Latvia 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Latvia
Date of ratification: 
6/7/2007
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Latvian National Centre for Culture
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Dace
Family Name: 
Ziemele
Organization: 
Latvian National Centre for Culture
Mailing Address: 
Pils laukums 4, Rīga, LV - 1365
Telephone: 
0037167356284
Fax: 
E-mail: 
dace.ziemele@lnkc.gov.lv
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The report was prepared by the Latvian Contact Point of the Convention, namely the Latvian National Centre for Culture, in cooperation with the Ministry of Culture, the Latvian National Commission for UNESCO and the civil society organizations that are united under an umbrella of the Council of the Creative Unions of Latvia, a non-governmental inter-disciplinary organization, that consists of different professional creative unions.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
Latvia has integrated aspects of cultural and creative industries (CCI) policy development in State long-term and medium term sustainable development policies, as well as in other sectoral policies such as industrial and regional policy. Based on the intrinsic principles of the Convention, the national CCI policy and decision making processes are carried out. It also serves as a reference and content planning tool for media and social integration policies. It has helped to shape the national position for recognition and acquisition of legal status and social protection for creative professionals in the way to introduce a new legal, regulatory and financial framework. Regarding the international cooperation in carrying out joint projects with other countries, the Convention is a tool that helps fostering cultural diplomacy and building awareness, dialogue and relations across nations, traditions, borders, cultures and people. MoC has been successfully running social dialogue with NGO sector involving it in the decision-making process and negotiations regarding policy development and implementation, it has established a strong dialogue platform with civil society via advisory councils, committees and working groups which meet regularly under the auspices of the MoC. It is crucial for the success of the 2005 Convention to strengthen its role within the civil society. There should be ways to promote the Convention amongst NGOs both for having better understanding of the principles embedded in the Convention and their direct linkages to the growth of a healthy cultural sector and protective tools that it implies. At the same time, it is essential to obtain fruitful critical views on the Convention and the ways of its implementation. It is also important to raise a more in-depth discussion on the qualitative indicators in the field of culture under the legal framework of the Convention, since it is vital to be able to showcase the value and contribution of culture in other sectors, e.g. social and regional development, facing current global and national challenges. An international voice and mobilization is very much needed in this domain. Latvia’s outlook for the future is included in the work plan of the Latvian government for the years 2016-2018: -to facilitate the transfer of culture capital to other areas to create new businesses and products and to encourage innovation and promote the export capacity of CCI; -to improve the infrastructure for national culture ensuring platforms for various cultural expressions, such as Latvian Museum of Contemporary Art, New Riga Theatre, Modern Acoustic concert hall; -to deepen Latvian society’s appreciation of culture and cultural heritage and to ensure excellent and diversified cultural services and accessibility for the widest possible public, including by improving the funding model of the State Cultural Capital Foundation; -to complete the drafting of the legal framework to define the status and support for creative occupations and their organizations; -to define national procurement of culture education for all educational levels, taking into account Latvian cultural developments and the needs of the labour market; -to implement a support programme for NGOs by supporting civil society in addressing current challenges. To support NGOs of national minorities by expanding their opportunities to actively participate in the cultural processes and social life of Latvia.
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

The overarching vision of the current cultural policy is: Latvia – land with rich and cultivated cultural heritage, vital and diverse cultural life, creative people, competitive creative industries and upward quality of life for everyone. To reach this vision, the following priorities are laid down: 1.Preservation and development of the cultural capital with participation of the society in cultural processes; 2.Creativity in lifelong education and cultural education oriented towards labour market; 3.Competitive cultural and creative industries; 4.Access to creative territory and cultural services. The main cultural policy instrument in Latvia is the cultural policy guidelines 2014-2020 “Creative Latvia” which is a medium-term policy planning document that determines the State cultural policy objectives and priorities up to 2020 and promotes the achievement of the objectives brought forward in State long-term and medium-term policy planning documents. All national financial investment and EU funding distribution for culture is planned and distributed according to the targets set in “Creative Latvia”. The Convention is regarded as an umbrella for cultural policy planning and implementation and is strongly embedded in the national cultural policy. The challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions linked to digital environment are: - increasing the audience of culture, also attracting the part of the society which is not interested in culture, searching for innovative forms for involvement and studying the needs of the audience; - necessity of digital accessibility of cultural content in educational process by cooperating with cultural and memory institutions that help to provide encyclopaedic resources of digital cultural heritage, as well as methodological materials corresponding to the needs of educational process; - lack of innovative inter-disciplinary cultural education programmes, which ensure the knowledge and skill basis necessary for the labour market for the creation of competitive cultural products and services; - awareness of creation of new, also digital, culture and creative industries products, using innovations and new technologies that could help to reach wider market; - reshaping business models of cultural organizations and creative businesses in the digital era; - capabilities to reach export markets due to opportunities provided by digital market; - demand for digital content and cultural services is increasing (several large cultural content digitalisation projects have been implemented within the scope of which both digitalisation of the content of cultural heritage and development of e-services has been commenced); - inclusion in international digital data bases (EUROPEANA, etc.) in order to increase interest in Latvia and its culture across the world; - development of linguistic technologies that will strengthen the status of the Latvian language and cement the use of the Latvian language in the digital environment. Public access to free Wi-Fi and 4000 computers have been provided in 874 libraries throughout Latvia. According to the Smart Development Strategy and the policy document “Science, Technology Development and Innovation Guidelines 2014-2020” non-technological innovations and creative industries is a horizontal segment, the development of which gives added value both to traditional sectors of national economy and to rapidly growing sectors (e.g.ICT).

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
Since Latvia ratified the Convention in 2007, it has been the basis for a diverse and inclusive national cultural policy development, starting from the “State Cultural Policy Guidelines (2006-2015)” which called for a better integrated approach to the planning and implementation of cultural policy up to the new guidelines “Creative Latvia 2014-2020” which has as its core a diverse and sustainable development of culture.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

On March 16, 2016, the MoC in cooperation with the Latvian National Centre for Culture, Latvian National Commission for UNESCO, the Embassy of Canada to Latvia, the Latvian Academy of Culture within the framework of the State Research Programme “Habitus” organized a discussion “Culture for Development – How to Achieve It? How to Measure It?” at the National Library of Latvia. The discussion was organized within the framework of the visit of Charles Vallerand, UNESCO expert, the General Director of Canadian Coalition for Cultural Diversity. The discussion gathered a wide spectrum of people working in the field of culture, both from public and private sector. The main issues discussed were on UNESCO 2005 Convention and the involvement of the society in its implementation and the role of culture as a driving force for development. The practice of measuring culture, including the choice of indicators was also reviewed. Experts’ panel discussion focused on the issues of cross-overs of cultural policy with other sectoral policies (education, economy, regional development), driving forces of economy and the sources of innovation and development, linkage of cultural processes with entrepreneurship, importance of cultural activities in urban development, inclusion of creative cities in urban strategies, impact assessment of culture, the indicators used to allow determining the role of culture in the development of other sectors. Mr Vallerand also met with the Minister and representatives from the Ministry and other cultural institutions and organizations to discuss the approaches and scenarios of implementing the 2005 Convention in other countries, practice of measuring cultural impact in social and economic policies, as well as the best practice of social protection of artists and creative professionals.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

