Denmark 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Denmark
Date of ratification: 
18/12/2006
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
Ministry of Culture
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Mia
Family Name: 
Isidor Andersen
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture Denmark
Mailing Address: 
mia@kum.dk
Telephone: 
Fax: 
E-mail: 
mia@kum.dk
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The Ministry of Culture has invited stakeholders to contribute to the periodical report with information about their efforts and activities related to the scope of the Convention. Stakeholders include both governmental entities as well as non-governmental actors, which were encouraged to forward the request of participating to the report to other relevant stakeholders with a possible interest in the Convention. Please refer to Annex A for a list of the stakeholders (i.e. institutions) the consultation was sent to, including an overview of which stakeholders contributed to the report.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
The implementation of the UNESCO 2005 Convention forms a natural part of the Danish cultural policy. Chapter 1 Cultural policies and measures summarizes the most important principles of Danish cultural policy, thereamong the armslength-principle and freedom of artistic expression and provides examples of different policy measures and ways to secure access to a diversity of cultural expressions for everyone living in Denmark. Chapter 2 International cultural cooperation gives a variety of examples on International cultural cooperation. Chapter 3 Preferential treatment describes measures in this field. Chapter 4 Culture and sustainable development describes initiatives concerning sustainable development on both the national and international level. Chapter 5 Awareness-raising and participation of civil society describes a number of various examples in this area, which traditionally is highly prioritized in Denmark. Chapter 6 Transversal issues and UNESCO priorities: Gender equality and youth provides examples of Danish initiatives with regards to gender and youth. Chapter 7 Achievements, challenges, solutions and next steps sums up the main achievements and challenges to the implementation of the convention in a Danish context.It should be noted, that Denmark implements and follows up on the Convention as a Member State of the European Union. The Danish periodic report and the report from the EU Commission will therefore be complementary.
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

Promoting access to culture and art and ensuring the freedom of expression in the arts and culture has been the overarching purpose of Danish cultural policy for many years. The vision of Danish cultural policy is continually to create and develop a rich and diverse cultural life, which moves and enriches both people and society as a whole. A key objective of cultural policies as a whole is to provide favorable conditions for creating, disseminating, experiencing and enjoying creative arts and protecting the cultural heritage. Therefore, the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions forms a natural part and to some degree also an extension of Danish cultural policy. To this end, the Convention in a Danish context can be viewed as a way of emphasizing the importance of cultural policies, as the Convention with its emphasis on fundamental and guiding principles for the promotion of cultural diversity serves as a confirmation of various important and recurring aspects of Danish cultural policy.

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
Please refer to section 1 (Cultural policies and measures)
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

Please refer to the section 5 (Awareness-raising and participation of civil society)

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

Please refer to the section 1 (Cultural Policies and Measures).

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Enhancing Film Literacy for Children and Young People

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The objective of the nationwide Film Literacy Program is to strengthen the critical, cultural and creative capacities of children and young people in schools. The school cinema program “Med Skolen i Biografen” (“Cinema in schools”) now reaches 250.000 students in 80 pct. of municipalities and cinemas presenting artistic and cultural significant films from all over the world – including study guides. 85 pct. of the tickets are sold to non-American titles. The streaming site “Filmcentralen” is now on demand in 90 pct. of Danish schools, which gives almost 600.000 students access to 1.500 short and documentaries and educational tools, covering a diversity of local and global issues. The Danish Film Institute is implementing a new pre-school digital strategy in order to reach out to day-care institutions with creative tools and films. More information about the Danish Film Institute’s activities in relation to film literacy is available here:http://www.dfi.dk/Service/English/Children-og-Youth/Film-literacy.aspx

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Please see above

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Please see above

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Promotion of media and information literacy through the Media Council for Children and Young People

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The Media Council for Children and Young People serves as an awareness center within the framework of the EU Safer Internet Program. The Council works with a strategy on covering the challenges and opportunities within the digital environments. The objective is to enlighten and empower children and young people, professionals, parents as well as the general public. The latest initiative released by the Council is a guide for parents on the online life of the 7-12-year-olds. Integration of media and information literacy within the educational framework focuses on the promotion of awareness and critical understanding of media and the digital society; a positive approach to social interaction and well-being within the digital environment; and strengthening children and young people’s creative learning and innovative use of digital technologies.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Please see above

