Cuba 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Cuba
Date of ratification: 
21/12/2016
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
culture Ministry
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
María Josefa
Family Name: 
Vilaboy Morales
Organization: 
Ministerio de Cultura
Mailing Address: 
251 2nd Street betwen 11th and 13th St Vedado, Havana, Cuba
Telephone: 
78382290
Fax: 
E-mail: 
fina@cubarte.cult.cu
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Name: 
Elena Socarrás
Position: 
Director, Juan Marinello Cuban Institute for Cultural Research
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Name: 
Anet González
Position: 
Specialist, Cultural Programmes Department
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Name: 
Ibis González
Position: 
Specialist, Cultural Industries and Services Department
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Name: 
Alejandro Rojas
Position: 
Deputy Director, Conservation and Restoration Centre
Organization: 
University of the Arts
Name: 
Vivian Velunza
Position: 
Specialist, Culture Programmes Department
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Name: 
Erduy Varela Cruz
Position: 
Director of International Relations
Organization: 
Hermanos Saíz Association (AHS)
Name: 
Hilda Juliá
Position: 
Coordinator of the Culture and Development Programme
Organization: 
Centre for Exchange and Reference-Community Initiative
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The process for the preparation of the Report began with work meetings among stakeholders to update the level of information and knowledge regarding the 2005 Convention, a necessary preamble to the evaluation of its implementation and fulfilment.Each stakeholder then examined and systematised the results of the analysis made in the different spheres of competence, which generated collective debates on these issues based on the projection and exercise of the cultural policy principles upheld by the Ministry of Culture.It was an enriching experience which made it possible to visualise achievements, difficulties and challenges in the cultural work undertaken since the very triumph of the Cuban Revolution.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
At the time the Convention was signed, Cuba’s cultural policy was already in line with the aims and principles of the agreement. In the area of creativity, the policy for the protection of artists has been reinforced and the curricula at all the levels of arts education have been updated, focusing particularly on promoting the role of youth. Graduates in arts education, which is completely free of charge and provides an opportunity for all young talents, secure the vitality of the professional artists’ sector ensuring the sustained growth of the cultural services offered. There is no unemployment in the artistic sector. In addition, nearly a million amateur artists are involved in dance, music, the theatre and visual arts as a means to improve their quality of life, even as they work or study in other sectors. As part of the efforts to provide for the spiritual growth of the overwhelming majority of the population, the services offered at libraries, houses of culture and TV halls are given free of charge, and the access to museums, cinemas, theatres, as well as the price of books are generously subsidised. This policy has been maintained despite the existing economic juncture. The network of cultural institutions, which reaches the most remote areas in the country, continues to expand in order to offer those services to the majority of the population. At present there are 2,234 institutions in the country providing their services in all areas of creation.In terms of production and distribution, the marketing of cultural goods and services has been reinforced, for example, through the introduction of new forms of electronic payment. At the same time, infrastructure investments have allowed a stronger link between culture and tourism. In order to provide greater access, various cultural institutions have been inaugurated and restored. All the proceeds are channelled to sustain the cultural services that are subsidised or given free of charge, in particular the system of arts schools, whose 40 centres extend to every region in the country, and whose system was substantially refurbished during this period to gain in rationality and quality. Moreover, joint actions with civil society, as well as its involvement in community projects, have multiplied. New channels for cultural dissemination, promotion and debate have been created. Furthermore, Cuba has promoted new ties of international cooperation on cultural issues. Lastly, the country has advanced in the systematisation and evaluation of the policies adopted for the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions.Nevertheless, the country has identified different challenges in this sphere. First, despite the great opportunities currently in existence, the digital era implies challenges, particularly regarding infrastructure and the mass use of ICTs. It would also be important to strengthen the system of statistical information and culture indicators, especially at the territorial level, as well as the exchange of good practices with other countries. In addition, the workers in the culture sector need to have more direct contact with the text of the Convention. Likewise, the contribution of culture to sustainable development could be further exploited.The process of preparing the report began with work meetings with stakeholders to update the information and knowledge of the Convention, a necessary preamble to evaluating its implementation and fulfilment. Next
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

