How: 
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

The Convention is mentionned as a basic document during the cultural policy develoment process, during the debates, reflections and discussions.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

It is a reference for ongoing policy development in elaborating and programming strategies and policies. 

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Social Security Programme for Art Creators

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The key objective of the measure is to ensure the implementation of social security measures for art creators 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

As opposed to other professions, the profession of an artist generally does not lead to having a permanent employer and steady income; however, artists remain liable for all taxes, including contributions to the State Social Insurance Fund and the State Health Insurance Fund, and thus find themselves in a vulnerable position regarding their social security.In 2011 the Parliament passed an amendment to the Law on the Status of an Art Creator and the Status of an Organization of Art Creators. As a result of this amendment, the Social Security Programme for Art Creators was approved by the Government (2011-03-16). As stated in this programme, the state now pays contributions to the State Social Insurance Fund and the State Health Insurance Fund for art creators on a low, irregular income as well as for art creators who are at a creative standstill (a temporary period of time during which an art creator does not have the conditions to work or disseminate his works and therefore receive income). Working age Art Creators are covered for pension, sickness and maternity benefits if they do not have any insured income or this kind of income is less than 12 minimum monthly salaries or do not receive any income under the copyright agreement. Moreover, art creators at a creative standstill are entitled to financial benefits during this period.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The statistics shows that every year more and more artists request the status of art creators, which represents not only financial benefits, but also a prestige in the society. The implementation of the measure strengthen the social status of Art Creators. In 2012-2015 774 artists acquired the Status of an Art Creator. In Lithuania there are approx. 5000 artists, which have the Status of an Art Creator.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

During 2012-2015 period the State paid contributions of 4.086.169,96€ in total to the State Social Insurance Fund and the State Health Insurance Fund for art creators (in 2012 – 790.071,19€, in 2013 – 1.025.864,46€, in 2014 –1.112.575,70€, in 2015 – 1.157.658,61€). During 2012-2015 period 191 art creators applied for financial aid due to their creative standstills. Every year more and more art creators apply for financial benefits. In 2012 the Ministry of Culture confirmed 32 applications, successively 46 applications in 2013, 59 - in 2014, 54 –in 2015. It can be presumed that the programme has proved to be efficient because every year more and more art creators avail of its advantages.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural Research Programme

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Under pressure from the geopolitical challenges we face, culture becomes ever more important for positive changes in the communities around the world. We must concentrate on the creative potential of all the members of those communities, grasp the links between socio-cultural transformations and slightly less dynamic but equally important foundations for different countries around the same world, while nurturing and fostering cultural - as well as political - consciousness and innovative ideas. Culture today must be understood as one of the most important modes of soft power that conditions the strength and dynamics of our communities.The main aim of the cultural research programme is to analyse the cultural atmosphere of the contemporary Lithuania and the conditions in which artists, art consumers and institutions operate. At the same time, it is important to stimulate the identification of possible directions for the cultural policy prospects. The cultural research programme also aims at the estimation of possible collaborations between the creative, business, political science, education and social integration sectors, out of which the newly created models of the future coexistence would be drawn.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Introduced in 2014 and later in 2016, the Cultural Research programme, administrated and initiated by the Lithuanian Council for Culture, focuses on the stimulation of the three main parts of the research on culture:- statistics, where the emphasis is on infrastructure; availability of culture for society and, especially, for those who are the most vulnerable parts of our communities, with possible funding models and schemes for the cultural sector- policy, where the emphasis is on strategy and planning; establishment of national and international cultural priorities; analysis of the legal framework; cultural identities and the geopolitical realities of the East-European and Baltic regions- creativity and state advancement, where the emphasis is on the collaboration between culture and education; the development of creative industries; alternative narratives of Lithuania; “power plants” of the imagination; creative cities and regions.In administrating this programme, the Lithuanian Council for Culture funds around 20 research projects annually, ranging from the analysis of raw statistical data to artistic research propositions, which end up as an art show at the National Gallery of Art of Lithuania.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

By stimulating cultural research, the Lithuanian Council for Culture expects to have newly created data sets of local, regional and national statistics on culture, various articles and recommendations for the decision makers, art shows, symposiums, conferences and many different forms of events that would inspire innovative solutions for the strategic problems that our communities face today. The expected outcome also includes improvement of the cultural worker’s skills and the creation of models for the future development of society as a whole.  

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

366 572 EUR in 2014 and 338 200 EUR in 2016.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Programme for Protection of Creative Activity, Copyright and Related Rights