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Please see above

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Overall framework of Danish Cultural Policy

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

During the last 55 years the Danish cultural policy has been based on principles very similar to those which are inherited in the UNESCO 2005 Convention.In Denmark, the Ministry of Culture is responsible for the following policy areas: Visual Arts, Music, Theatre, Film, Architecture, Libraries, Higher Artistic Education, Archives, Museums, Zoological Facilities, Cultural Environment, Sport, Broadcasting, Copyright and non-formal education and democratic voluntary activities. Activities within these areas are in many cases financed fully or partly by public means. Public subsidies to culture are divided between two levels of public administration in Denmark: the central government and municipal councils.Subsidies for individual cultural goals vary a great deal among different financial sources. For example, theatre is primarily financed by the State, while libraries receive most of their subsidies from municipal councils, and public support to sport mainly derives from municipal resources and lottery proceeds. The Danish state supports the creative arts in different ways – through grants to institutions, according to objective criteria or with a point of departure in the “armslength principle”. Independence and the armslength principle are fundamentals of Danish cultural policy. In order to ensure freedom of expression in art and culture grants to artists are given with no political strings attached and criticism of everyone - including “the establishment” - is permissible. Where the armslength principle is applied, neither politicians nor the Ministry of Culture are involved in the concrete subsidy allocation or act as arbiters of taste. Instead, support is granted following a specialist evaluation of the applicant’s artistic qualities. The Parliament act as architect of the structural and financial framework for an overarching cultural policy. In collaboration with the Parliament, the Ministry’s role is to implement the financial and legislative framework. [...] (Continues under question c.3)

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The political framework for the arts support system is comprised primarily by the annual state budget and arts support legislation. In certain cases, grants and targets for an area of the arts are determined for a period of several years through a political agreement between members of the national parliament. The legislation gives the Minister for Culture the power to make decisions about the arts support system, such as the power to select members of committees and boards, to enter into framework agreements, or to approve institutions’ action plans. Within such politically determined frameworks, institutions, councils and committees in the arts support system can organise their business themselves.There are three bodies in Denmark that allocate cultural support according to the armslength principle: the Danish Arts Foundation, the Danish Film Institute and the Media Board (“Medienævnet”) (established in 2014 following the Act on Media Support), which means that their decisions are final and cannot be overruled by appeal to another administrative or political body. The central government’s (i.e. the state’s) support for operational costs for arts institutions comprises over two-thirds of the total central government arts funding. The Ministry of Culture’s support for operational costs to institutions is, as a rule, determined by means of four-year result or framework agreements with institutions that also include strategy and objectives for the institution’s work over the coming four years. Within the scope of the framework agreements the institutions have a high degree of autonomy.Access for all to a diversity of cultural expressions is an important goal in Danish cultural policy. Special emphasis is put on efforts with regards to minorities. Work is ongoing in the associations of general education, sports associations, at libraries and many other cultural institutions to ensure that there are platforms for intercultural meetings between the different cultures that exist at all levels of the Danish society. [...]

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

[...]  Access for all to a diversity of cultural expressions is also achieved through decentralisation. The public funding system has secured that Denmark is geographically covered with a broad variety of cultural institutions, e.g. museums, theatres, orchestras, venues, libraries, music schools for children and young people, facilitating access to culture for everybody. The institutional infrastructure in the field of culture consists of a national and a local level only. The Ministry of Culture and the municipalities share the responsibility of implementing legislation and providing public funding for cultural institutions, activities, and projects. To read more about the different policy areas of Danish cultural policy see the website of the Danish Ministry of Culture http://www.kum.dk/english/Policyareas/The following sections include a number of measures in the period 2012-2015 (including concrete projects), which serves as examples of various ways of accessing and promoting diverse cultural expressions.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

N/A

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Reform of the Art Funding System

