Italy 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Italy
Date of ratification: 
19/2/2007
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism
General Secretariat
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Emilio
Family Name: 
Cabasino
Organization: 
Ministero dei beni e delle attività culturali e del turismo
Mailing Address: 
emilio.cabasino@beniculturali.it
Telephone: 
+390667292750
Fax: 
E-mail: 
emilio.cabasino@beniculturali.it
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The multi-stakeholder consultation process proceeded with the coordination of the Ministry of Culture and the national focal point and acted throught the dissemination of informative materials (about the Convention and the Report format) to other institutions, agencies (such as those concern the public broadcasting), "grant making" foundations involved in the management of the Italian cultural sector and to the civil society associations or organisations.  The protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions is assured by a deep-rooted system of multi-stakeholder participation which is firstly ensured by the Italian Constitution itself (Cf. artt. 2-9) guaranting the free expression of social pluralism, the involvement of local communities (art.118 Cost) and the raising awareness of the importance of the creativity as an element of human well-being (Cf. art. 21 Cost). Therefhore, during the time, contemporarly at the safeguarding and promotion of the inherited artistic heritage,  it has been encouraged the flourishing of the arts in different forms and at every age. The dynamic compenetration of the cultural sector in the Italian society has contributed at the creation of a lot cultural services and organizations able to support the actvity of the public sector, as well as to promote the independent and creative enterprise. In accordance with the purposes of this report, there were consulted representative entities of the civil society and the private sector which are directly involved in the main activities mentioned in the following pages. The ISTAT (National Institute of Statistics), as well as  providing the data requested in the Annex, has collected the information regarding the private cultural industried and its details of flows.All information from the multi-stakeholder consultation have been collected and selected to compiling the Report sections.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
The application of the UNESCO 2005 Convention, by its nature, involves wide areas of activities and institutional competences, and currently, the spheres of Italian report-results come from the interaction  between different authorities and based on the Italian laws and lesgislative meausures, already adopted before the Convention ratification itself, and aimed at the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions (e.g. laws to protect and promote the linguistic minorities,  educational arts curricula, the rules of copyright and the system of media and cultural sector in general).Infact during the last years, the deepen and long-termed institutional attention to the safeguarding of the cultural heritage has encouraged the creation of an innovative system of management, more attentive to the creative and artistic sector considered as a vehicle of production and distribution of products and services. That impulse has generated a successful mechanism of small-medium and large enterprises, promoting different professional profiles and boosting young start-up able to respond at the emerging cultural global market. Consequently it has been raised the awareness on the importance of the international cooperation both as for the encouragment of the intercultural dialogue, in respect of cultures and peoples, and as a new source of dynamic economical exchange. This cooperation has been accorded with a lot of countries: while with some of them has developed programmes of cultural coproduction (e.g. audiovisual products) and artists mobility, with others it has been possible to collaborate at developing  programmes related to the transversal iussues (e.g. gender equality, participation and education of the youth).Hence, among the many initiatives, in this report there are inserted those are beared  by individuals, governments and organizations (some of them involved in cross-sectoral fields) and represent a broader spectrum of measures considered relevant and in line with the Convention's principles application.Further more, it is important to consider that due the access at the financial European resources, local and regional authorities support the cultural and creative industries and play an important role in the promotion of projects ensuring the involvement of the civil society to their nearest. Considering its functions on the territory, the regional and local institutional assessment favours the identification of cultural measures and services integrated into the sustainable perspective of development.The Italian national administration, responsible for the cultural sector, outlooks for the future on the  awareness raising of the close relation between UNESCO Cultural Conventions. In particular, an accurate reflection on the "cultural content" definition represents a peculiar basic concept to better identifie the interactions between cultural heritage, intangible cultural heritage and the cultural expressions as intended into the 2005 UNESCO Convention.   
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

The Italian cultural policy, based on the Italian Constitution (1947) and its fundamental principles, explicitly refers to the human rights, human development, the safeguarding and valorisation of the cultural heritage also in the anthropological meaning and collective expressions. Infact, since the Italian ratification (2007), the Code of Cultural heritage has included the referrement to the UNESCO Convention for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions into the art. 7 (bis) which is titled as " Collective expressions of cultural identity". Considering the actual social vulnerable contexts and the increasing of the consistent migration flows, the Convention represents a strategic vehicle of awareness raising, within both the civil society and institutions, on the principles of democracy, tolerance and solidarity. Some measures already mentioned within the previous National Periodic Report (2008-2012) are still in force; meanwhile others had been applied in order to face the new national challenges and priorities: social cohesion, inclusivity, sustainable development.The reform of the Ministry of Culture Activities and Heritage and Tourism (DPCM 171/2014), adopted since the 2015, encourages a new view of cultural heritage management, increasing the number of general directions (11 at all) and in exercising its functions  the institution is assisted by advisory bodies ( High Council for Heritage and Landscape, the "Consulta " for the Performing Arts, the Permanent Committee for Copyright, the Permanent Committee for the Promotion of Tourism).The Italian Code for Education, adopted by the Ministry of Education, Research and University (MIUR), DL (297/1992 e s.m.i.)  legislates the promotion of arts curricula at primary, secondary and high schools; also encourages creativity, knowledge and skills in professional training connected with the artistic industry. Moreover, the Ministry itself recognizes the academic curricula promoted by artistic institutions (AFAM): music conservatories, academies of fine and applied (design and communication) arts, dance and drama.The TUSMAR ( testo unico dei servizi di media audiovisivi e radiofonici- Dl.177/2005 e s.m.i.) remarks in its fundamental principles (art. 3) the guarantee of freedom and expression in the broadcast media including the protection of intellectual property and the safeguarding of ethnic diversity and cultural heritage at local and national level.   The Text Code also refers at the agreement, renewed every 5 years, between te Italian radio television service ( RAI) and the Ministry for the Economic Development (MISE); the latter manages the protection of industrial property patents ( Industrial Property Code, L. 273/2002 e s.m.i.).The IV Action plan of the Ministry of Labor and Social policy aims at the protection of rights and development in childhood, (in referent at the art.4 ONU Convention of children rights) throughout the reducing children and family poverty, implementing the socio-educational services, supporting the integrated system even the hospitality ones.The Italian cultural sector joints also at the "Creative Europe program" promoted by UE, which has been renovated for the period 2014-2020 with a budget of E. 1,46 million.   