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The implementation of the Programme started in 2013 following the provisions of the Law on Copyright and Related Rights, which provides that 25 per cent of the compensatory remuneration collected in accordance with the procedure established by the Government shall be allocated for programmes for the support of creative activities and programmes for the protection of copyright and related rights.Two basic objectives of the Programme: 1. promote creative activity by financing projects of creative activity aimed to increase creativity and rightful dissemination of results of creative activity, proper remuneration of art creators and respect for intellectual property, develop the young generation of art creators and build more favourable conditions for the development and visibility of the Lithuanian creative industries;2. promote the modernisation of protection of copyright and related rights by financing projects for the protection of copyrights and related rights, taking into account new digital technologies and their impacts on methods of creative expression and the dissemination, as well as social needs related to the development of the rightful digital accessibility of creations, which would ensure proper protection of copyright and related rights, raise the respect of the society towards intellectual property and intolerance towards its illegal use.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The programme foresees the criteria of financing artistic activity, allowing 30 percents of the total Programme budget for creative projects and 70 percents for authors and related rights protection projects. The following projects may be financed from the Programme‘s resources:1) organisation of creative activities, such as, master classes for professional young authors and performers, camps for creative education, competitions, festivals and other events aimed to develop professional creative activity, also participation of young authors and performers in International creative competitions of authors and performers, rightful promotion of movies in the digital environment (computer networking (internet) and other means).2) projects for protection of author rights and related rights, such as, creation and development of open databases of collected and systemised information about works of literature, science and arts, objects of related rights, rights‘ holders and managing of the rights, preparation and implementation of International and national scientific conferences and workshops on the rights of intellectual propriety, programmes aimed social awareness raising on the right of intellectual propriety, as well as non-formal education programmes for children and youth, organisation and implementation of anti-pirate actions (social ads, messages in media etc.), aimed to promote rightful use of creations and build respect for intellectual propriety. According to the Copyright Law, 25 per cent of the compensatory remuneration for private copying for personal use and collected in accordance with the procedure established by the government must be allocated for creative programmes and programmes for the protection of copyright and related rights. Cultural, educational and scientific institutions can apply to this programme for funding. The programme has supported many projects, for example, training for law enforcement authorities dealing with intellectual property, an international conference

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The protection of creative activity, copyright and related rights, the projects, aimed to contribute to development of creative activity and strengthening of copyright protection, were financed. 147 projects were implemented in 2014-2015. 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

During 2014-2015 there have been allocated 2 343 511 Eur.

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Lithuanian Association of Litterary Translations
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

The expert commission of the Programme for protection of creative activity, copyright and related rights, composed of representatives (artists) of creative associations (NGOs), specialists (researchers and representatives of the private sector) in copyright, IT specialists, evaluate applications and draft recommendations to the Minister of Culture on the projects to be partially financed.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

The profile of the Programme was amended in 2016 in order to elucidate the objectives of the Programme and improve the administrative process (specifying term dates of application and reporting processes etc.). Having amended the Programme profile the objectives became relevant and it became easier to administrate the Programme. The Internal Audit Division of the Ministry of Culture carried out the internal audit of the evaluation of the administration of the Programme for protection of creative activity, copyright and related rights, aimed to improve the administrative procedure.The Internal Audit Division of the Ministry of Culture proposed to set the terms dates for the submission of reports, specification of budget estimates, to foresee sanctions for the implementers of the projects in case of violations of administrative procedure and preconditions. These recommendations were taken into account when amending the Programme profile.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Technical indicators related to the administration of the Programme.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Lithuanian Film Centre

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The Film Law of the Republic of Lithuania was amended in 22nd of December 2011, creating the legal basis for the reform of the cinema policy. As a consequence the Lithuanian Film Centre was established in May 2012 as a state agency under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania.  The analysis of the cinema sector detected the need for better coordination and administration of the sector policy. The goal was to establish institution that would ensure effective distribution of public resources, coordinate promotion and distribution of movies both nationally and internationally, actively participate in the protection and digitisation of cinema heritage, create a unified statistics system, contribute to the training of professionals. The activities of the Lithuanian Film Centre would also contribute to the competitiveness of the film industry in the international market.The aim of the Centre is to participate in designing an effective cinema and audiovisual sector policy and to foster the sustainability of the Lithuanian cinema industry.

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    Local
    National
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    financial
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    Project financing. The Lithuanian Film Centre provides funding for the cinema development and production. Producers can submit applications in 14 categories. Favourable conditions apply to the debut or the first movies. The films produced under the co-production conditions are given priority. State support is given to promote national movies in international festivals or to participate in various international training workshops, pitching sessions with a new film ideas. Projects submitted for funding are evaluated by the Film Council - an advisory body of 7 cinema creators,critics and producers. Movie education. Cinema Education Resources Database was created. It includes online acces to the movies as well as methodological materials for teachers and its aims is to encouraget the use of movies in the educational process. This initiative is supported by an annual Young Film Critics Competitions that encouraging young people to watch and analyse movies as well as at developing intellectual and critical tallents. Preservation of film heritage. LFC implements the feature and documentary movie digitisation programe. Movies are restored and better acces using digital technologies is provided to the audience. Film register and film rating. The Film Register was established. Online publicly accesible information on all movies screened in cinemas in Lithuania in order to ensure the protection of copyright and related rights. Special movie rating commision of film, education, psychology experts evaluates and attributes ratings according to the suitability of movies to certain age audience. Experts decision can not be changed by civil servants. Statistics. Since 2014 the Film Centre made agreements with movies distribution companies and collects movies and cinema audiences statistics. All data is publicly accesible on website, statistical reports are updated every week. Training of proffesionals. Every year LFC invites international training programmes to Lithuania and supports the Lithuanian professionals' part.www.lkc.lt

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Effective implementation of the state cinema policy.Effective and transparent grant giving system.Increase of the national cinema production and audiences.Better visibility and recognition of the Lithuanian cinema industry.More international productions shooting in Lithuania.Strengthening cinema positions in the national education system.  Providing research and data for evident based cinema policy.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    2012 - 1.948.955 eur2013 - 2.751.391 eur2014 - 3.024.501 eur2015 - 3.078.652 eur

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    Yes
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
    National
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    Lithuanian Council for Culture

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measures: 