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

In 2014 a “new” Danish Arts Foundation was established following the reform of the art funding system of 2012-2013. The new institution emerged from a merger between the then Arts Foundation and the Danish Arts Council. The reform consists of two political agreements of the art funding system (i.e. the new Danish Arts Foundation) and the lifelong benefits to artists. These agreements were implemented through the Act on the Danish Arts Foundation (“Lov om Statens Kunstfonds Virksomhed”) and the Act on Visual Arts and Artistic Design (“Lov om Billedkunst og Kunstnerisk Formgivning”), which entered into force in 2014. In terms of the scope of the Convention, the new structure of the Arts Foundation is most relevant as it directly relates to the way in which funding to the arts are distributed. The main objective of the reform was to create a more simple and transparent system for the public support to the arts. As a result thereof, the Danish Arts Foundation today consist of a coordinating board of directors and 12 specialist committees, who each focuses on a specific art form, i.e. literature, music, visual arts, performing arts, crafts and design, architecture and film.The committees are divided into two different “columns”: project funding and grant funding. It is the Foundation’s specialist committees who decide which funding schemes should be set up and when funding to either specific artists or projects should be awarded. As stated in the legal framework for the Arts Foundation, the main criterion for receiving support from the Danish Arts Foundation is artistic quality. Therefore, the committees are responsible for assessing the artistic quality in all applications. Further, the committees are obligated to broaden their support in all relevant genres of their respective art form, to promote geographical diversity and must accommodate the production and dissemination of art to children and young people.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

More information about the funding schemes and the work of the Danish Arts Foundation can be found here: http://www.kunst.dk/english/funding/ http://www.kunst.dk/english/danish-arts-foundation/ 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Please refer to the description above.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Revised Museum Legislation

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

In the revised Museum Act of 2012, it is stressed that museums must ensure a relationship between the cultural and natural heritage as well as the surrounding society and outside world. This stems from the Act’s statutory purpose, which states that museums “must ensure the cultural and natural heritage in interaction with the world around us”. Further, the Act stresses that museums must act according to local national and global perspectives in order to 1) actualize knowledge about cultural and natural heritage and make that knowledge relevant and accessible/available for all citizens; 2) develop the use and significance of cultural and natural heritage for citizens and society; 3) ensure cultural and natural heritage for future use. The Act also states, that the three main museums (i.e. the National Museum of Denmark, the National Gallery of Denmark and the Natural History Museum of Denmark) must increase the visibility and perspectives of their collections through participation in international cooperation. Another example of the relation between the Museum Act and the scope of the Convention is the Act’s mentioning of the fact that museums must be available to the public, and that entrance for children and young people under 18 years in museums covered by the Act is free of charge. Since 2006 the National Gallery of Denmark and the National Museum of Denmark have provided free access for all visitors. During the course of 2016 the two museums will be given the opportunity to charge entrance fees for adults, however with an obligation to provide family discounts.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Please see above.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Please see above.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Accessing cultural diversity through media support and public service

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

As stated in the Danish QPR of 2012, media policy is regarded as an integral part of Danish cultural policy due to the societal significance of the mass media for the development of Danish culture and political debate. A media policy agreement (“mediepolitisk aftale”) between the government and one or more parties in the Parliament, usually spanning four years, form the basis for legislation in the area of radio, television and public service.Grants for media includes for example:

  • printed and internet based news media (see elaboration of the new Media Support Act in sec. 1.4.1),
  • non-commercial local radio and television (i.e. to civil society), including support for training/education based on statutory objective criteria. The schemes are administered by an independent board, the Radio and Television Board.
  • distribution of periodic magazines and journals, primarily union journals through the Magazine Fund (“Bladpuljen”), which was established in 2004 with the purpose of promoting democratic debate as well as cultural and societal enlightenment.

A cornerstone of the media policy is the notion of public service, which seeks to address the need for a versatile and balanced range of programmes and services for all parts of the population. Therefore, public service activity in Denmark seeks to ensure that the entire Danish population has access to a wide range of programmes and services via media channels such as television, radio, and the internet. The Danish public service institutions include DR, TV2 Danmark, TV2 Regions and Radio 24syv, which all help to ensure pluralism in both radio and television, national and regional, to the entire population on multiple platforms. Further, the “Public Service Pool” (“Public Service Puljen”) provides the opportunity for other instituions not covered by license fees to apply for funding for programs and productions, which meet the requirements of the public service objectives (originality, significance and quality).

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
legislative
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Example: Media Support Act granting support to internet based news mediaThe revised Media Support Act entered into force on 1 January 2014. Media support is the collective term for the Ministry of Culture subsidies for printed news media and the written internet-based news media. The key objective of media support is to promote a comprehensive and diverse range of news of social and cultural nature aimed at strengthening the Danish democracy and the democratic debate. Based on objective criteria, media support is granted for the production of editorial content for a wide range of print media. With the new Act, internet media is also considered eligible for media support. Additionally, media support can be granted in order to establish new media. To this end, the overall Danish media support scheme serves to promote and lay the foundation for a diverse media landscape. The scheme is administered by an independent board. [...]