In compliance with Article 9 of the 2005 Convention, Cuba submits its Second Periodic Report, which contains the measures adopted during the 2012-2016 quadrennial.In its elaboration, the essential role culture is to play in the process of updating the Cuban economic model was taken into account.For the full preparation of this Second Periodic Report, with the support of the UNESCO Regional Office and for Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Cuban National Commission for UNESCO, and as part of the Capacity-building on Periodic Reporting project, the Ministry of Culture of Cuba invited governmental and civil society actors to participate in the preparation of the Report, informing them of its importance and characteristics.A multisectoral consultation followed, with the presence of numerous governmental and civil society agencies, for which two international facilitators from the Pool of Experts on the Convention were selected, who accompanied the entire process of elaborating the Report.The Ministry of Culture then convened the governmental institutions and civil society organisations in the field of culture, which were given by Deputy Minister Fernando Rojas ample information on the work that would require their contribution and cooperation.The National Team was formed, which continued to receive the contributions of governmental and civil society institutions, and an initial three-day capacity-building workshop was conducted on data collection, the definition of indicators and, in general, the elaboration of the Report.A technical meeting was then organised, with the participation of governmental and civil society institutions, headed by the UNESCO Office, where attendees were oriented and trained on the use of a “practical” Data-collection methodology specifically designed by an International Consultant  in collaboration with International Experts.A second meeting of the National Team followed, conceived as a workshop basically dedicated to the elaboration of the first draft of the Second Quadrennial Report to be submitted by Cuba.Once the document was approved by the Board of the Ministry of Culture, a public presentation was made to all governmental and civil society institutions participating in its preparation, an activity which became a great and multi-faceted opportunity to celebrate the submission of the Report to UNESCO and to design the work strategies that would follow the recommendations made in the Report on the need to increase efforts to provide capacity-building activities for officials, civil society and the private sector, and particularly, the provincial governments and municipal administrations, aimed at enhancing their knowledge of the Convention.Of special importance are the relations with organisations of writers and artists, such as the Union of Writers and Artists and the Hermanos Saiz Association of young artists, which group over 12,000 creators and systematically make a critical appraisal of cultural policies. Writers and artists work as professors in arts schools and are involved in 317 community projects. During this period, writers and artists, together with technicians in the field of culture –19,942 of whom are art instructors– have participated in animated discussions on the economic model being designed in the country, making substantial contributions concerning the organisation of cultural life, which have always been centred on the protection of its divers

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
No
How: 
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

The rapprochement and in-depth study of the 2005 Convention has promoted a greater awareness of aspects that the very exercise of its postulates in Cuba at times hinders in relation to the systematisation of impacts and the identification of difficulties.   

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

It favours ongoing policy development by contributing to identify the results obtained and Cuba’s projections as a country. The analysis of the letter and spirit of the Convention, particularly in the process of elaborating the report on its fulfilment, has even helped to identify the opportunities offered to countries within its framework.Likewise, based on the parameters established, it makes it possible to analyse Cuba’s place in the region within the framework of this theme.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Approval of financial resources for individual and collective projects of writers and artists.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Create the necessary conditions so that through different funding sources (state budget, profits from culture companies, donations from natural and legal persons, both Cuban and foreign) financial resources may be directly allocated to artists and writers for the implementation of their own projects. Arrange for artists and writers to receive them as tax-exempt deliveries.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Once institutions have received the financial resources from all the aforementioned sources, artists will receive the resources requested for the presentation of their projects through bank transfers to their personal accounts, thereby creating better working conditions for artists and promoters.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Diversification of productions and services provided by creators.Increase in the goods and serves offered by the company.Improvement in the economic results and financial gain of creators.Increase and better use of the potential capacities of creators in the production of goods and services marketed by the company.  Improvement in the institutional support of creators.Increase in the creation, production and distribution processes of the diverse expressions of visual and applied arts.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

N/A

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
UNEAC, AHS
Type of Entity: 
NGO
h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Recognition of the contributions to Cuban culture made by international figures of the arts, literature and the humanities who have promoted in Cuba the creation of their country and the world.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Acknowledge the artistic quality and contributions of the honourees and encourage them to continue their support.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Awards conferred by the Cuban State to important figures of international art and literature.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Stimulate and maintain the relationship established.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