Yes, especially within the negotiation process in the government regarding the provision of annual growth of the State Cultural Capital Foundation (SCCF) financing in order to allow for a development of a diverse cultural content and operation of a strong cultural sector and establishment of a stable, independent and predictable financing model for the SCCF.  As a result of that, the SCCF funding has been gradually raised. There has been a legal regulatory framework developed for the new SCCF financing model which would provide a partial return to the previous funding model of earmarked tax revenues to the five-year transitional period thus gradually restituting SCCF’s financial stability, independence and sustainability. The decision at the governmental level has not yet been taken. Also regarding the negotiations on the recognition and acquisition of legal status and social protection for creative professionals by introducing a new legal, regulatory and financial framework, the Convention serves as an instrument of global reference to these challenges. The draft law on the status of creative persons and professional creative organizations has been elaborated, public consultations were carried out and currently the draft law is in the discussion process amongst Latvian ministries.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Legal status and social protection of creative professionals

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Negotiations and research process has been kick-started in Latvia related to the recognition and acquisition of legal status and social protection for creative professionals introducing a new legal, regulatory and financial framework. The initiative launched by the sector (bottom-up) aims to identify the most suitable social guarantee scheme necessary for creative professionals, taking into account the importance and value of creative persons in Latvia, as well as the characteristics of creative person's lifestyle and work specifics. Social vulnerability of self-employed professional artists causes threat to the growth and development of the culture sector and may influence the freedom and quality of artistic and cultural expression. Without establishing a social security system corresponding to the specific nature of persons working in creative professions and without ensuring a motivating remuneration for persons employed in the field of culture, excellent specialists and creative talents will leave the field or the labour market of Latvia, therefore the problems of legal status and social protection, which concern self-employed representatives of creative professions, must be solved. Several foreign case studies and models have been explored based on the experience of other countries. A specific research was carried out in Latvia related to the status of creative persons in 2012 which sets the tone for further targeted actions towards achieving the legal and social protection in this regard.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Currently there is no set framework yet.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The strategy behind the initiative aims to develop a special law on creative unions and creative professionals. The draft law on the status of creative persons and professional creative organizations has been elaborated, public consultations were carried out and currently the draft law is in the discussion process amongst Latvian ministries.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Digitization and online accessibility of cultural content and digital preservation

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

1)Culture Information Systems Centre (KISC) and the National Archives of Latvia is implementing the project “2nd stage of the development and implementation of the Unified State Archives Information System” aimed at the development of the joint national archives information system. It includes improvement of existing IS modules which support digitisation of archival documents, electronic archiving, preservation, access and development of e-services both for public and state institutions. 2)KISC and the MoC is implementing the project “2nd stage of the development and implementation of the Joint Catalogue of National Holding of Museums (JCNHM)” aimed at improvement of existing information system of the JCNHM as well as development of new functionality. The objective of the project is to supply museum specialists with necessary digitisation equipment and train them to use it in digitisation processes. 3)In 2013 the National Library of Latvia (LNB) has finished the project “Development of the Digital Library – 2nd stage" developing digital library infrastructure and digitisation of the materials held by LNB. During the project 4’312’500 pages of books, journals, magazines and newspapers were digitised and made available either publicly or within the network of LNB and public libraries, according to copyright status. 4)LNB has implemented the project "Development of Digital Library services" aimed at the development of information systems for providing services of digital library. 5)KISC is implementing the project “Ensuring the digital availability of Latvian audio-visual material” aimed at the digitisation and online accessibility of audio-visual materials of Latvian TV and audio materials of Latvian Radio. 6)KISC and National Film Centre is implementing the project “Unified cultural and memory institutions’ information management system” aimed at the development of joint environment for management and access to culture related information.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Within the 1st project a specialized digitisation equipment for the National Archives was purchased to support capacity of digitization process and digitisation guidelines for archives were developed. Within the 2nd project the digitisation-related project activities are big scale and include complicated digitisation of number of museum exhibits. As part of the project the technical support to museums in digitisation processes was provided in the form of “mobile digitisation teams”. In the 3rd project information systems for access and presentation of newspapers, books and harvested web pages were developed, as well as digitisation infrastructure was substantially expanded, including scanning equipment, software for text and layout recognition of text materials, and servers and storage equipment. Within the 4th project the existing platform for management and preservation of digital objects was upgraded, a unified search interface and an app were developed to access both digital and physical collections of the library, a specialized web interface for access to the digitised maps, dedicated interfaces for access to the digital resources for children and for visually impaired, as well as a service for digitisation on demand, a service for collection of digitally born materials, a service for remote access to the digital materials, a service for transformation of texts in fractura typefaces and a language corpus of digitised materials were developed, as well as 365 maps digitised. As to both audio-visual projects, 10% of materials deposited in Latvian TV and Latvian Radio archives were digitised. 4200 hours of audio materials and 3818 hours of audio-visual materials were made available either through the safe virtual private network of public libraries or through the joint state portal of e-services latvija.lv. As the part of the project 18 Latvian feature and animation films were digitized and made accessible online through the portal www.filmas.lv (due to the copyright users can access films through the safe virtual private network of public libraries).

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Development of the joint national archives information system; improvement of existing information system of the Joint Catalogue of National Holding of Museums; development of the digital library infrastructure and digitisation of the materials held by the National Library of Latvia; development of information systems for providing services of digital library; digitisation and online accessibility of audio-visual materials of Latvian Television and audio materials of Latvian Radio; development of joint environment for management and access of culture related information.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Project “2nd stage of the development and implementation of the Unified State Archives Information System” (total funding of the project is EUR 5’711’205 of which 85% European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) funding and 15% state funding; the funding spent for digitisation equipment is EUR 301’870).Project “2nd stage of the development and implementation of the Joint Catalogue of National Holding of Museums” (total funding of the project is EUR3’257’963 (85% ERDF funding, 15% state funding); the funding spent for digitisation of collections, training and digitisation equipment is EUR 313’772.Project “Development of the Digital Library – 2nd stage" (total funding of the project is EUR 3’861’709 (96% - ERDF funding, 4% - state funding).Project "Development of Digital Library services" (total funding of the project is EUR 1’422’871 (100% ERDF funding)).Project “Ensuring the digital availability of Latvian audio-visual material” (total funding of the project is EUR 1’339’990 (100% ERDF funding); the funding for digitisation of audio and audio-visual materials and development of access portal is EUR 943’611).Project “Unified cultural and memory institutions’ information management system” (total funding of the project is EUR 1’463’003 (100% ERDF); the funding (100% ERDF funding) spent for the digitisation of films and development of access portal is EUR 221’065).