    Lithuanian Council for Culture (hereafter - the Council) was established in 2013 and it is a state institution under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania. The Council operates under the Law on the Council of Culture and the Law on Culture Support Foundation. The Law became an instrument to separate the role of the Ministry of Culture as a cultural policy forming institution from the cultural policy implementation functions, which fall under the Culture Council. The Culture Council was established with the view to reform cultural governance and develop cultural self-realisation.The Council co-funds cultural and artistic initiatives, allocates grants, organizes statistical analysis and coordinates research of culture and the arts. This enables the Council to contribute to the develpment of national culture, as well as to to promote public initiatives of cultural expression. The Council, too, supports presentation of Lithuanian culture and the arts abroad, presenting outsanding examples of creativity and strengthening cohabitation and cooperation between different states, nations, minority and ethnic groups. In its operation, the Council creates opportunities to promote accessibility of diverse cultural expressions, art works, educational initiatives and more.In short, Lithuanian Council for Culture is responsible for implementation of national policy falling under the competence of the Ministry of Culture, development and dissemination of culture and the arts, and provision of meaningful and understandable data on culture and the arts.

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    Local
    Regional
    National
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    regulatory
    financial
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The Council has the following key functions: providing co-financing to culture and arts projects, based on the cultural experts' recommendations; administrating the Culture Support Fund: awarding grants, providing scholarships and other financial support to culture and art research; monitoring and analysing projects; participating in and implementing EU and other countries' financial support programmes and administrating the financial support funds provided for the culture sector; cooperating with state and municipal agencies and institutions. The fields of activities supported by the Council include architecture, archives, circus, fine arts, photography, cinema, museums, cultural heritage, literature, music, dance, interdisciplinary art, folk art, theatre art and amateur art projects.In 3 years period (2014-2016), the Council has funded more than 6500 initiatives. Among those: research projects, ranging form statistical data analysis to more abstract initiatives aimed at art's impact on human well-being or integration of different minorities groups into cultural ecosystem; artist's residence projects, where Lithuanian organizations are organizing local infrastructure in order to nurture the creativity and curiosity of the residents; the Council supports artist's associations, providing a much needed framework for the organizational aspect of the day-to-day operation in the cultural field; the Council is also responsible for the support of the most renowned Lithuanian festivals providing the audience with an example of excellence and dedication to the particular form or genre of art; other funding programmes include promotion of reading, publishing, development of cultural industries sector, improvement of professional skills for both arts organizations and its employees, and many more. www.ltkt.lt The decisions of the Council are taken by the Meeting of the Council Members, a body consisting of 11 elected members (including a Chair) for a four year tenure by the principle of diversity in terms of areas of culture and

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    Yes
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    The Council was established as a means to reform the Lithuanian cultural policy model by developing a self-regulative sector. In doing so the administration of public funds allocated to culture and the arts is expected to become much more accessible to the general population and more efficiently run in terms of developing a clear and widely accepted decision-making process and articulation of strategic goals to the public.It must be noted that there were no interim period for the Council to prepare to implement its functions.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    The Council administrates an annual budget of approximately 15 000 000 EUR.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
    National
    ❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

    Lithuanian Capitals of Culture

    Context of the measure: 
    CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
    b. Key objectives of the measures: 

    The project’s aims are to stimulate cultural development, activity and creativity, expand the cultural accessibility in municipalities, especially in regions and small cities, to involve local communities and institutions into cultural partnerships projects, to stimulate international cooperation, etc.

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    Local
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    financial
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    Inspired by the idea of the European Capital of Culture and seeking to promote the cultural activity and creativity of the residents of Lithuanian regions, the Ministry of Culture started the project "The Lithuanian Capital of Culture" in 2008, which is aimed to develop culture and arts, creative industries and expand access to culture. Any town of Lithuania, except Vilnius, selected in a competition may become a Lithuanian Capital of Culture for one year. Having announced one definite town as a Lithuanian Capital of Culture, the project receives state financing for one year for a programme of various cultural events, which represent the region in the best possible way, with craft events, arts and other forms of culture.In evaluating the applications of towns, the projects are selected taking into account the following features:

    • encouraging the development of various artistic and cultural activities
    • contributing to the expansion/creation of a local identity and image by continuing the cultural traditions of the town and region
    • involving various groups of residents in an active cultural activities
    • attraction of business and other private sources.

    In 2015, another competitive project – "The Minor Lithuanian Capital of Culture" – was initiated and started by the Ministry of Culture and the community of Naisiai village. The Minor Lithuanian Capital of Culture competition is announced and organised by the Union of Rural Communities of Lithuania. It is a project that stimulates small villages to be involved in cultural life and creative processes. 

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    No
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 
    • Stronger positions of culture in regional development policies.
    • More culturally active and creative Lithuanian towns (the project was implemented in Anykščiai in 2012, Palanga – 2013, Panevėžys – 2014 and Žagarė – 2015).
    • Wider access of communities of these towns to creative initiatives and cultural processes.
    • Development of cultural tourism in the regions.
    • Inclusion of various social groups in the activities of the Capitals of Culture.
    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    In 2012-2015 232 000 EUR was allocated.

    g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
    Name: 
    Various
    Type of Entity: 
    NGO
    Type of Involvement: 

    The applications are examined by the commission of culture specialists, including representatives of non-governmental organisations.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    Yes
    i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
    National
    i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

    Every year, the reports of the Capital of Culture projects are evaluated by the specialists of the Ministry of Culture, discussing them with the culture administrators at the municipalities.The Lithuanian Capitals of Culture programme is an effective means to stimulate cultural processes in the regions. 

    i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

    The inclusion of town communities, active participation in the projects, number of events and social actions, participation of youth and children.

    ❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

    Lithuanian Culture Institute

    Context of the measure: 
    INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
    b. Key objectives of the measures: 

    Lithuanian Culture Institute (further referred to as "LCI") is a state budgetary institution, established in 2014 by the Ministry of Culture on the basis of the former International Culture Programme Centre. LCI operates as a subsidiary institution of the Ministry of Culture in pursuit of the following objectives:– to promote Lithuania through culture and arts;– to increase the international scope of the national cultural field;– to contribute to foreign policy strands and  the formation of cultural diplomacy;– to promote international dialogue and mutual trust;– to strengthen creative and cultural industries;– to promote Lithuanian literature and translations;– to advance global Lithuanian artists;– to ensure accurate communication.

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    financial
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The Lithuanian Culture Institute runs 6 major programs:1. Promotion of Lithuanian arts abroad. In collaboration with the network of cultural attaches in Europe, USA, Israel and China and international partners, LCI designs and implements individual projects and big scale representative Lithuanian Culture Season programmes . In 2015, 197 individual projects and one special program "Lithuania in Krakow: Culture Season 2015" were implemented. The latter featured 10 projects of visual arts, music, theatre, literature and commemoration of cultural history, which involved major Lithuanian and Polish culture and arts institutions.2. Promotion of artists, culture experts and operators mobility; presentation of Lithuanian culture and creative industries at international events. In 2014, LCI supported or provided assistance to 503 Lithuanian artists and culture operators participating in international projects abroad.  10 tailor-made research tours to Lithuania for international culture professionals were organized. In 2015 LCI supported projects involving 417 Lithuanian artists and invited 74 foreign art professionals from EU countries, USA, Ukraine, Russia, Japan, China, Brazil and Mexico.3. Implementation of bilateral and multilateral culture cooperation programs (please refer to measure "Bilateral and Multilateral Cultural Cooperation") 4. Promotion of Lithuanian literature and translations. LCI represents Lithuania in international book fairs; translators, consults foreign publishers; organizes match-making events. In 2015, probation translations and literature translations into 16 languages were supported. Research tours for publishers from UK, Germany and Austria were organized in preparation of Lithuania's participation in Leipzig Book Fair 2017 and London Book Fair 2018.5. Design and implementation of culture event programs at Vilnius International Book Fair. In 2015, 402 events including talk-shows, concerts, film screenings and workshops were arranged.

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    No
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Better representation of Lithuania as a country worldwide, and Lithuanian arts and culture in particular; growth of international cultural exchanges; invigorating Lithuanian culture scene, impact for development of culture and creative industries.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    Annual budget in 2015 (the first full calendar year of operation) - 836 300 EUR 

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

    Bilateral and multilateral international cultural cooperation

    Context of the measure: 
    INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
    b. Key objectives of the measures: 

    The foregn cultural policy of Lithuania is carried out through membership or in cooperation with international organizations, like the EU, the Council of Europe, UNESCO, WIPO, ASEM, the Council of the Baltic Sea States, the Nordic Council of Ministers, etc., through implementation of bilateral and multilateral inter-governmental or inter-ministerial agreements, programs and action plans and participation in various international cooperation platforms. The main actors in the cultural foreign policy are the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Lithuanian Culture Institute, diplomatic missions and cultural attaches. State and non-state arts and culture institutions, artists' associations, higher art schools, local municipalities are also actively promoted in international cultural cooperation and are members of relevant European or international culture and art networks.Since 1991, the government signed more than 40 cultural cooperation agreements with foreign countries. The agreements are designed to strengthen governmental and non-governmental cooperation in the fields of visual and performing arts, museology, libraries, archives, cultural heritage; to facilitate inter-cultural dialogue; to disseminate Lithuanian culture abroad and introduce cultural diversity to national cultural scene; to promote artists mobility; to expand exports of culture and creative industries; to support projects and participation in international programs.

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    International
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    financial
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The Ministry of Culture is responsible for drafting and implementation of international cultural policies. To promote international cultural exchanges and presentation of national culture and  arts abroad, in 2014, the Lithuanian Culture Institute was established on the basis of previous the International Cultural Programme Centre. The Institute has joined EUNIC association in 2011 and successfully developed the EU program "Europe for Citizens" in 2011. The National Co-Funding Mechanism to support participation in EU cultural programmes was launched in 2012.The network of culture attaches has been extended with new posts in Sweden (including coverage of Finland and Denmark), USA, Israel and China, in addition to existing posts in France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Russia, UK and the EU. The Division of the Support from the EU to administrate EU financial structural support for culture in the period of 2014-2020, and positions for coordination of European Economic Area (EEA) financial support for culture and cultural heritage were established in the Ministry of Culture. The financial programme "Promotion of Cultural and Artistic Diversity in European Cultural Heritage Sites" supported by EEA financial mechanisms was designed, approved and now is being implemented.  International agreements and programs of cultural cooperation were signed with Armenia, Austria, Latvia and Estonia (trilateral), Macedonia, Ukraine, the Government of Flanders, Israel and France (on film co-production), agreements with the Czech Republic and Kazakhstan governments came into force. Lithuania puts emphasis to cooperation with the Baltic Sea Region countries. Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian cultural cooperation is coordinated by Baltic Culture Committee, which meets annually. The three Baltic States cooperation with the Nordic countries is directed by guidelines adopted by the Nordic Council in 2013. The Nordic Culture Fund supports cooperation in the fields of art, theatre, music and media; the Programme for Artists in Residence was launched in 2013. 

