Re | SHAPING
The Global Report series tracks on a biennial basis the implementation of the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions by analyzing trends, showcasing successes and highlighting challenges faced by Parties to the Convention. Through the development of indicators and benchmarks, it assesses the impact of policies and measures over time in order to provide key actors with better knowledge on how to support evidence-based policy, and to strengthen informed, transparent and participatory systems of governance for culture.
The Global Report series draws on quantitative and qualitative data, collected from both governmental and non-governmental sources. This includes information and data collected from the Quadrennial Periodic Reports that are submitted every four years by Parties on policies and measures taken to implement the Convention. With the formal recognition of the role and responsibilities of civil society in the implementation of the Convention, non-governmental sources, be they academic, or from cultural institutions, civil society organizations or private corporations, are also used.
UNESCO is the lead institutional author of the Global Report series and coordinates a broader network of independent experts who author chapters.
"For the first time at the global level, the recently adopted United Nations Sustainable Development Agenda for 2030 acknowledges the key role of culture, creativity and cultural diversityto solving sustainable development challenges."
UNESCO Director General
> KEY FINDINGS
of the report
Keeping up with new demands.
There are two emerging policy fields which are important enablers and drivers of the diversity of cultural expressions: public service media and digital technologies. It has become clear that the scope of the 2005 Convention needs to be broadened to include freedom of information laws, telecommunication policy, questions of e-commerce as well as internet governance.
Improving the flow of cultural goods and services.
While the growth in developing countries of exports of cultural goods has increased exponentially, there are still imbalances between imports and exports of cultural goods and services from the global North and global South. Measures which help promote a balance in the flow of cultural goods from developing countries to the rest of the world need to be in place. This will in turn promote ease of movement for artists, goods and services.
Culture is key for Sustainable Development.
Culture drives economic and social development by creating jobs, generating incomes, sparking innovation, contributing to the wellbeing of communities, giving voice to different groups and fostering understanding and cohesion. For these reasons, sustainable development policies and international aid programmes should include culture as a strategic dimension.
Ensuring Artistic Freedom.
International and national legislation for the respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms of expression should be implemented by Parties and should carry reference to artistic freedom and the economic and social rights of artists. Freedom of expression for artists is no less important than freedom of expression for journalists. We see today a critical lack of data and organized networks. Restrictions to artistic freedom and access to artistic expressions generate important cultural, social and economic losses, depriving artists of their means of expression and livelihood.
Addressing the Gender imbalance.
Women are still under represented as creators and producers of content within the artistic and media sphere. While women are strongly represented in the creative sector in most parts of the world, they remain poorly represented in a number of cultural professions and in decision-making positions in many cultural organizations and industries. New policies and measures are needed to recognize, support and promote women as creators and producers of cultural expressions, and as citizens participating in cultural life.
"With the Convention, we can uphold the values of equitable access, openness and balance into the next decade"
Former Minister of Culture of Brazil and UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador
of the 2005 Convention
"Imagine a world with no artists, no honest expression, no light, no beauty, no truth"
UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for Freedom of Expression and Journalist Safety
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SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS OF GOVERNANCE FOR CULTURE
FLOW OF CULTURAL GOODS AND SERVICES/MOBILITY
HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS
Does the report target a specific audience?
Yes. The target audiences of the Global Report are main stakeholders of the 2005 Convention including: government officials, civil society organizations, specialized institutions, experts, development practitioners, UN agencies, as well as all those engaged in the creation and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions - artists and professionals from the culture sector at large.
Who funds the report?
The Report is supported by the Government of Sweden/Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) through the project entitled “Enhancing fundamental freedoms through the promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions”. Other donors and partners are invited to support.
How is the report prepared?
UNESCO is the lead institutional author of the Report and coordinates a broader network of independent experts who author chapters. The authors contributing to the Report also constitute its editorial board. The Report is reviewed by external independent experts. Professor Yudhishthir Raj Isar (The American University of Paris and Institute for Culture and Society, Western Sydney University) served as the Principal Editor of the 2015 edition of the Global Report. The Global Report Team is led by Danielle Cliche, Chief of the Diversity of Cultural Expression Section and Secretary of the 2005 Convention.
Where do the data come from?
The primary source of data is derived from the Quadrennial Periodic Reports (QPRs) submitted every four years by Parties to the 2005 Convention, which provide a growing array of good practices, innovative policies and measures. The 2015 Global Report also uses non-governmental sources of information from, among others, academic institutions, cultural institutions, civil society organizations, and private corporations.
How is the report shared and disseminated?
International, regional and national launches are organized in all world regions.
The Global Report is published in French and English, and, subject to extra-budgetary funding, translated into a variety of other languages.
The Report’s findings are also shared during ministerial meetings, international academic conferences, training courses for capacity-building and in seminars involving governments, donors, NGOs, researchers and civil society. They are also disseminated through the media and social networks.