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
Italy has already integrated the principles and purposes of the Convention in many laws and regulations, however, it will do more when possible.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

In Italy there is a strong debate related to:1. The market policies defending cultural industries and intellectual property.2. Development of creative culture industry as element for sustainable development.3. Protection and promotion of ethnical and religious diversity, especially because of migrants flows.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
No
How: 
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Art-Bonus

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Since 2014 Artbonus supports the cultural heritage safeguarding and cultural/touristic development by providing an offset in tax debits after an investment on culture sector. The investments should be allocated to public institutes, places of culture (museums, libraries, archives, archeological sites, and monumental complexes), opera-symphonic foundations and tradition theaters. The restoration, conservation and maintenance of cultural goods and the execution of new structures, restauration or strengthen of existing ones, on the performative arts field are example of this measure. Donations and sponsorships to reach these aims are also taken into account.Legislation: D.L. 31,.5.2014 n.83, art.1. "Disposizioni urgenti per la tutela del patrimonio culturale, lo sviluppo della cultura e il rilancio del turismo".

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The tax-credit facilitator (Art Bonus) is guaranteed for all donors which support actions in the culture and the performative arts fields, including those belong to the no-profit private ownership. The annual tax-credit amount would be divided into equal three rates and its application depends on the contributions of the qualified donor. The tax-credit is 15% for individuals and no-profit entities and 5 per thousand of the annual incomes for the enterprises; donations and sponsorship are funded with a maximum of 65% tax exemption. Each beneficiary must communicate monthly with the website www.artbonus.gov.it and its institutional one, the economical amount received and the uses of donations. Moreover, all information regarding the type of heritage related to the "Art Bonus" actions, the measures adopted for its safeguarding, and fruition, as well as the public financial supports, are published in the same website.  

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The main aim of the Art-Bonus measure is the safeguarding and promotion of cultural heritage, especially through the efficient network and collaboration between public and private sectors. This partnership should also enhance the institutional administrative-tecnichal competences applied with this policy and management of the fundraising. The partnership can raise the awareness of the importance of cultural safeguarding and management also in term of sustainable development, security and employment.The public promotion and transparency aim at the involvement of the civil society, the transmission of ethical values of cultural safeguarding, the promotion of cultural activities, the awareness-raising of micro fundraising and the enhancing of a sense of community, as well as the perspective of a common cultural heritage.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The measure Art-Bonus is based on legislative and institutional framework which promotes the civil and private  financial contributions aimed at safeguarding of cultural heritage. The amount of the financial resources are variable according to the donations and the type of category.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

SED - Education and cultural accessibility to cultural heritage

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The SED was established (Ministerial Decree of 15/10/1998) to promote awareness on cultural heritage to all audiences and to conduct activities in education, communication and specific training, through national projects. It works in tandem with the Ministry of Education, University and Research, in order to create opportunities to development an accessible educational and cultural system of, in respect of "knowledgable society" perspective  (Cf. Framework Agreement of 20 March 1998 and the Memorandum of Understanding of 28 May 2014). The Courses will feed into the National Plan for Education on cultural heritage, in agreement with the Higher Council of Cultural Heritage and Landscape of MiBACT for programmatic agenda of actions. It is on institutional sites (www.beniculturali.it, www.dger.beniculturali.it, www.sed.beniculturali.it).All the training offered by MiBACT is included in an annual data report with all proposals and free activities offered by institutes, ministries, archives, libraries, museums and places of culture. It is Addressed especially to public schools, teachers, families and other public social categories (including disable people). For 2015-2016 school-year 1,200 projects and activities have been presented .The national collection is entrusted to the Centre for Educational Services (SED), which from 2015 pertains to the Direction General Education and Research, supporting it in the coordination of the Network of Territorial Education, in accordance with Articles 118-119 of the Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

There are several targeted areas, among them:- Social disadvantaged categories,- Disability,- Intercultural dialogue.Several activities are developed by educational departments of the Italian museums in order to create a cultural and social identity through the cultural heritage (archeological, monumental, works of art, etc.), to learn how to appreciate the beauty of diversity, to rediscover the multiethnic roots of the Italian civilization, to foster reading or to enjoy the cultural heritage. Workshops in expressions are made to foster creativity in different fields like audiovisual, interview, narration, modelling, theater techniques, etc. 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The purposes of SED and connected data collection are:- to facilitate the access to the contents and values ​​of cultural heritage;- to support knowledge and conscious use as basic elements of the right;- to encourage the participation of the citizens in cultural and social life.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

