Norway 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Norway
Date of ratification: 
17/1/2007
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Royal Norwegian Ministry of Culture
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Haakon
Family Name: 
Vinje
Organization: 
Norwegian Ministry of Culture
Mailing Address: 
Pb. 8030 Dep., N-0030 Oslo, Norway
Telephone: 
+47 22 24 90 90
Fax: 
E-mail: 
hvv@kud.dep.no
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Name: 
Ms Anne-Lise Langøy
Position: 
Senior Advisor
Organization: 
Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Name: 
Ms Anne Margrethe Lund
Position: 
Advisor
Organization: 
Arts Council Norway
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The Norwegian National Commission for UNESCO has been invited to participate in the drafting of this report, and has been invited to comment on a draft version.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
As stated in Norway's first Quadrennial Periodic Report, we find the questionnaire to be problematic in the sense that it is based on the assumption that cultural policies are being implemented following the ratification of this Convention. Several of the measures in this report, whilst clearly in line with and in the spirit of the Convention, have been in effect for several years, if not decades.The Convention remains a central framework and point of reference, especially on international arenas. We find, however, that it is hard, if not impossible, to isolate the results from the implementation of the Convention from the results stemming from the implementation of Norwegian cultural policy in general. The fundamental principles of Norwegian cultural policy remain nurturing high artistic quality and excellence; the arm's length principle in allocation of project funding; a continued, high degree of public funding for arts and culture; making arts and culture accessible to everyone regardless of their social or economic status, age or background; and providing a strong, financial framework for an independent and vital civil society and voluntary sector.Norwegian cultural policy, on both the domestic and international level, recognises a strong and independent arts and cultural sector as a vital force for democracy and a healthy civil society. Access to culture and the right to take part in cultural life is a human right, cf. Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and culture is seen as a prerequisite for development, cf. the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.The USD exchange rate used is 1 USD = 8.56 NOK, cf. the UN Treasury's UN Operational Rates of Exchange effective as of 1 December 2016. Due to a number of technical issues encountered when compiling the online Statistical Annex form, the Statistical Annex is submitted as a separate document.
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

Norwegian cultural policy shall contribute to providing people with the opportunity to participate in and enjoy a rich diversity of arts and cultural expressions. It recognises the intrinsic value of arts, culture and cultural heritage for the individual human being as well as for society as a whole. The Norwegian Government recognises the intrinsic value of a strong and independent civil society and local and community engagement. Acknowledging the arm's length principle as an important premise, Norwegian cultural policy aims to provide both the arts and cultural sector as well as civil society organisations with a framework that enables them to thrive.Norwegian cultural policy recognises diversity as the defining feature of arts, culture and civil society, and aims at promoting a plurality of voices and expressions. The arts and cultural sector should reflect the inherent diversity of modern-day society. This means that public funding will be distributed in such a manner as to ensure a sufficient diversity in arts and cultural expressions, and that governing bodies shall have a diverse composition when it comes to factors such as geography, gender and social background.A strong and high level of government funding is fundamental to arts and culture in Norway. Institutions at national and regional level shall enjoy a stable and predictable financial framework, thus enabling the promotion of artistic freedom and excellence. At the same time, Norwegian cultural policy also recognises the intrinsic value of innovative and fringe arts. Experimental and innovative ways of cultural expression and dissemination challenge established and conventional structures and ways of thought, thus promoting a new societal debate. This means that one cannot allow cultural policy to be seen as fixed or static; a continuous development and critical scrutiny is needed.The Government is committed to facilitating artists' and cultural workers' opportunities for making a living income. Central to this is the ongoing revision of copyright legislation. Strengthening the income and revenue potential of artists, cultural workers and institutions is sought i.a. by encouraging a more diversified mix of funding sources, whilst at the same time maintaining and underlining the importance of a continued, strong public funding.The migratory situation in Europe has led to the Norwegian Government imposing a strengthened emphasis on the role of arts, culture and civil society in the social inclusion of migrants and immigrants. Recent years have also seen a strengthened emphasis on the role of the public library, not only as a locus for the dissemination and enjoyment of literature, films and audiovisual material, but also as a meeting place that is accessible to everyone; as a public commons and arena for knowledge and the frank exchange of views and ideas. This is reflected in the National Strategy for Libraries, cf. below.

