Argentina 2016 report

Technical Information
Name of Party: 
Argentina
Date of ratification: 
7/5/2008
Organization(s) or entity(es) responsible for the preparation of the report: 
National Directorate of International Cooperation. Secretariat of Federal Integration and International Cooperation. Federal Ministry of Culture.
Officially designated Point of Contact: 
Title: 
Ms
First Name: 
Beatriz
Family Name: 
Vivas de Lezica
Organization: 
Federal Ministry of Culture
Mailing Address: 
Alsina 465- CP C1087AAE- Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
Telephone: 
5411 3754 0426
Fax: 
E-mail: 
cooperacioninternacional@cultura.gob.ar
Name of stakeholders, including civil society organizations, involved in the preparation of the report: 
Describe the multi-stakeholder consultation process established for the preparation of this report: 

The team of the National Directorate of International Cooperation of the Argentine Ministry of Culture consulted with the different areas of the Ministry and all the Secretariats of Culture of the Argentine provinces to gather the information required to prepare the Quadrennial Periodic Report.

In every case,we reported on the Convention, the objectives of the Report and the characteri stics of the measur es and policies to be surveyed in every section.The information collection method and the follow-up were varied: official notes, direct contacts and email.

For a correct preparation of the report,deadlines for data collection were establi shed and we followed-up on each of the representatives of the areas and provinces,with the purpo se of providing accurate and complete information.

To collect civil society information,we decided to invite all stakeholders of the "Points of Culture" ("Puntas de Cultura") National Program, established in 2011 with the purpose of supporting sociocultural initiatives organized by civil society.

"Points of Culture" included in this report are entities with or without Iega I per sonality working in the territory with different populati ons,and that c reate a wide range of artistic and communic ation activities,development of productive and educational underta kings and initiatives for sa fegua rding loca I identity.

During the course of approximately 4 months, the team of the National Directorate of International Cooperation received and organized the information submitted based on the guidelines provided by UNESCO.

The Report was prepared in Spanish,and a translator was brought into the team to translate it into EngIish.

Executive Summary
Please summarize in max 3500 characters the main achievements and challenges in implementing the Convention and the outlook for the future. Please note this is not an introduction to the report or an annotated table of contents.: 
One of the main accomplishments of the Convention in our country, is that diversity of cultural expressions gained importance in Argentina following the creation of the Ministry of Culture in May 2014. Decree No. 641, which created the Ministry, establishes that its main objectives shall include "developing and implementing jurisdictional policies, aimed at fostering and favoring all forms of cultural expression."The policies and measures described in this Report are only examples of the wide array of activities carried out in our country, both at the national and at the provincial and local levels, and seek to provide an accurate response to the principles and objectives of the 2005 Convention.Democratization of culture, transparency, federalism and promotion abroad are the four objectives sought by the Ministry of Culture through the implementation of the different Programs and Projects. These objectives coincide fully with the goals of UNESCO 2005 Convention: "that cultural diversity, flourishing within a framework of democracy, tolerance, social justice and mutual respect between peoples and cultures, is indispensable for peace and security at the local, national and international levels."The challenge is to continue to promote cultural diversity to create a rich and varied world increasing the universe of possibilities and nourishing human capabilities and values, which constitute one of the main drivers of sustainable development of communities, peoples and nations.To conclude, and recognizing the fundamental role of civil society in the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions, another challenge will be to promote activities to be executed in different regions throughout our country, the main purpose of which will be to reinforce skills for the production and dissemination of cultural goods and services.This emphasis results from the strong belief that cultural diversity creates a rich and varied world that expands the universe of possibilities and nourishes skills and human values, and thus constitutes one of the main drivers of sustainable development for communities, peoples and nations.
Overview of cultural policy context
Parties shall describe the key objectives and priorities of their current cultural policy and the impact the Convention has had in their formulation or reformulation. They will also report on the opportunities and challenges to promote the diversity of cultural expressions in a digital environment.: 

The democratization of culture, transparency and federalism, and their promotion abroad are four areas on which the Ministry of Culture of Argentina intends to focus through the implementation of different Programs and Projects.

Moreover, the digital environment is recognized as an opportunity to promote the diversity of cultural expressions across cultural producers, the academia, digital entrepreneurs, policy makers, activists, developers, artists, and users. In this regard, in 2015, the Ministry of Culture of Argentina created the “Cultura Digital” Program, dedicated to the systematic observation of the process of production, dissemination and access to cultural assets in the digital world; the promotion of debate and exchange of ideas among the different actors in the field of culture and digital access channels. 