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Programme of the Centenary Celebration of the Republic of Latvia

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

In 2018 the Republic of Latvia will celebrate its centenary, which, by promoting the interest and participation of the society, is a significant incentive to survey and make current the inherited and newly created cultural values of the nation, as well as to confirm the role of culture in strengthening the national identity and pride of belonging to Latvia. Other Baltic countries, namely Estonia and Lithuania, will also celebrate in 2018 the important centenary year. The Ministry of Culture together with a wide range of partners has developed a special programme for the preparations of Latvia’s centenary celebrations up until 2021. Overall goal of Latvia’s centenary celebrations is to strengthen people’s sense of belonging to their country and love for Latvia, encouraging self-organizing processes and cooperation. In order to reach the overarching goal of the centenary celebrations the following tasks have been set: activating Latvia’s history, honouring the founding fathers of the State and commemorating the events that have influenced the establishment of the Republic of Latvia; reinforcing the understanding of Latvia’s statehood as a result of a logical long-term development; confirming the values of Latvia as a national and European State in the 21st century; glorifying Latvian nature beauty, cultural diversity and Latvian language; chanting Latvian people’s talent, excellenceand achievements; awakening ethics of responsibility in the society, taking responsibility for ourselves, families, community and country; strengthening young people’s creative initiative and sense of belonging to Latvia; creating a legacy of Latvian values, symbols and creative works of the 21st century; raising awareness about Latvia as an active and responsible international and intercultural relations maker. There has also been a special communication platform developed for Latvia’s centenary: www.lv100.lv. All three Baltic States (LV, LT, EE) will be carrying out joint celebration activities and develop co-creation projects.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Organizational panel for the preparations to Latvia’s centenary includes the Steering Committee, Creative Council and Youth Steering Committee, as well as the Office for the Centenary under the MoC and Centenary Council lead by the president of state. The programme for the preparations of Latvia’s centenary celebrations has been elaborated, and the Action Plan and its implementation mechanism and budget estimate is under the development. An active awareness raising campaign has been kick-started, a tool for people to get engaged in centenary preparations and the digital platform has been developed and Latvia’s centenary sign of belonging has been designed. Implementation of the centenary programme will subsequently enrich the culture of Latvia with new excellent pieces of music, art, cinema and literature, making inhabitants of Latvia more proud of their state and belonging thereto. To name a few examples, 16 full-length Latvian feature film projects, new works in music and literature, elaboration of the Latvian National Encyclopedia and several international cooperation projects such as exhibitions with partners from Baltic and other foreign countries, as well as the preparations for the London Book Fair in 2018 where the Baltic States will have the honorary guest status, and others. Since 2014 a series of public debates for various target groups (young people, regional, government and parliamentary representatives, policy makers, businesses, members of minority groups, cultural and educational professionals etc.) have been carried out. Latvia’s centenary celebrations will cover all sectors - culture, education, economy and business operations, as well as environment, sport, welfare, health, defence, agriculture and others, taking into account the key events in each sector and thus reflecting Latvia’s story all along hundred years. Latvia’s centenary gives a unique opportunity to look to the future Latvia and to leave a legacy for future generations.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Export level of cultural industries maintained, participation of the society in the preparation and celebration process of Latvia’s centenary is expected to lay the foundations of active citizenship and participatory communities, strengthen the civil society and its sense of belonging to Latvia, as well as better awareness of Latvian culture, values and history. It is also expected that Latvia’s centenary celebrations will raise a higher rate of attention to the country on a global scale, thus serve as a country branding and profiling opportunity, as well as attract foreign tourists, journalists and possibly new investment to the country.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

It is foreseen that in order to implement the programme of the centenary celebrations and promote community initiatives, national, municipal, international and private funding will be attracted. The Ministry of Culture distributed in 2015 financing for a number of measures, including EUR 178K for Latvia’s centenary film programme, EUR 18K for new exhibitions, EUR 200K for the Latvian National Encyclopaedia, EUR 280K for the State Culture Capital Foundation programme “Latvia 100”, EUR 200K for XXVI Song and Dance Festival preparation, EUR 176,7K for the creation of original works of arts and culture. In 2016 EUR 759K are planned for Latvia’s centenary film programme creation, EUR 560K for the State Culture Capital Foundation Programme “Latvia 100”, EUR 170K for XXVI Song and Dance Festival preparation, EUR 41K for preparation of exhibitions, EUR 39K for regional events. Additional financing is needed in order to implement the culture programme, international cooperation activities and provide cross-sectoral character in the activities, as well as continue initiated research activities, organize events in the regions and places related to statehood, provide for the preparation of important international conferences and continue campaigns relevant to the unity of the people.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Creative Business Incubator

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The measure aims to facilitate the emergence of new, viable and competitive businesses and their development, providing them with the entrepreneurial environment, advisory services and access to finance. Creative Business Incubator will start its operation in mid-2016 in Riga, Latvia and will be running under this programme until 2023.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The following business support activities will be carried out by the operator of the incubator: financial and consultative support to start-up and develop creative businesses, business promotion events and premises. Eligible costs for creative businesses in the incubator: cost of services; lease of premises, maintenance and utility costs; equipment purchase cost of EUR 5 000 per beneficiary; remuneration and state social insurance costs; purchase costs of materials and raw materials.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

40 creative business companies supported until 31 December 2023.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Total amount of financing is EUR 7 058 823. ERDF funding is EUR 6 000 000 euros.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Innovation vouchers

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The aim of the measure is to facilitate innovation activity in micro, small and medium enterprises providing support through technology transfer for new or essentially improved product or technology development.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The following activities are eligible for support: technical and economic feasibility study for potential new product or technology assessment and analysis; industrial research with the aim to gain new knowledge and methods for creation of new products and technologies or their improvement; experimental development, including prototypes; industrial design of products – aesthetic and functional solutions of the products, improving engineering technical, usability, ergonomic and brand development solutions; strengthening of industrial property rights of the following industrial property objects: patents for invention, design samples (industrial design) and topographies of semiconductor products; certification and testing services of new products and technologies.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The support has to be distributed by 31 December 2022 through research organizations, institution responsible for industrial intellectual property rights registration, professional patent attorneys, accredited institutions of national accreditation offices, product certification bodies and testing and calibration laboratories.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Total amount of programme financing is EUR 8 235 294. Intensity of financing is 60% up to EUR 25K for one applicant.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Reorganization of cultural education system and establishment of Vocational Education Competence Centrs’ system

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

According to the Cultural policy guidelines "Creative Latvia 2014 - 2020" 6 vocational education competence centrs are planned to be established by the year 2020, while according to the development concept of the vocational secondary cultural education institutions subordinated to the Ministry of Culture 8 vocational education competence centrs (VECCVECC) are planned to be established, 2/3 of which in the field of design. The establishment of VECCs was determined by the cultural and creative industries concentration in the respective area. The reform is intended to facilitate quality and excellence in vocational cultural education and establish a support system for the detection of talent and development of excellence, as well as ensuring the preparation of competitive specialists suitable for the labour market. In 2015 amendments were made to the Vocational Education Law to determine the delegation of the Cabinet of Ministers to approve the VECC status granting and revocation in the art and music sector, as well as in 2015 the Cabinet of Ministers approved the regulation on granting the status of cultural VECC and its cancellation procedures. In 2015 Riga Design and Art School received the status of vocational education competence centre. According to the Vocational Education Law vocational education competence centres should established convents – a collaboration platform between employers and the school. This will provide a stronger school education programs in association with the labour market requirements. In addition, a professional competence centre provides methodological work and methodological materials in the respective industry.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