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
Cf. C) below.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

Cf. C) below.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

On a domestic level, the Convention remains an implicit point of reference for policy development, on the understanding that the issues raised by the Convention have been recognised as important principles in Norwegian cultural policy for decades. We find that the Convention is "good to think with" and acts as a confirmation of long-held priorities and principles we recognise as important. In international bilateral, regional and multi-lateral cooperation, we find the Convention to be a useful reference and common denominator in discussions.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Purchasing Scheme for Literature

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The objective of the scheme is to facilitate accessibility, a breadth of genres, artistic diversity and high artistic quality in Norwegian literature. It is directed primarily towards the book market, as it expands/increases said market and expands the economic base of Norwegian literature. The scheme also provides libraries with approximately 50 % of new books to their collections. This is in addition to the libraries’ own acquisitions.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Arts Council Norway purchases and distributes to libraries a given number of all new quality books published in Norway. 703 copies of each high-quality book for adults and 1480 copies of each high-quality children's book. There are purchasing schemes for fiction for adults and children, non-fiction for adults and children, translated fiction and comics/cartoons. This purchasing scheme, as a form of cultural policy subsidy, is a distinctly Norwegian phenomenon.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Maintaining a vital and pluralistic book sector in the future and facilitating new voices and debutantes among authors.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

USD 14 602 803 in 2015 (125 million NOK).

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

National Strategy for Libraries (2015-2018)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To clarify and provide an overview of the Government's responsibility and tasks in promoting the development of future-oriented public libraries in Norway. The municipalities themselves have the main responsibility for developing public libraries, but the strategy presents an overview of how the national Government will contribute specifically to achieving the policy goals for libraries. The Strategy aims at developing a joint infrastructure for developing good library services, both by paving the way for inter-library cooperation and high-quality digital services, and by relieving each public library of some of its tasks.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The National Library of Norway manages projects and provides funding for projects and initiatives put forward by public libraries. The priority areas are joint infrastructure; developing the public library as an arena for debate and learning, as a meeting place and as a dissemination institution; and promoting innovate projects. The Strategy also allows for allocating funding for events and minor adaptions of library spaces. The National Library of Norway will work for increased access to digital content resources, both through negotiations on rights linked to its own collections, and through its overarching role in contributing to the public libraries' own purchases of e-books.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The main objective is promoting knowledge, education and other cultural activities by providing access to information and by making available books and other suitable material, free of charge, to everyone residing in Norway. The Strategy shall also facilitate local libraries becoming current and independent meeting places and arenas for public discourse and debate. Each library shall, in its services to children and adults, stress the importance of providing high-quality, comprehensive and up-to-date material, on all platforms.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

USD 5 565 887 (48,5 million NOK) are made available as funding for projects in 2016, in addition to support from the National Library's operating budgets for serving municipal libraries with joint infrastructures. Public libraries in Norway receive their operating grants from counties and/or municipalities.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

The Audio and Visual Fund

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To promote the production and dissemination of recorded sound and film, including the international promotion and dissemination of works.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Grants from the Audio and Visual Fund are allocated in accordance with the interests of right holders in the music, film, stage and visual arts sectors. The Fund is also a collective compensation to right holders for the legal reproduction of copyright-protected works for private use. It is distributed as project grants with all the applications being assessed by expert committees and the grants awarded by the Board of the Fund.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

To increase the production and dissemination of high quality artistic works within a wide range of genres, cf. the key objectives mentioned above.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

USD 4 369 158 in 2016 (NOK 37.4 million).

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

The Norwegian Film Fund

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Audiovisual productions are central cultural means of communication and artistic means of expression. In order to strengthen Norwegian language, identity and culture, the Fund shall help arrange the production of high quality Norwegian and Sami audiovisual content available to a broad audience.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Norwegian film and audiovisual content shall consist of a diversity of high quality Norwegian language, culture and social aspects which both challenge and reach out to a broad audience, both in Norway and internationally. The Film Fund supports the development and production of films and TV series and development of games. The Fund also supports the dissemination of both national and international films on all levels, film festivals, film literacy and talent development. The range of films on offer should be broad, varied and of high quality. The public should have access to films regardless of where they live, and irrespective of what platform they want to use.In 2015 the Norwegian Parliament agreed upon a goal of better gender balance and equality in production funding, and decided that at least 40 % of the production support should be distributed to women or men, in the professional categories of director, script writer and producer, cf. Gender Equality below.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Maintaining a vital and diverse film sector.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

USD 57 943 925 in 2016 (496 million NOK).