The number of educational projects presented to the SED

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

DiCultHer (School Network in Digital Heritage, Arts and Humanities)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The agreement between the School Network in Digital Heritage, Arts and Humanities (DICultHer) and the Directory General- Education and Research- (DGER) of the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism (MIBACT) has been accorded within the legislative framework of the "Piano nazionale per l'educazione al patrimonio culturale- National plan for the intangible cultural heritage education" (DPCM 29 August 2014 art.13 c.i.)  promoted by the MIBACT and the Consiglio Superiore dei Beni Culturali e Paesaggistici. It is born to build and consolidate a culture of digital innovation on problems related to the conservation, valorization and promotion of the cultural heritage and the humanities. This aim will be reached by planning of formative activities at national, regional and local level that will guarantee high quality standards and will be able to answer the digital competence requirements .More than 60 insttutions, public, private, associations and other entities compose the network. The universities are the central point of the network. To achieve these objectives it has been established the Technical Committe functional at the planning, monitoring and evaluation activities concerned the agreement adopted.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The measure intends promote and disseminate training methodologies and educational plans able to develop digital skills connected to the field of the culture and heritage. It will promote annual experimental projects in the field of understanding and responsible use of the digital cultural heritage, looking for the collaboration among schools and adult civil society for a lifelong learning perspective.In particular:- implementing the student contest to encourage the individual and collective engagement on the cultural heritage;- implementing the educational system of the cultural heritage;- identifying the digital best practices at national level;- involving public and private sectors in the planning and development of the digital knowledge system applied at the cultural field;- supporting actions aimed at the promotion of the creative and cultural entrepreneurship;- developing an infrastructure system able to manage effectively the digital cultural heritage;- projecting quantitative analyses data applied at the field of the educational sector of the cultural heritage. 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The results expected are to create a network able to provide an education on high quality digital competecences in order to conservate and manage the cultural heritage.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The agreement was esthablished without any preventive financial fund. It aims to involve the activities concerned whithin  the ordinary work of ministry and schools net involved. That is not compromised the opportunity to engage a financial resource for any ongoing activities or project that should be supported and promoted. Specifically, any activity would like to benefit from the public and private sectors partnership in accordance on the specific initiative and its target and scale.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

SIAE-Società Italiana Autori ed Editori-Tax free

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The SIAE is the official entity entitled to protect the intellectual property rights related to any cultural creation and its use. Its mandate is to ensure the creators' recognition and remuneration. In particular, since the 1th Genuary 2015, the SIAE promotes a  "Tax free membership fee" for young authors, editors (18-30 age) and editorial startup in the creative sectors. This measure aims at the encouraging and safeguarding of cultural products and rights connected to author's production in the fields of visual arts, cinema,literature, opera, ballet, music, radiotelevision, theatre. Specifically:- the visual art and literature field administers the painting, sculpture, graphics, photography, computer art works and the literary ones (including their translations);- the cinema sector aims at safeguarding the author's of subject, script, direction and adpation's dialogue and translations of cinematographic or assimilated works;- the opera section protects musical and dance works;- the music section administers the rights to musical works, with or whithout literay text. Operas, ballets, oratories, operattas, magazines are entrusted with the protection of Opera and DOR sections: in these cases the section protects the musical tracks indipendently of the complete version of the musical-dramatic creations;

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The SIAE Tax-free facility regards the young artists and creative startup which involve the youngers between 16 and 30 age. The measure proceeds trought an author's online inscription and the opera/s connected to. The SIAE plays an intermendiator activity in the management of copyright releasing the authorisations of it, receiving the fees and sharing the incomes derived from.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The measure intends to promote and protect the creativity making totally free membership for young artists, editors and editorial startup. This initiative aims to encourage the development of new business in Italy and help young people to realise their projects, either as a publishers or as an entrepreneurs. The SIAE membership would to guarantee the legal, intellectual and economical artistic recognition as any other job in the perspective to support the creative creation and its continuity in the future.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The SIAE is a collective management society recognized as a public economic institution despite it doesn't receive public direct or indirect funds. Indeed, the annual financial management income consists in the contributions of members, the amount derived from the copyright compensation and from the services rendered. Donations, additional incomes and the surplus of active management should contrinute to the planning of any measure or project implementation.  

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

DAB project - design promotion

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

DAB project is a program to support new design through competitions for ideas and projects which are directed to young italian designers, under 35. The inspiration of the design should be the cultural and artistic italian heritage. Museum's bookshops and art shops will sell the products. At the same time, they will renew and raise quality of their offer.2015 is the fifth edition of this initiative.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The measure intends:- to propose new employment opportunities and create new professional profiles;- to valorize the projects through exhibitions;- to incentive the enterprise's production by selling the products in the museum's commercial areas.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The measure is carried out to promote the Italian designers and their production and employment. In the five editions 430 prototypes from 140 designers have been selectioned. There have been exhibitons in several museums: Galleria Civica di Modena,  Palazzo delle Esposizioni di Roma, Macef di Milano, Castel Sant'Elmo di Napoli, MAXXI di Roma, Museo Ettore Fico in Torino.Some products have been exhibited in the Triennale di Milano, Museum Expressions of Paris, Open Design Italia of Venice, Mart di Trento and Madre of Napoli.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