It is planned to establish two VECC in Riga – Riga School of Design and Art and the National Arts School, merging Riga Dome Choir School and J. Rozentals Art School, because in Riga there is the biggest critical mass of CCI companies and creative potential, as well as the largest segment of the labour market. Ventspils Music School (VECC) has been set up in the city of Ventspils. It has a well-developed educational practice places and a network of cultural industries’ institutions. Joining Liepaja Art and Design Secondary School with E,Melngailis Liepaja College of Music, Liepaja Music, Art and Design Secondary School (VECC) in Liepaja will be created. Liepaja is a city with strong artistic and educational roots and ancient cultural traditions. There are good labour market conditions for professional musicians and performing artists, as well as further education opportunities. Uniting Rezekne Art and Design Secondary School with J. Ivanovs Rezekne Music Secondary School, Rezekne Music, Art and Design Secondary School will be created (VECC). Rezekne city has marked the creative industries as one of the primary factors of urban development in its development strategy. Rezekne purposefully designs labour market for CCIs. On the basis of Cesis Music Secondary School it is planned to establish VECC Cesis Music Secondary School in the city of Cesis, because Vidzeme region is proud of the fact that it is the cradle of the Song Festival, and Cesis city and its environs are the festive traditions continuer. For many years, it holds an annual Cesis Art Festival and has a new concert hall. Valmiera city, nearby Cesis, is also historically formed as the CCI center of Vidzeme region. There is an active cultural life and festivals taking place in Valmiera. The region has a high concentration of business, providing internships and labor market opportunities, so there is a plan to create a VECC on the basis of Valmiera Art School.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

It is planned to establish 6 vocational education competence centres by the year 2020 according to Cultural policy guidelines “Creative Latvia 2014-2020”, while according to the development concept of the vocational secondary cultural education institutions subordinated to the Ministry of Culture 8 vocational education competence centres (VECC) are planned to be established, 2/3 of which in the field of design. It is planned that this initiative will result in quality and excellence in professional cultural education and established support system for the detection of talent and development of excellence, as well as ensuring the preparation of competitive specialists suitable for labor market.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Budget: EUR 23 million from ERAF until 2023. It is planned to implement the reform until 2018.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural policy guidelines 2014-2020 "Creative Latvia"

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

“Creative Latvia” aims to confirm the value of culture and define action directions for diverse and sustainable development of culture, which, by promoting State growth and competitiveness, builds higher quality of life for everyone, preserving and developing the cultural capital and creativity of inhabitants of Latvia. The task of the Guidelines – by strengthening the presence of culture as a value in the society, to create an environment favouring improvement of personality, public activities and growth of Latvia so that the vision would come to life in 2020: - Latvia is a state with a strong national and European identity, which preserves and cultivates its cultural heritage, promotes creative processes and develops diverse cultural environment, as well as fully incorporates and operates in the European and global cultural space; - the proportion of people who have developed and continue developing their creative potential, actively applying it for the creation of innovations in different fields – culture, economics, education, social, environmental cognitive and protection fields etc., increases in Latvia; - the contribution of culture and creative industries (CCI) to national economy of Latvia and export increases, the outstanding quality of culture of Latvia and CCI brands are in demand not only in Latvia, but also in international market; - a network of creative towns and territories develops and strengthens in Latvia, new work places are created, attractive living space is being created for inhabitants. Overarching objective of the Guidelines: Latvia – a land with rich and cultivated cultural heritage, vital and diverse cultural life, creative people, competitive CCI and upward quality of life for everyone. Priorities of “Creative Latvia” are: 1.Preservation and development of the cultural capital with participation of the society in cultural processes; 2.Creativity in lifelong education and cultural education oriented towards labour market; 3.Competitive CCI; 4.Access to creative territory and cultural services.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

“Creative Latvia” is a medium-term policy planning document, which determines the State cultural policy objectives and priorities up to 2020 and promotes the achievement of the objectives brought forward in the long-term and medium-term State policy planning documents. All national financial investment and EU funding distribution for culture are planned and distributed according to the targets set in “Creative Latvia”. The planning period of “Creative Latvia” begun in 2014 when Riga was the European Capital of Culture, and continued in 2015 when Latvia was the presiding country in Council of the European Union. It also takes into account the importance of the year 2018 when the Republic of Latvia will celebrate its centenary. “Creative Latvia” was drawn up by a working group created by the Ministry of Culture. From methodological point of view, the content is created using both the top-down and the bottom-up approach to the policy planning management: on one hand, the policy objectives and tasks laid down in documents of higher hierarchical level (national level) are integrated in the Guidelines, and on the other hand – the priorities formulated in strategies for sectoral and cross-sectoral development in culture (15 strategies in total), which have been drawn up in co-operation with the sectoral councils of the MoC concurrently with the process of drawing up “Creative Latvia”, are taken into account. Sectoral strategies serve as a resource for detailed planning of implementation of the Guidelines. An innovative factor in preparation of the Guidelines is active participation of the cultural non-governmental sector – Alliance of Culture.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