Has the Convention been integrated into the policy development process in any of the following ways?: 
a) It is (or has been) the basis for changing one or more policies?: 
Yes
How: 
The Convention has been a source of inspiration in defining the main objectives of the recently adopted constitution of the Ministry of Culture of Argentina.Among others, Law No. 2264/2006 establishing the Regime for Cultural Promotion of the City of Buenos Aires has made a significant contribution in promoting the diversity of cultural expressions in the city of Buenos Aires.
b) It is (or has been) a tool to promote policy discussion?: 
Yes
How: 

The Convention has been a critical tool in promoting cooperation and respect for cultural rights in the different regional organizations, especially the MERCOSUR, UNASUR and CERLAC.  As far as MERCOSUR is concerned, the “Cultural Diversity” commission established in 2014 by Decision No. 22/14 promotes cultural diversity across member countries, and the main international benchmark guiding its actions is the 2005 Convention.

c) It is (or has been) a reference for ongoing policy development?: 
Yes
How: 

The main principles and objectives of the Convention reflect in a wide array of policies developed and maintained in time, some of them presented in this report: the workshops for creating awareness regarding the Convention across different Argentine provinces, Argentina’s Market of Cultural Industries (MICA), the National Register of Artisans and the Becas y Ayudas Program, among other things.

❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Argentine Cultural Industries Market: MICA

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The ARGENTINE CULTURAL INDUSTRIES MARKET was created in 2011 wit h the intent ion of influencing the struct ure of opportunities for the sector's local a nd regional stakeholders,granting them visibility and neutralizing tendency to concentration a nd foreignization. Directed to cultural producers,agents and entrepreneurs,the MICA's goal is to promote,federalize and grant visibility to the count ry's cultural industries. It is Argentina's main cultural industries market gathering all six sectors: audiovisual arts, music, performing a rt s, publishing, design a nd video games.

This market opens new marketing cha nnels for cultural goods and services,boosting their added value,through business rounds,business meetings, conferences, ma ster classes,among other actions which propose t he State's continuous a nd ongoing support to these stakeholders

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
National
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

By means of meetings throughout t he country,with production and funding ofthe Ministry of Culture and cultura l agencies from a ll t he provinces and through cooperation agreements with the main B usiness Chambers and institutions of cultural industries (Argentine Book Chamber,Argentine Publications Chamber,Association of Argentine Video Game Developers,SADAIC,CAPIF,National Theater Institute, INCAA, etc.) Cooperation agreements were also signed with national public agencies (Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cult,Ministry of Labour,Ministry ofTourism, Ministry of Federal Planning,Telam,Public TV, Radio Naciona l,etc.)

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

The last edition of MICA National took place on September 3-6,2015 at the Kirchner Cultural Center.

 

4344 vendors signed up, and all provinces participated in the event.

250 internationa l participants from the following countries:Germany Austra lia, Bolivia, Brazil, Cameron, Canada,Chile,Colombia, Costa

Rica,Cuba, Denmark, Spain,Israel, United States,France,Guatemala,Japan, Mexico,Paraguay,Peru, South Africa,Uruguay and

Venezuela

 

During two and a ha lf months,cultural producers from all over the country registered in the MICA Negotiation Rounds platform,where they uploaded profile information and information on planned productions for all market participants to analyze.

 

This virtua l catalogue allowed partic ipants to send and receive meeting requests,scheduled by producers based on their interest. This mechanism enabled participants to organize their own agenda and sc hedule business meetings within the MICA Business Rounds.

 

32,300 meetings were scheduled

1 8,000 formal rounds and nearly 35.000 altogether,counting spontaneous rounds

60.000 people visited the MICA those four days

300 producers form the MICA Shop,at a 2.600 sq. meter space.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

no information about

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Digital Culture Forums

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

 

These forums have been ca rried out since 2013 a nd a re a imed at promoting debate among the different sta keholders of cult ura I and communication industries regarding the development of new technologies that impact production, distribution a nd consumption of cultural goods a nd services. These forums are also intended a s a starting point to shape public policies a nd new regulatory a nd legal fra meworks to help focus on this process within a framework of equity, inclusion a nd equal opportunities,while harmonizing all the different rights involved

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

Contact famous people who can contribute to the debat e and,in turn, be spokespersons of a relevant sect or for c ultura I industries. Also, the ca ll to participate in the forums and its dissemination in general,and specifically,guiding the debate to be a ble to reach relevant institutional conclusions, all represented a st rong challenge for organizers.

 

 

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

not information about

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

not information about

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

District design

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

Law No.4761 for the Promotion of design activities in the City of Buenos Aires approved in November 2013 provided for the creation of a Design District and set up a 15-yea r horizon. The Design District is a project t hat seeks to develop an a rea ofthe City of Buenos Aires,a s well a s Barracas Oeste, based on sectors related to design,as a factor for economic competitiveness.

This District focuses on boosting the design industry competitiveness,to turn it into a key element of cultural identity in Buenos Aires for the world,in addition to positioning t he City internationally as a design creation a nd production hub.