None

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

In the five editions 430 prototypes from 140 designers have been selectioned and shown in six exhibitions.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of editions and exhibitions.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Integration of migrants web portal-culture area

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The web portal Integrazioni Migranti "live and work in Italy" is a co-funded project of the European Fund for the Integration, born under the coordination of the Ministry of Work and Social Policies, in collaboration with the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Education and Research. The public company Italia Lavoro is in charge of the management of the web portal. Its aim is to favor the access to all the services offered along the italian territory, assuring a correct information to all foreign citizens in order to facilitate their integration in the italian society.The structure of the portal is based in the "National Plan for Integration": education and learning, work, housing, access to the essential services, minors and second generations. The portal offers information for each field and shows the public-private network of services active in the territory. The culture section is runing since two years and wants to testify the impact of the migrant's culture in the italian society, in terms of exchanges, enrichment and integration, storytelling of migrant's culture and their world.http://www.integrazionemigranti.gov.it/Areetematiche/AreaCultura/Pagine/default.aspx

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

This website is dedicated to five sections: literature, cinema, theatre, music, visual arts and cultural heritage. It includes also the international legal framework that regulates and foster the cultural diversity, the media and magazines specialized in this issues and a part about the Italian migration. The portal offers information for each field and shows the several ongoing initiatives and an archive of notices.  

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

It is expected to favor the access of foreign citizens to all the territory services and to assure a correct information in order to integrate them in the italian society.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

None

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
International
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

The entries to the website have grown from the 20.000 in 2014 to the 24.000 in 2015.The monthly visitors  have grown from the 14.200 in 2014 to the 20.000 in 2015.The newsletter suscribers have grown from the 1.700 in 2014 to the 2.000 in 2015.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Entries to the website, monthly visitors and newsletter's suscribers.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Measures under the linguistic minorities law

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Italy is a rich land of historical linguistic minorities in their variety and quantity. The Ministry of Interior estimates that about 5% of the Italian population has not the Italian tongue as native language. The Italian Republic is one of the few European countries which explicitly protects linguistic minorities (Article 6 of the Constitution). It was applied before 1999, especially in some regions with special status (Valle d'Aosta, Trentino Alto Adige, Friuli, and Venetia Giulia).The law 482/99 protects the language and culture of the Albanian, Catalan, Germanic, Greek, Slovenian and Croatian, and those speak French, Franco-Provençal, Friulian, Ladin, Occitan and Sardinian. Also notes the existence of other linguistic minorities.The linguistic minorities benefit specific measures in various fields such as education, communication, radio, press and TV public service. The sector's competence is conferred to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Education, University and Research. Regional and local governments are responsible for the implementation of laws, programs and ad hoc activities in the territories where the linguistic minority is recognized and formally/informally transmitted.  

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

There is a TV authorization for reception and transmission of foreign broadcasters television signals in favor of the recognized linguistic minorities (D. L. 30.01.1999, n. 15 converted into Law 29.03.1999, n. 78; Legislative Decree no. 31.07.2005, art. 30, paragraph 2). Such measure intends to promote the learning of minority languages and cultures as development of cultural and territorial pluralism. Schools should develop agreements in conjunction with local authorities, in the framework of a wide and conscious territorial integration.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

With num.113 Decree of 23 October 2002, it was constituted a Technical Committee with the task of developing an annual program of law implementation and to evaluate the projects submitted by the schools. It includes some general managers responsible for the education offices operating in the territories of linguistic minorities, in order to link the national support plan with a specific territorial level programming. Law enforcement in education has focused on five aspects, namely:- updating of a database and a specific section in the website of the "MIUR" Ministry;- financing school projects that activate the teaching of the minority language;- promoting the activities relating to the application of the law;- training of teaching staff;-monitoring of the initiatives carried out.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

yes

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

From the experiences made in the first three years of application of the law 482/99 two significant aspects can be derived:• integration of language training with teaching is useful for affordability issues and personal motivation;• It is indispensable the immersion in the school environment in the reference language and the consolidation of its standard variant, in the cases in which the language enter into learning activities.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Evaluation of results by the committee

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

MIGRARTI Project

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

MiBACT has the aim of creating opportunities to get to know the cultural roots of the Italians citizens with a focus on second generations of migrants. A parallel census can be registered on Mibact’s site, by giving information about the different realities in Italy dealing with migrants.There are two notices, from € 400 000 each, one for cinema, one for performing arts, to  finance film projects, theater, dance, music based in integration and the promotion of cultural diversity. Public or private bodies can apply.The Mibact and the Ministry of Education also held the national competition "A Logo for Migrarti", aimed at art schools and state technical colleges (with itineraries in graphics and communication). The selected projects will become the symbol of the campaign. The prize of 4,000 Euros will go to the school of the winning student and will be allocated to projects and laboratories of activities on the issues of the Project Migrarti. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Mibact launches project "Migrarti", funded with 800 thousand euros for cultural integration through film festivals, theatrical readings, visual arts, music, etc. The objective is to raise awareness of the others through their culture and traditions, but also through the story of routes and trips.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Film projects, theater, dance, music opera based in integration and the promotion of cultural diversity.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

800 thousand Euros

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Handcraft Safeguarding and Promotion: quality, artistic and traditional ceramic

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The measure pretends to stablish two trademarks in order to protect the artistic and traditional ceramic (shapes, decoration, tecnics, style)  from several italian areas where the production of this tipe of objects is still alive.The trademarks are CAT (for the artistic and traditional ceramic) and CQ (for the quality industrial ceramic, like tiles, kitchenware,furnishing objects, toilet objects).