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    No
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Through participation in international organizations and cooperation platforms and implementation of bilateral and multilateral agreements on the promotion of Lithuanian culture and the image of the state, support for inter-cultural dialogue, and facilitation of the development of friendly and mutually beneficial relations with countries across the globe is expected.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    Support with the funds administrated by the Lithuanian Council for Culture: - For presentation of Lithuanian arts and culture abroad: 2014 - 1,779, 233 EUR; 2015 - 2,778,265 EUR.- For foreign artists' residences in Lithuania: 2014 - 217,794 EUR; 159,291 EUR.- For international arts festivals organized in Lithuania: 2014 - 868,860 EUR; 2015 - 1,013,670 EUR.- Support to Lithuanian art organizations' participation in EU program "Creative Europe": 2014 - 144,810 EUR,  2015 - 144,810 EURAllocations administrated by Lithuanian Culture Institute - 491 300 EUR in 2015.    

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT

    Law on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid of Lithuania

    Context of the measure: 
    PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
    b. Key objectives of the measures: 

    The Law states that development cooperation policy is an integral part of Lithuanian foreign policy and is aimed at achieving the following goals:1) to contribute to global efforts to reduce poverty in developing countries and the implementation of other development goals announced by the United Nations (hereinafter – the UN);2) to contribute to the development of a democracy, security and stability space, and sustainable development in partner countries;3) to contribute to the development of human rights and gender equality in partner countries;4) to strengthen political, economic, social and cultural relations with partner countries and, where appropriate, other developing countries;5) to inform and educate Lithuanian society about the development cooperation policies of the UN, the EU and Lithuania, their goals and challenges, the achieved results and seek greater public approval and assistance in these activities.

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    legislative
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The Law on Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid of Lithuania (No XII-311) was adopted on 16 May 2013. It determines the targets and guidelines of Lithuania’s development cooperation policy, its formation, implementation, coordination and financing, and ways for providing humanitarian aid. Among other commitments, the Law provides for fostering the cultural sector in response to the specific needs of developing countries with regard to the diversity of cultural expressions and aims to strengthen a link between culture and development. The Law states that development cooperation policy is an integral part of Lithuanian foreign policy and is aimed at achieving the following goals:1) to contribute to global efforts to reduce poverty in developing countries and to the implementation of other development goals announced by the United Nations (hereinafter – the UN);2) to contribute to the development of a democracy, security and stability space, and sustainable development in partner countries;3) to contribute to the development of human rights and gender equality in partner countries;4) to strengthen political, economic, social and cultural relations with partner countries and, where appropriate, with other developing countries;5) to inform and educate Lithuanian society about the development cooperation policies of the UN, the EU and Lithuania, their goals and challenges, the achieved results, and to seek greater public approval and assistance with these activities.Alongside the Law a number of by-laws were adopted on concrete aspects of its implementation.More information about Lithuanian development cooperation at https://www.orangeprojects.lt/en/ 

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    No
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    Regulation of Lithuanian Development Cooperation Policy.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    There is no purposeful budget for this measure.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    ❭ PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT

    National Development Cooperation Commission

    Context of the measure: 
    PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
    b. Key objectives of the measures: 

    To realize the principle of Policy Coherence for Development (PCD), the structure of the National Development Cooperation Commission, an inter-ministerial coordination body, was renewed in 2014. The aim of the Commission is to ensure adequate policy coordination between stakeholders and facilitate the processes of monitoring and the assessment of results.  

    c. What is: 
    c.1. the scope of the measure: 
    National
    c.2. the nature of the measure: 
    institutional
    c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

    The structure of the National Development Cooperation Commission, an inter-ministerial coordination body, was renewed in 2014 seeking to ensure adequate policy coordination between stakeholders and facilitate the processes of monitoring and the assessment of results. The Commission, led by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, now includes officials from all line-ministries (incl. the Ministry of Culture), the Office of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, the Association of Local Authorities in Lithuania, the National Non-Governmental Development Cooperation Organisations’ Platform (NDGO Platform), the Lithuanian Non-Governmental Development Cooperation Organizations and Education Network (LITDEA), the Customs Department, the Special Investigation Service and the Central Project Management Agency. The primary responsibility of the Commission is to submit to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs proposals on development cooperation policies and activities, raise awareness among its members about possibilities for international cooperation, discuss reports on development cooperation submitted by state and municipal institutions and agencies, etc. The regular meetings of the Commission are the main coordination mechanism for the implementation of policy coherence for development cooperation in Lithuania. 

    d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
    No
    e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

    More effective policy coherence for development.

    f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

    There is no purposeful budget for this budget.