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

1.1.1        DR as an example of accessing cultural diversity through public service mediaDR (Danish Broadcasting Corporation) is the biggest provider of public service in the Danish media market, and is organised as an independent public institution financed through license fees. In the cultural field, DR has to place a special emphasis on its role as initiator and communicator of Danish art and culture and the Danish cultural heritage; enrich the cultural life in Denmark with original contents; place a special emphasis on the Danish language and actively contribute to preserving and developing the Danish language so the listeners, viewers and users experience accurate and intelligible Danish in DR’s activities. Further, DR has an obligation to offer a broad coverage of the Danish society as well as of the societies of Greenland and the Faroe Islands, and to reflect the diversity of culture, philosophies of life and living conditions in the different parts of Denmark. On TV, cultural contents is a constituent element in a number of regular programs on the main channel DR1, for instance in the News and in the daily journalistic current events program “Aftenshowet”. The downright culture programs are primarily broadcasted on DR’s specialized channels, DR2 and DRK, which encompasses different approaches to culture and both provide insight and create debate about the arts and music. While DR3, a specialized channel for younger audiences, has a strong profile on music. Examples of main TV initiatives in 2015 includes the second season of the successful drama series “Arvingerne” (The Legacy” and the competition “Danmarks nye julesang” (‘Denmark’s new Christmas Carol’), where amateur and professional songwriters composed approximately 500 new Christmas songs. On the radio, DR’s portfolio of FM and digital radio channels ensure a wide communication of culture and music contents within all genres.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

[...] In the musical field, DR is also involved in the creation and promotion of music through its ensembles. These ensembles consist of the orchestras: DR Symfoniorkesteret, DR Big Bandet, and the choirs: DR Koncertkoret, DR VokalEnsemblet and DR Pigekoret. Besides, DR Musikariet offers a number of activities in the musical field that are especially directed at children and young people. In 2015, more than 55.000 children participated in approximately 80 activities, either in the DR Concert Hall or in schools and venues around the country.

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Strategies for children and young people encounters with Arts and Culture

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

In 2014, the Ministry of Culture launched three strategies for children’s and young people’s encounter with art and culture. In order to put the strategies into play, a number of new initiatives and models of cooperation between e.g. schools, daycare institutions and cultural institutions have been put into action.  All with the purpose of developing and strengthening the cultural activities and encounters with art available for children and youth.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The three strategies include initiatives such as:

  • ture Suitcases directed to families in economic or social need.
  • Supporting local cultural services to facilitate contact between schools and cultural institutions.
  • Pools for projects initiated by young people themselves
  • Developing best practice-catalogues
  • Establishing a digital platform for culture for the youth.

More information about the initiatives can be found here: http://kum.dk/english/current-themes/childrens-and-youths-encounter-with-art-andculture/

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Please see above

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Denmark Reads campaign

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

In 2013, the Ministry of Culture launched the national campaign “Denmark Reads” to promote reading of litterature – especially among people who seldom or never reads litterature (which is estimated to be 40 pct. of the Danish population). The campaign contained two efforts: Firstly, a competition, where municipalities competed to be Denmarks ‘smartest' reading municipality. The municipalities were judged by different criteria, but in short the municipalities with the most effective and original new reading experiments were awarded. In May 2015, Randers Municipality was announced winner. Secondly, a “Denmark is Reading Day” was held 23rd of April 2015 (on UNESCO’s World Book Day).  On this day, volunteers handed out 5 different Danish titles in 100.000 copies to people who do not read on a regular basis. The titles were carefully selected by an expert panel and chosen from a list of 60 titles suggested by publishers.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Please see above

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Please see above.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

Overall guiding principles for Denmark in terms of international cultural cooperation