N/A

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
UNEAC, AHS, ACCS, ACAA
Type of Entity: 
NGO
h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

This measure has raised awareness within the national context of the work and activities of artists and writers regarding their contribution to Cuban culture, making it possible to acknowledge their efforts and social contribution.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Number of outstanding figures in the fields of art, literature and the humanities who have been awarded

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Development of collaboration with other countries to achieve the presence of their cultural expressions in Cuba, the presence of Cuban culture overseas and support for the training of youth from abroad, especially from developing countries, in Cuba.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Enhance the knowledge of Cuban art and culture abroad, and the knowledge of the art and culture of other countries in Cuba. Collaborate in the artistic training of youth from other countries, particularly from developing countries.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

It involves the participation of Cuban artists and writers in artistic presentations abroad, as well as the participation of their counterparts from abroad in artistic presentations in Cuba. Also included is the possibility of having these counterparts study different modalities at Cuba’s arts schools.   

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Enhance the knowledge of Cuban art and culture abroad, as well as the art and culture of the world in Cuba. Collaborate in the artistic training of youth from other countries, particularly those from developing countries.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

N/A

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
International
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

The participation of Cuban artists and writers in artistic presentations abroad and that of their counterparts in Cuba has grown. There has also been an increase in the studies offered by Cuba in the different modalities available in its arts schools through self-financed comprehensive training courses, as well as courses in different specialties of artistic expression.    

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Enrolment rate in arts schools.Data on the exchange of artistic delegations, namely delegations from Cuba performing abroad, and delegations from abroad performing in Cuba.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Modification of the regulations on the import of raw materials, materials and equipment for the production of cultural goods and services.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Expand the import capacity of the cultural sector.Stimulate artistic production.Promote the production and marketing of cultural goods and services made in Cuba.Offer a greater variety and improve the quality of the artistic products on the domestic market.Provide artists with greater artistic possibilities.Regulate the import system of raw materials. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Modifies the import scheme of institutions.Increases the nomenclatures and the responsibility of covering the needs of the cultural sector.Extends to designers and artistic projects the possibility of importing raw materials, materials and equipment for the production of cultural goods and services.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Sustained increase in the import of raw materials.A 20% increase in the variety of products on the market.Ensures investment in prioritised cultural institutions.Replaces industrial imports from abroad with local artisanal productions.Improves the artists’ income.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

N/A

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Given the existing international political and economic circumstances, the factors that can affect our objectives are being evaluated in order to offset their effects. As a result, the import capacity of creators and artists has been expanded and marketing opportunities have been identified.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Import figures.In 2015 approximately 294 imports were made by independent artists and creators totalling US$ 6,104, 581.82.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

2012-2020 Investment Plan of the Ministry of Culture

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Repair, restore and rehabilitate establishments belonging to the cultural sector.Improve the working and production conditions of creators in the sphere of the distribution and marketing of the cultural product.Improve the image of the commercial establishments.Improve the satisfaction of creators and achieve a greater affluence of clients.Improve the technological and physical infrastructure for cultural management.Improve the cultural offer.Increase the quality and diversity of the cultural offer.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
financial
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Repair, modernisation and/or restoration of different cultural institutions: Grand Theatre of Havana; Línea y 18 Cultural Centre; cultural centres; houses of culture; Amadeo Roldán Theatre; University of the Arts; Carlos Acosta Dance cultural project; Hemingway Museum; the rehabilitation of museums; Museum of Music; stores and workshops of the Cuban Fund of Cultural Assets; Casa de las Américas; arts education facilities.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Improvement in the technological and physical infrastructure for cultural management.Improvement in the cultural offer.Greater quality and diversity in the cultural offer.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

94,500.00 CUC30 million CUP

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

In addition to evaluations and onsite monitoring, at the end of each year the Department of the Ministry of Culture elaborates an annual report where the results achieved throughout the year are examined. At the end of 2015 the repair, adaptation and/or remodelling of 102 cultural institutions and centres throughout the country had been completed, allowing a notable increase in the possibility of persons from different social sectors and age groups to access quality cultural programming that meets their expectations and needs, thereby ensuring the enjoyment and spiritual enrichment of people from all over the country, including those living in remote locations in sparsely populated areas.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Economic and social indicators.Cultural statistics with the amount of cultural centres and institutions, registry of activities held as part of the cultural programming, level of participation among the population.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Restructuring of the Network of Professional Arts Education Centres