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Norwegian films hold an approximate 25 % market share in Norwegian movie theatres.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

The percentage/share that ticket sales for Norwegian films hold of the total box office sale in Norway per year.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

The Music Equipment Scheme

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To ensure access to satisfactory rehearsal spaces throughout the country, and to ensure access to satisfactory technical conditions for the performance of popular music.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

To manage and allocate public grants for equipment to venues, clubs, organisers, rehearsal communities, as well as the development, facilitation and construction of rehearsal spaces and performance venues within the field of popular music.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Since the inception of this measure in 2009, several hundred rehearsal spaces/venues, rehearsal communities, big bands and folk music groups have received grants for rehearsal equipment, and venues all over the country have received grants for performance equipment. The Music Equipment Scheme has also provided grants for approximately 140 shipping container-style rehearsal spaces, which have been set up throughout all counties in Norway, as well as grants for building and refurbishing rehearsal spaces.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The Music Equipment Scheme distributed USD 3 481 308 (29, 8 million NOK) in 2015.The Music Equipment Scheme receives its funding from the proceeds of the Norwegian national lottery, which are allocated by Royal Decree.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

That the Music Equipment Scheme should be continued as it is, and that the management of the scheme has been well targeted according to its mandate. All music genres should have access to apply for grants through the Music Equipment Scheme. Music genres that are not currently included in the Music Equipment Scheme also need support for facilitation of rehearsal studios and, to a lesser extent, performance venues. The evaluation found that the current responsibilities of the Music Equipment Scheme should not be delegated to other organizations such as Arts Council Norway or the Norwegian Music Council.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 
  • Has the administration of the scheme has been sufficiently targeted in according to its mandate?;
  • does the distribution of funds ensure that all relevant music genres are sufficiently supported?;
  • does the scheme offer the best tools to perform the set tasks or can they be resolved better in other ways?, and
  • should the mandate of the scheme be extended to all genres?
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

The National Museum Network for Minorities and Cultural Diversity

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To coordinate and strengthen efforts to include minorities and enhance cultural diversity in museum exhibits, collections, staff and audiences.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The National Museum Network for Minorities and Cultural Diversity organises 24 museums all over Norway (2016) and operates primarily through 1-3-year projects. The number of museums participating in each project range from five to 15, and are recruited from a pool of member museums across Norway. Three projects have been carried out since 2012: a travelling exhibition involving five member museums that toured all over Norway, and the two projects described below.The largest project to date was carried out in 2009-2012, and aimed at training people with minority backgrounds for recruitment in museums. The current project involves writing a book on strategies for inclusion in Norwegian museums, where the contributors reflect critically on recent exhibits, workshops, documentation projects or other activities designed to increase inclusion and involvement of minorities at their respective institutions. The anthology is due for publication in 2017.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

This differs from project to project. The expected result of the current project is the publication of a book, thereby documenting and disseminating the important job that many museums are doing on diversity issues. The book will hopefully serve as inspiration to others, and as a tool for critical evaluation of related strategies and projects elsewhere.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The administration of the network is funded by the Oslo Museum, whereas the projects receive funding from Arts Council Norway. The Network's current project has received a total of NOK 600 000 from Arts Council Norway. The Oslo Museum receives its funding from the Norwegian Ministry of Culture and the City of Oslo.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Local
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Eight of 19 recruits are employed by museums today, others are in the process of applying for museum jobs, and others are studying museum-related disciplines. It is probable that these effects are due to the fact that people were recruited through the museums' own networks. Recruits enjoyed the social settings and were pleased with the professional development acquired through the project.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