    h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
    h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
    No
    h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
    No
    h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
    Yes
    i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
    No
    Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
    Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    On the 18th of March 2016, the Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCO in partnership with the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania and the Embassy of Canada in Lithuania organised the Conference and Discussion on the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005). Interactions between culture and sustainable development. The representatives of ministries, cultural centres, NGO’s, experts on cultural policies, cultural managers, creators, and artists attended the Conference. The key speaker Charles Vallerand, General Secretary of the International Federation of Coalitions for Cultural Diversity, presented the main principles and provisions of the Convention, and shared the best practices and experiences on the practical aspects of its implementation in the perspective of sustainable development. 4 Lithuanian representatives gave an overview on various social initiatives implemented by the NGOs contributing to cultural diversity and sustainable development in Lithuania: Dr. Audronė Brazauskaitė (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Centre of Arts Therapy) made a presentation “Social Interactions between Artists and Disabled People in the Framework of Interdisciplinary Contexts”; Prof. Aušra Lisauskienė (Vilnius Arts Academy) – “Social Intervention of Graphic Design”; Dr. Jekaterina Lavriniec (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Interdisciplinary Platform for Urban Research, Community Art and Social Design Initiatives, Non-Formal Learning and Activism “Laimikis Lt”) – “Inclusiveness of Urban Communities in Developing Creative Spaces”; Milda Laužikaitė (Association “Creative Junctions”/ “Kūrybinės jungtys”) – “Aspects of Preferential Treatment and Sustainability within the Project Creative Partnerships”. The presentations were followed by a discussion between the speakers and audience.

    Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    In June 2015, the Minister of Culture established an inter-institutional Working Group including the representatives of NGOs. The main objective of the Working Group was to collect, share and exchange the data on the implementation of the Convention at the local and international level.

    Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    The Minister of Culture after the establishing an “arms length” body - The Lithuanian Council of Culture - decided to rearrange the system of advisory bodies. In 2015, the Ministry decided to renew the composition of the Lithuanian Culture and Arts Council. The Council consists of representatives of associations of culture and artists invited to advise on culture policy measures, to elaborate recommendations on various issues of culture life, legislation, and state scholarships for artists. The Council also analyses the processes of cultural development.The Working Group responsible for the elaboration of the periodic report considers the possibility to maintain such a working model on constant basis after the submission of the periodic report. Such a working group could offer a space where ideas of civil society can be heard and discussed while developing policies.

    Implement Operational Guidelines: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    The Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCO translated the Operational guidelines of the Convention into the Lithuanian language and presented it during the Conference and Discussion on the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005). Interactions between culture and sustainable development.The Lithuanian National Commission together with the Working Group submitted to the Ministry of Culture a proposal on the need to integrate some dispositions concerning preferential treatment, sustainable development, equitable access and equal respect for all cultures and minorities, including a culture of peace and tolerance into the list of objectives and priorities of the Lithuanian Council of Culture.

    Other: 
    Please explain how: 
    Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
    Yes
    Name of the Organization(s): 
    nterdisciplinary Platform for Urban Research, Community Art and Social Design Initiatives, Non-Formal Learning and Activism „Laimikis Lt"
    Association „Creative Junctions“/ „Kūrybinės jungtys“
    Association of Art Creators/ Artists of Lithuania
    National Association of Cultural and Creative Industries

    Contribution from Civil Society

    This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
    Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
    Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
    No
    Please explain how: 
    Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
    No
    Please explain how: 
    Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    The growing role of the NGOs and civic society groups active in the neighbourhoods, especially disadvantaged ones, brought the awareness of the principles of the Convention, and actual processes to the wide public including public authorities. By implementing cooperative creative activities as a tool for the inclusive cultural revitalisation of the neighbourhoods and the empowerment of the local communities, these formal and informal civic groups made the social problems in the neighbourhoods visible - and promoted new ways of approaching them. Examples: cooperative cultural revitalisation of the disadvantaged wooden neighbourhood Šnipiškės in Vilnius, community art activities in the disadvantaged neighborhood Šančiai in Kaunas. The cases are broadly discussed on the conferences and forums, in local and national media. The developed and internationally approved methods are not implemented by the local governmental groups (municipalities), though on the very local administrative level the municipality workers presented in the neighbourhoods did learn from the processes. Besides the messages in mass media, the annual "Co-urbanism" forum (starting from 2015) was launched in Vilnius. This event aims to develop a dialogue between active citizens groups, NGO sector, professionals in architecture and urban planning, municipalities and ministries, focusing on the issues of participatory urban culture. The program of the annual event embraces practical workshops that aim at the implementation of the new methods of cooperative development of public spaces and neighbourhoods. Documentation: http://laimikis.lt/co-urbanism-info-2015/

    Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    While the civic society organisations are in the process of strengthening the horizontal networking (between the active citizens groups and between NGOs), the forms of cooperation between citizens groups and governmental organisations, that could promote at least a discussion about a greater transparency and forms of accountability in the cultural governance is still undeveloped. 

    Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    Civic society organisations showed a high interest in creating the conditions to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression by addressing the call to the Lithuanian Cultural Council to include socially oriented cultural activities, that seek to promote social inclusiveness, into the classifier of the areas of cultural activities that get granted by Culture Support Fund. While civic organisation share and cross-monitor in informal way each others activities (study visits, discussion platforms, direct participation in each others activities), no lasting format for the monitoring the activities of cultural governance was developed. 

    Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
    Yes
    Please explain how: 

    As a tool for mapping the civic urban initiatives in the region, a map of the creative initiatives was launched with the starting focus to the Lithuanian and Belarus context: http://laimikis.lt/co-urbanism-map/. The possibilities of the innovative partnership are being explored by launching discussion platforms (like already mentioned Co-urbanism) that bring together formal and informal civic society groups, urbanists, artists, urban developers, representatives of municipalities and ministries for the co-working on the specific urban cultural issues, were launched. Local NGO sector (and the local communities through it) is active in taking part in Baltic Sea Regional networks, European networks for culture and innovation.

    Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
    No
    Please explain how: 
    Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
    A huge gap between decision makers and the civic society (bottom-up practices and competences). The absence of communication skills, tools and formats used by governmental structures to include NGO sector into decision making processes.
    Solutions found or envisaged: 
    Platforms for periodic cross-sectorial co-working. Involvement of the expertise of the regional and European networks for awareness raising and changing the mind-sets in administrative structures.
    Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
    Strengthening local network of civic society organisations through cooperative creative actions involving the local communities in different Lithuanian cities.
    Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
    AttachmentSize
    File List of stakeholders: Lithuania17.16 KB
    Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

    One of the main results achieved was integration of the culture as a horizontal priority into the National Advancement Strategy for 2014-2020 approved by the Government. The document emphasizes that the common goal is to strengthen identity and creativity, developing competitive and accessible cultural products and services. The Government also approved the Inter-Institutional Action Plan for 2012-2014 for implementing the Guidelines for Alteration of the Lithuanian Cultural Policy. Among the priorities there are: access to culture for all groups in society, competitiveness of culture and cultural products, tolerance and intercultural dialogue, and the development of cultural services.A number of important legislative and regulatory documents such as the Law on the Council of Culture, the Law on Cinema, which were adopted and updated in 2012-2015, contribute to the achievement of the main goals of the Convention (see the chapter "General information" for details ). Various financial and institutional measures such as the establishment of the Lithuanian Culture Council and the Lithuanian Film Centre also contribute to the implementation of the Convention.In 2015, the Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCO translated the Operational Guidelines (revised in June 2015) of the Convention in Lithuanian. The translated Operational Guidelines were presented during the Conference on the 2005 Convention and Sustainable Development, organised in partnership with the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania and the Embassy of Canada in Lithuania on 18 March, 2016 in Vilnius, Lithuania. The participants of the Conference discussed various aspects of the Operational Guidelines with a focus on the integration of culture into national sustainable development plans and policies, as underlined. The Conference contributed to the greater visibility of the Convention and the better understanding of the benefits and the main goals of the Convention among various stakeholders, cultural institutions, individual artists and NGOs.

    Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

    The Working Group established for the preparation of the periodic report, serves as a good example of the practice of inter-institutional cooperation, which remains one of the main challenges in developing policies of preferential treatment, sustainable development, and the involvement of civil society and youth in the policy making processes. The exchange of information and cooperation on all levels of society are fundamental for the better understanding of the philosophy of the Convention and its goals..The preparation of the report disclosed the fact that the implementation of some specific aspects and domains of the Convention on the national scale – is not properly balanced.  Namely, issues of preferential treatment, involvement of civil society and youth in policy making, strategies and measures concerning gender equality and transversal issues remain being disregarded, possibly due to an insufficient understanding of the relevance of the Convention.The major challenge is monitoring, collection of data, analysis, evaluation and information sharing of processes in cultural programmes and measures.    

    Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

    To stimulate and develop inter-institutional cooperation, an inter-institutional working group involving not only representatives of public organisations, but also NGOs and private organisations would be one of the solutions. The working group could serve as a dynamic space for debates, discussions and reflections on issues related to the Convention and its future in Lithuania.At the public level, more efforts could be done in stimulating and elaborating strategies and programmes for strengthening the participation of civil society and youth in policy making processes, integrating culture-oriented approaches in the field of media, raising the problematic issues related to digital environment and gender equality. To this end, the working group responsible for elaboration of the periodic report is going to prepare the recommendations for responsible public institutions in the field of culture. Such recommendations will overview all the domains of the Convention pointing out the aspects, which could not be considered as adequately implemented.Strengthening and increasing data collection, cultural research and analysis, as well as evaluation of cultural measures is necessary for the effectiveness of the cultural sector in general. A greater attention to the field of elaboration of indicators for the evaluation of programmes or programming new supplementary options for data collection in relation to the Convention would be needed. 

    Steps planned for the next 4 years: 
    • In addition to the periodic report the Working Group is in charge of elaborating a list of recommendations for the better implementation of the Convention by the end of 2016.
    • The Lithuanian National Commission for UNESCO is going to publish the translated Operational Guidelines of the Convention by the end of 2016.
    • The published Operational Guidelines will be distributed to all stakeholders, relevant institutions and individuals. The Guidelines will also be available online.
    • It is planned to organise a conference on preferential treatment in partnership with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other ministries.
    • There is a need for public discussions and debates on the involvement of civil society and youth in policy making and monitoring processes as well as for the better understanding and relevance of gender equality issues related to the Convention taking into account that women dominate the culture sector in Lithuania. 
    • The Working group will issue recommendations to public institutions – in the cultural field in relation to data collection.
    1. Economy and Finance: 
    1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
    1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
    Total exports in cultural goods: 
    USD: 
    128256.53
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    Total imports in cultural goods: 
    USD: 
    35124.94
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    1.1.b Cultural Services: 
    Total exports in cultural services: 
    USD: 
    6117.18
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    Total imports in cultural services: 
    USD: 
    13428.26
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
    Total GDP: 
    USD: 
    41950.12
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    USD: 
    1.30
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 

    The method of production: comparison between the added value of the indicated economic activities and the GDP. The following regressors are used to estimate the added values of economic activities: production, conditional number of employees, average salary, income, etc.