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Establish a new organisational structure for arts education and improve procedures and development programmes for arts specialties, including the visual arts and the performing arts.Regionalise artistic-pedagogical training for those specialties where it is feasible.Adapt the general education curricula at the professional intermediate level of the arts to give graduates the possibility to continue their studies in other specialties of higher education.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Improves artistic training.Allows for the enrolment of a greater number of students

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Higher enrolment of students in arts schools.  Adjustment of enrolment figures to the training needs of the territories.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

N/A

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Improvement in the university education of artists and creators

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Update the curricula of the University of the Arts and open new specialties.Expand the postgraduate education, master’s and doctoral programmes in Arts Sciences.Facilitate the enrolment in the University of the Arts of talents from all over the country.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Opens new career profiles and curricula at the University of the Arts.Develops new options in postgraduate education, master’s and doctoral programmes in arts education.Facilitates the enrolment at the University of the Arts of artistic talents from all over the country.During the quadrennium, the enrolment of students from the capital was no more than 47% or 48% of those who came from the rest of the country.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

An increase in the options offered through university arts education, and the adaptation of this education to address the needs of the country’s development in this sphere.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

N/A

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Decree-Law 312 on special social security scheme for creators and technical artists

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 
  1. Extend the implementation of the Decree to include designers, artisans, artists and creators (in other words, besides visual artists)
  2. Ensure the financial gain of artistic creators resulting from the marketing of their products and services.
  3. Establish tax obligations and ensure the social security of creators.
  4. Improve and adapt current regulations relative to the protection of the social security of persons in this sector.

Extend the coverage of the special social security scheme contained in Decree-Law No. 270 “On the Social Security of Creators of Visual, Applied, Musical, Literary and Audiovisual Arts and on the Special Protection of Salaried Workers in the Arts Sector”, of 8 January 2010. 

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

It is a measure of the Council of State with a national scope. It is implemented in all institutions attached to the Ministry of Culture whose social purpose is to manage the special scheme of creators and artists. These institutions cover the entire process of creating, producing and marketing cultural goods, products and activities in the different sectors of creative industries: books, cinema, performing arts, visual arts, design, museums and research, houses of culture, video games, etc.The special social security scheme for creators and artists protects the creators of visual, applied, musical, literary and audiovisual arts, including writers, playwrights, scriptwriters, as well as the support staff, not contemplated in the social security general scheme or any other special scheme. In other words, creators, artists and support staff who are represented by entities and institutions authorised before natural and legal persons that make use of their services. Its benefits also include technical workers and members of the support staff associated with them, that is, artists and support staff, who receive personal income in any type of currency, both in Cuba and abroad.           The registration of the artist and support staff in the Taxpayers Registry of the National Internal Revenue Office (ONAT) for their contribution to social security is compulsory. It is tantamount to their entrance in this special social security scheme. It grants the right to a length-of-service pension to artists who, regardless of their work status, carry out certain artistic activities for which specific physical and intellectual conditions are required. If offers protection against old age, full disability, be it temporary or permanent, maternity, and, in the case of death, it protects the family. 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

All artists in the disciplines currently protected by law benefit from this special scheme.The State receives greater income from the artists’ activity.The situation of creators and artists improves when they market their products, since their activity is officially recognised by social security and they can benefit from the pension system.   Income tax revenues increase.More creators form part of the state social security system.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

The special scheme is financed with the contribution of members (creators, artists and support staff), and of the entities marketing their works, or authorised entities and institutions representing them, as the case may be. If need be, the State provides the financial resources needed to ensure the income and expenditure balance of the special scheme. Each member contributes 8% of the monthly contribution established within a scale of 350 to 2,000 pesos. Marketing entities and those representing them contribute 12%.    