How and whether recruits and their mentors were satisfied with their participation in the project and the impact of the project for the recruits and the participating institutions.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Copyright legislation (revision)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Copyright legislation is a vital part of a sustainable cultural policy, and a balanced copyright system is important for cultural diversity.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Copyright revision in Norway continues. Copyright legislation is considered a vital part of a sustainable cultural policy, and a balance copyright system is important for the diversity of cultural expressions. The first stage of the revision in 2013 contained measures against copyright infringements on the Internet. The second stage was the implementation of the EU directive on the term of protection; these measures entered into force in July 2014. The third stage was the implementation of the EU orphan works directive and new measures regarding the extended collective license, and these amendments entered into force July 1 2015. The fourth stage is the overall revision of the Copyright Act. A consultation paper for a renewed Copyright Act was published in March 2016 and the consultation period ended in September 2016.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

To make the Act more accessible for all users and to update provisions where necessary.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The revision is carried out within the framework of the Norwegian Ministry of Culture's operating budget.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

The Media Diversity Commission

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The Media Diversity Commission was established in September 2015, and will present its report (Green Paper) to the Norwegian Ministry of Culture by 1 March 2017. The Ministry of Culture established the Commission to assess the impact of digitalization, globalization and media convergence on the Norwegian media industry and media policy.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The media sector has experienced a fundamental shift because of digitalisation, and the changes have challenged the business models of legacy media. At the same time, the public's access to information and different media has never been greater. The effects of these changes on media diversity are unclear. The Media Diversity Commission will assess these.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The Media Diversity Commission's mandate is, in short, to assess the goals of the state on media diversity, and how the Government's economic measures, including the license fee for the public service broadcaster NRK and press subsides, best can be used to promote and uphold media diversity in Norway. The Commission will also examine models that can finance other state contributions to a vital democracy and a diverse media sector, such as public service broadcasting on radio, press subsidies, subsidies for local broadcasting, Sami newspapers, scholarships and the like.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

USD 372 780 (NOK 3, 191 million NOK) for the Media Diversity Commission and USD 163 551 (NOK 1,4 million) for the Secretariat.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Production Grants for News and Current Affairs Media

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Production grants shall contribute to maintaining diversity in news and current affairs media characterised by high quality and independent journalism, including media in markets that are too small to be sustainable and alternatives to the leading media in major markets. The new support scheme, which was implemented in 2014, is platform-neutral, meaning that aid is awarded regardless of how the content is distributed. The objective is to stimulate digital publishing and new production and distribution strategies for newspapers which receive direct grants.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Subsidies are given to media which contain a broad range of news, current affairs and debate content from different areas of society.Contrary to the former press subsidy scheme, cf. Norway's first report, news and current affairs media are eligible for grants regardless of the method of distribution (i.e. print or digital). Also, the grant is calculated based on circulation and frequency on all platforms, and not strictly on the basis of the circulation of print newspapers. News media are grouped according to their circulation, publication frequency and local competitive environment. There are two main groups of recipients: 1) Leading and sole media that publish at least one edition per week and have an average net circulation of between 1,000 and 6,000 copies. 2) Secondary media that publish at least one edition per week and have an average net circulation of at least 1,000 copies. The distribution of funds between the groups defined in the regulations is determined by the Ministry of Culture each year, based on the economic development within the different groups.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Maintaining a vital and pluralistic media sector in the future by removing barriers against digital publishing and innovation in the newspaper industry.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

USD 36 565 420 (NOK 313 million) in 2016.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

The Government's Declaration on Interaction with the Voluntary Sector

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

To set down fundamental principles and overarching objectives for the Government’s interaction with the voluntary sector. The Declaration is an expression of the Government’s appreciation of the voluntary sector, and a framework for a productive, positive interaction in the coming years. It encompasses all levels of government and all policy areas.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The Declaration establishes a framework for dialogue and interaction with the voluntary sector irrespective of which government ministry, directorate or agency is involved, and is intended to form part of an integrated policy for the voluntary sector.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The Declaration is not a set of rules, but describes the Government’s ambitions for its interaction with the voluntary sector. Its purpose is to help provide productive framework conditions for the voluntary sector. The Declaration recognises the value of voluntary work and seeks to provide predictability in the context of cooperation between the Government and the voluntary sector. It is not, however, an agreement between the Government and the with the voluntary sector as such.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

This measure is implemented within government ministries' and agencies' operating budgets.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Cf. Norway's first Quadrennial Periodic Report, section 3.3.1.

Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
No
Please explain how: 
Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Cf. Norway's first Quadrennial Periodic Report, section 3.3.1, and the description of The Government's Declaration on the Interaction with the Voluntary Sector above.

Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 

A grant scheme for VAT compensation for voluntary organisations was established in 2010. The grant provides more than 20 000 organisations (2016) with a total of USD 151 869 159; NOK 1,3 billion, in core funding.) Other measures introduced to stimulate an independent voluntary sector include the Register of Non-Profit Organisations and the Grassroots share. The Register of Non-Profit Organisations was established in 2009, and is administered by the Brønnøysund Register Centre; a government body under the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries. The Register provides public authorities and others with information on the voluntary sector. Participation in the Register is voluntary. 40 000 organisations have registered (2016), and the Register is still growing in numbers. The Grassroots Share is a scheme administered by Norsk Tipping, a state-owned company under the Norwegian Ministry of Culture charged with implementing the Government’s gaming policy and administering the national lottery. The Grassroots share enables individual lottery players to indicate a specific non-profit organisation which shall receive some of the proceeds to which they contribute. To receive grassroots funding, the organisation must be registered in the Register of Non-Profit Organisations, cf. above.

Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
No
Name of the Organization(s): 

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
No
Please explain how: 
Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
No
Please explain how: 
Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
No
Please explain how: 
Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

As stated in Norway's first Quadrennial Periodic Report, we find the questionnaire to be problematic in the sense that it is based on the assumption that cultural policies are being implemented following the ratification of this Convention. Several of the measures presented in this report, whilst clearly in line with and in the spirit of the Convention, have been in effect for several years, if not decades, before the adoption of the Convention.In one respect, the Convention could be seen as a confirmation of important aspects of Norwegian cultural policy; or it could be seen as closely interlinked and integrated with said cultural policy. It is not possible to isolate the results achieved in implementing the Convention from the results achieved in implementing Norwegian cultural policy.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

Whilst not directly related to the Convention itself, making arts and culture available to everyone, regardless of their social or economic background, remains an important priority. The arts and cultural sector should ideally, in all chains of the process from artistic production to dissemination and enjoyment, represent a cross-section of present-day Norwegian society. This is not always the case, however.

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

Making arts and culture accessible to everyone, and ensuring that everyone has the opportunity of engaging with arts and culture, whether as creators or audiences/consumers, requires a continuous effort and remains an important guiding principle in Norwegian cultural policy.On the initiative of the Norwegian Minister of Culture, the Norwegian Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers will be launching, in 2017, a three-year Nordic project on the inclusion of immigrants and people with minority backgrounds into the arts and cultural sector – as audiences, artists, creators, cultural workers and disseminators. The project aims to involve both professional and amateur arts and cultural institutions and organisations.

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

Maintaining a continued strong, public funding of arts and culture for everyone, in line with the traditions of Norwegian cultural policy and the spirit of the Convention.

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
Source: 
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
0.00
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Total imports in cultural services: 
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Year: 
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1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
0.00
Year: 
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Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
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0
Year: 
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(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
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0
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Small Size Companies: 
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0
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Medium Size: 
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0
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Large Size: 
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0
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(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
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0
Sales, USD: 
0.00
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Independent Book stores: 
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0
Sales, USD: 
0.00
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Book stores in other retail: 
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Sales, USD: 
0.00
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Online Retailers (labels): 
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Sales, USD: 
0.00
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(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
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3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
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0
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
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Independent Format: 
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Majors: 
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(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
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Digital Format: 
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4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
Source: 
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
0
Private: 
Radio channels: 
0
Television channels: 
0
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Community: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Radio channels: 
0
Television channels: 
0
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
0
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
Source: 
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
0
Non-daily newspapers: 
0
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
0
Non-daily newspapers: 
0
Total: 
0
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
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0
Year: 
Source: 
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
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Year: 
Source: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Theatre: 
Male: 
Total: 
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
TOTAL: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
7. Additional clarifications: 

Please refer to the attached Statistical Annex.

Additional Annexes (if any): 
AttachmentSize
File statistical_annex.docx31.32 KB
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Steinar
Family Name: 
Lien
Organization: 
Royal Norwegian Ministry of Culture
Position: 
Deputy Director General