The Design District revitalizes the Barraca s Neighborhood,with an industrial history that has left large indust rial facilities of great patrimonial value to stimulate the settlement of actors associated to the productive backstage of the industry and companies, academies and professionals of the sector.The new residents of the design generation hub benefit from tax exemptions and facilities to promote its own growth, and that ofthe industry.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Regional
National
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

 

The Design District promotes urban interventions in the territory with the objective of promoting the area, providing identity and adding value to the neighborhood through the incorporation of design to the public space. The neighbors of Barracas connect with one another and coexist with the new residents,connected with the growing industry of design. Collaborative transformation in a sector of great urban potential in the City is made possible through public bids where the neighborhood volunteers to be renovated with design,while designers find an opportunity to become the protagonists of this change.

Each contest is subject to a thorough review of the bid terms and conditions for every Resolution,and an interdisciplinary jury is set up

with representatives of each field,local actors and well-known specialists in each field.

 

The criterion adopted for these interventions is based on two work axes:

The first is represented by Boulevard Av. lriarte,which concentrates the greater business and sociocultural activity of the neighborhood, led by the Central Pa rk building to the East and the Sagrado Coraz6n de Jesus Basilica t o the West. In this first a rea,four facades of loca l shops have already been intervened,a nd three more works are sched uled to begin this year.The Boulevard was restored with new sidewalks,furniture and lights.In 2016,the proposal select ed to light up the Basilica is scheduled t o be implement ed.

 

The second axis is represented by an expa nsion of the Highway going through the Design District,North to South. On this area,work has been done on a series of integrative interventions in the neighborhood of Barracas,the first of them at the intersection with California street,the second on Quinquela Martin,a nd the next one on Lama drid.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Based on the conforma tion and consolidation of districts (formed by companies,universities and the ecosystem that connects them), the objective was to promote synergy between the different links of the chain of value of t he same industry and prioritize it in urban a rea s where the experiences are c arried out,wit h the purpose of positioning creat ive industries loca lly and internationa lly and revitalizing territories.

Two years after t he inauguration,t here were 27 companies settled there,which implied 72,000 sq.meters and 1200 Human Resources.

Moreover,at t he Metropolitan Design Centre (CMD),Tra de Schools were implemented and 7000 people gradua ted.

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

not information about

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
No
❭ CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES

Cultural Promotion Regime of the City of Buenos Aires (Mecenazgo)

Context of the measure: 
CULTURAL POLICIES AND MEASURES
b. Key objectives of the measure: 

The Cultural Promotion Regime of the City of Buenos Aires was created by law No. 2264/2006 (as amended by Law No.4.785/2013) in the year 2006.

The main purpose of the Cultural Promotion Regime ofthe City of Buenos Aires is to foster and promote private participation in the

funding of cultura l projects.

 

The cultural projects admissible for the Cultural Promotion Regime must be not for profit and relate to the research,training, dissemination,creation and production in different areas of art and culture,such as:

 

I. Theatre

II. Circus, street bands, mimes and the like. Ill. Dance.

IV. Music.

V. Literature,poet ry, narration, essays and all other forms of literary expressions. VI. Visual arts.

VII. Audiovisual arts. VIII. Crafts

IX. Cultural heritage. X. Design.

XI. Digital art.

XII. Publications,radio and TV.

XIII. Websites with artistic and cultura l contents.

c. What is: 
c.1. the scope of the measure: 
Local
Regional
International
c.2. the nature of the measure: 
institutional
c.3. the main feature of the measure: 

The regime allows companies and businesses taxed in the City of Buenos Aires t o allocate part of what they pay as turnover ta x directly to the cultural projects declared of int erest by the Council of C ultural Promotion and approved by the Ministry of Culture.

 

The Council is the tool that allows the State to oversee that t ax money is allocated only t o cultural projects, pursuant to the law.

d. Does it specifically target individuals and/or social groups as defined in Article 7 of the Convention?: 
Yes
e. What are the results expected through the implementation of the measure?: 

Over the last few years,laws have been enacted in different countries to foster private contribution to culture through tax benefits, inspired on the idea that the promotion of culture is a necessary investment for the social development of the community. The City of Buenos Aires is the first jurisdiction ofthe Argentine State to have a patronage law offering tax benefits to those who support cultural projects.

 

 

f.2 Financial resources allocated to implement the measure: 

not information about

h. Was this measure introduced or revised in order to: 
h.1. Implement the provisions of the Convention?: 
No
h.2. Support/nurture policy discussion inspired by the Convention?: 
No
h.3. Other reasons unrelated to the Convention?: 
No
i. Has the implementation of the measure been evaluated?: 
Yes
i.1 At what level the evaluation was conducted?: 
Local
i.2 What were the main conclusions?: 

Over the last few years,laws have been enacted in different countries to foster private contribution to culture through tax benefits, inspired on the idea that the promotion of culture is a