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Civil society demands that governmental entities comply with the decree.
Type of Entity: 
NGO
Type of Involvement: 

The Union of Writers and Artists of Cuba (UNEAC), for example, is the guarantor of compliance with the decree before creators belonging to the organisation.Hermanos Saíz Association (AHS)Cuban Association of Social Communicators (ACCS)Cuban Association of Artisans Artists (ACAA)

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Transformation of buildings in cultural centres with programming dedicated to different artistic genres

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Extend the network of public service facilities for the enjoyment of music, the performing arts, visual arts and literature. de la música, el teatro, las artes plásticas y la literatura.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Ten institutions originally conceived for other purposes, were adapted and transformed. The corresponding legislative measures taken in each case so that these sites could become cultural facilities at the service of the public, completely renovated and provided with the technology and conditions required.  The total capacity of all these facilities, which opened their doors between 2012 and 2013, is 20,000 persons per activity, including in this figure the services that some of them provide in other places in the country.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

An important increase in the cultural offer provided in the capital of the country among prioritised sectors of its cultural life is expected, and has already been achieved. A significant participation in cultural life has also been achieved.    

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

Information not available (N/A)

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Ten institutions were transformed and adapted so that they could become cultural facilities at the service of the public, completely refurbished and equipped with the technology and conditions required, with a total capacity of 20,000 persons per activity as of 2012 and 2013, including in this figure the services that some of them provide elsewhere in the country.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

The evaluation was made at the national level taking into account local and regional characteristics.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Institutional improvement to achieve a greater presence of the diversity of cultural expressions in Cuba and the rest of the world so that greater attention may be given to creators involved in the implementation of this measure.

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Create institutions and mechanisms to diversify the cultural offer, carefully examine the results, improve the artists’ qualifications and create better working conditions.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Parting from this measure, three institutions were created, a work group for the institutional upgrading of Cuban cinema was constituted, a research strategy was implemented for the institution, and four regulations were adopted to create better working conditions for artists and promoters.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

 Based on this research, the needs for the development of creation, heritage and education have been determined for the current period.The hiring of performing arts and music artists has improved, and as a result they are better paid for the amount and quality of their presentations.New institutions for the teaching and promotion of literature have been constituted.The needs for training artists during the current period were specified.The integration of entities belonging to the Public Library System was improved.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

N/A

g. Name of NGOs and/or private companies engaged in the implementation of the measure, if any: 
Name: 
Union of Writers and Artists of Cuba (UNEAC) Hermanos Saíz Association (AHS) National Union of Workers of Culture
Type of Entity: 
NGO
h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
National
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

The progress made in institutional improvement has been evaluated and there has been an increase in the diversity of cultural expressions, both in Cuba and abroad.

i.3 Which indicators were used to determine impact?: 

Statistical information; enrolment rate in education; income levels achieved; categorisation of researchers; ongoing research projects; library services

Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The Ministry has designed a Dissemination Plan for the 2005 Convention which includes interviews with artists and intellectuals (projects, foundations and associations), news reports and news items to disseminate through the mass media: television, radio broadcasts and the written press. The dissemination plan has been designed and is being implemented. The plan involves associations, foundations and groups of artists engaged in the country’s cultural industries.Different institutions linked to the Ministry of Culture (ISA, ICAIC, Office of the Historian of Havana, CNAE) belonging to the cultural industries sector have invited UNESCO specialists to participate in activities and theoretical forums to sensitise civil society on this theme.

Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The new economic management model promotes the improvement of the country’s social and economic context. This implies modifying and examining cultural policies linked to the creative industries sector. The implementation plan of the model was begun early in 2011, but it is a constant redesign and implementation process.The process entails consultation with associations, creators and artists on the new measures and resolutions adopted by the Ministry of Culture, for example, res. 13 of 27 January 2014; res. 14 of 27 January 2014; res. 108 of 30 November 2015; res. 19 of 27 February 2014. (See Additional Annex 5.)  These measures and resolutions are being implemented and imply changes in the way cultural activities are created, produced and marketed. All the measures adopted to improve the artist’s condition, modify the social purpose of the companies in the sector, and in general all those measures which improve conditions for the creation, production, distribution and dissemination of cultural activities, goods and services have been adopted after consultation with civil society organisations. The consultations have been made through fora and technical meetings. In addition, all the projects and new measures have been discussed at UNEAC and AHS National Councils. Other representatives of civil society, foundations and associations linked to the sector are invited to attend these councils.The large associations of artists and creators in the country (UNEAC, AHS) participate in the National Assembly, and thereby take an active part in prior consultations held relative to the legislation of new measures.The international agreements subscribed in this respect are also consulted with the organisations of artists and writers.

Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The Ministry calls on all NGOs in order to listen to their opinions and ideas regarding the achievements, challenges and opportunities of the sector in general. Two specific meetings convened to discuss themes of the 2005 Convention were held to inform civil society of the process of elaborating the 2016 Second Periodic Report of Cuba and to share the methodology to be used in the data collection for the report. These two meetings have taken place within the framework of the implementation of the project promoted by the 2005 Convention Secretariat.Every year meetings of the institutional system are held with each civil society organisation. In some cases, especially at the meetings with the six foundations linked to the sector (Antonio Núñez Jiménez Foundation of Nature and Humanity, New Latin American Cinema Foundation, Ludwig Foundation, Fernando Ortiz Foundation, Alejo Carpentier Foundation and Caguayo Foundation) the measures on the implementation of the 2005 Convention have been discussed.Technical workshops have been organised with associations and foundations to provide information and guidance in applying for the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) and the International Fund for the Promotion of Culture.Members and representatives of the associations and foundations were invited to attend the sessions of the Third Meeting of Ministers of Culture of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States to discuss the Cultural Action Plan adopted by the meeting and linked to the 2005 Convention

Implement Operational Guidelines: 
No
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
UNEAC, AHS,Eco-Art Project CIERIC ARTICULARTE Juan Marinello Cultural the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Centre and the Pablo de la Torriente Brau Centre.

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Different civil society organisations promote actions to methodologically accompany the programmes and projects linked to cultural industries and the 2005 Convention implemented in municipalities throughout the country. Some examples are the Eco-Art Project “A possible road to sustainability in the culture sector”, managed by the Union of Writers and Artists of Cuba (UNEAC), the Centre for Exchange and Reference-Community Initiative (CIERIC) and the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Centre, and the ARTICULARTE Network project, “Strengthening cultural actors for sustainable human development in Cuba”, managed by UNEAC, CIERIC, the Juan Marinello Cultural Research Institute, the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Centre and the Pablo de la Torriente Brau Centre. In addition, social organisations promote dialogue and cultural exchange between creators, artists and cultural managers and the new forms of non-state management. For this purpose, UNEAC and CIERIC manage internships in community projects where creators and cultural managers from Cuba and other parts of the Latin American and Caribbean regions participate. Likewise, in the Sustainable Cultural Practices Laboratories, sponsored by the University of the Arts and managed by UNEAC and CIERIC, reflection and debate on themes associated with culture and economic development are promoted. The Road Map, an event sponsored by the branch of the Hermanos Saíz Association in the municipality of Baracoa in Guantánamo, and the AHS Artistic Crusade in Cienfuegos conducted in the Guamuhaya Mountains also promote the principles and objectives of the 2005 Convention.

Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The country ratified the Convention in 2007. Since then, for the purpose of its implementation, spaces for discussion and exchange have been promoted by UNEAC and CIERIC as well as international NGOs such as the International Committee for the Development of Peoples (CISP), with the participation of specialists from the UNESCO Regional Office for Culture and the Cuban National Commission for UNESCO, to study in-depth and design implementation strategies where Cuba’s civil society may actively participate. These actions have also facilitated the access of civil organisations to bibliography and documentation concerning the implementation of the Convention.  In general, these activities have favoured decision-making and awareness-raising on the use of the Convention as an instrument to conceptualise and implement actions linked to the sustainable development of cultural industries.The programmes and activities derived from these meetings and, in general, those hosted by AHS, CIERIC, UNEAC, the Martin Luther King Memorial Foundation, the New Latin America Cinema Foundation and other NGOs linked to the sector, have made it possible to increase local capacities for the creation, production and distribution of cultural goods and services, fostering the enjoyment of the population and the participation of culture in the social transformation within Local Development Strategies. Examples include the Casa de la Guayabera sociocultural project, the AHS Literary Promotions Claustrofobias project, in Santiago de Cuba, the Image III project, sponsored by UNEAC, and the UNEAC Imprints sociocultural project in Playa municipality.

Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

The Participative Diagnosis exercises in the municipalities managed by the Municipal Administrative Councils (CAM), accompanied by CIERIC and UNEAC, where the mass organisations, the Municipal University Centres (CUM) also participate, gather the main concerns of the population, including the demands of vulnerable groups (seniors, women, persons with special care needs, among others).Before determining the Local Development Strategies in each municipality, valid over a two-year period, the Participative Diagnoses are reviewed, which will serve as a baseline to implement the plans and strategies determined. These diagnoses have been used to examine the potential of culture in the sustainable development of each municipality, where the value of cultural industries in generating income and employment is of fundamental importance.UNEAC, together with CIERIC, submitted to the National Assembly of the People’s Power in 2012 a diagnosis on the potential of community cultural work, particularly in cultural industries, for local cultural development in the territories.The conclusions of the annual National Councils of both the AHS and UNEAC are presented to the Ministry of Culture. In addition, integrated visits are made to the provinces and municipalities to ensure that the agreements reached between civil society organisations and local authorities are fulfilled. Reports evaluating the results of each visit are made, and later analysed by the Board of Directors of the Ministry of Culture. Members of cultural authorities also participate in these visits.  UNEAC’s Permanent Commissions for Community Cultural Work constitute advisory bodies where the problems of culture, literary artistic creation and the implementation of Cuban cultural policy and its impact on society are examined and discussed. Local authorities, executives of the Ministry of Culture and officials of the political and mass organisations in the territory are invited to attend.

Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Civil society organisations such as UNEAC, AHS, CIERIC and the Ludwig Foundation actively participated in the meetings held to elaborate Cuba’s Quadrennial Periodic Report on the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. During the process civil society organisations facilitated updated information on their activities, and also discussed and examined the main measures and policies implemented by the government in the sector.  UNEAC and CIERIC have facilitated spaces for dialogue where the institutional system was requested to adopt concrete actions relative to cultural management, in particular the creative industries. Some of the pertinent themes dealt with have been the creation and review of adequate legal frameworks for the management of enterprises linked to the creation, production and marketing of cultural activities, goods and products; non-state management forms and their articulation with already existing state forms; the need for improvements in infrastructures and access to the new technologies; ways of increasing citizen participation in the management of cultural industries and their processes; economic sustainability of cultural projects; and the importance of youth participation in all these themes.In addition, the AHS promotes spaces for reflection on themes linked to cultural industries such as Pensamos Cuba and Dialogar-Dialogar in Havana, and La Caldera in Villa Clara. These spaces promote debates and discussions where representatives from public institutions are invited.  All discussions are recorded and uploaded to the AHS website

Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 
  • The policy for the protection of creators and artists has been reinforced through specific contributions to their activity, income tax initiatives and work contracts.
  • The access of artisans and artists to raw materials and imported inputs has been facilitated.
  • Different cultural institutions have been inaugurated and restored.
  • The link between culture and tourism has been strengthened, through investments in infrastructure.
  • The marketing of cultural goods and services has increased due to the addition of new forms of electronic payment.
  • The arts education curriculum at all levels has been modernised.
  • New spaces for the distribution, exhibition and marketing of cultural goods and services have been inaugurated.
  • New channels for cultural dissemination, promotion and debate have been created.
  • New links for international cooperation on cultural themes have been fostered.
  • Cultural management measures in favour of sustainable development have been promoted.
  • Joint actions with civil society have been intensified.
  • Initiatives aimed at enhancing the role of youth in the entire cultural process have been implemented.
  • Community work projects directed by artists (professionals and amateurs), state institutions and civil society have increased.
  • New monitoring tools and cultural statistics have been added.
  • Participation in different calls of the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD). During the period, the Quisicuaba project was benefited.
  • Winner of World Summit Information Society (WSIS) 2014 Prize in cultural diversity and identity, linguistic diversity and local content, with special mention of the CUBARTE Portal.
  • The event Cuban Culture in Digital Means has been held annually for several years to promote the debate and exchange of ideas among Cuban digital media in the cultural sphere.
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 
  • Lack of statistical information and indicators, especially at the territorial level.
  • Need for greater systematisation in identifying and disseminating good practices in the field of cultural policies at the international level.
  • Although Cuba’s cultural policy is closely linked to the objectives and principles of the Convention, it would be necessary for workers in the culture sector to become more directly familiar with the text of the agreement (articles, practical guidelines, etc.).
  • It would be important to intensify the sustainable development projects concerned with culture.
  • Capacity-building at the local level for the protection and promotion of cultural expressions (concepts, approaches and management tools).
  • Creation of permanent spaces for the dissemination and socialisation of local initiatives which support the implementation of the Convention.
  • Use of local dissemination means to socialise creative initiatives, actions and proposals inspired by the Convention.
  • Implementation of the main informatics projects in the culture sector, among them, the improvement of the navigation halls and the processing capacity of the Public Library Network (continuity project); creation of points for audiovisual promotion and dissemination using ICTs in places where many people gather; instalment of wireless connection services with access to local contents in public institutions such as theatres, cinemas and other cultural centres; re-dimensioning of the central node in the CUBARTE Network (continuity project); introduction of advanced information and communication technologies in the arts education system.
Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 
  • Strengthen the direct support of artistic and literary creation projects.
  • Strengthen cultural information areas.
  • Increase the instances of exchange and methodological support in themes dealing with cultural policies and measures.
  • Disseminate capacity-building workshops relative to the implementation, evaluation and monitoring of the Convention.