1) Legal and social protection of creative professionals ensured and remuneration system of cultural workers improved; preservation and availability of cultural monuments and heritage ensured; network of libraries ensures diverse cultural, educational and information services; active creation process in all fields of art ensured with the support of SCCF; cooperation between cultural institutions and their audience strengthened, attendance of cultural events and the number of participants in amateur movement increased; sustainability of the Song and Dance Celebration tradition ensured; active participation in international networks widespread; program of the centenary of the Republic of Latvia successfully implemented. 2) “Latvian rucksack” initiative and access to diverse cultural content in education in virtual environment ensured; modern cultural education competence centres established; cultural education programmes harmonised with the requirements of the labour market; higher education cultural and art institutions offer high-quality and competitive education and their scientific research centres deal with important research topics in the field of culture; further education opportunities for cultural workers provided.3) A CCI centre in Riga established; number of CCI enterprises and their export increased; better awareness of design in the development of national economy and improving the quality of life; design is integrated in all economic, environmental and social processes; targeted CCI branding implemented on national scale.4) Cultural monuments restored; new innovative cultural products and services created; museum expositions modernised; urban environment improved; Riga has obtained the necessary cultural infrastructure; interest of foreign tourists, creative professionals and investors increased; access to professional culture in regions and diversity of cultural services expanded.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The necessary financing for implementation of the guidelines is planned according to the optimistic scenario of the national economy development, therefore the implementation can in fact not happen in the planned level, but realistically based on the available allocated financing from State budget each year. The financial resources planned for implementation of the Guidelines is the State and local government budget, international financing, including EU Structural Funds, the financial instrument of the European Economic Area, as well as private capital to be attracted by successfully developing public-private partnership, as well as other solutions for attracting private capital. Financing from other sources, including financing of another foreign financial assistance, may also be attracted for financing the aid directions laid down in the Guidelines. According to the National Development Plan 2014-2020 EUR 304 550 000 are marked for implementation of the cultural policy. This estimate is provisional and may change according to available budget. Each ministry shall plan the budget for the development of cultural institutions under responsibility of other ministries and the increase in financing within the scope of its budget, taking into account the settings of the Guidelines as much as possible. In accordance with the Law On the State Budget for 2014 the budget expenses of year 2014 for implementation of the Guidelines was EUR 127 666 103. According to the Law On State Budget for 2015 the budget for the implementation of the guidelines was EUR 133 245 521 (exact budget spending- EUR 131 304 052), new policy initiatives supported in 2015 - EUR 5 712 535.According to the Law On State Budget for 2016 the budget for the implementation of the Guidelines is EUR 131 546 075.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Annual growth of the State Culture Capital Foundation (SCCF)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The establishment of the SCCF, which started operating as an arms-length body of the Ministry of Culture in 1998, was a major milestone in Latvian cultural policy and completely changed funding patterns in the cultural sector. The financing of cultural projects which had previously been the responsibility of the Ministry of Culture was delegated to the SCCF. SCCF has adopted its Strategy for 2015-2020. From its launch in 1998 until 2004 SCCF’s independence was provided by two mechanisms. Firstly, the decision on the distribution of funding was adopted by the board of the Fund and sectoral councils, rather than politicians and civil servants. Secondly, the budget of the Fund was directly linked to certain taxes and duties (lottery and gambling taxes and excise duties on alcohol and tobacco) and therefore without a risk to be engaged in political battles at the state budget-making time. As such, both substantively and financially the Fund was politically independent. Along with the new Law on SCCF adopted in 2004, Foundation, which until then was a national non-profit limited company, was transformed into a public foundation, but there was no law adopted that would regulate public foundation activities. Also, financing arrangements were changed, and the annual state budget became the most important funding source allocated to fund from general revenue, through the budget of the Ministry of Culture, which gives the Ministry the right to determine the amount of financing. SCCF is thus a budgetary institution with all the ensuing consequences. There has been a legal regulatory framework developed for the new SCCF financing model which would provide a partial return to the previous funding model of earmarked tax revenues to the five-year transitional period thus gradually restituting SCCF’s financial stability, independence and sustainability. The decision at the governmental level has not yet been taken.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

SCCF provides financial support and promotes balanced development of creative work in all sectors of culture and art and encourages the preservation of cultural heritage according to the Cultural policy guidelines “Creative Latvia 2014-2020”. It also facilitates the development of international relations and promotes Latvian art and culture worldwide. The SCCF announces and administers culture projects’ competitions several times a year, allots lifelong grants for culture and arts workers and gives financial support to short term educational, creative or scientific travels abroad. There are also programmes within the SCCF dedicated to children and youth, as well as regional programmes and support programmes for professional culture NGOs. The SCCF is managed by the Council of the Foundation, its activities are ensured by its director and the culture projects are evaluated by experts of 8 branches: Literature, Music and Dance, Theatrical arts, Film arts, Visual arts, Cultural Heritage, Traditional Culture, Design and Architecture, Interdiscliplinary.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

To provide a stable, independent and predictable financing model for the SCCF in order to be able to promote a balanced development of creative work in all sectors of culture.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Ministry of Culture, State Culture Capital Foundation. Since the economic downturn in 2008-2009 which hit hard on culture budget, the financing for SCCF has been gradually raised, for example, in 2014 the SCCF budget was EUR 6.6 m, in 2015 – EUR 8 m, in 2016 EUR 9.5 m.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

In 2015 the evaluation of the SCCF funding distribution was carried out. The aim of the evaluation was to monitor the division of SCCF funding, looking at it from a larger perspective of available funding for culture, as well as to evaluate the funding distribution according to the targets set in SCCF law. The biggest part of the financing for culture is distributed by the Ministry of Culture. Analyzing the compliance of the national cultural policy with the operation of the SCCF, in general, it was concluded that the national cultural policy to a greater extent than the SCCF focuses on the consumer of cultural product and audience participation. In turn, the SCCF activities both at strategic level and in practice (prioritizing the supported activities) are more focused on the creativity of artists, products and services created, less - on activities that encourage people to participate in and contribute to the accessibility of culture.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

The qualitative indicators set in the SCCF operational strategy 2015-2020 are the impact indicators (employment, audience, audience groups), % compared to previous year based on sectors and types of projects. Overall, the cultural sector positively assesses the role of SCCF in diversifying Latvia’s culture life. SCCF will have to focus in future on improving the evaluation criteria of the project calls, including the qualitative criteria, reframing its customs of financing a large number of projects with a low percentage of grant and better compliance with the national cultural policy. In brief, there is a need for performance improvement in three areas: (1) to ensure better communication with the public, fund and cultural sector; (2) to create a project results tracking and monitoring; (3) to develop and implement a new project evaluation system and increase the responsibility of experts.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Latvian Co-financing programme for foreign film shooting in Latvia (Latvian co-financing fund)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Co-financing programme (Latvian co-financing fund) is targeted for granting the State budget for co-financing the filming of foreign films in Latvia - administrated by the National Film Centre of Latvia. The co-financing programme (Latvian Co-financing Fund) is open to Latvian and foreign productions planning to shoot in Latvia, and its objective is to encourage foreign investments in Latvia, create new jobs, develop the Latvian film industry and promote Latvia internationally. Latvian Co-financing programme was established in 2013. The national programme was designed given the positive example of similar co-financing programme for foreign productions planning to shoot in the capital city of Latvia Riga, namely Riga Film Fund, funded by the City Council.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Up to 25% of film related expenditure can be obtained as cash rebate when filming is completed. The eligible costs of the programme include transport, rental of premises and technical equipment, accommodation, public facilities, construction facilities, artistic and administrative work, encouraging foreign film crews to shoot in Latvia. Projects that want to be supported must fit the following criteria: full length fiction, TV films and documentary films with the minimum budget of 700 000 EUR that have confirmed financing of at least 50% of the total budget. It is possible to combine both Latvian co-financing Fund and Riga Film Fund cash rebate schemes.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Increase of the foreign productions in Latvia – films which are using Latvian locations as well as the creative force – Latvian filmmakers and film technicians.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

State budget: EUR 2 266 556 from 2013 to 2016 (2013 – EUR 397 674, 2014 – EUR 426 862, 2015 – EUR 796 010, 2016 – EUR 646 010).