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

The guiding principle for Denmark in terms of international cultural cooperation is to take actively part in the work of international organisations highlighting the viewpoints and needs of a small country and a small language area in larger international and global issues. This include active participation in international fora such as the Nordic Council of Ministers, the European Union, the Council of Europe and UNESCO as well as bilateral cultural cooperation, e.g. through mutual cultural exchange. This section will introduce a number of measures serving as examples of ways of facilitating international cultural cooperation with a main focus on mutual cultural exchange, as cultural exchange form the primary basis for Danish international cultural policy. Please note, that not all of the key questions a-i are relevant for each measure. Therefore, the questions will not be addressed individually, but instead sought incorporated into the overall description of each example

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

-

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

-

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
Yes
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION

The International Culture Panel: Cooperation and Knowledge-sharing between public officials and cultural actors

Context of the measure: 
INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION
b. Key objectives of the measures: 

Denmark’s cultural exchange with other countries comprises a plenitude of actors at national and local level, who are based both in and outside of Denmark. As mentioned in the Danish QPR of 2012, there are several challenges facing a small country on the global scene when it comes to international cultural exchange, e.g. to create conditions for individual artists and cultural institutions to be able to function in a globalised world where it is necessary to be able to build and maintain professional working networks with international partners. Especially as a small country, it is important to facilitate cross-sectional cooperation aiming at combining experiences and achieving synergies without losing the richness and diversity of international activities and relations with other countries. Since 2010 the key actors in the field of cultural exchange have been gathered in an International Culture Panel.The Panel is a cross-ministerial collaboration between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Business and Growth and the Ministry of Culture as well as the following institutions, who all in their own way and with different starting points are active in international cultural cooperation: The Danish Arts Foundation, The Danish Cultural Institute, Danish Architecture Center, Danish Design Centre, Danish Film Institute, Center for Culture and Development, Danish Agency for Palaces and Culture and VisitDenmark. The main purpose of the collaboration in the Panel is to increase Denmark’s cultural exchange with foreign countries and to strengthen the internationalisation of Danish cultural life. Herein lies an inherent focus on creating coherence and give the various international cultural initiatives a shared focus with a view to create increased visibility and impact of cultural exchange projects.  

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
regulatory
financial
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The various actors involved in the Panel have an extensive and complex network of contacts and working partners in Denmark and in a diversity of countries. Therefore, the actors form a professional and practical forum for the sharing of knowledge in the field of international cultural exchange as well as a forum for generating and developing new collaboration projects.The Panel is currently working on the basis of a strategic action plan 2014-2016, which encompasses the following cross-sectional themes: sustainability, children/young people and dialogue, democracy and participation. The geographical areas of focus are the BRICS-countries (defined as Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and the Middle East (divided into the Levant, North Africa and the Gulf States). In addition to the geographical focus areas, the Panel also collaborates on so-called strategic events, which can be cultural world events with regional or global impact or cultural events in the form of celebrations of famous cultural figures, the Royal Family’s Visits abroad or culture and business promotions abroad.During the spring of 2016 the Panel will be evaluating the action plan.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
No
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Please see above

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

-

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
Yes
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
Yes
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
Have you taken or supported initiatives involving civil society in activities: 
Promote the objectives of the convention through awareness raising and other activities: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Denmark is working both nationally and on an international level in order to follow up on the Convention and the promotion of cultural diversity in close collaboration with civil society. This includes for example the work within UNESCO and the UNESCO National Commission, the European Union as well as within the Nordic Council of Ministers. In relation to the preparation of this report, the Ministry of Culture has asked and encouraged both cultural stakeholders as well as stakeholders with a broader “societal purpose” to contribute by sending information about activities directly or indirectly linked to the scope of the Convention.  Further, promoting cultural diversity and diversity in cultural expressions also follows from the underlying “purpose” of Danish cultural policy. As such, awareness-raising and participation of civil society is an integral part of the various policies, projects and activities developed and by civil society organisations both with and without public support. The attached compilation of examples includes both specific projects aimed at promoting cultural diversity through cooperation between civil society actors as well as activities directly linked to promoting the Convention.

Collect data and share and exchange information on measures adopted at local and international level: 
Yes
Please explain how: 
Provide spaces where ideas of civil societies can be heard and discussed while developing policies: 
Yes
Please explain how: 
Implement Operational Guidelines: 
Yes
Please explain how: 
Other: 
Please explain how: 
Is Civil Society contributing to this report?: 
Yes
Name of the Organization(s): 
Please refer to Annex A for at list of contributions and for section 5 (attached) in the Danish report for a list of examples of various activities and concrete projects initiated by civil society organisations, including the National Commission.

