Community Media Sustainability Policy Series

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© UNESCO/Joseph Poto-Poto
© UNESCO/Joseph Poto-Poto

Bibliography and Useful Resources

AMARC. 2008. Citizens Empowerment and Good Governance through Community Radio in Western Africa. Legislative and Policy Frameworks. Compilation of Documents for an Action Research to Remove Barriers and Increase Social Impact of Community Radio. View

AMARC. 2010. Principles for guaranteeing diversity and pluralism in broadcasting and audiovisual communication services. View

Article 19. 2003. Broadcasting Policy and Practice in Africa. London: Article 19. View

Buckley, S. 2011. Community Media: A Good Practice Handbook. Paris: UNESCO. View

Buckley, S., Duer, K., Mendel, T. and O'Siochru, S. 2008. Broadcasting, Voice, and Accountability: A Public Interest Approach to Policy, Law, and Regulation. Ann Arbour, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. View

Council of Europe. 2008. Promoting Social Cohesion: The Role of Community Media. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. View

Da Costa, P. 2012. “The Growing Pains of Community Radio in Africa: Emerging Lessons Towards Sustainability”, Nordicom Review 33 (2012) Special Issue. View

European Parliament, Committee on Culture and Education. 2007. The State of Community Media in the European Union. View  

Mendel, T. 2013. Tuning into Development: International Comparative Survey of Community Broadcasting Regulation. Paris: UNESCO. View  

Myers, M. 2011. Voices from Villages: Community Radio in the Developing World. Washington: Center for International Media Assistance. View

Salomon, E. 2008. Guidelines for Broadcast Regulations, Second Edition. London: Commonwealth Broadcasting Association. View  

UNESCO. 2003. Legislation on Community Radio Broadcasting: Comparative Study of the Legislation of 13 Countries. Paris: UNESCO. View

International Standards

UN Human Rights Committee, General Comment No. 34, 12 September 2011, CCPR/C/GC/34. View

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Declaration on Principles of Freedom of Expression in Africa, adopted at the 32nd Session, 17-23 October 2002. View

Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, Declaration on the role of community media in promoting social cohesion and intercultural dialogue, 11 February 2009. View

Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, Recommendation 2007(2) on Media Pluralism and Diversity of Media Content, 31 January 2007. View

Special international mandates on freedom of expression, Joint Declaration of the special international mandates on freedom of expression, 2003, 18 December 2003. View

Special international mandates on freedom of expression, Joint Declaration on the Protection of Freedom of Expression and Diversity in the Digital Terrestrial Transition, 3 May 2013. View

African Charter on Broadcasting 2001, 5 May 2001. View

Maputo World Press Freedom Day Declaration, 2008. View

Carthage World Press Freedom Day Declaration, 2012. View

Recommendations by Participants of the International Seminar on Community Media Sustainability: Strengthening Policies and Funding, sponsored by UNESCO and held in Paris on 14-15 September 2015. View

World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC), Principles for a Democratic Legislation on Community Broadcasting, 3 May 2008. View