Stimulate practices which increase the contribution of culture to the economy and sustainable development.

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 
  • Highlight in international forums the need to implement article 16 of the Convention, in favour of developing countries.
  • Diversify the country’s options in the field of cultural cooperation.
  • Initiate a data collection scheme, on the part of the Ministry of Culture, together with its system of institutions, provincial departments and civil society organisations, with a view to the next periodic report in 2020.
  • Strengthen the platform of cultural actors for sociocultural development at the local and national levels.
  • Promote spaces for reflection, the exchange of experiences and dynamic knowledge management groups in themes relative to culture and sustainable development.
  • Production of methodological tools to design evaluation indicators in sustainable cultural processes.
  • Strengthen the scope of cultural policy and the linkage between state and non-state sectors in cultural management processes at the local level.
1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
6020.11
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
22411.40
Year: 
2015
Source: 
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
85511.79
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
310.50
Year: 
2015
Source: 
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 
1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
1,558
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Cuban Book Institute statistical summary
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
73
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Cuban Book Institute statistical summary
Medium Size: 
Num: 
17
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Cuban Book Institute statistical summary
Large Size: 
Num: 
6
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Cuban Book Institute statistical summary
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
323
Sales, USD: 
670515.06
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Cuban Book Institute statistical summary
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
14
Sales, USD: 
1318.85
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Cuban Book Institute statistical summary
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
163
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Cuban Book Institute statistical summary
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Digital Format: 
Num: 
54,673
Year: 
2016
Source: 
Areito Factory
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
Digital Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
N/A
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ONEI
Programmes: 
Programme type: 
Cubavisión
Type of ownership: 
Public
Type of access: 
Free
Audience share: 
0.00
Programme type: 
Telerebelde
Type of ownership: 
Public
Type of access: 
Free
Programme type: 
Canal Educativo
Type of ownership: 
Public
Type of access: 
Free
Programme type: 
Canal Educativo 2
Type of ownership: 
Public
Type of access: 
Free
Programme type: 
Multivisión
Type of ownership: 
Public
Type of access: 
Free
Programme type: 
Cubavisión Internacional
Type of ownership: 
Public
Type of access: 
Free
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ONEI
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
26
Television channels: 
22
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
48
Private: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Community: 
Radio channels: 
70
Television channels: 
21
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
91
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Radio channels: 
96
Television channels: 
43
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
139
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ONEI
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
273
Non-daily newspapers: 
16
Total: 
289
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
273
Non-daily newspapers: 
16
Total: 
289
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
0
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
546
Non-daily newspapers: 
32
Total: 
578
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
271
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
3,048
Year: 
2014
Source: 
ONEI
6. Cultural Participation: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
38.00
Theatre: 
Male: 
Total: 
65.00
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
16.00
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
28.00
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
28.00
TOTAL: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
175.00
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
No
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
7. Additional clarifications: 
Additional Annexes (if any): 
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Title: 
Mr
First Name: 
Fernando
Family Name: 
Rojas Gutiérrez
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Position: 
Deputy Minister of Culture