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Film Service Producers Association of Latvia
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

Non-governmental organisation Film Service Producers Association of Latvia is strongly involved in the implementation of the measure as well as promoting it internationally.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

10 foreign film projects have been supported from 2013 to 2015. The co-financing programme attracted investment of 5,2 million EUR. The total – 0,7 million EUR in support was paid as the cash rebate. Although this type of instrument facilitates the creation of jobs in the film industry, fosters development of hospitality, catering and transport services and many more, a large scale impact assessment of the Programme has not yet been done.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Assessment was carried out based on calculations of creation of jobs in the film industry and attracted financing in hospitality, catering, transport and other services.

❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Latvian Presidency of the Council of the European Union in 2015

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Culture and creativity are the basis of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Latvian Presidency of the Council of the European Union followed the development of the mid-term review of the strategy "Europe 2020" from the CCI perspective. One of the Presidency's tasks was to highlight culture not only as a development tool or instrument, but also as a development goal. The Presidency sought to promote access to culture and participation in the digital age in order to strengthen Europe as a creative and innovative union and thereby find solutions to 21st century challenges. Within the annual Creativity week radi! the Presidency organized two conferences to stimulate debate and raise awareness of the cross-overs of cultural and creative sectors and their positive contribution and impact on other areas. It contributed to cooperation in targeted cross-sectoral policymaking, including promoting dialogue between cultural heritage, contemporary architecture and high quality design. The Presidency continued to support the work, which aims to improve evidence-based policy-making, to demonstrate the cultural, social and economic impact. The Presidency also contributed to the debate on digital cultural heritage re-use in education and creative sectors in the high-level strategy and policy planning meeting of the European digital library Europeana. The need to continue to work in promoting the role of libraries in society, support for information literacy and lifelong learning processes, as well as e-lending in libraries was emphasized by the representatives of the European library sector during the conference in Riga. The role of archives in the digital era, management and statistics of archives, copyright and protection of personal data, as well as access to archives was recognized in the meeting of the representatives of archives sector during the Presidency.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

For the audiovisual sector, the conference "Strengthening the European Audiovisual Media Market for the Development of the European Identity” took place in Riga. The Presidency held the ministerial-level and expert debates on how to guard against hate speech, propaganda and spread of misinformation campaign in the media room. Audiovisual Ministers gave a strategic vision of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive review process and agreed on the need to think about both the creation of the rapid reaction mechanism and on the mechanism for increasing efficiency, including the need to strengthen the EU's independent regulators and their cross-border cooperation. In the copyright field, Ministers from various industries also gave guidelines on copyright framework development in the future in response to the European Commission's Digital single market strategy. In a number of high-level expert events the need to create conditions that promote quality content creation and cultural diversity was highlighted, as well as providing for the mechanisms to ensure appropriate remuneration for authors and other rights holders. The promotion of cultural heritage material re-use in education and the creative industries was also emphasized. At the same time the need to think about how to prevent improper geographical blocking practices in order to facilitate consumer access to content was recognized. In the field of social integration, the Presidency continued the work on a Council proposal for a Directive on equal treatment of persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

With a view to encourage the crossovers of CCI at the EU level – a specific creative process in which the inherent knowledge and skills of the cultural and creative sectors merge with the other sectoral knowledge and skills by creating innovative and functional solutions – the Education, Youth, Culture and Sports Council of Ministers on 19 May 2015 adopted the Council conclusions in order to facilitate understanding of the potential for cooperation in various sectors and to contribute to enhancing the competitiveness of the European economy, faster growth and development of innovations. The recommendations that were drawn up in the annual Creativity week radi! during the Presidency Conference “Cultural and Creative Crossovers” were included in the conclusions. The conclusions were initiated and prepared by the MoC under the Latvian Presidency. The Presidency also drew up the recommendations for further work to strengthen the evidence-based culture policy and promote the development of cultural statistics and research, implementing the recommendations included in the EU Council conclusions of 26 November 2012 on cultural management, in order to improve the cultural management. In response to the tragic events at "Charlie Hebdo" in Paris on 7 January 2015, the Latvian Presidency brought together all EU Member States cultural ministers in a joint statement that acknowledges the unity of EU's Member States in protection of European values ​​- freedom of expression and freedom of artistic expression. More than 30 employees of the MoC were involved in the management of the Presidency. 12 working groups of the Council of the EU on cultural, audiovisual and copyright affairs took place in Brussels; 1260 participants attended 10 events held by the Presidency in the field of culture; 107 cultural events were held across Europe and the world - exhibitions, concerts, films, theatre plays and poetry readings which constituted the most extensive presentation of Latvian culture excellence in the world since the country's independence.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

It is difficult to calculate the total Presidency budget for the management and implementation of the cultural policy priorities, since a large part of the budget was planned and managed centrally by the state.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The MoC pays a particular attention to engaging civil society in policy making and policy discussion processes, including awareness raising. The main areas of civil society participation in cultural policy processes are: legislative and policy drafting, implementation and monitoring, voluntary work, charity and philanthropy, cooperation between state, local governments, businesses and NGOs, delegation of policy implementation functions to NGOs. Amongst other awareness raising activities carried out by the MoC one can mention the Creativity week “radi!” (www.radilatvija.lv) organized by the MoC and the British Council as the initiators and other ministries, organizations, institutions, NGO sector and businesses as national and international partners. The aim of “radi!” as a social movement is to create public interest and understanding in of the development of the CCI and their interplay with other sectors such as education that promotes creativity, innovative business and wise governance, all the while absorbing the best international experience, following the latest trends and highlighting Latvia’s achievements. Held for the 6th year in Latvia, “radi!” promotes cross-overs of cultural and creative sectors to other areas and multidisciplinary co-creation for innovation making. Numerous events such as conferences, seminars, discussions, workshops, think thanks, showcases, performances and other format activities of collaborative thinking, work and creative endeavors are held within “radi!”. Word “radi” in Latvian has two meanings: “relatives” and “create”. In 2015 “radi!” was the platform for various key policy discussions and conferences during the Latvian Presidency in the Council of the EU. The main “radi!” activities in 2016 are scheduled in May, but preparatory and following activities all over Latvia are held throughout the year, with the simultaneous planning for 2017 and 2018, especially when Latvia will celebrate its Centenary.

Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The MoC in 2005 launched the cultural statistics mapping platform “Digital Cultural Map of Latvia” (www.kulturaskarte.lv) – a digital map and database that is an information system designed to help assess the cultural situation in each region and identify development priorities and future directions in order to create smooth cultural services throughout Latvia. “Digital Cultural Map of Latvia” contains information on museums, libraries, archives, cultural houses, cultural institutions, theaters, concert halls, art galleries, cinemas, open-air stages, cultural monuments, amateur art groups, traditional events, NGOs etc. Through “Digital Cultural Map of Latvia” it is possible to understand the density of organizations and cultural offer and activities in all regions of Latvia, from villages to cities. Users use the collected and updated data analysis system that includes data collection, analysis features in freely definable sections, historic data storage and integration, data change dynamic analysis functions to provide the availability of necessary data for cultural policy planning and monitoring. It is possible to access information on all cultural objects in Latvia, regardless of the information system which holds data. Information is gathered from both the cultural websites and museums, libraries and archives systems. In order to build a stronger and more inclusive CCI community and provide a flow of information on creative industries developments, with the support of the Ministry of Culture, the creative industries’ communication platform FOLD (www.fold.lv) was launched in 2013. FOLD reports on the latest news and trends in the sector both in Latvia and internationally, as well as brings forward and showcases the best in Latvian and foreign creative industries. Active communication on the news and activities in cultural and creative sectors is also provided through Latvia’s Creative Europe Desk via seminars, website (http://www.km.gov.lv/lv/radosaeiropa/), social media and monthly newsletter.

Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

MoC informs the public on cultural policy and the work of its subordinated institutions, consults with NGOs in the decision-making process, promotes social dialogue on issues related to policy development and implementation, as well as involves civil society representatives in public administration. MoC also cooperates with NGOs through their active involvement in advisory councils, committees and working groups which meet regularly to discuss various policy and decision-making issues, make suggestions to the Minister and MoC’s staff. The following councils are actively operating under the auspices of the MoC: National Culture Council, National Architecture Council, Latvian Library Council, Latvian Design Council, Creative Industries Council, Latvian Film Council, Latvian Council of Museums, Latvian Literature and Book Publishing Council, Latvian Music Council, Latvian Dance Council, Latvian Theatre Council, Latvian Visual Arts Council, Archives Council, Roma Integration Policy Advisory Council, Advisory Council for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, Minority NGOs Monitoring Committee of European Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.

Implement Operational Guidelines: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

See the measures described in other sub-sections.

Other: 
Please explain how: 

The MoC together with the Latvian National Centre for Culture and NGOs is carrying out a training program “Latvian cultural ambassadors” with the aim to prepare trainers – cultural ambassadors in different Latvian communities that will further on help to prepare cultural ambassadors in their communities that will help in their communities to educate on local and national culture as a resource for growth, strengthen Latvian culture awareness, raise awareness of open cultural identity and mobilize people for positive changes in an inclusive society. The program is organized also for minority NGOs representatives. Participants of the program get knowledge and information about different views on culture and identity, cultural diversity as a value-realization of their own country and community, as well as advanced skills in the long-term planning and management of their community’s cultural life in the wider development process context. Participants gain inspiration for further work and the opportunity to meet like-minded people to form long-term partnerships. After the training program the participants are given the task to implement at least one cultural ambassador training program in their community with a view to reach out to various target groups (nationalities, age groups, professions etc.), together with training participants develop Latvian cultural ambassadors network and to encourage joint activities and project development.

Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
The Council of the Creative Unions of Latvia

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Latvian civil society organizations are characterized by an active involvement in the promotion at national and international level of the Convention’s principles and objectives, especially at the policy and decision-making processes. When cross-sectoral long-term or middle-term policies are being elaborated, civil society organizations efficiently engage in discussions and help to prepare positions on certain issues concerning cultural sector and Latvia’s development at a larger scale. They raise their voice and provide constructive arguments to the Parliament, Cabinet of Ministers and other stakeholders. Regarding the national cultural policy development, civil society organizations are an important party in the policy-making process, for example, while elaborating the national cultural policy guidelines “Creative Latvia 2014-2020” they participated in many discussions and working groups providing proposals for the improvement of the content of the policy document, as well as lead the elaboration process of 15 sectoral strategies, which serve as a resource for detailed planning of implementation of “Creative Latvia”.

Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Since the 2005 Convention is an umbrella that in a general manner deals with cultural policy issues that need to take a concrete shape within national, regional and local cultural policies, civil society organizations constantly contribute to the implementation of the Convention through their interaction primarily with the regular contact with the MoC, as well as at a broader and higher level whenever necessary.

Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Civil society organizations are actively involved in shaping cultural policies, actively bringing forward concerns of civil society to public authorities through an active involvement in policy-making processes and defending positions concerning the planning of the state budget for culture; participation in advisory bodies established under the MoC, the Latvian National Commission for UNESCO and other state institutions; advancing international cooperation and networking, promoting new forms of art, bringing new knowledge and expertise on global trends to Latvia and raising visibility and awareness of topical issues of contemporary culture expressions and CCI; bringing forward the issues of contemporary education and developing cooperation with higher education institutions; contribution to a direct dialogue between civil society organizations and the MoC concerning the exchange of information.

Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Civil society organizations are actively involved in the advisory councils, committees and working groups of the MoC which meet regularly to discuss various policy and decision-making issues, make suggestions to the Minister and MoC’s staff. These platforms established by the MoC contribute to the transparency and accountability of cultural governance, as well as promotes regular dialogue between policy makers, civil servants and civil society on the organization of important national cultural processes. Opinions and reports of professionals of various art and culture fields provide considerable support to public structure and government in lawmaking processes. For example, the Council of the Creative Unions (CCU) of Latvia is represented in UNESCO Latvian National Commission Assembly, Alliance of Culture (it unites 5000 culture and arts professionals - leading heads, artists, producers and activists of culture, arts and cultural education institutions and organizations), Board of the State Cultural Capital Foundation, Artistic Board of the Song and Dance Festival, Supervisory Board of Riga European Capital of Culture 2014 and working groups of various legislation changes related with culture, arts and artists’ work.

Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Civil society organizations provide independent information and analytical publications spread to a wide audience; they have strong cooperation links with public institutions on issues concerning culture and creative industries; they also provide expertise for decision-making on cultural and creative industries issues, including evaluating project applications at the State Cultural Capital Foundation and other programs.

Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The Council of the Creative Unions of Latvia together with the State Revenue Service, Competition Council, Latvian Chamber of Commerce and Trade and the MoC has organized seminars and discussions for members of creative unions to build artists’ administrative capacity and raise their awareness about legislative topical issues, taxes, artists’ social security, restrictions on competition etc. These activities lead to higher capacity of individual artists to administer financial, tax and administrative side of their creative work.There is also a specific funding program in the State Cultural Capital Foundation where civil society organizations can turn to get funding for strengthening their administrative capacity. The funding program initiated some years ago was launched thanks to the efforts and strong lobbying from the NGO sector.NGO “Culturelab” and its representative Baiba Tjarve provides a regular update on Latvia’s cultural policy context to COMPENDIUM – Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe platform which monitors activities implemented specifically under the UNESCO 2005 Convention.

Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Following the initiative of the Council of the Creative Unions of Latvia with the support of the MoC and the National Culture Council, the national cultural award for the excellent achievements in the field of culture has been introduced in Latvia. The aim is to grant national recognition to cultural and creative professionals and organizations for outstanding international achievements that have made a significant contribution to the promotion of Latvian cultural values, Latvia’s image and prestige on a global scale. Every year maximum three excellence awards are granted of 7K EUR after tax. The prize is awarded for a single international achievements or a set of achievements over the past two years. First awards were granted in 2014.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Annual growth of the State Cultural Capital Foundation (SCCF) and a stable, independent and predictable financing model for the SCCF.
Recognition and acquisition of legal status and social protection for creative professionals introducing a new legal, regulatory and financial framework.
Solutions found or envisaged: 
A legal regulatory framework developed for the new SCCF financing model that would provide a partial return to the previous funding model of earmarked tax revenues to the five-year transitional period.
The draft law on the status of creative persons and professional creative organizations has been elaborated, public consultations were carried out and currently the draft law is in the discussion process amongst Latvian ministries.
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Participation in the Latvia’s centenary (2018) program planning and content provision.
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

Main results in implementing the Convention are regarded the integration of aspects of cultural and creative industries policy development in State long-term and medium term sustainable development planning policies, as well as in other sectoral policies such as industrial and regional policy. Based on the intrinsic principles of the Convention, the national cultural and creative industries policy and decision making processes are carried out. It also serves as a reference and content planning tool for media and social integration policies.  It has helped to shape the national position for recognition and acquisition of legal status and social protection for creative professionals in the way to introduce a new legal, regulatory and financial framework. Regarding the international cooperation in carrying out joint projects with foreign countries, the Convention is a tool that helps fostering cultural diplomacy and building awareness, dialogue and relations across nations, traditions, borders, cultures and people. MoC has been successfully running social dialogue with NGO sector involving it in the decision-making process and negotiations regarding policy development and implementation, it has established a strong dialogue platform with civil society via advisory councils, committees and working groups which meet regularly under the auspices of the MoC. 

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

Main challenge for the implementation of the Convention is to continuously retain the references and understanding of the Convention. It is crucial for the success of the 2005 Convention to strengthen its role within the civil society. There should be ways to promote the Convention amongst NGOs both for having better understanding of the principles embedded in the Convention and their direct linkages to the growth of a healthy cultural sector and protective tools that it implies. At the same time, it is essential to obtain fruitful critical views on the Convention and the ways of its implementation. It is also important to raise a more in-depth discussion on the qualitative indicators in the field of culture under the legal framework of the Convention, since it is rather difficult to estimate the value of culture in other sectors, such as social and regional development, and Latvia is experiencing hard times to showcase the qualitative contribution of culture. Therefore an international voice and mobilization is very much needed in this domain.

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

The new initiatives and solutions envisaged to overcome the challenges of the implementation of the Convention include the following actions included in the work plan of the Latvian government for the years 2016-2018:

  • To facilitate the transfer of culture capital to other areas to create new businesses and products and to encourage innovation in the economy, social and environmental fields and in public administration and to promote the export capacity of creative industries of Latvia.
  • To improve the infrastructure for national culture ensuring platforms for various cultural expressions – such as Latvian Museum of Contemporary Art, New Riga Theatres, Modern Acoustic concert hall.
  • To deepen Latvian society’s appreciation of culture and cultural heritage and to ensure excellent and diversified cultural services and accessibility for the widest possible public, including by improving the funding model of the State Cultural Capital Foundation.
  • To complete the drafting of the legal framework to define the status and support for creative occupations and their organizations.
  • To define national procurement of culture education for all educational levels, taking into account Latvian cultural developments and the needs of the labour market.

To implement a support programme for non-governmental organizations, thus supporting civil society in addressing current challenges. To support non-governmental organizations of national minorities by expanding their opportunities to actively participate in the cultural processes and social life of Latvia.

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

Main intervention areas in the upcoming years are: -establishment of a creative industries cluster in Riga as a place of art, science, education, business and tech interaction for new business and product development and innovation; -strengthening the motivation and competitiveness of cultural sector employees, including completing the work on the draft law on the status and operational support for artists and creative professional organizations; -renewal of SCCF financing model; -implementation of a versatile Latvia’s Centenary celebration program 2017-2020; -reconstruction of the stadium for the organization of the National Song and Dance Festival; -finishing the reconstruction of the buildings of the Latvian National Museum of Art, Latvian Occupation Museum, New Riga Theatre, Riga Castle Museum, as well as kick-start the construction process of Contemporary Art Museum and acoustic concert hall in Riga; -establishment of professional cultural education competence centers; -kick-starting the “Cultural Schoolbag” program providing a minimum cultural services offer for children and youngsters; -establishment of a cultural scientific research center; -creation of digital content, products and e-services and expanding their access and usage; -elaboration of a financing model for access to professional art in regions; -development of media policy and support to quality versatile content creation that unites the society; -promoting intercultural dialogue by organizing awareness raising activities for different target groups (minorities, refugees, youth, etc.); -promotion of patronage and sponsorship in the field of culture; - reviewing the legal status change of theatres and concert organizations; -activating the interaction between educational and cultural processes; -measures aiming at diaspora communities, minorities, regional cultural traditions in order to strengthen national identity and sense of belonging; -support to NGO sector, elaboration of NGO fund concept; -measures aiming at protection of national language in media and labour market.

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
62901560.00
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Eurostat, http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
25743390.00
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Eurostat, http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
31700000.00
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Central Statistical Bureau
USD: 
634 000.00
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Central Statistical Bureau
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 

It is calculated according to arts, entertainment and recreation NACE codes - total value of final products and services produced in the territory of Latvia within a year.

1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
8600000.00
Year: 
2016
Source: 
Law on the State Budget of 2016
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
148350.00
Year: 
2016
Source: 
Ministry of Culture
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
2,177
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Bibliography Institute of National Library of Latvia
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
161
Year: 
2014
Source: 
National Library of Latvia
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Medium Size: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Large Size: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
0
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
759
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Bibliography Institute of National Library of Latvia, Latvian Literature Centre
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
140
Year: 
2011
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
National Electronic Media Council of Latvia
Programmes: 
Programme type: 
Public radio channels
Type of ownership: 
Public
Type of access: 
Free
Audience share: 
0.00
Programme type: 
Other radio channels
Type of ownership: 
Private
Type of access: 
Free
Audience share: 
1.00
Programme type: 
Latvian Television 1 (LTV 1)
Type of ownership: 
Public
Type of access: 
Free
Audience share: 
0.00
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
National Electronic Media Council of Latvia
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
5
Television channels: 
2
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
7
Private: 
Radio channels: 
13
Television channels: 
20
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
33
Community: 
Radio channels: 
54
Television channels: 
27
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
81
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Radio channels: 
72
Television channels: 
49
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
121
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Latvian National Library
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
0
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
9
Non-daily newspapers: 
245
Total: 
254
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
9
Non-daily newspapers: 
245
Total: 
254
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
1,624,627
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Central Statistical Bureau
6. Cultural Participation: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
31.20
Male: 
32.70
Total: 
63.90
Theatre: 
Female: 
55.00
Male: 
45.00
Total: 
100.00
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
TOTAL: 
Female: 
86.20
Male: 
77.70
Total: 
163.90
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Yes
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
13.30
Male: 
8.90
Total: 
22.20
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
12.20
Male: 
22.90
Total: 
35.10
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Too far away: 
Female: 
8.10
Male: 
8.70
Total: 
16.80
Other: 
Female: 
21.80
Male: 
19.20
Total: 
41.00
7. Additional clarifications: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Signe
Family Name: 
Pujāte
Organization: 
Latvian National Centre for Culture
Position: 
Director