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The main feature of the measure is to safeguarding the production of this kind of ceramics, the promotion of the exportation, and the enhancing of the cultural tourism in the selected areas. Along with this, the study e dissemination of the ceramic tecnology.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

 The results expected are the safeguarding and fostering of the ceramic production, and to support the creators involved in the artistic and traditional processes.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Only until 2009.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cinema and performance policies

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

There are several laws that support film production and life shows under certain characteristics. The Cinema's General Directory of the MIBACT is focused in the promotion, development and dissemination of Italian cinema, and in particular supports young artists, "difficult films" (first and second movies) and documentaries. The digitalization of cinemas and the search of investiments are also its aims.Therefore, an important effort to sustain creativity in this field is achieved through tax measures, named "tax credit cinema". This measure provides the possibility for offset tax exemptions after an investment in the cinematography sector. The beneficiaries are production and distribution enterprises, cinema operators, post-production and executive production enterprises and other enterprises in association with a film producer, even if they don't belong in the cinema sector. The measures are also available for executive production of foreign films and for foreign investors.There is a measure dedicated specially to migrant's creativity and integration, aimed for those living in  Italy. It is focused in promoting films, seminars, events and promotional messages in order to raise awareness of these communities.In the period between 2012-15, several co-productions had been signed between Italy and France, Germany, Canada, Macedonia, Brazil and Chile.Legislation: Tax credit production (art. 1, comma 327, l. 244/2007 e decreto 7.5.2009); Tax credit executive production foreign films (art. 1, comma 335, l. 244/2007 e decreto 7.5.2009) ; Tax credit foreign investors (art. 1, comma 325, l. 244/2007 e decreto 21.1.2010).

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The institutional mandate for the cinema is the promotion, development and dissemination of the italian cinema and of the national cinematographic industry under the consideration that cinema is one of the cultural expressions basis. Its cultural value is given by its role as witness of cultural identity. The audiovisual productions develop a fundamental role in the formation of the national identity. Through cinema, the local creativity can express itself with a rich cultural variety.Taken this into account, the european states as Italy, apply a broad range of measures to support the film production, in the creation and production of cinematographic works phases. Besides this, the measures are focused in create a development dynamic and consolidate an economical sector with solid production enterprises and a permanent proffesionist tank.All is covered by law DL 22 january 2004, n.28 (and its modifications) and by the 21 and 33 articles of the Italian Constitution that recognize cinema as a mean of artistic expression, cultural information, and social communication as a general interest issue because of their economical and industrial importance.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The result expected through the implementation of this measure is the fostering of creativity and cinema cultural industry and its dissemination.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Euro 115 millions/year.Euro 6 millions has been dedicated to young creators in 2015.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

The production of films has grown since the tax cinema is working.

Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The management of Italian cultural sector has a consolidate relationship between institutions (national, regional, local) and the civil society. These pay constantly attention to the participation of different stakeholders, to involve civil society in the production, distribution and consumption of cultural and creative industries, and to encourage the cultural pluralism and freedom of expression as well. There are collecting associations, foundations and NGOs which contribute to the organization of cultural services and activities working together with the public administrations. The vastness of culture in Italy needs absolutely the intervention of the civil society its safeguarding, valorization and promotion. The main areas, working with a bottom-up approach, are: education, creativity and cultural industries, cultural heritage and minority language communities. Partnerships between public institutions and associations is the more usual way to promote projects that are included among the mandates of the administrations. Different amounts fund these initiatives that are developed through open competitions which are managed by the associations.In line with the principles of the 2005 Convention, there are measures aimed at the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions based on the gender equality and on the professional training: i.e. the competition "Cosa succede in città", organized by UNAR, Cittalia Foundation and ARCI Association, as a part of the European project BEAMS. Associations, NGOs, schools, foreigner communities, universities, local institutions and all national civil society will favor the creativity of cultural products referred at the subject "Cities, migrants and stereotypes".A partnership between MIBACT and GAI (Italian Young artists), involving 33 local administrations, supports the youth creativity through training, promotion and research activities, encouraging the relation between artistic production and market in music, performance, visual arts, design, video, dance theatre and writing sectors.

Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The main instrument to collect and share information on the administration activity is ISTAT (statistics national institute) that works with the aim of developing knowledge about the environmental, economical and social italian reality in order to provide qualified and contrasted data to citizens and decisions makers.Other initiatives that collect information and share it among the stakeholders are the web diary of GAI (Italian Young artists) for the project Movin'up or the "Osservatorio Millecanali ISICULT" that works on TV, radio, cinema and video expressions. Collecting Library or Le città del Libro (book cities, developed with ANCI  Italian National Municipalities Association.) are databases focused in fostering reading. Il portale internetculturale.it promotes the libraries heritage through the digitalization. World Digital Library, under the sponsorship of UNESCO, is developed by Italy since 2010.    

Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Several open spaces are provided by the italian administrations in order to express ideas and creativity. All along the country, initiatives like Musei Aperti, Book Fair, Culture Forum or Biennale di Venezia.

Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
CITTALIA, ARCI, GAI, ANCI

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

"Economy of Culture Association" has organized with MIBACT, along with the City of Palermo, the international conference Culture, cultural diversity and sustainable development: opportunities and new challenges for the Mediterranean. The conference was held in Palermo in Nov 2015 with the participation of northern and southern countries. The num. 1/2016 of Economia della cultura journal has exposed and analyzed the main results of debates, dealing with the guarantee of fair reception and cultural rights for immigrants flowing to northern shore, and with N-S cooperation in heritage safeguard, in artistic creativity and cultural industries."ECCOM association": World plots (2015-2017). The project, funded by the “Fondazione con il Sud”, aims to enhancement associative experiences and work. Made in Sardinia in order to facilitate social and cultural integration of migrants and experiment social innovation practices, promoting a solidarity, sustainable and intercultural economy system. A land development path started to promote new jobs and employment of migrants, through the enhancement of skills and the integration of "know how" with local creative influences from other cultures, different experiences and contexts.The objectives are rural development practices experimentation, development of cultural and artistic heritage, both as objects and as art gardens (gardens of beauty)."COPEAM" has several programs for professional’s exchange.

Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Economy of Culture Association,AEC, in years 2012-1015 has mainly focused on immigrants and prisoners. The situation of immigrants in Italy and its evolution in relation to public authority’s attitudes has been analyzed in the Italian editions of the Compendium. Num.4/2013 of Economia della Cultura journal has dealt with the issue "Culture in prison in Italy and Europe". Bringing culture, arts and creative opportunities to prisoners has actually turned out an effective vehicle for their behavioral change and for rehabilitation and social reinsertion. An exhaustive evaluation of these activities, is needed, and is still out of reach in Italy.COPEAM since 2014 has dedicated a broad space to immigrants and refugees issues, by launching several initiatives to promote a complete and correct information, like Refugees Prix Italia (to stimulate reflection on the narratives and the different approaches to the issue of refugees in order to improve their understanding and raise awareness about fundamental role of information as a vehicle of knowledge among peoples and cultures) or Spot COPEAM-UNHCR radio and television (to promot).a different narrative of migration from media.ECCOM Association has develop MCP-Broker. Brokering Migrants Cultural Participation. MCP was a two-year project (2013-2015) funded by the EU DG Internal Affairs. The overall aim of the project was to promote and stimulate cultural participation of migrants, improving the capacity of local public institutions to interact with them. Public cultural institutions are, in fact, part of the society that welcomes immigrant’s subject. Central task of this project was to improve the intercultural skills of public cultural institutions, through a staff diversification and governance.Federcultura-Confcooperative, is constituted by associated cooperatives which operate in the fields of cultural heritage, entertainment, education, communication, tourism and sport. About 1,300 enterprises contribute to the development of the territories in which they operate as they are expression of the territories’ culture.

Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

For the Economy of Culture Association this has actually and still is one of the core of its activity, which has carried out extensive studies and reports through the years. Presently, under their vision, detailed reliable data on government expenditure and at all levels are missing in Italy. Another concern of Economy of Culture Association is the lack of research on evaluation of public action in the cultural field, which is badly needed for an effective improvement of cultural governance. The question is how to overcome the many challenges hindering a sound evaluation of cultural projects and activities. This association published surveys on public cultural expenditure and on cultural employment, the Compendium, the Working force survey in collaboration with ISTAT (statistic institute), the Economia della cultura journal, the measuring the social impact of the cultural sector journal.The ECCOM association is part of the project DIAMOND-Dialoguing Museums for a New Cultural democracy. It was a two-year project (2012-2014) funded by the EU under the Program the 2007-2013 Lifelong Learning. Was born with the desire, shared by all the partners, of promoting the role of museums as privileged places for overcoming cultural barriers, linking social inclusion practices to the DS method, the production of digital autobiographical stories. It was innovative because it can operate on several levels: the acquisition of new knowledge, the acquisition of new skills and the development of creativity,  expressive skills, awareness of ourselves and others. The project was aimed at young immigrants, prisoners, the elderly and the socially marginalized in the broader sense.

Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The establishing of a unit for periodically monitoring and evaluating the output of measures and activities to protect and promote diversity of cultural expressions in the Mediterranean area. Do it in cooperation with the Ministry of Cultural Heritage Activities and Tourism – and possibly with other national and international public and private partners –, would be for the Economy of Culture Association the desired follow up of other initiatives, like Palermo Conference, as it is mentioned in its Final Declaration.The ECCOM association –Idee per la Cultura- has a final report every year where evaluates  its measures. This ONG its part of the working group developing the programme “Study on Audience Development: how to place audiences at the heart of cultural organizations” funded by the European Union. Enhancing links with the public, opening culture to other publics under a democratization optic (access and fruition for all) are at the objectives of this study.

Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Established in 1912, Acri is the organization that represents the "Savings Banks and Foundations of Banking Origin". The contribution to the Art sector, cultural activities and heritage were: 305 mill (2012), 269,2 mill (2013), 272,8 (2014) and 280,1 (2015).The Funder35 project - the fund for youth cultural enterprise, born in 2012 aims to accompany the youth cultural enterprises in the acquisition of management and production patterns that ensure a better market positioning and greater efficiency and sustainability. The commitment of the Foundation is motivated by the widespread fragility of youth cultural enterprises - aggravated by the current public-budget crisis, with poor attendance of so-called "cultural sites" by the younger generations.The project, a three-year character, includes the publication of an annual notice addressed to youth cultural enterprises and nonprofit private entities registered and operating, at least two years, in reference territories of the member foundations.In the context of calls for proposals in 2012, 2013 and 2014, out of a total of 163 projects received, they have been funded 54 to a contribution amount approved approximately 3 million Euros. Since 2012, the project involved an accompanying path.Moreover, ECCOM association has develop the Museum Mediators project. It was a two year project funded by the EU Lifelong Learning Programme 2007-2013. The project was based in the role of cultural mediators - and especially museums – that is still undervalued, despite the importance of cultural sector in general in defining the European identity. The museum educator profile – well established and defined in its main features - is often lacking aspects purely pedagogical and / or communicational.In view of these deficiencies, it was obvious the need to find new forms of communication and mediation of cultural meanings to get in touch with diverse audiences often belonging to different cultures.Data collection use to be in charge of public administrations. The civil society collaborates with them.

Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

COONFCOOPERATIVE, in order to promote cooperation with the young generation, since 2013 a European cultural route of the cooperative culture, Cooproute, involves the European association of labor cooperation and social and cooperative movements of 12 states. It is expected to further expand within the International Cooperative Alliance.ECCOM- " She-Culture" was a two-year project (2013-2015) funded by the EU under the Culture Programme 2007-2013.The project aimed to address the issue of the promotion of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue through the analysis and evaluation of gender policies in the cultural sector at European and national level, with joint attention to partners in the project countries. The analysis was concentrated on the network of Museums of Women in Europe, since they have a strategic role in the urban space, as places of participation, communication and sharing of knowledge, experience and interpretation of cultures and different generations.ECCOM- CAE-Sharing Economy project.Culture Action Europe (CAE) is a network that brings together more than 100 organizations belonging to the cultural sector in Europe. CAE has obtained a three-year funding (2014-2017) under the Creative Europe program on the axis of the network. Among other activities planned is building the implementation of sharing economy (SE) and how new cultural models, organizational and economic can be applied to the cultural sector.This system can have a particular value for the cultural sector, in which the horizontal sharing and the type of relational practices "peer-to-peer" are still not fully exploited, and that - precisely because of these horizontal characteristics - can favor communication practices and killing barriers.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Involvement of marginalized people, especially certain groups such as children in detention, for which the implementation of activities could take place only within the institution penalty with very strict rules and procedures
Return of stories in digital format by certain categories of persons, particularly the elderly, due to digital illiteracy
Application of the benchmarking tool to public cultural institutions, is not always ready to undergo self-assessment activities and / or external assessment of their practices.
The inherent weakness of women's museums in terms of visibility and in terms of networking capacities to enhance the debate on gender policies.
Lack of data on gender policies and on women's museums.
Disparities between North and South of Europe in terms of gender policies and implementation of presence and role of women's museums, which are traditionally very active structures in the countries of center and north of Europe, much less in the Mediterra
Involvement of migrants and lack of availability of time.
Difficulty of achieving interventions outside urban areas, mainly in small towns.
Inhomogeneity of the different partners approach with respect to issues of cultural diversity.
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Public / private partnership and inter-institutional collaboration.
European Network of cultural institutions sensitive to the issue of cultural participation of migrants.
Training activities using the learning methodology of the partnership; to involve different sectors and operators
Involvement of different sectors operators (cultural, social, economic), with a great attention to the trans-sectorial in cultural sphere (the presence of museum professionals, theaters, libraries, archives)
Testing innovative practices transferable to other cultural contexts.
Partnership between research centers, museums and centers of artistic production
The ministrie's involvement as co-financers
Using methodologies closely connected with research and artistic practices
Collaboration between migrant associations, third sector organizations, cultural organizations, schools, administrations
Cultural processes based on the exchange of expertise
Develop common objectives among different cultures
Testing a format of a cultural co-creation mechanism that generates inclusion, comparison, knowledge collaboration
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
no answers
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

As described in the previous sections, since the years before of the Convention's ratification, Italy has spent a particular attention to the dissemination of values and objectives congrous to. During the period 2012-2015 the results achieved are:

  1. awareness raising about the importance of creativity;
  2. incentives to the artistic production  (awards for young people, academic programs, prizes etc.);
  3. join to European projects dedicated at the international artistic promotion;
  4. supporting cultural creativity as an economic and social strategy of sustainable development (integration, sustainable tourism and accessibility);
  5. guaranteeing freedom of expression and the protection of artistic production rights (copyright);
  6. development of accessible digital technologies and activities in favor of disadvantaged social groups (persons with disabilities) and vulnerables ( e.g. prisoners);
  7. fostering networks of knowledge, education, experience-sharing, fundraising and enterprise (cultural districts, Crowdarts, foundations);
  8. encouragement of artists mobility (GAI), educational and working exchanges of cultural workers, also in advanced training (AFAM), with particular regard to young people.
  9. development of participatory systems between civil society, public and private sector (culturability).
  10. encouragement of international cooperation through television programs, radio-programs, audiovisual co-productions and co-distributions (Program RAI-MISE-COPEAM).
  11. supporting development cooperation's activities in the transversal sectors of cultural heritage, education, civil participation and gender equality;
  12. adoption of the cultural tax credit incentives.
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

The implementation of the Convention requests constants efforts to consolidate its application and dissemination. Some challenges encounteres are:

  1. the institutional promotion and educational exchanges with explicit reference to the Convention's principles;
  2. the dynamic inter-institutional communication referring to the Convention's application;
  3. the dissemination of the Convention in schools, academies and centers of culture, reinforcing the involvement and accessibility of young people and vulnerable groups;
  4. the development of integrated systems between cultural policy and sustainable development, paying attention to the peripheral areas;
  5. the production of educational materials;
  6. the promotion of  cultural professional profiles and their employment;
  7. the identification of coordinate strategies involving the regional and local administrations; 
  8. the promotion the the international cooperation through the recognition of the artistic professions and artists mobility, also coming from developing countries;
  9. the increasing of  Convention's visibility through media and communication networks;
  10. the evaluation the  cultural policies impacts and collecting data.