    1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
    Total government expenditure: 
    USD: 
    10565698.65
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    Share of culture in government expenditure: 
    USD: 
    267767.88
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    2. Books: 
    (a) Number of published titles: 
    Num: 
    3,410
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    M.Mazvydas National Library of Lithuania, www.lnb.lt
    (b) Number of publishing companies: 
    Total all companies: 
    Num: 
    502
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Lithuanian Periodicals Statistics http://www2.lnb.lt/leidiniai/elektroniniai-leidiniai/lietuvos-spaudos-statistika
    Small Size Companies: 
    Num: 
    475
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Lithuanian Periodicals Statistics http://www2.lnb.lt/leidiniai/elektroniniai-leidiniai/lietuvos-spaudos-statistika
    Medium Size: 
    Num: 
    25
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Lithuanian Periodicals Statistics http://www2.lnb.lt/leidiniai/elektroniniai-leidiniai/lietuvos-spaudos-statistika
    Large Size: 
    Num: 
    2
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Lithuanian Periodicals Statistics http://www2.lnb.lt/leidiniai/elektroniniai-leidiniai/lietuvos-spaudos-statistika
    (c) Bookshops and sales: 
    Bookstore chains: 
    Num: 
    3
    Sales, USD: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Lithuanian Association of Publishers
    Independent Book stores: 
    Num: 
    Sales, USD: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    Book stores in other retail: 
    Num: 
    150
    Sales, USD: 
    32091.00
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    Online Retailers (labels): 
    Num: 
    Sales, USD: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    (d) Translation flows: 
    Number of published translations: 
    Num: 
    1,095
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    M.Mazvydas National Library of Lithuania, www.lnb.lt
    3. Music: 
    (a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
    Physical Format: 
    Num: 
    110
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Lithuanian Neighbouring Rights Association (AGATA), http://www.agata.lt/en, https://www.pakartot.lt/
    Digital Format: 
    Num: 
    100
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Lithuanian Neighbouring Rights Association (AGATA), http://www.agata.lt/en, https://www.pakartot.lt/
    Independent Format: 
    Num: 
    210
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Lithuanian Neighbouring Rights Association (AGATA), http://www.agata.lt/en, https://www.pakartot.lt/
    Majors: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    (b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
    Physical Format: 
    Num: 
    752,810
    Year: 
    2014
    Source: 
    Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    Digital Format: 
    Num: 
    Year: 
    Source: 
    4. Media: 
    (a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Radio and Television Commission of Lithuania, www.rtk.lt
    Programmes: 
    (b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Radio and Television Commission of Lithuania, www.rtk.lt
    Ownership: 
    Public: 
    Radio channels: 
    Television channels: 
    Both radio & television channels: 
    1
    Total: 
    1
    Private: 
    Radio channels: 
    39
    Television channels: 
    39
    Both radio & television channels: 
    1
    Total: 
    79
    Community: 
    Radio channels: 
    6
    Television channels: 
    Both radio & television channels: 
    Total: 
    6
    Not specified: 
    Radio channels: 
    Television channels: 
    Both radio & television channels: 
    Total: 
    0
    Total: 
    Radio channels: 
    45
    Television channels: 
    39
    Both radio & television channels: 
    2
    Total: 
    86
    (c) Newspapers: 
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Lietuvos spaudos statistika http://www2.lnb.lt/leidiniai/elektroniniai-leidiniai/lietuvos-spaudos-statistika
    Publishing format - printed: 
    Free Only: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    0
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    0
    Paid Only: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    0
    Both Free and Paid: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    10
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    229
    Total: 
    239
    Publishing format - both printed and online: 
    Free Only: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    0
    Paid Only: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    0
    Both Free and Paid: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    Total: 
    0
    Total: 
    Daily newspapers: 
    10
    Non-daily newspapers: 
    229
    Total: 
    239
    5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
    Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
    Num: 
    1,448
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Number of households with Internet access at home: 
    Num: 
    924,500
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    68,3 percents. Communications Regulatory Authority http://www.rrt.lt/en/about_rrt.html
    Number of individuals using the Internet: 
    Num: 
    76
    Year: 
    2015
    Source: 
    Indicated data in percents.Statistics Lithuania: http://osp.stat.gov.lt
    6. Cultural Participation: 
    Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
    Activity (in %): 
    Cinema: 
    Female: 
    24.60
    Male: 
    27.40
    Total: 
    52.00
    Theatre: 
    Female: 
    49.00
    Male: 
    41.80
    Total: 
    45.70
    Dance (including ballet): 
    Female: 
    49.00
    Male: 
    41.80
    Total: 
    45.70
    Live concert/musical performance: 
    Female: 
    49.00
    Male: 
    41.80
    Total: 
    45.70
    Exhibition: 
    Female: 
    32.20
    Male: 
    27.70
    Total: 
    30.01
    TOTAL: 
    Female: 
    0.00
    Male: 
    0.00
    Total: 
    0.00
    Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
    Yes
    Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
    Too Expensive: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    0.00
    Total: 
    0.00
    Lack of Interest: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    0.00
    Lack of time: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    0.00
    Lack of information: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    0.00
    Too far away: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    0.00
    Other: 
    Female: 
    Male: 
    Total: 
    0.00
    7. Additional clarifications: 

    Data that are not indicated are not available.

    Title: 
    Mr
    First Name: 
    Arnas
    Family Name: 
    Neverauskas
    Organization: 
    Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania
    Position: 
    Vice-minister