Contribution from Civil Society

This section is to be completed with information provided by civil society: 
Has the civil society taken initiatives to: 
Promote the principle and the objectives of the Convention locally and internationally: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Please refer to section 5 in the Danish report (attached file)

Promote ratification of the Convention and its implementation by governements: 
No
Please explain how: 
Bring the concerns of citizens, associations and enterprises to public authorities, including vulnerable groups: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Please refer to section 5 in the Danish report (attached file)

Contribute to the achievement of greater transparency and accountability and accountability in the cultural governance: 
Yes
Please explain how: 

Please refer to section 5 in the Danish report (attached file)

Monitor policy and programme implementation on measures to protect and promote diversity of cultural expression: 
No
Please explain how: 
Build capacities in domains linked to the Convention and carrying out data collection: 
No
Please explain how: 
Create innovative partnerships with the public and private sectors and with civil society of other regions of the worlds: 
No
Please explain how: 
Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention: 
Solutions found or envisaged: 
Activities planned for next 4 years to implement the Convention: 
Supporting attachment provided by the Civil Society: 
Describe main results achieved in implementing the Convention: 

Following the ratification of the Convention in Denmark, it was concluded that Denmark was already complying with the provisions of the Convention Denmark has been actively engaged in following up on the Convention since its entry into force. The formulation of new policies in the area of arts and culture is based on the Convention. As the Danish cultural policy from the beginning has been based on principles very similar to those in the Convention, the implementation of the Convention on an overall level in Denmark must be categorized as successful. Among the achievements is that Denmark is covered by a plenitude of publicly supported museums, theatres, orchestras, venues, libraries, music schools, that gives everybody acces to a wide and diverse range of cultural and artistic expressions.An overall challenge in the cultural area – as to the entire society – is continually to look at the way money is being spent and to make priorities in order to get “as much culture as possible”.An example of a future cultural policy initiative is a national debate about cultural awareness and intangible cultural heritage in the shape of a cultural “Canon” collecting proposals from the entire population about those values, traditions, habits and so forth, which combined constitute a part of a common Danish “narrative”. This debate will be carried out throughtout 2016 with a view to increase the cultural awareness and the social cohesion across Denmark.Further, the strategy for international cultural cooperation within the International Culture Panel (see section 2.1) will be revised in 2016. Given the closure of the Danish Centre for Culture and Development by the end of 2016, new ways of incorporating culture in order to achieve overall development policy priorities will be considered.

Challenges encountered or foreseen to implement the Convention : 

Please see above.

Solutions found or envisaged to overcome those challenges: 

Please see above.

Steps planned for the next 4 years: 

Please see above

1. Economy and Finance: 
1.1. Total Flows of Cultural Goods and Services: 
1.1.a Cultural Goods: 
Total exports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural goods: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.1.b Cultural Services: 
Total exports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Total imports in cultural services: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
1.2 Contribution of cultural activities Gross Domestic Product: 
Total GDP: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Which methodology was used to calculate the share of culture in total GDP?: 

The  abovementioned data are currently not available.