 

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

To overcome the challenges already mentioned, it should be important to consolidate a cultural collaborative system, especially:

  1. to promote the cooperation with NGOs, cultural industries and experts;
  2. to promote an informative campaign on the Convention involving NGOs and institutional representatives, private sector and civil society;
  3. to monitor and evaluate the cultural policies, with regards to the innovation and the partnership between public and private sectors;
  4. to foster the international cooperation developing systems of micro-small and medium enterprises and sharing data collection on cultural goods and services' flows.
  5. to encourage the intercultural dialogue trough experts, artists and cultural operators.
Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

Considering the importance of the principles and purposes of the Convention, one of the main future step would be the implementation of the spreading and visibility itself, paying due attention at the raising awareness of its values and at the innovative approaches of the cultural creation, production, distribution and dissemination oriented to a vast audience, a large number of consumers as well as to youngers and vulnerable, disadvantaged social categories . The experience of last years has been profitable to highlight specific fields of the cultural sector to be implemented, such us:

  1. the dissemination of the contents and principles of the Convention encouraging the human creativity, the intercultural dialogue and the respect of people, communities and cultures;
  2. the long-term institutional and financial partnership of public administrations in order to support the projects and measures already adopted;
  3. the promotion of film literacy and audiovisual production/distribution at national and international level;
  4. the protection and promotion of the performing arts, its education and the establishment of professional networks;
  5. the encouragement of artists and cultural operators mobility in the perspective of sharing information, knowledge, experience and innovation;
  6. the enhancing of participatory cultural systems involving multi-stakeholders participation (Civil society, NGOs, public and private sectors etc.);
  7. the promotion of cultural measures and activities compatible with the sustainable development of urban and pheriferical areas connected, whatever possible, at the safeguarding of the cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible;  
  8. the strengthen of the international cooperation through cultural exchanges and digital technologies implementation;
  9. the ensuring of equal access and fruition of the cultural activities and services by disadvantaged categories and disables;
  10.  the expression of a cultural diversity as a tool of mutual understanding and key for the integration of migrants and refugees.

 

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
9936.75
Year: 
2013
Source: 
UNESCO
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
3489.02
Year: 
2013
Source: 
UNESCO
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
2106.94
Year: 
2012
Source: 
UNESCO
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
2427.36
Year: 
2012
Source: 
UNESCO
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
14002.97
Year: 
2015
Source: 
ISTAT
USD: 
1.10
Year: 
2015
Source: 
ISTAT
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 

It is a 1,1% of GPD

1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
15631287.22
Year: 
2015
Source: 
MIBACT
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
2015
Source: 
MIBACT
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
57,820
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ISTAT
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
1,481
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ISTAT
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
855
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ISTAT
Medium Size: 
Num: 
439
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ISTAT
Large Size: 
Num: 
187
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ISTAT
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Format: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
45,600,000
Year: 
2015
Source: 
SIAE
Digital Format: 
Num: 
20,000,000
Year: 
2015
Source: 
SIAE
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
AGCOM
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
MIBACT (PUBLIC) and AGCOM (PRIVATE)
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
3
Television channels: 
14
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
17
Private: 
Radio channels: 
16
Television channels: 
24
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
40
Community: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Radio channels: 
19
Television channels: 
38
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
57
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
Source: 
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
5
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
5
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
128
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
128
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
5
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
5
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
128
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
128
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
266
Non-daily newspapers: 
0
Total: 
266
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
17,349
Year: 
2015
Source: 
ISTAT
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
32,848
Year: 
2015
Source: 
ISTAT
6. Cultural Participation: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
48.30
Male: 
51.10
Total: 
99.40
Theatre: 
Female: 
21.90
Male: 
17.20
Total: 
39.10
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
0.00
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
30.00
Male: 
28.20
Total: 
58.20
Exhibition: 
Female: 
29.40
Male: 
30.40
Total: 
59.80
TOTAL: 
Female: 
129.60
Male: 
126.90
Total: 
256.50
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
Yes
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
7. Additional clarifications: 

1. We have a page error on  table 4. Broadcasting audience and share: only numbers and the decimal separator (,) allowed in Audience share.Here and in the annexes are the data:RAI- 37,5%. Public/ paidMediaset- 32,8%. Private / paidSky and Fox-6,6%. Private / free and paidLa7- 3,7 - Priv ate / paidDiscovery- 5,8% Private / PaidOthers- 13,6 %2. Main reasons for non-participation (in %) data from Eurostat are available in the annexes but without gender division.  

Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Antonia Pasqua
Family Name: 
Recchia
Organization: 
Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism
Position: 
Secretary General