1.3. Government expenditure on culture: 
Total government expenditure: 
USD: 
108000000000.00
Year: 
2016
Source: 
Finance Bill 2016 / Budget 2016
Share of culture in government expenditure: 
USD: 
1010000000.00
Year: 
2016
Source: 
Finance Bill 2016 / Budget 2016
2. Books: 
(a) Number of published titles: 
Num: 
18,322
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Statistics Denmark, table BOG02 (includes printed books and e-books)
(b) Number of publishing companies: 
Total all companies: 
Num: 
942
Year: 
2013
Source: 
Statistics Denmark (table ERHV4)
Small Size Companies: 
Num: 
598
Year: 
2013
Source: 
Statistics Denmark (1-4) (table ERHV4)
Medium Size: 
Num: 
288
Year: 
2013
Source: 
Statistics Denmark (5-49) (table ERHV4)
Large Size: 
Num: 
56
Year: 
2013
Source: 
Statistics Denmark (50+) (table ERHV4)
(c) Bookshops and sales: 
Bookstore chains: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Independent Book stores: 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Book stores in other retail: 
Num: 
0
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
Online Retailers (labels): 
Num: 
Sales, USD: 
Year: 
Source: 
(d) Translation flows: 
Number of published translations: 
Num: 
2,736
Year: 
2014
Source: 
Statistics Denmark (table BOG03)
3. Music: 
(a) Production / Number of albums produced: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
1,222
Year: 
2015
Source: 
DBC (Danish Libraries Center)
Digital Format: 
Num: 
465
Year: 
2015
Source: 
DBC (Danish Libraries Center)
Independent Format: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
Majors: 
Num: 
Year: 
Source: 
(b) Sales / Total number of recorded music sales: 
Physical Format: 
Num: 
11,000,000
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Estimated sales in USD. Source: IFPI Denmark
Digital Format: 
Num: 
59,000,000
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Estimated sales in USD. Source: IFPI Denmark
4. Media: 
(a) Broadcasting audience and share: 
Year: 
2015
Source: 
TNS Gallup / TV-Meter (a selection of TV Channels)
Programmes: 
(b) Broadcasting media organizations: 
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Ownership: 
Public: 
Radio channels: 
0
Television channels: 
10
Both radio & television channels: 
1
Total: 
11
Private: 
Radio channels: 
461
Television channels: 
5
Both radio & television channels: 
1
Total: 
467
Community: 
Radio channels: 
152
Television channels: 
34
Both radio & television channels: 
0
Total: 
186
Not specified: 
Radio channels: 
0
Television channels: 
Both radio & television channels: 
Total: 
0
Total: 
Radio channels: 
613
Television channels: 
49
Both radio & television channels: 
2
Total: 
664
(c) Newspapers: 
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Danske Mediers Oplagskontrol/Danish Media Bureau of Circulation 2015 TNS Gallup Readership 2015 HH
Publishing format - printed: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
0
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
0
Non-daily newspapers: 
Total: 
0
Publishing format - both printed and online: 
Free Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
1
Non-daily newspapers: 
235
Total: 
236
Paid Only: 
Daily newspapers: 
30
Non-daily newspapers: 
1
Total: 
31
Both Free and Paid: 
Daily newspapers: 
31
Non-daily newspapers: 
236
Total: 
267
Total: 
Daily newspapers: 
62
Non-daily newspapers: 
472
Total: 
534
5. Connectivity, infrastructure, access: 
Number of mobile phone subscribers per 1000 inhabitants: 
Num: 
1,481
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Number of households with Internet access at home: 
Num: 
4,751,000
Year: 
2015
Source: 
Estimated number of individuals with internet access
Number of individuals using the Internet: 
Num: 
0
Year: 
Source: 
6. Cultural Participation: 
Percentage of people participating in cultural activities at least one time during the last 12 months: 
Activity (in %): 
Cinema: 
Female: 
70.00
Male: 
61.00
Total: 
131.00
Theatre: 
Female: 
0.00
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Dance (including ballet): 
Female: 
0.00
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Live concert/musical performance: 
Female: 
0.00
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
Exhibition: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
0.00
TOTAL: 
Female: 
70.00
Male: 
61.00
Total: 
131.00
Is there any available data on the reasons for the non participation in cultural events?: 
No
Main reasons for non-participation (in %): 
Too Expensive: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of Interest: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of time: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Lack of information: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Too far away: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
Other: 
Female: 
Male: 
Total: 
7. Additional clarifications: 

Please find attached a copy of the Danish QPR 2016 (own format) with the official signature. The original will be sent to the UNESCO-secretariat. The report was prepared following the operational guidelines and based on the chosen themes and headlines. However, it should be noted that not all of the examples (including both legislative measures and concrete projects) are suited for the digital questionnaire and not all of the key questions are relevant for each example. This discrepancy between the questionnaire and the attached report is most evident in the section of civil society, as the Danish report does not distinguish civil society contributions from governmental, as these are interwoven in each section. Further, a majority of the descriptions of the listed examples of measures and projects are written contributions from civil society stakeholders. Therefore, the attached report should be considered the comprehensive and accurate contribution from Denmark, which is sought reflected in the current questionnaire.Annex A entails a list of stakeholders and overview of which organisations etc. contributed to the report.The statistical annex is under preparation and will be forwarded to the secretariat after submission of the report.

Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Bente
Family Name: 
Skovgaard Kristensen
Organization: 
Ministry of Culture
Position: 
Deputy Permanent Secretary